Military of Kazakhstan: Wikis

  
  
  

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Kazakhstani Armed Forces
Logo 2.png
Current form 1992
Service branches Ground Forces
Air and Air Defense Forces
Naval Force
Border Services
Republican Guard
Manpower
Military age 18; minimum age for volunteers N/A (2004)
Conscription Two years
Available for
military service
3,758,255 males, age 15–49 (2005 est.),
3,822,845 females, age 15–49 (2005 est.)
Fit for
military service
2,473,529 males, age 15–49 (2005 est.),
3,168,048 females, age 15–49 (2005 est.)
Reaching military
age annually
173,129 males (2005 est.),
168,697 females (2005 est.)
Active personnel 150,000
Expenditures
Budget $1.3 billion (FY08)
Percent of GDP 1.5% (2006 est.)

The Military of Kazakhstan is derived from a remnant force of the former Soviet Union. On June 30, 1992, the Soviet Armed Forces' Turkestan Military District disbanded, following the collapse of the Soviet Union.

The most powerful grouping of forces from the Turkestan Military District then became the core of Kazakhstan's new military which acquired all the units of the 40th Army (the former 32nd Army) and part of the 17th Army Corps, including 6 land force divisions, storage bases, the 14th and 35th air-landing brigades, 2 rocket brigades, 2 artillery regiments and a large amount of equipment which had been withdrawn from over the Urals after the signing of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.

Kazakhstan maintains naval forces operating on the Caspian Sea with a strength of 3,000, equipped with 12 inshore patrol craft; including 4 Almaty, 1 Dauntless, 5 Guardian, and 2 Zhuk class vessels.[1]

Today there are four regional commands: Regional Command Astana, Regional Command South at Taraz, Regional Command East at Semipalatinsk, Regional Command West at Aktobe, as well as the Air Defence Forces, the Air Mobile Forces of three brigades, and the Artillery and Missile Forces (formed as a separate branch on 7 May 2003).[2]

Contents

1992

  • January 13 - Law «On the Border Troops of the Republic of Kazakhstan» was adopted.
  • January - Internal troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Kazakhstan were formed.
  • March 6 - President of Kazakhstan signed a decree on the Creation of the Republican Guard. Two Republican Guard regiment stationed in Astana and Almaty.
  • May 7 - President of Kazakhstan signed a decree on the 'establishing the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan', the transformation of the State Committee of Defense of the Republic of Kazakhstan Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Kazakhstan, on the attribution of SK Nurmagambetovu military rank of colonel-general and the appointment of General-Colonel SK Nurmagambetova Defense Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
  • November 1 - on the basis of connections and parts of the former 32nd Army of the Turkestan Military District the First Army Corps was created, with its headquarters in Semipalatinsk. Later, at its base was established the Eastern Military District, reorganized 13 November 2003, as the Regional Command East.

Kazakhstan - NATO (Individual Partnership Action Plans)

Launched at the November 2002 Prague Summit, Individual Partnership Action Plans (IPAPs) are open to countries that have the political will and ability to deepen their relationship with NATO.

Currently IPAPs are in implementation with the following countries:

Ukraine (22 November 2002)[51]
Georgia (29 October 2004)
Azerbaijan (27 May 2005)
Armenia (16 December 2005)
Kazakhstan (31 January 2006)
Moldova (19 May 2006)
Bosnia and Herzegovina (10 January 2008)
Montenegro (June 2008)

Ground forces

Members of the Kazakhstan Republican Guard perform precision drill routines during CENTRASBAT (Central Asian Peacekeeping Battalion) 2000 opening ceremonies

In the middle of the 1990s Kazakhstan's land forces included the 1st Army Corps (HQ Semipalatinsk), with the 68th (the former 372nd Red Banner Novgorod Rifle Div) Motor Rifle Division (Sary Ozek, in Kyzylorda Province) – 2 motor-rifle and one tank regiment and the 78th Tank Division (Ayaguz).[3] While the 68th Division was called a motor-rifle formation, in equipment terms it had almost 300 tanks and about 500 armoured fighting vehicles. The 78th Tank Division had 350 tanks, 290 armoured fighting vehicles and 150 artillery pieces. The 210th Separate Training Center (a former motor rifle training division) had 6000 soldier and officers and 220 tanks and 220 artillery pieces, so was a strengthened division. (It was often called the Division of Guards by Kazakh sources).

Since 2000, the Kazakhstan Army has been rapidly expanded. Many of the systems are Russian made, with a small number of American systems also entering service in the Kazakh inventory.

Additionally, a small Republican Guard exists, with 2,500 soldiers (1994), but this force is not considered a part of the Army. Some of Kazakhstan's officers have trained at the United States Military Academy at West Point.

