Military of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Wikis

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Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Oružane snage Bosne i Hercegovine
Оружане снаге Босне и Херцеговине
OSBIH
Coat of Arms of Bosnia-Herzegovina
Coat of Arms of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Service branches Bosnian Ground forces
Air Force and Anti-Aircraft Defense
Headquarters Sarajevo
Leadership
Commander-in-Chief President of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Minister of Defence Selmo Cikotić
Chairman of the Joint Staff and Commander Lt. Gen. Miladin Milojčić
Manpower
Military age 18 years of age
Conscription Abolished in 2006
Available for
military service
1,034,367, age 18-49 (2005 est.)
Fit for
military service
829,530, age 18-49  (2005 est.)
Reaching military
age annually
31,264 (2005 est.)
Active personnel 10,000 (ranked 127)
Reserve personnel 5,000
Deployed personnel  Iraq - 85 (only a dozen of officers)
 Afghanistan - 10 (all officers/advisers)
 Democratic Republic of the Congo - 5 (all officers/advisers)
Expenditures
Budget $450 million (2007 est.)[1]
Percent of GDP 4.5% (2005 est.)[1]
Industry
Domestic suppliers Zrak (Optics)
Igman (small arms ammunition)
ORAO A.D. (Turbojet engines and parts)
Unis Promex (ARMAMENT, AMMUNITION and MILITARY EQUIPMENT)
BNT Travnik(small arms ammunition)

BINAS (small arms ammunition)
FSV - FABRIKA SPECIJALNIH VOZILA A.D (Spare parts for all types of combat vehicles and tank M-84)

Foreign suppliers  United States
 Russia
People's Republic of China China
 Israel
 Italy
 Germany
 Romania
Turkey Turkey
Related articles
History Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Army of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
History of the Army of Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
War in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Patriotic League
Territorial Defence Force of the Republic of Bosnia and Hercegovina
Štab Vrhovne Komande Armije Republike Bosne i Hercegovine
Sefer Halilović
Rasim Delić
Ranks Military ranks and insignia of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian: Oružane snage Bosne i Hercegovine, OSBIH Cyrillic script: Оружане снаге Босне и Херцеговине, ОСБИХ) is the official military force of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Bosnian Armed forces were unified in 2005 and are composed of two founding armies: Bosniak-Croat, Army of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Bosnian Serb, Army of Republika Srpska. The Ministry of Defense of Bosnia and Herzegovina, founded in 2004, is in charge of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The supreme commander of the Bosnian Armed Forces is the current president of Bosnia and Herzegovina thus the Presidency commands the Bosnian Army, then the Bosnian Ministry of Defence with the minister Selmo Cikotić, then the Chiefs of Joint Staff with Sifet Podžić as the head of the chiefs. Conscription was completely abolished in Bosnia and Herzegovina effective on and from 1 January 2006.[2]

Contents

Structure

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Chiefs of Joint Staff

Personnel

  • 10,000 Active troops
  • 5000 Reserve troops
  • 500 Civilian staff

Components

Arms

Services

  • Technical service
  • Air technology service
  • Military Police service
  • Communications service
  • Sanitary service
  • Veterans service
  • Civilian service
  • Financial service
  • Information service
  • Legal service
  • Religious service
  • Musical service
Soldiers of the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnian Honor Unit.
Chiefs of Joint Staff structure

Defense Law

Bosnia and Herzegovina Defense Law defines the following areas:

  1. Military of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  2. Government Institutions
  3. Entity jurisdictions and structure
  4. Budget and Financing
  5. Composition of Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  6. War declaration
  7. Natural disasters
  8. Conflict of interests and professionalism
  9. Oath to Bosnia-Herzegovina
  10. Flags, Anthem and Military Insignia
  11. Transitional and end orders

Uniform

Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina were unified in 2005 and at that time they needed a uniform for the newley founded army. MARPAT where the future uniform of AFBIH.

Insignia

Insignia is found on military hats or berets, on the right and left shoulder on the uniform of all Soldiers of the Armed Forces. All, except for generals, wear badges on their hats or berets with either the land force badge or air force badge. Generals wear badges with the coat of arms of Bosnia surrounded with branches and two swords.All soldiers of the armed forces have on their right shoulder a flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina. All members of the 3 regiments wear their regiment insignia on the left shoulder. There are other insignias, brigades or other institution are worn under the regiment insignia. The name of the soldiers is worn on the left part of the chest while the name "Armed Forces of BiH" is worn on the right part of the chest.

