Military of the Republic of Macedonia: Wikis

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Army of the Republic of Macedonia
Армија на Република Македонија
MacedonianArmyLogo.png
Emblem of the Army of the Republic of Macedonia
Current form 1992
Headquarters Skopje
Leadership
Commander-in-Chief President Gjorgje Ivanov
Minister of Defense Zoran Konjanovski
Manpower
Military age 18[1]
Available for
military service
532,856 males, age 16-49[1],
513,684 females, age 16-49[1]
Fit for
military service
444,247 males, age 16-49[1],
427,556 females, age 16-49[1]
Reaching military
age annually
14,596[1] males,
13,881[1] females
Active personnel 13,000[citation needed]
Reserve personnel 60,000[citation needed]
Expenditures
Budget $200,000,000 USD (2003 est.)[2]
Percent of GDP 6% (2005 est.) [1]
Industry
Foreign suppliers Russia Russia,  United States
Turkey Turkey
Ukraine Ukraine
Serbia Serbia
Related articles
History Military history of Macedonia
Ranks Military ranks of Macedonia
ARM-Logo-image.jpg

The Army of the Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian: Армија на Република Македонија, Armija na Republika Makedonija) is the name of the unified armed forces of the Republic of Macedonia. The Macedonian military is a defence force consisting of an army (Армија, Armija); an air force (Воено Воздухопловство, Voeno vozduhoplovstvo); and a professional military unit, the Macedonian Special Forces (Волци, Volci). The national defence policy aims to guarantee: the preservation of the independence and sovereignty of the republic; the integrity of its land area, territorial waters and airspace; and to defend the country's constitution. Its main interests remain the development and maintenance of a credible capability to defend the nation's vital interests and development of the Macedonia Army in such a way that ensures their interoperability with the armed forces of NATO and the European Union member states and their capability to participate in the full range of Alliance missions.[3]

The Republic of Macedonia abolished the compulsory military service as of October 2006. The Macedonian Army is the first in the region to consist fully of professional soldiers.[1]

Contents

Organization

The primary arm of the military in Macedonia is the Army of the Republic of Macedonia (ARM). The ARM is commanded by the Minister of Defense through the Chief of the General Staff (CGS) of the ARM. Two Deputy CGS positions include the Deputy CGS for planning, operations and readiness, under whom operates the General Staff of the ARM, and the Deputy CGS for civil-military cooperation.

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Land Force

The army is the main arm of the Macedonian ground forces. It plays the key role in securing the safety and unity of the territory of the Macedonian republic. The army is divided into the rapid reaction forces, strategic reserve forces and support forces. The rapid reaction forces represent the main active combat capability of the military and consist of the 1st Brigade, 2nd Brigade and the Armour Battalion. The strategic reserve forces provide reserve brigades that can be called up in times of emergency. The 3rd Brigade and 4th Brigade are considered priority reserve units, while a further six units, numbered five through ten, also are maintained. The support forces include a number of units to support the rapid reaction and reserve forces in operation.

Army Air Wing

The Macedonian Air Force is the main arm of the Macedonian aviation forces. It has an important role in enhancing flight safety of the Macedonian airspace. One of the main goals of the air force is to build up an air surveillance system, which will be the cornerstone of the air traffic safety and airspace control. The air component is made up by the Aviation Force and the Air Defense Forces.

The Aviation Force is located in Petrovec (near Skopje) and has a combat squadron of Mi-24 attack helicopters, a transport squadron and an Air Defense Battalion along with the Securing and Logistics Support Company.

Army of Macedonia
Branches
Macedonian Air Force
Macedonian Ground Force

Strategic Reserve Forces
Timeline

History
Wars | 2001 Macedonia conflict

Personnel

Notable officers | Senior officers
Rank insignia
Awards |
Flags
Oaths

Equipment

Equipment of the Army of Macedonia

Special Forces Command

Special Forces Command controls operations of Ranger Battalion, as well as the Special Force Battalions – Wolves.

