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Ministry of Commerce of the People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国商务部
Agency overview
Formed 2003
Preceding agency Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation
Jurisdiction  People's Republic of China
Headquarters Beijing
Agency executive Chen Deming, Minister of Commerce
Parent agency State Council
Website
http://www.mofcom.gov.cn/

The Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM; Chinese: 商务部 Pinyin: shāngwù bù) of the People's Republic of China , formerly Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation (对外贸易经济合作部, MOFTEC) is an executive agency of the State Council of China. It is responsible for formulating policy on foreign trade, export and import regulations, foreign direct investments, consumer protection, market competition and negotiating bilateral and multilateral trade agreements. The current Commerce minister is Chen Deming.

Contents

History

In November 1949, the People's Republic of China established the Ministry of Trade (贸易部).

In August 1952, the Ministry was renamed to Ministry of Foreign Trade (对外贸易部). Ye Jizhuang was the first Minister and died in the post in 1967.

In March 1982, the Ministry of Foreign Trade was merged with the Ministry of Foreign Economic liaison (对外经济联络部), the State Import and Export Regulation Commission (国家进出口管理委员会), and the State Foreign Investment Regulation Commission (国家外国投资管理委员会), and became the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade (对外经济贸易部).

In March 1993, the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade was renamed to the Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation.

In the spring of 2003, the former Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation (MOFTEC) went through a reorganization and was renamed Ministry of Commerce.

The ministry also incorporates the former State Economic and Trade Commission (SETC) and the State Development Planning Commission (SDPC).

 
Ministry of Trade
(1949)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ministry of Foreign Trade Ministry of Foreign Economic liaison State Import and Export Regulation Commission State Foreign Investment Regulation Commission
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation
(1993)
State Economic and Trade Commission State Development Planning Commission
(1998)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ministry of Commerce
(2003)
 

List of Ministers

1949-1952: Ministry of Trade

  • Ye Jizhuang (叶季壮).

1952-1982: Ministry of Foreign Trade

  • Ye Jizhuang: 1952-1967
  • Lin Yunhai (林海云): acting from September 1965 to July 1970.

1982-1993: Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade

  • Chen Muhua (陈慕华): 1982 - 1985
  • Zheng Tuobin (郑拓彬): 1985 - 1990
  • Li Lanqing: 1990 - 1993

1993-2003: Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Co-operation

2003-: Ministry of Commerce

Current Ministers of MOFCOM

  • Chen Deming, Minister
  • Yu Guangzhou, Vice Minister
  • Zhang Zhigang, Vice Minister
  • An Min, Vice Minister
  • Wei Jianguo, Vice Minister
  • Ma Xiuhong, Ms., Vice Minister
  • Liao Xiaoqi, Vice Minister
  • Gao Hucheng, Vice Minister
  • Xu Jingye, Vice Minister in Charge of Discipline Inspection
  • Yi Xiaozhun, Vice Minister
  • Chen Jian, Assistant
  • Fu Ziying, Assistant Minister
  • Huang Hai, Assistant Minister

Departmental Structure

The Ministry of Commerce is structured into the following departments:[1]

Departments
Foreign Economic Cooperation
Fair Trade for Import and Export
Market Economic Order
Foreign Investment Administration
Market Operation
Aid to Foreign Countries
Treaty and Law
WTO Affairs
Trade in Services
Market System
Specialized
Commercial Reform
Asian Affairs
Western Asian & African Affairs
American & Oceanian Affairs
International Trade and Economic Affairs
Taiwan, Hong Kong & Macao
General Economic Affairs
Foreign Trade
Electromechanical Products & Science and Technology Industry
Administrative / Corporate Services
General Office
Human Resources
Policy Research
Finance
Injury Investigation
Negotiation Office
Retired Officials
Committee of Communist Party
Discipline Supervision & Investigation Group
Bureau of Discipline Supervision

MOFCOM and the CEPA

MOFCOM's responsibility includes fostering closer partnership between the economies of the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau, respectively, with the economy of the rest of the People's Republic of China. To that end the Vice Minister An Min, and the previous Financial Secretary of Hong Kong, Antony Leung, concluded the Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (CEPA). New agreements are continually negotiated between An and the current Financial Secretary Henry Tang under the auspices of the CEPA. Similar agreements were also concluded between the MOFCOM and Secretariat for Economy and Finance of Macau.

See also

References

External links

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