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Malaysia

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Ministry of Home Affairs (Malaysia)
KHEDN-Insignia.PNG
The logo of Ministry of Home Affairs
Agency overview
Formed 1 February 1948
Jurisdiction Government of Malaysia
Headquarters Putrajaya
Agency executives Hishammuddin Tun Hussein, (Minister)
Abu Seman Yusop, (Deputy Minister)
Jelaing Mersat, (Deputy Minister)
Mahmood Adam, (Secretary General)
Website
http://www.moha.gov.my

Ministry of Home Affairs in Malaysia (Malay: Kementerian Dalam Negeri) is a Malaysian government ministry in charge of domestic affairs such as public safety, civil defence and immigration.

Contents

Establishment History

As of the forming of the Federation of Malaya on the 1 February 1948 till March 1951, the administration of Malaysia on the Federal or Central Government was administered by three English High Officers with the title Chief Secretary, Attorney General and Financial Secretary.

In March 1951, the administration of the colonial British in the Federation of Malaya had made an important historical change by having a new Member System.

At that moment, it was the beginning of a new portfolio or department of Home Affairs and now being known as the Ministry of Home Affairs and Internal Security. Until now, the ministry has gone through its own historical name changes from the Department of Home Affairs, Ministry of the Interior and Justice, Ministry of the Interior and Ministry of Internal Security, Ministry of Home Affairs and now as Ministry of Home Affairs and Internal Security.

As of its formation, the Department of Home Affairs was responsible for nine government offices and agencies which were the Broadcasting Office, Cooperative Development, Film Unit, Immigration, Information Office, Pilgrimage Office, registration Office, Welfare of Aborigines Office, Rural and Industrial Development Authority- RISDA. The first member of the Department of Home Affairs was Yang Berhormat Dato’ Sir Onn bin Jaafar (former Chief Minister of Johor and first Yang Dipertua Agong of United Malays National Organization / UMNO).

After the first Federal Election on July 27, 1955 and the winning of the Alliance Party (coalition of UMNO, MCA and MIC), YTM Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra was elected as the Chief Minister of Federation of Malaya as well as the Minister of Home Affairs on 9 August 1955. At the same time, the 'Member System' of administration was dissolved and replaced by the 'Ministry System'. With this change, the Department of Home Affairs had become the Ministry of the Interior and Justice.

Since as of the moment, the Minister of Interior and Justice was also the Chief Minister, therefore a Junior Minister was appointed to manage the Ministry of Interior and Justice. Y.B. Encik Bahaman bin Shamsudin was appointed as the Junior Minister of the Ministry of Interior and Justice on 9th August 1955.

When the Federation of Malaya achieved its independence on the August 31, 1957, YTM Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra was appointed as the first Prime Minister and Minister of Interior and Justice as well as Minister for Internal Defense and Security. At that time, the Ministry of Interior and Justice was responsible for nine departments which were, Department of Broadcast, Department of Public Defense, Department of Immigration, Department of Information, Department of Pilgrimage, Department of Prints, Department of Prison, Department of Registration and Department of Statistics as well as the Economic Committee. On July 1958, the Ministry of Interior and Justice was revamped and renamed Ministry of the Interior and Justice. Y.B Dato Suleiman bin Dato’ Abdul Rahman was appointed as the Minister of Interior and Justice on September 1957.

On August 1959, the Ministry of Interior and Justice was separated into two separate Ministries which were, Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Justice. Departments under the responsibility of Ministry of Interior were, Department of Aborigines, Department of Chemicals, Department of Fire Brigade, department of Local Government, Department of Government Printing, Department of Prison, Department of Town and Country Planning. The Ministry of Justice was responsible for Judiciary, the Attorney General as well as Public Trustee and Custodian of Enemy Property.

At the end of 1959, another Ministry was formed and named Ministry of Internal Security, which was responsible for the Federation of Malaya Royal Police Force and Directorate of Border Security. In September 1959, Y.B. Dato’ Suleiman bin Dato’ Abdul Rahman was appointed as the Minister of Internal Security and Y.B. Tun Leong Yew Koh as the Minister of Justice.