The largest expansion of the Kazakhstan Army has been focused on armored units in recent years. Since 1990, armored units have expanded from 500, to and 1,613 or more in 2005-2008.

Commando units

  • Arystan ('Lions') - a Kazakhstani main battle commando (former USSR Turkestan's ALFA Spetsnaz group), locations: Almaty, Astana, Aktau (including battle swimming fighters);
  • Border Service Commando Groups: Buran, Orlan, special paratroops brigade - "Ak-Barys" (army groups of KNB);
  • Police special operations: Bron and Berkut groups; Sunkar;
  • Presidential commando forces: SoP, Kokzhal ('Wolves')
  • Army commando:

Current inventory

Gen. Maj. Adilbek Aldaberpenov (left), Kazakhstan Air Mobile Forces commander, greets Lt. Gen. William G. Webster, Third Army/U.S. Army Central commanding general
Third Army/USARCENT Maintenance noncommissioned officer in charge, lay a wreath at a war memorial in honor of fallen heroes from the World War II and the Afghanistan War, in Almaty, Kazakhstan, Sept. 25.

Light equipment

Tanks

4900, in service - 1550.[4]

Infantry Fighting Vehicles

APC units: 5179; in service - 2806;[4]

Artillery

Towed Artillery

Self-propelled Artillery

  • 122 mm 2S1 - 50;
  • 152 mm 2S3 - 119;
  • 170 mm M-1978 - 80;

Rocket Artillery

  • 107 mm Type-63 - 220;
  • 122 mm BM-21 - 190;
  • 122 mm BM-14 - ~80;
  • 220 mm 9P140 Uragan - 130;
  • 240 mm M-1985 - 13;

Helicopters

Attack helicopters:

Transport Helicopters:

Air and Air Defense Forces

On the 8th of May 1992 all former soviet armed forces on Kazak soil (excluding strategic forces)came under the control of president Nursultan Nazabayev. The Russian federation continues to operate Baikonur Cosmodrome and in return for the continuely use of this facility and the relocation of the 40 TU-95MS's of 79 TBAD (heavy bomber division)in 1993, Russia supplied MIG 29s (21), SU-25s (14) and SU-27's (38) between 1995-1997. A futher four SU-27s were supplied on the 25th of January 1999.

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[6] Notes
Fighter Aircraft
Mikoyan MiG-27K  Soviet Union fighter MiG-27 120
Mikoyan MiG-25  Soviet Union fighter MiG-25 29 [4]
Mikoyan MiG-23  Soviet Union fighter MiG-23 100
Mikoyan MiG-29  Soviet Union fighter MiG-29 41[4]
Mikoyan MiG-31 Foxhound  Soviet Union interceptor MiG-31 44 [4] Former 356th Fighter Aviation Regiment, flying from Semipalitinsk Airport; aircraft in storage. Ten aircraft to be refurbished by RSK MIG, Sept 2007.[7]
Sukhoi Su-27 Flanker  Russia fighter Su-27 60
Ground-Attack Aircraft
Sukhoi Su-24 Fencer  Soviet Union bomber Su-24
Su-24MR
37 [4]
12
Sukhoi Su-25 Frogfoot  Russia attack Su-25
Su-25UB
25
12
Transport and Liaison Aircraft
Antonov An-26 Curl  Soviet Union tactical transport An-26 16
C-130 Hercules  United States transport C-130 2
Attack Helicopters
Mil Mi-24 Hind  Soviet Union attack helicopter (Russian modernisation) Mi-24V 42
Transport and Utility Helicopters
Bell UH-1 Iroquois  United States multi-role helicopter UH-1H Huey II 20
Mil Mi-8 Hip  Russia transport helicopter Mi-17 24
Mil Mi-26 Halo  Soviet Union transport helicopter Mi-26 17 --

Surface-to-Air Missiles include many of:

References

  1. ^ IISS Military Balance 2008, p.346
  2. ^ http://www.mod.kz/indexe2d7.html?post=310&lang=eng
  3. ^ Machine translated and cleaned up from a Russian source at http://www.nomad.su/?a=2-200205081022, 'Military-political safety of Kazakhstan'
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k http://www.tsiganok.ru/publications/smi/doc/322/
  5. ^ mod.kz
  6. ^ "World Military Aircraft Inventory", Aerospace Source Book 2007, Aviation Week & Space Technology, January 15, 2007.
  7. ^ http://idr.janes.com/public/idr/upgrade_update.shtml and Reuben F Johnson, 'Kazakhstan signs MiG-31 update deal with Russia,' Jane's Defence Weekly, 12 September 2007, p.53

External links








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