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Mimosa ophthalmocentra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Genus: Mimosa
Species: M. ophthalmocentra
Binomial name
Mimosa ophthalmocentra
Mart. ex Benth., 1875[1]

Mimosa ophthalmocentra, Jurema-embira ("Red Jurema") is a tree in the Fabaceae family. It is native to Brazil.[1] It is shrub or small tree about 3 to 5 m tall.[2][3] Its blossoms come in long, narrow cylindrical spikes having yellowish white petals and a white stamen.[3] The blossoms are sometimes found to have a pink tinge.[4] The fruit is green, sometimes with red or purple, flat, about 8 cm long and about 1 cm wide.[4]

The trunk grows to about 20 cm in diameter.[2]

It's wood has a density of about 1.12 g/cm³[5] and it makes good firewood.[6]

Medicinal use

For cases of cough and bronchitis, a water extract (decoction) of Mimosa ophthalmocentra is made into a drink.[7] A handful of bark in one liter of water is used by itself or in a syrup.[7] The solution is taken until the symptoms subside.[7][8]

References

  1. ^ a b "Mimosa ophthalmocentra information from NPGS/GRIN". www.ars-grin.gov. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?436943. Retrieved 2008-05-05.  
  2. ^ a b "MORI 14225". mobot.mobot.org. http://mobot.mobot.org/cgi-bin/search_vast?ssdp=02919285. Retrieved 2008-05-05.  
  3. ^ a b "SysTax - detailed information on Mimosa ophthalmocentra Mart.". www.biologie.uni-ulm.de. http://www.biologie.uni-ulm.de/cgi-bin/query_all/details.pl?id=42453&stufe=A&typ=PFL. Retrieved 2008-05-05.  
  4. ^ a b "HERINGER 11963". mobot.mobot.org. http://mobot.mobot.org/cgi-bin/search_vast?ssdp=02915869. Retrieved 2008-05-05.  
  5. ^ "Kew: Northeast Brazil Fuelwood Project - activities and progress". www.kew.org. http://www.kew.org/scihort/tropamerica/fuelwoodprojects.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-05.  
  6. ^ "Fuelwoods: Structure and Sustainability - Kew: Science Directory: Projects". www.kew.org. http://www.kew.org/science/directory/projects/FuelwoodsGeneral.html. Retrieved 2008-05-05.  
  7. ^ a b c "Divulga��o". 66.102.1.104. http://66.102.1.104/scholar?hl=en&lr=&ie=UTF-8&safe=off&q=cache:eKF_BsM_PxcJ:www.artigocientifico.com.br/uploads/artc_1180581455_38.pdf+medicinal+use+of+%22mimosa+tenuiflora%22. Retrieved 2008-05-09.  
  8. ^ "Translated version of http://209.85.171.104/search?q=cache:x390ybNrGkAJ:www.ppgecologia.biologia.ufrj.br/oecologia/index.php/oecologiabrasiliensis/article/view/147/113&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=6". translate.google.com. http://translate.google.com/translate?hl=en&langpair=pt. Retrieved 2008-05-05.  

External links

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales
Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Mimosoideae
Tribus: Mimoseae
Genus: Mimosa
Species: Mimosa ophthalmocentra

Name

Mimosa ophthalmocentra Mart. ex Benth.

References

  • Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. London 30(3):415. 1875
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]

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