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Military of Serbia and Montenegro/ Federal Army of Yugoslavia
VSCG.jpg
Seal of the Military of Serbia and Montenegro
Founded May 20, 1992
Disbanded February 4, 2003
Headquarters Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro
Leadership
Commander-in-Chief
President Dobrica Ćosić (1992-1993)
President Zoran Lilić (1993-1997)
President Slobodan Milošević (1997-2000)
President Vojislav Koštunica (2000-2003)
Commanders of General Staff HQ
Colonel General Života Panić (1992-1993)
Colonel General Momčilo Perišić (1993-1998)
General of the Army Dragoljub Ojdanić (1998-2000)
Colonel General Nebojša Pavković (2000-2002)
Colonel General Branko Krga (last Commander of General Staff)
Manpower
Military age 19 years
Related articles
History Bosnian War, Kosovo War,
Ranks FR Yugoslavia military ranks and insignia

The Federal Army of Yugoslavia (1991-2003), then later the Military of Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006) (Serbian: Vojska Srbije i Crna Gore - VSCG) was the Armed Forces of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, and then of Serbia and Montenegro, which included ground forces with internal and border troops, naval forces, air and air defense forces, and civil defense.

It was created from the remnants of the Yugoslav People's Army as the Military of Yugoslavia (Serbian: Војска Југославије - ВЈ, Vojska Jugoslavije - VJ). After the establishment of the loosely federated state of Serbia and Montenegro, which replaced the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the military changed its name to "Military of Serbia and Montenegro". The VJ was heavily involved in combating the separatist Kosovo Liberation Army and Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac during the Kosovo War and Preševo Valley conflict, and it was also on the front lines of the war with NATO during the 1999 NATO bombing of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

When the union of Serbia and Montenegro was dissolved, a portion of the joint military was split away to become the new Military of Montenegro. The force was then renamed the Military of Serbia.

Contents

Organization

The Military of Serbia and Montenegro was organized into three branches; Ground forces, Air Force and the Navy.

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Ground Forces

Air Force and Air Defense

Yugoslav Naval Ensign

Navy

The Federal Yugoslav Navy was based in the Kotor and was largely made of vessels inherited from the SFR Yugoslav Navy.

Equipment[1]

Armoured vehicles

Artillery

Official seal of the Military of Yugoslavia, prior to its renaming

Air Defence

Infantry Weapons

Aircraft

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service 1998 In service 2003 Notes
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 Fishbed  Soviet Union Fighter
Trainer
Recon
MiG-21 Bis
MiG-21 UM
MiG-21 M/RF
46
8
2/4
26
6
1
Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-29 Fulcrum  Soviet Union Fighter
Trainer
MiG-29A
MiG-29UB
14
2
4
1
SOKO J-22 Orao  Yugoslavia Ground Attack
Trainer
Rece
Rece-Trainer
J-22
NJ-22
IJ-22
INJ-22
24
10
9
2
16
7
8
2
SOKO G-2 Galeb  Yugoslavia Fighter Bomber & Trainer G-2š 16 1
SOKO G-4 Super Galeb  Yugoslavia Fighter Bomber & Trainer
Unarmed Trainer
Target puller
Prototyp
G-4
G-4š
G-4t
G-4M
40?
8
4
1
23
8
2
1
Antonov An-2 Colt  Poland Cargo Aircraft An-2TD 4 1
Antonov An-26 Curl  Soviet Union Cargo Aircraft An-26B 8-10 2(6)
Yakovlev Yak-40 Codling  Soviet Union VIP Aircraft Yak-40 4 1-2
Mil Mi-8 Hip  Soviet Union Transport Helicopter
Multirole Helicopter
Mi-8T 41 29
Mil Mi-14 Haze  Soviet Union Anti-Submarine Helicopter Mi-14PL 3 0 All destroyed during the war.
Kamov Ka-25 Hormone  Soviet Union Anti-Submarine Helicopter Ka-25PL 4 0 3 destroyed during the war. Last one withdrawn, now in Belgrade Aviation Museum
Kamov Ka-28 Helix  Soviet Union Anti-Submarine Helicopter Ka-28PL 2 0 Withdrawn, now in Belgrade Aviation Museum
Aérospatiale SA-341/-342 Gazelle  France/ Yugoslavia Utility
Recon
Attack Helicopter
Attack helicopter
HO-42/45
HI-42 Hera
HN-42M Gama
HN-45M Gama 2
30
3
27
15
29
3
19
11

Naval Fleet

Operational experience

Statistics prior to split

The M-84 Main Battle Tank
Serbia and Montenegro Air Defense SA-13 Strela-10

Civilians fit for military service were estimated at about 4,888,595 (2001 est.). The 2002 estimate for military expenditures as percent of GDP was 4.6%. Significant reforms were undertaken in the military of Serbia and Montenegro. In 2002 the Serbo-Montenegrin Military force numbered around 100,000 soldiers, supported by some 450,000 reserves. The 100,000 strong Army had 1,500 main battle tanks and 687 armed infantry vehicles. The Navy had 3,500 personnel, of whom 900 were marines. The entire Navy was composed totally out of 6 submarines, 3 frigates, 41 patrol & coastal ships and 14 "other" vessels. The Air force 14,000 personnel had 192 combat aircraft and 72 armed helicopters.

Military branches

  • Army (Kopnena vojska - KoV VSCG)
  • Air Force and Air Defense (Ratno Vazduhoplovstvo i Protivvazdušna odbrana - RV i PVO VSCG)
  • Navy (Ratna Mornarica - RM VSCG)

Military manpower - military age: 19 years of age (2003 est.)

Military manpower - availability:
males age 15-49: 3,579,620 (2003 est.)

Military manpower - fit for military service:
males age 15-49: 3,077,660 (2003 est.)

Military manpower - reaching military age annually:
males: 101,547 (2003 est.)

Military expenditures - dollar figure: $954 million (2002)

Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 4.6% (2002. est.)

International Deployment

The VSCG was part of MONUC, the UN mission in the Congo. The VSCG was also part of UNAMSIL, the UN mission into Sierra Leone.

Last chief of staff of the Military of Serbia and Montenegro was general Ljubiša Jokić.

Gallery

See also

References

External links


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