Regiments

There are three regiments that have soldiers of one of the three ethnic groups of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs from the past armies that were created during the Bosnian war. These regiments have their distinct ethnic insignias.

Equipment

Infantry weapons

Bosnian soldiers having MARPAT and M16A1.

Assault rifle

Assault Rifle Origin Type Versions Notes
M16 rifle  United States Assault Rifle A1 and A2 From 2010 OSBiH will scrap the A1 versions, and use A2 and A4 versions.
M16 rifle  United States Assault rifle A4 Will enter in service by 2010
AR-15  United States Assault rifle 1000 Donated by  United States 1999 and 22 000 purchased by FABiH 2000 - 2004
M4 carbine  United States Assault rifle SOPMOD
HK33  Germany Assault rifle Donated by Turkey 1997
Heckler & Koch MP5  Germany Submachine gun Used by Military Police and Bosnian Special Forces
AK-47  Russia Assault rifle
Zastava M70  Yugoslavia Assault rifle
Zastava M72  Yugoslavia Assault rifle M72 and M72A 250 000 sold to Iraq
PP-19  Russia Assault rifle/Submachine gun 250 donated by Russia and 1000 purchased by Bosnian Government, only used by Special Forces and Special Anti-terrorist Unit SIPA
G3  Germany Assault rifle A2 and A3 A2 donated by Turkey 1998, A3 was later purchased by Bosnian Government
G36  Germany Assault rifle G36C variants and G36K Variants Large number on loan from Germany, smaller number purchased by Bosnian Government

Sniper rifle

Sniper rifle Origin Type Versions Notes
Zastava M76  Yugoslavia Sniper rifle
Zastava M91  Yugoslavia Sniper rifle
Zastava M93 Black Arrow  Serbia Sniper rifle

Pistol

Pistol Origin Type Versions Notes
Glock 17  Austria Pistol
CZ-99  Yugoslavia Pistol
CZ-999  Yugoslavia/ Bosnia and Herzegovina/ Serbia Pistol

Machine gun

Machine gun Origin Type Versions Notes
M60  United States Machine gun
M2 .50 caliber  United States Machine gun
M240 machine gun  United States Machine gun
Zastava M84  Yugoslavia Machine gun
Ultimax 100  Singapore Machine gun Small number

Rocket Launcher

Rocket Launcher Origin Type Versions Notes
M80 Rocket Launcher  Yugoslavia Rocket Launcher
AT4  Sweden Rocket Launcher
M79 Osa  Yugoslavia Rocket Launcher

Main battle tanks

Tanks Origin Type Versions In service Notes
M60A3  United States Main battle tank (MBT) A3 45 to remain in service due to NATO compatibility
AMX-30B2  France Main battle tank (MBT) B2 55 to remain in service due to NATO compatibility
M84  Yugoslavia Main battle tank AB, ABN, ABK, A4 As of 2009 85 in service As of 2008, 50 AB variants operational tanks have been withdrawn due to insufficient funds. Bosnia operated with 135 M-84's as of 2007
T-72  Soviet Union Main battle tank M and B version 15 of M variant and 35 of B variant As of 2008 it's only 10 M variants and operating with 30 B variants
TR-85  Romania Main battle tank M1 20 in service 20 T-55's have been modernize to TR 85M1 Bizonul
T-55  Soviet Union Main battle tank 150 in reserve + 10 in active service Currently 10 are T-55s are in service
Bosnian M84 Main battle tank.

Armoured fighting vehicles

APC/AFC Origin Type Versions In service Notes
M113A2  United States APC A2 and A3 90 A2 + 60 A3
BVP M-80  Yugoslavia IFV/ICV A and ALT (Tank Hunter) 60 A + 30 A LT As of 2008 35 operational IFV have been withdrawn due to insufficient funds.
BOV (APC)  Yugoslavia IFV/ICV BOV-VP and BOV-3, BOV-1 and HS M09 34 BOV-VP and 39 BOV-3, 29 BOV-1 and 12 HS M09
HMMWV  United States APC 25
AMX-10P  France APC/AFC P 35