Training Command

Training Command consists of the educational centers in RM, and is responsible for ensuring training and readiness standards, in particular for meeting NATO requirements.

Logistics Command

Formed in 2001, the Logistics Command oversees all combat service support operations, and controls the Land Forces Logistic Base, the Military Hospital, and the Facility for Building and Maintenance.

Other commands

Other commands under the CGS include an electronic warfare unit, the Honor Guard Unit, and an engineer regiment and signal regiment.

Organization of the Military of the Republic of Macedonia

Equipment

Vehicles

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
Logistics and Utility Vehicles
HMMWV[4] Light Utility Vehicle 56  United States
TAM-110[4] Light utility truck 75[citation needed]  Yugoslavia/ Slovenia
TAM-150[4] Medium utility truck 80[citation needed]  Yugoslavia/ Slovenia
Iveco 90-17 WM[4] Medium utility truck 44  Italy
M35/44 truck[4] Medium utility truck 150[citation needed]  United States
Armoured Fighting Vehicles
BRDM-2[4] Armoured amphibious scout car 10  Soviet Union
BTR-70[4] Armoured personnel carrier 58  Soviet Union
BTR-80[4] Armoured personnel carrier 12  Soviet Union
M113A1[4] Armoured personnel carrier 28  United States
TM 170 Hermelin[4] Armoured personnel carrier 114  Germany
Leonidas 1[4] Armoured personnel carrier 11  Greece Copy of the Steyr 4K 7FA produced by ELBO in Greece
MT-LB[4] Armoured personnel carrier 10  Soviet Union
BMP-2[4] Infantry fighting vehicle 11  Soviet Union
T-72A[4] Main battle tank 32  Soviet Union

Artillery

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
M-74[citation needed] Mortar 78  Yugoslavia 120 mm
M101[5] Howitzer 54  United States 105 mm
M-30[5] Howitzer 108  Soviet Union 122 mm
M-63 "Plamen"[5] Multiple rocket launcher 12  Yugoslavia 128 mm rocket
BM-21 Grad[5] Multiple rocket launcher 12?  Soviet Union 122 mm rocket

[5]

Air defense

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
SA-7 Grail[6] MANPADS 200  Soviet Union
SA-18 Grouse[6] MANPADS 10  Soviet Union
SA-13 Gopher[6] SPAD SAM 21  Soviet Union

[6]

Small arms

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
Heckler & Koch MP5 Submachine gun 5,000  Germany
M4 Assault rifle  United States M4s sold by the USA as a 2008 Foreign Military Sales package.
Zastava M21 Assault rifle 1,000  Serbia
M60 Assault rifle  Yugoslavia Yugoslavian made AK-47 clone
Zastava M70 Assault rifle  Yugoslavia
Zastava M93 Sniper rifle 5,000  Serbia
Zastava M84 General purpose machine gun 10,000  Yugoslavia
NSV Heavy machine gun  Soviet Union
M80 Zolja Shoulder-launched missile weapon 4,000+  Yugoslavia/ Macedonia
M79 Osa Shoulder-launched missile weapon 300+  Yugoslavia/ Serbia
M90 Stršljen Shoulder-launched missile weapon 600+  Serbia /  Macedonia
M57 Shoulder-launched missile weapon 1,850+  Yugoslavia In reserve

See also

References

External links


Army of the Republic of Macedonia
Армија на Република Македонија
[[File:]]
Emblem of the Army of the Republic of Macedonia.
Headquarters Skopje
Leadership
Commander-in-Chief President Gjorgje Ivanov
Manpower
Conscription 8 or 11 months
Fit for
military service
410,000 (2008 est.), age 15–49
Reaching military
age annually
16,686 (2008 est.)
Active personnel 13,000
Reserve personnel 60,000
Expenditures
Budget € 350 million (08)
Percent of GDP 2.8% (2008 est.)
Industry
Foreign suppliers  United States
Ukraine
Related articles
History Military history of Macedonia
Ranks Military ranks of Macedonia

