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Miloš Forman
Born Jan Tomáš Forman
February 18, 1932 (1932-02-18) (age 77)
Čáslav, Czechoslovakia
Years active 1963 - present

Jan Tomáš Forman (Czech pronunciation: [ˈjan ˈtomaːʃ ˈforman]; born February 18, 1932), better known as Miloš Forman ([ˈmɪloʃ ˈforman]), is a Czech film director, screenwriter, actor and professor. Two of his films, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and Amadeus, are among the most celebrated in the history of film, both garnering him the Academy Award as a director. He was also nominated for The People vs. Larry Flynt.

Contents

Early life

Forman was born in Čáslav, Czechoslovakia (present-day Czech Republic), the son of Anna (née Svabova), who ran a summer hotel, and Rudolf Forman, a professor.[1] His parents were Protestants; his father was arrested for distributing banned books during the Nazi occupation and died in Buchenwald in 1944, and his mother died in Auschwitz in 1943.[2] Forman lived with relatives during World War II[2] and later discovered that his biological father was a Jewish architect.[3]

After the war, Forman attended King George College public school in the spa town Poděbrady, where his fellow students were Václav Havel and the Mašín brothers. Later on he studied screenwriting at the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague.

Career

Forman directed several Czech comedies in Czechoslovakia. However, in 1968 when the USSR and its Warsaw Pact allies invaded the country to end the Prague Spring, he was in Paris negotiating for the production of his first American film. The Czech studio for which he worked fired him, claiming that he was out of the country illegally. He moved to New York, where he later became a professor of film at Columbia University and co-chair (with his former teacher František Daniel) of Columbia's film division. One of his protégées was future director James Mangold, whom Forman had advised about scriptwriting.

In spite of initial difficulties, he started directing in his new home country, and achieved success in 1975 with the adaptation of Ken Kesey's novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, which won five Academy Awards including one for direction. In 1977, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States. Other notable successes have been Amadeus, which won eight Academy Awards, and The People vs. Larry Flynt, for which he received a Best Director Academy Award Nomination and a Golden Globe win.

Forman's early movies are still very popular among Czechs. Many of the situations and phrases made it into common use: for example, the Czech term zhasnout (to switch lights off) from The Firemen's Ball, associated with petty theft in the movie, has been used to describe the large-scale asset stripping happening in the country during the 1990s.

In 1997 he received the Crystal Globe award for outstanding artistic contribution to world cinema at the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival. Forman co-starred alongside Edward Norton in the actor's directorial debut, Keeping the Faith (2000), as the wise friend to Norton's young, conflicted priest.

In 2009 he received an honorary degree from Emerson College in Boston.

Personal life

In 2006, he received the Hanno R. Ellenbogen Citizenship Award presented by the Prague Society for International Cooperation.

Forman's two twin sons Petr Forman and Matěj Forman (born in 1964) are also movie and theatre actors.

Forman became a U.S. citizen in 1977.[1]

Asteroid 11333 Forman was named after Forman.

He is married to Martina Zborilova-Forman. They have twin sons, Jim and Andy. They live in Connecticut.

Filmography

Year Film Oscar nominations Oscar wins
1963 Audition
1964 Black Peter
1965 Loves of a Blonde 1
1967 The Firemen's Ball 1
1971 Taking Off
1973 Visions of Eight
1975 One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest 9 5
1979 Hair
1981 Ragtime 8
1984 Amadeus 11 8
1989 Valmont 1
1996 The People vs. Larry Flynt 2
1999 Man on the Moon
2006 Goya's Ghosts
2009 The Ghost of Munich

References

External links

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Simple English

File:Milos
Miloš Forman

Jan Tomáš Forman (born February 18, 1932), better known as Miloš Forman, is a Czech-American director and screenwriter. Two his movie One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, and Amadeus won the Academy Award for Best Picture and very famous. Also directed beetwen other by Hair and People vs. Larry Flynt.

Movies by Milos Forman

  • 1963: Audition
  • 1964: Black Peter
  • 1965: Loves of a Blonde
  • 1967: The Firemen's Ball
  • 1971: Taking Off
  • 1973: Visions of Eight
  • 1975: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
  • 1979: Hair
  • 1981: Ragtime
  • 1984: Amadeus
  • 1989: Valmont
  • 1996: The People vs. Larry Flynt
  • 1999: Man on the Moon
  • 2006: Goya's Ghosts
  • 2011: The Ghost of Munich

External links


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