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National Intelligence Organization
Milli İstihbarat Teşkilatı
File:Mit logo.jpg
Agency overview
Formed 1965
Preceding agency Milli Emniyet Hizmeti (MAH)
Jurisdiction Government of Turkey
Employees 5000 (full-time)[1]
Annual budget 466 million Turkish Lira[2]
Agency executive Emre Taner, Undersecretary
Website
mit.gov.tr

The National Intelligence Organization (Turkish: Milli İstihbarat Teşkilatı, MİT) is the governmental intelligence organization of Turkey. It was established in 1965 to replace the National Security Service.[3]

According to the former director of Foreign Operations, Yavuz Ataç, the military presence in the organization is negligible.[4] This is a recent development, as the agency has a military heritage. In 1990, the fraction of military personnel was 35%. Today it has dropped to 4.5% in the lower echelons.[1]

The former deputy undersecretary Cevat Öneş said that the MİT suffered with each coup, as the military junta that took over the organization had its own set of priorities.[5]

In order to ensure reliability, the agency has historically recruited from relatives of existing employees.[6] The current undersecretary, Emre Taner, says that this is no longer the case.[7] He is credited with reducing the turf war between the MİT and the police intelligence, as well as infighting inside the MİT itself.[8] Taner announced a restructuring of the MIT at the start of 2009.[9]

The MİT co-operates with American intelligence agencies.[10]

Contents

List of undersecretaries

Name Took office Left office
1 Avni Kantan July 14, 1965 March 2, 1966
2 Mehmet Fuat Doğu March 2, 1966 March 27, 1971
3 Nurettin Ersin August 2, 1971 July 25, 1973
4 Bülent Türker July 26, 1973 February 27, 1974
5 Bahattin Özülker February 28, 1974 September 26, 1974
6 Bülent Türker September 26, 1974 November 24, 1974
7 Hamza Gürgüç November 25, 1974 July 13, 1978
8 Adnan Ersöz July 13, 1978 November 19, 1979
9 Bülent Türker November 19, 1979 September 7, 1981
10 Burhanettin Bigalı September 7, 1981 August 14, 1986
11 Hayri Ündül September 5, 1986 August 29, 1988
12 Teoman Koman August 29, 1988 August 27, 1992
13 Sönmez Köksal November 9, 1992 February 11, 1998
14 Şenkal Atasagun February 11, 1998 June 11, 2005
15 Emre Taner June 15, 2005 present

References

  1. ^ a b Ünlü, Ferhat (2007-07-19). "MİT'te iç çekişme entrikaya yol açtı" (in Turkish). Sabah. http://www.sabah.com.tr/2007/07/19/haber,4D36E8C34C434B5880E8E8BE1D3FF328.html. Retrieved 2008-12-18. "Yaklaşık 5 bin kadrolu personeli bulunan kurumda (Yardımcı istihbarat elemanları ile birlikte bu sayı çok daha fazla) alt kademelerdeki ordu kökenlilerin oranının yüzde 4.5'i geçmediği belirtiliyor."  
  2. ^ "MİT'in 2009 bütçesi ne?". Cafe Siyaset. Anadolu Agency. 2008-11-04. http://www.cafesiyaset.com/haber/20081104/MITin-2009-butcesi-ne.php. Retrieved 2008-12-18. "Ekren, MİT'in 2009 yılı bütçesinin önceki yıla göre yüzde 10 artışla, 465 milyon 992 bin YTL'ye"  
  3. ^ Undersecretaries, MİT official website (Turkish)
  4. ^ Ünlü, Ferhat (2007-07-16). "İngiliz general Apo'nun başına beş milyon sterlin istedi" (in Turkish). Sabah. http://arsiv.sabah.com.tr/2007/07/16/haber,24B05F4AA2144A6F855F2A2250DC73B3.html. Retrieved 2008-12-18. "Ataç, ordu kökenlilerin oranının hiçbir zaman yüzde dördü geçmediğini belirttiği MİT'te, sivilleşme olgusu ve asker-sivil sorunsalının yanlış ele alındığı görüşünde."  
  5. ^ "'Hiçbir darbe gizli olmadı'". 2007-07-15. http://www.sabah.com.tr/2007/07/15/haber,33386EA041E549C2A284DDB13135AA77.html. Retrieved 2008-12-18. "Öneş'e göre, askeri müdahaleler MİT'i geri bırakan asıl etkenlerdi. Çünkü MİT'in güvenlik anlayışı darbelere göre şekillendi. Demokratik süreç kesintiye uğrayınca istihbarat teşkilatı da geri kaldı."  
  6. ^ "Kim kimin akrabası?" (in Turkish). Sabah. 2007-07-20. http://www.sabah.com.tr/2007/07/20/haber,31F913863E45483AA22DE6B474E638E1.html. Retrieved 2008-12-18.  
  7. ^ "MİT'te akrabalık önemli referans" (in Turkish). Sabah. 2007-07-20. http://www.sabah.com.tr/2007/07/20/haber,CEE58AD7D5964F02ADA7272981838F84.html. Retrieved 2008-12-18.  
  8. ^ Sariibrahimoglu, Lale (2008-12-07). "Turkey needs an intelligence coordination mechanism, says Güven". Sunday's Zaman. http://www.sundayszaman.com/sunday/detaylar.do?load=detay&link=160856. Retrieved 2008-12-17.  
  9. ^ Yetkin, Murat (2009-01-01). "Mercek altındaki MİT’te köklü değişiklik yapıldı" (in Turkish). Radikal. http://www.radikal.com.tr/Default.aspx?aType=YazarYazisi&ArticleID=915082. Retrieved 2009-01-01.  
  10. ^ Ünlu, Ferhat (2007-12-20). "Türki cumhuriyetlerin başkentlerini bilmiyorduk" (in Turkish). Sabah. http://arsiv.sabah.com.tr/2007/12/20/haber,A4F2B567599649618D09539AB1DEB6C6.html. Retrieved 2008-10-22. "...ABD'den istihbarat geliyor..."  

Further reading

External links

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