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Minister of Justice (France): Wikis

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French Ministry of Justice in Place Vendome, Paris, France

The French Minister of Justice (Ministre de la Justice) is a top-level cabinet position in the French government. The current Minister of Justice is Michèle Alliot-Marie.

The Minister's roles are to:

  • oversee the building, maintenance and administration of courts;
  • sit as vice-president of the judicial council (which oversees the judicial performance and advises on prosecutiorial performance);
  • supervise public prosecutions;
  • direct corrections and the prison system
  • propose legislation affecting civil or criminal law or procedure.

An ongoing topic of controversy is the amount of control that the Minister of Justice should have on public prosecutions. While it seems desirable that the prosecution should not follow the whim of the executive, especially in cases involving politicians (corruption...), some argue that a prosecution service responsible to no one could go astray.

The Minister of Justice also holds the ceremonial office of Keeper of the Seals and, as such, is custodian of the Great Seal of France.

Contents

Bureaus and Offices

The French Ministry of Justice is subdivided into a number of departments, namely:

  • Cabinet du ministre - Cabinet to the Minister
  • Secrétariat général - Administration
  • Inspection Générale des Services Judiciaires (IGSJ) - Office of Inspector General
  • Direction des Services Judiciaires (DSJ) - Office of Court Administration
  • Direction des Affaires civiles et du Sceau (DACS) - Office of Civil Justice
  • Direction des affaires criminelles et des grâces (DACG) - Office of Public Prosecutions
  • Direction de l'administration pénitentiaire (DAP) - Bureau of Corrections
  • Direction de la protection judiciaire de la jeunesse (DPJJ) - Office of Juvenile Justice
  • Service de contrôle budgétaire et comptable ministériel (SDM) - Office of Accounting and Budget

Former Ministers of Justice

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1790 to the Third Republic

  • Marguerite-Louis-François Duport-Dutertre, 1790-92
  • Jean Marie Roland de la Platière, March-April, 1792
  • Antoine Duranton, April-July, 1792
  • Étienne Dejoly, July-August, 1792
  • Georges Jacques Danton, August-October, 1792
  • Dominique Joseph Garat, 1792-93
  • Louis Gohier, 1793-94
  • Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai, 1795-96
  • Charles Génissieu, January-April, 1796
  • Philippe Antoine Merlin de Douai, 1796-97
  • Charles Joseph Lambrechts, 1797-99
  • Jean-Jacques Régis de Cambacérès, July-December, 1799
  • André Joseph Abrial, 1799-1802
  • Claude Ambroise Régnier, duc de Massa, 1802-13
  • Mathieu Louis Molé, 1813-14
  • Pierre Paul Nicolas Henrion de Pansey, April-May, 1814
  • Charles-Henri Dambray, 1814-15
  • Jean-Jacques Régis de Cambacérès, March-June, 1815
  • Antoine Boulay de la Meurthe, June-July, 1815
  • Étienne-Denis Pasquier, July-September, 1815
  • François de Barbé-Marbois, 1815-16
  • Charles-Henri Dambray, 1816-17
  • Étienne-Denis Pasquier, 1817-18
  • Pierre François Hercule de Serre, 1818-21
  • Charles Ignace de Peyronnet, 1821-28
  • Joseph Marie Portalis, 1828-29
  • Pierre Bourdeau, May-August 1829
  • Jean de Courvoisier, 1829-30
  • Jean de Chantelauze, May-July, 1830
  • Jacques Charles Dupont de l'Eure, July-December, 1830
  • Joseph Mérilhou, 1830-31
  • Félix Barthe, 1831-34
  • Jean-Charles Persil, 1834-36
  • Paul Jean Pierre Sauzet, February-September, 1836
  • Jean-Charles Persil, 1836-37
  • Félix Barthe, 1837-39
  • Amédée Girod de l'Ain, March-May, 1839
  • Jean-Baptiste Teste, 1839-40
  • Alexandre-François Vivien, March-October, 1840
  • Nicolas Martin du Nord, 1840-47
  • Michel Hébert, 1847-48
  • Adolphe Crémieux, February-June, 1848
  • Eugène Bethmont, June-July, 1848
  • Alexandre Marie, July-December, 1848
  • Eugène Rouher, 1847-1851
  • Joseph Corbin, October-November, 1851
  • Alfred Daviel, November-December, 1851
  • Eugène Rouher, 1851-52
  • Jean Pierre Charles Abbatucci, 1852-57
  • Paul de Royer, 1857-59
  • Claude Delangle, 1859-63
  • Pierre Jules Baroche, 1863-69
  • Jean-Baptiste Duvergier, 1869-70
  • Émile Ollivier, January-August 1870
  • Michel Grandperret, August-September, 1870

Third Republic

Vichy France

  • Raphaël Alibert, 1940-41
  • Joseph Barthélémy, 1941-43
  • Maurice Gabolde, 1943-44

Free France

Fourth Republic

Fifth Republic

See also


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