Mimosa pudica: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mimosa pudica
(Mimosa pudica)
Flower-head
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Genus: Mimosa
Species: M. pudica
Binomial name
Mimosa pudica
L.[1]
Mimosa pudica with leaves open
Mimosa pudica seedling
Mimosa pudica seeds

Mimosa pudica (Sensitive Plant) (pudica = shy), is a creeping annual or perennial herb often grown for its curiosity value: the compound leaves fold inward and droop when touched or shaken, re-opening minutes later. The species is native to South America and Central America, but is now a pantropical weed.

Contents

Description

Mimosa pudica in Goa, India.

The stem is erect in young plants, but becomes creeping or trailing with age. The stem is slender, branching, and sparsely to densely prickly, growing to a length of 1.5 m (5 ft). The leaves of the mimosa pudica are compound leaves.

The leaves are bipinnately compound, with one or two pinnae pairs, and 10-26 leaflets per pinna. The petioles are also prickly. Pedunculate (stalked) pale pink or purple flower heads arise from the leaf axils. The globose to ovoid heads are 8–10 mm in diameter (excluding the stamens). On close examination, it is seen that the floret petals are red in their upper part and the filaments are pink to lavender. The fruit consists of clusters of 2-8 pods from 1–2 cm long each, these prickly on the margins. The pods break into 2-5 segments and contain pale brown seeds some 2.5 mm long. The flowers are pollinated by the wind and insects.[2] The seeds have hard seed coats which restricts germination.[3]

Plant movement

Mimosa pudica is well known for its rapid plant movement.

Mimosa pudica with leaves closed

Like a number of other plant species, it undergoes changes in leaf orientation termed "sleep" or nyctinastic movement. The foliage closes during darkness and reopens in light.[4]

The leaves also close under various other stimuli, such as touching, warming, blowing, or shaking. These types of movements have been termed seismonastic movements. The movement occurs when specific regions of cells lose turgor pressure, which is the force that is applied onto the cell wall by water within the cell vacuoles and other cell contents. When the plant is disturbed, specific regions on the stems are stimulated to release chemicals which force water out of the cell vacuoles and the water diffuses out of the cells, producing a loss of cell pressure and cell collapse; this differential turgidity between different regions of cells results in the closing of the leaflets and the collapse of the leaf petiole. This characteristic is quite common within the Mimosaceae family. The stimulus can also be transmitted to neighboring leaves. It is not known exactly why Mimosa pudica evolved this trait, but many scientists think that the plant uses its ability to shrink as a defense from predators. Animals may be afraid of such a fast moving plant and would rather go and eat a less active one.

Taxonomy and nomenclature

Mimosa pudica was first formally described by Carl Linnaeus in Species Plantarum in 1753.[5] The species epithet, pudica, is Latin for "bashful" or "shrinking", alluding to its shrinking reaction to contact.

Common names

The species is known by numerous common names including

  • sensitive plant[6]
  • humble plant[6]
  • shameful plant[6]
  • sleeping grass[7]
  • touch-me-not[6]

The Chinese name for this plant (Chinese: pinyin: hánxiū cǎo) translates to "shyness grass".[8] Its Sinhala name is Nidikumba, where 'nidi' means 'sleep'[9]. Its Tamil name is Thottal Sinungi, where 'Thottal' means 'touched' and 'Sinungi' means 'little cry'[10]. Other non-English common names include Makahiya (Philippines, with maka- meaning "quite" or "tendency to be", and -hiya meaning "shy", or "shyness"), Mori Vivi[11] (West Indies), and mate-loi (false death) (Tonga). In Urdu it is known as CHui-Mui. In Bengali, this is known as 'Lojjaboti', the shy virgin. In Indonesia, it is known as Putri Malu (Shy Princess). In Myanmar (Burma) it is called 'Hti Ka Yoan' which means "crumbles when touched".

Distribution

Mimosa pudica is native to South America and Central America. It has been introduced to many other regions and is regarded as an invasive species in Tanzania, South Asia and South East Asia and many Pacific Islands.[7] It is regarded as invasive in parts of Australia and is a declared weed in the Northern Territory,[12] and Western Australia although not naturalized there.[13] Control is recommended in Queensland.[14] It has also been introduced to Nigeria, Seychelles, Mauritius and East Asia but is not regarded as invasive in those places.[7] It also grows in parts of Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, and South Central Texas in the United States of America.

Agricultural impacts

Mimosa pudica in Goa, India.

