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A millinery shop in Paris, 1822.

Millinery refers to hats and other clothing sold by a hatter (a maker of hats) or to the profession or business of designing, making, or selling hats, dresses, and hat trim. It can also be used to refer to a type of store that sells those goods.

Millinery is sold to women, men and children. Women would ask a milliner to remake their old clothing into new clothing. Historically, milliners, typically female shopkeepers, produced or imported for sale an inventory of garments for both men and women, including hats, shirts, cloaks, shifts, caps, and neckerchiefs. Customers would visit a millinery shop to examine and buy clothes (children's clothing, shirts, undergarments and caps, for example).

More recently, a milliner has become a hatter who designs, makes, sells or trims hats primarily for a female clientele.

The origin of the name is likely the Middle English Milener, as in an inhabitant of Milan or one who deals in items from the Italian city[1] known for its fashion and clothing.

Women's fascinators are a style of millinery: the use of feathers, materials, beads, pearls and crystals to make extravagant to petite fascinators for brides, weddings, christenings, ladies day at the horse races and many other glamorous occasions.

Contents

Types of millinery

Many styles of hat have been popular through history and worn for different functions and types of event. They can be part of uniforms or worn to indicate social status. Styles include the top hat, hats worn as part of military uniforms, cowboy hat and cocktail hat.

Milliners

Millinery department at the Eaton's department store in Toronto in 1908

Notable milliners include Thomas Duffet (fl. 1673 – 1676) an Irish milliner known for his work as a playwright and songwriter. Rose Bertin (1747-1813) was the French milliner and modiste to Queen Marie Antoinette. Madame Anna Ben-Yusuf was a German-born milliner and teacher based in Boston and New York. Caroline Reboux (1837–1927) was a well known Parisian milliner and fashion designer. Simone Mirman was a Paris-born milliner based in London. Gerard Albouy (1912–1985), often known by the name Ouy, was a French milliner. Margaret Manny was a milliner in colonial Philadelphia who made flags for the United States during the American Revolution.

Lilly Daché was milliner. Mr. John (1902 – 1993) was an American milliner. Mary Quant had a career with a couture milliner. Ellen Louise Demorest (née Curtis) (1825–1898) was a successful milliner widely credited with inventing mass-produced tissue-paper dressmaking patterns. Sonia Greene was a successful milliner who bankrolled several fanzines in the early twentieth century.

More recent milliners include Judy Bentinck (1952-), the wife of Tim Bentinck, 12th Earl of Portland, is a couture milliner based in Central London. Barbara Feinman of Barbara Feinman Millinery in New York City's East Village and "stars" of the "moulded straw, the feather, and the veil" Stephen Jones, Philip Treacy[2] and Prudence Millinery in London, who currently makes hats for Vivienne Westwood and many other world famous designers.Hélène de Saint Lager is milliner from France[3], and Jo Gordon has been described as "a brilliant young milliner beginning to make a name for herself with her witty feather hats in neon colours." [2] Nancy Matt is a milliner in Saratoga Springs, New York.[4] Nick Smith is a British milliner. Rod Keenan is an American milliner who was born in Great Bend, Kansas on July 3 , 1968. Luke Song is a milliner from South Korea.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Third Edition
  2. ^ a b Meredyth Etherington-Smith Mad for hats; Big hats, little hats, silly hats June 14, 1997 The Independent
  3. ^ Hélène de Saint Lager Official website
  4. ^ Meg Hagerty Designer puts hats on track in Saratoga Springs August 03, 2009 Post Star

External links

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to millinery article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • (American) IPA: /mˈɪlnʌɹˌi/

Noun

Singular
millinery

Plural
milleneries

millinery (plural milleneries)

  1. Women's hats.
  2. A shop with women's hats.
  3. The wares of a shop with women's hats.
  4. The business and work that a milliner engages in.

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