Anti-tank weapons

Machine gun Origin Type Versions Notes
AT-4 Spigot  Soviet Union Anti-tank missile
AT-3 Sagger  Soviet Union Anit-tank missile
MILAN  France Anit-tank missile MILAN/MILAN 2T/MILAN ER
HJ-8  China Anti-tank missile Baktar-Shikan, HJ-8E Was supplied to ARBiH in early 1990s

Artillery

Artillery Origin Type Versions In service Notes
D-30  Soviet Union Howitzer D-30J 86 + 35 in reserve
BM-21 Grad  Soviet Union Multiple rocket launcher BM-21 Grad/RM-70 29
FROG-7  Soviet Union Short-range rocket FROG-7b 100 + 50 reserve Status is unknown about this rockets, was used in Bosnian War, have been seen in service in 2007
APR-40/LAROM  Romania Multiple rocket launcher APR-40 and LAROM 32 As of 2008 all APR-40 have been upgraded to LAROM
LAROM  Romania Multiple rocket launcher LAROM 12 As of 2007 they enter service
Type 63 multiple rocket launcher  People's Republic of China Multiple rocket launcher ~30 License built in former Yugoslavia
M-63  Yugoslavia Multiple rocket launcher M-63 Plamen and M-94 "Plamen-S" 20 M-63 and 10 M-94
M75  Yugoslavia Mortar MB 120 mm ~400
M-77  Yugoslavia Multiple rocket launcher M-77 Oganj 7 + 8 reserve
M-46  Soviet Union Howitzer 11+(12?) Donated by Egypt
M-87 Orkan  Yugoslavia (Heavy) Multiple rocket launcher Orkan and OrkanII 4 Orkan and 2 OrkanII OrkanII have been captured at Brcko 1994
Bosnian LAROM.

Logistics

Logistics Origin Type Versions In service Notes
Mercedes-Benz G-270  Germany Logistics 33 Donated by Germany, used by Military Police/Officers
Mercedes-Benz Unimog  Germany Logistics 40 Donated by Germany
TAM  Yugoslavia Utility trucks Large number
Chars Transportation  United States Transportation 700 400 doanted by U.S forces
Iveco LMV  Italy 15

Helicopters

Bosnian Soko Gazelle Gama
Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service Notes
UH-1H  United States Utility helicopter H 14
Mil Mi-8  Soviet Union Utility helicopter Mi-8T, Mi-8MTV-1 9 Mi-8T, 2 Mi-8MTV-2
Mil Mi-17  Soviet Union Utility helicopter Mi-17 3 in service
Soko Gazelle Gama  Yugoslavia Utility helicopter

Light Attack Helicopter

4 in service
Mil Mi-34  Russia Utility helicopter 1 used by air forces for training

Other equipment

Equipment Origin Type In service
Hughes/Magnavox AN/PRC-126  United States Hand held radios 11,000
NAPCO AN/PRC-77  United States man pack radios 5,600
Tactical telephones  United States/ Yugoslavia Tactical telephones 4,100 + 2,600
Binoculars  Bosnia and Herzegovina 22,000
10/20 kW generators  Germany/ United States Generators 500

Formations

Joint Command and Operational Command - Sarajevo

  • 1st Infantry Brigade (Tuzla)
  • 2nd Infantry Brigade (Banja Luka)
  • 3rd Infantry Brigade (Čapljina)
    • Signals Platoon
    • Military Police Platoon
    • Reconnaissance Company
    • 1st Infantry Battalion
    • 2nd Infantry Battalion
    • 3rd Infantry Battalion
    • Artillery Battalion (Doboj, Mostar and Žepče)
  • Air Defense Brigade (Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Tuzla)
    • 1st Helicopter Squadron (Sarajevo HQ)
    • 2nd Helicopter Squadron (Banja Luka)
    • 3rd Helicopter Squadron (Tuzla)
    • Air Defense Battalion
    • Early Warning and Surveillance Battalion
    • Flight Support Battalion
  • Tactical Support Brigade
    • Engineer Battalion
    • De-mining Battalion (Bugojno)
    • MI Battalion
    • Military Police Battalion
    • Armor Battalion (Tuzla)
    • NBC Defense Company
    • Signals Company
    • Signals Platoon

Support Command - Banja Luka

  • Personal Management Command - TRADOC
    • Training Section
    • Training Section
      • Combat Training Center
        • Armored Mechanized Battalion
      • Combat Simulation Center
      • Professional Development Center
        • Officers School
        • NCO School
        • Foreign Language Center
  • Logistics Command
    • Center for Movement Control
    • Center for Material Management
    • Main Logistics Base
    • 1st Logistics Support Battalion (Doboj and Sarajevo)
    • 2nd Logistics Support Battalion
    • 3rd Logistics Support Battalion
    • 4th Logistics Support Battalion
    • 5th Logistics Support Battalion