The species can be a troublesome weed in tropical crops, particularly when fields are hand cultivated. Crops it tends to affect are corn, coconuts, tomatoes, cotton, coffee, bananas, soybeans, papaya, and sugar cane. Dry thickets may become a fire hazard.[2] In some cases it has become a forage plant although the variety in Hawaii is reported to be toxic to livestock.[2][15]

Mimosa pudica can form root nodules that are inhabitable by nitrogen fixing bacteria. The bacteria are able to convert atmospheric nitrogen, which plants can not use, into a form that plants can use. This trait is common among plants in the Fabaceae family.

Cultivation

In cultivation, this plant is most often grown as an indoor annual, but is also grown for groundcover. Propagation is generally by seed.

Medicinal Use

Mimosa pudica is identified in Ayurvedic literature as Lajjalu.[16]

In contemporary medicine, Mimosa pudica is being investigated for its potential to yield novel chemotherapeutic compounds. It contains an alkaloid called mimosine which has been found to have potent antiproliferative and apoptotic effects.[17]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mimosa pudica information from NPGS/GRIN". www.ars-grin.gov. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?24405. Retrieved 2008-03-27.  
  2. ^ a b c "Mimosa pudica L.". US Forest Service. http://www.fs.fed.us/global/iitf/pdf/shrubs/Mimosa%20pudica.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-25.  
  3. ^ Chauhan, Bhagirath S. Johnson; Davi, E. (2009), "Germination, emergence, and dormancy of Mimosa pudica", Weed Biology and Management 9 (1): 38–45, doi:10.1111/j.1445-6664.2008.00316.x  
  4. ^ Raven, Peter H.; Evert, Ray Franklin; Eichhorn, Susan E. (2005). Biology of plants. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company. p. 639. ISBN 978-0-7167-1007-3.  
  5. ^ "Mimosa pudica". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. http://www.anbg.gov.au/cgi-bin/apni?taxon_id=20037.  
  6. ^ a b c d "Mimosa pudica L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville Area. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?24405. Retrieved 2008-03-22.  
  7. ^ a b c "Mimosa pudica". Usambara Invasive Plants. Tropical Biology Association. http://www.tropical-biology.org/research/dip/species/Mimosa%20pudica.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-25.  
  8. ^ "Amazing Plants! - We Are The Music Makers Forums". Forum.watmm.com. http://forum.watmm.com/index.php?s=6fd5431c2b98d41a524cfe7901af5a2f&showtopic=22207&st=25&p=462807&#entry462807. Retrieved 2009-10-12.  
  9. ^ "Mimosa pudica". Mahmoodsgarden.com. http://mahmoodsgarden.com/plant-files/mimosa-pudica/. Retrieved 2009-10-12.  
  10. ^ 11:10 PM. "Touch me not! - IndusLadies". IndusLadies<!. http://www.indusladies.com/forums/blogs/chitvish/touch-me-not-179/?page=2. Retrieved 2009-10-12.  
  11. ^ "The Sensitive Plant". Union County College Biology Department. http://faculty.ucc.edu/biology-ombrello/POW/sensitive_plant.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-22.  
  12. ^ >"Declared Weeds in the NT - Natural Resources, Environment and The Arts". http://www.nt.gov.au/nreta/natres/weeds/ntweeds/declared.html. Retrieved 2008-03-25.  
  13. ^ "Declared Plants- Sensitive plant common (Mimosa pudica)". http://agspsrv95.agric.wa.gov.au/dps/version02/01_plantview.asp?page=7&contentID=60&. Retrieved 2008-03-25.  
  14. ^ "Common Sensitive Plant". Invasive plants and animals. Biosecurity Queensland. http://www.dpi.qld.gov.au/cps/rde/xbcr/dpi/IPA-Common-Sensitive-Plant-PP38.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-25.  
  15. ^ "Mimosa pudica (PIER species info)". http://www.hear.org/pier/species/mimosa_pudica.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-25.  
  16. ^ "Lajjalu (Sanskrit ) - Sensitive Plant (Mimosa Pudica)". Dr.SavithaSuri; Ayurhelp.com. http://www.ayurhelp.com/plants/lajjalu.htm. Retrieved 2010-1-13.  
  17. ^ "Antiproliferative effect of mimosine in ovarian cancer". Journal of Clinical Oncology. http://meeting.ascopubs.org/cgi/content/abstract/23/16_suppl/3200. Retrieved 2010-1-13.  

External links


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Mimosa pudica

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales
Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Mimosoideae
Tribus: Mimoseae
Genus: Mimosa
Species: Mimosa pudica

Name

Mimosa pudica L.

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Mimosa pudica on Wikimedia Commons.

References

  • Species Plantarum 1:518. 1753
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]

Vernacular names

Türkçe: Küstüm otu
中文: 含羞草







Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message