The Army of the Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian: Армија на Република Македонија, Armija na Republika Makedonija listen is the name of the unified armed forces of the Republic of Macedonia. The Macedonian military is a defence force consisting of an army (Армија, Armija); an air force (Воено Воздухопловство, Voeno vozduhoplovstvo); and a professional military unit, the Macedonian Special Forces (Волци, Volci). The national defence policy aims to guarantee: the preservation of the independence and sovereignty of the republic; the integrity of its land area, territorial waters and airspace; and to defend the country's constitution. Its main interests remain the development and maintenance of a credible capability to defend the nation's vital interests and development of the Macedonia Army in such a way that ensures their interoperability with the armed forces of NATO and the European Union member states and their capability to participate in the full range of Alliance missions.[1]

Contents

Organization

The primary arm of the military in RM is the Army (ARM). The ARM is commanded by the Minister of Defense through the Chief of the General Staff (CGS) of the ARM. Two Deputy CGS positions include the Deputy CGS for planning, operations and readiness, under whom operates the General Staff of the ARM, and the Deputy CGS for civil-military cooperation.

Land Force

The army is the main arm of the Macedonian ground forces. It plays the key role in securing the safety and unity of the territory of the Macedonian republic. The army is divided into the rapid reaction forces, strategic reserve forces and support forces. The rapid reaction forces represent the main active combat capability of the military and consist of the 1st Brigade, 2nd Brigade and the Armour Battalion. The strategic reserve forces provide reserve brigades that can be called up in times of emergency. The 3rd Brigade and 4th Brigade are considered priority reserve units, while a further six units, numbered five through ten, also are maintained. The support forces include a number of units to support the rapid reaction and reserve forces in operation.

Army of Macedonia
Branches
Macedonian Air Force
Macedonian Ground Force

Strategic Reserve Forces
Timeline

History
Wars | 2001 Macedonia conflict

Personnel

Notable officers | Senior officers
Rank insignia
Awards |
Flags
Oaths

Equipment

Equipment of the Army of Macedonia

Air Force

The Macedonian Air Force is the main arm of the Macedonian aviation forces. It has an important role in enhancing flight safety of the Macedonian airspace. One of the main goals of the air force is to build up an air surveillance system, which will be the cornerstone of the air traffic safety and airspace control. The air component is made up by the Aviation Force and the Air Defense Forces.

The Aviation Force is located in Petrovec (near Skopje) and has a combat squadron of Mi-24 attack helicopters, a transport squadron and an Air Defense Battalion along with the Securing and Logistics Support Company.

Special Forces Command

Special Forces Command controls operations of Ranger Battalion, as well as the Special Force Battalions – Wolves.

Training Command

Training Command consists of the educational centers in RM, and is responsible for ensuring training and readiness standards, in particular for meeting NATO requirements.

Logistics Command

Formed in 2001, the Logistics Command oversees all combat service support operations, and controls the Land Forces Logistic Base, the Military Hospital, and the Facility for Building and Maintenance.

Other commands

Other commands under the CGS include an electronic warfare unit, the Honor Guard Unit, and an engineer regiment and signal regiment.

Equipment

Armor

Armoured cars

  • BRDM-2 armoured amphibious scout car - 10[2]

Armoured personnel carriers

  • HMMWV - 56[2]
  • BTR-70 armoured personnel carrier - 58[2]
  • BTR-80 armoured personnel carrier - 12[2]
  • M113A2 armoured personnel carrier - 28[2]
  • TM-170 Hermelin armoured personnel carrier - 85[2]
  • Leonidas 1 armoured personnel carrier - 9
  • MT-LB armoured personnel carrier - 10[2]

Infantry fighting vehicles

  • BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicle - 10[2]

Tanks

  • T-55 main battle tank - 122 (all decommisioned)
  • T-72A main battle tank - 31[2]

Logistics

Artillery

Army air defense

Small arms

Recruitment

The Republic of Macedonia abolished the compulsory military service as of October 2006. The Macedonian Army is the first in the region to consist fully of professional soldiers.[1]

See also

References and links

References



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