Locations of Military Forces

  • Joint Command and Operational Command - Sarajevo
  • Support Command - Banja Luka
  • 3 Infantry Brigades - Tuzla, Banja Luka, and Čapljina
  • Air Forces Brigade - Banja Luka, Sarajevo and Tuzla
  • Tactical Brigade - Sarajevo
  • Infantry Battalions - Banja Luka, Bihać, Bijeljina, Bileća, Čapljina, Kiseljak, Livno, Orašje, Prijedor, Tuzla ,Ustikolin and Zenica
  • Helicopter Battalion - Sarajevo and Banja Luka
  • Air Defense Battalion - Sarajevo
  • Air Reconnaissance Battalion - Banja Luka
  • Air Support Battalion - Sarajevo and Banja Luka
  • Artillery Battalion - Doboj, Mostar and Žepče
  • Military Intelligence Battalion and Military Police Battalion - Butilama
  • Armored Battalion - Tuzla
  • De mining Battalion - Bugojno
  • Logistics Bases - Doboj and Sarajevo

History

Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

The Army of the Republic of Bosnia And Herzegovina, was created on 15 April 1992 during the early days of the Bosnian War

Before, the ARBiH was formally created, there existed a number of paramilitary groups such as the Green Berets, Patriotic League, Bosnia's Territorial Defence forces and civil defense groups, as well as many criminal gangs and collections of police and military professionals. The army was formed under poor circumstances, with a very low number of tanks, APCs and no military aviation assets.

The army was divided into Corps, each Corp was stationed in a territory. First commander was Sefer Halilović.

Army of Repubika Srpska

The Army of Republika Srpska, was created on 12 May 1992.

Before, the VRS was formally created, there were a number of paramilitary groups such as the Srpska Dobrovoljačka Garda, Beli Orlovi, as well as some Russian, Greek and other volunteers. Most of the paramilitary groups were not under the command of General Ratko Mladić. The army was equipped with ex-JNA inventory. It had about 200 tanks, mostly T-55s and 85 M-84s, and 150 APCs with several heavy artillery pieces. The Air Defense of VRS has shot down several aircraft, like F-16, Mirage 2000, F-18 and two Croatian Air Force MiG-21. The VRS received support from the Yugoslav Army and FRY until 1994, when Slobodan Milošević stopped military relations with Republika Srpska.

Croatian Defence Council

The Croatian Council of Defence was the main military formation of the Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia during the Bosnian War and it was first organized military force to with the aim to control the Croat populated areas. It is not to be confused with the Croatian Defence Forces (HOS) which was a separate Croatian military unit

Foreign armies

In 1995-96, a NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops served in Bosnia and Herzegovina, beginning on December 21st 1995 to implement and monitor the military aspects of the agreement. IFOR was succeeded by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force or SFOR. The number of SFOR troops was reduced first to 12,000 and then to 7,000. SFOR was in turn succeeded by an even smaller, EU-led European Union Force or EUFOR (Althea). As of 2004, EUFOR numbers ca. 7,000 troops.

Statistical indicators

Manpower available for military service:
males age 18-49: 1,034,367 (2005 est.)

Military Branches: All branches are combined in to the OSBiH; Land, and Mechanized Forces.

Manpower fit for military service:
males age 18-49: 829,530 (2005 est.)

Manpower reaching military service age annually:
males: 31,264 (2005 est.)

Military expenditures - dollar figure: $450 million (FY06)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 4.5% (FY06)

Operations

Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Iraq.

Bosnia and Herzegovina deployed a unit of 37 men to destroy munitions and clear mines, in addition to 6 command personnel as part of the Multinational force in Iraq. The unit was first deployed to Fallujah, then Talil Air Base, and is now located at Camp Echo. In December 2006, the Bosnian government formerly extended its mandate through June 2007. Bosnia and Herzegovina is planning to send another 49 soldiers from the 6th infantry division to Iraq in August 2008, their mission will be to protect/guard Camp Victory in Baghdad.

HMMWV of Bosnian Armed Forces.
Bosnian Armed Forces in Iraq.

References

External links


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