On 1 August 1962, there was a reshuffle of the Cabinet, where Y.B. Dato’ Dr. Ismail bin Dato’ Abdul Rahman was appointed as the Minister of Interior Security and Minister of Home Affairs. In 1965, the Ministry of Internal Security was abolished and grafted into the Ministry of Interior which later was renamed as Ministry of Home Affairs.

On 1 June 1967, Tun Dr. Ismail bin Dato’ Abdul Rahman resigned from his post and was replaced by Tun Abdul Razak bin Dato’ Hussein as Minister of Ministry of Home Affairs as well as the Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Rural and Regional Development and Minister of Defence.

Following the bloody event of May 13, 1969, a state of Emergency was announced and National Operations Council was formed to administer the country with Y.A.B. Tun Abdul Razak as its Director. On the May 20, 1969, Y.A.B. Tun Dr. Ismail returned as a member of the Cabinet and was appointed as Miniser of Home Affairs. Later on the September 23, 1970, Y.A.B. Tun Abdul Razak formed his own Cabinet with 18 Ministers and 7 Junior Ministers or Deputy Minister. Y.A.B. Tun Dr. Ismail was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister as well as Minister of Home Affairs.

On August 13, 1973, Y.B. Tan Sri Muhammad Ghazali bin Shafie was appointed as Minister of Home Affairs replacing Y.A.B. Tun Dr. Ismail who passed away on 2 August 1973, whereas Y.B. Datuk Abdul Samad bin Idris was appointed as Deputy Minister.

In 1977, the Ministry of Home Affairs was responsible for 6 departments, which were Royal Malaysian Police]], Immigration, Registry of Societies, Registry Department, Malaysian Prison Department and Department of Aborigines. The Ministry of Home Affairs were also responsible for the Psychological war and the Voluntary Home Guard which later was renamed as RELA.

In 1979, another department was placed under the responsibility of the Ministry of Home Affairs which was the Central Narcotics Bureau which was formerly placed under the Judiciary Ministry. In 1980,a Committee was formed to aid the administration of the Central Narcotics Bureau and that Committee became several divisions in the Ministry of Home Affairs. The Committee was later known as the Committee of Drugs which was the Committee for the Executive Action Unit.

The latest development in the Ministry of Home Affairs happened in 1981, which was the forming of another division named the Rehabilitation Division and Psychological Movement. After Y.B. Tan Sri Muhamad Ghazali bin Shafie, Y.A.B. Dato’ Musa Hitam was appointed as the Interior Minister starting from July 17, 1981 till March 16, 1986, where he was also Deputy Prime Minister at that time. Later, Y.A.B. Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad who was also the 4th Prime Minister took over the portfolio of the Interior Minister starting from March 17, 1986 till January 10, 1999.

Starting from January 14, 1999, Y.A.B. Dato’ Seri Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi headed the Ministry of Home Affairs till March 27, 2004. on the same date, the Ministry of Home Affairs was split into the Ministry of Home Affairs and Minitry of Interior Security. Y.B. Dato’ Azmi bin Khalid was heading the Ministry of Home Affairs starting from March 27, 2004 till February 13, 2006.

The Ministry of Home Affairs is one of the important Ministries which is responsible to ensure policies, laws and regulations concerning citizenship and the country’s registry abide with the current need of the nation.

Because of the tasks and responsibility are heavy, therefore the Ministry of Home Affairs is always striving to improve the quality of service for the society and nation in line with the policy of 'People Friendly Service' and continue to make this an exemplary Ministry as well as being Excellent, Glorious and Renowned.

On February 14, 2006, a reshuffle of the Cabinet was announced by the Malaysian Prime Minister Y.A.B. Dato’ Seri Abdullah bin Haji Ahmad Badawi, where there was a change and Y.B. Dato’ Sri Mohd Radzi bin Sheikh Ahmad was the head of the Ministry of Home Affairs. The Ministry of Home Affairs and Internal Security was formed on March 18, 2008 following another cabinet reshuffle after the 12th General Election. It is the merging of two ministries, which are the Ministry of Home Affairs and Ministry of Internal Security. Actually these two ministries were once separated on March 27, 2004.

Because of this merger, there are several changes to the structure of organization and tasks allocation as well as posts. Now the Ministry of Home Affairs and Internal Security is headed by a Minister and two Deputy Ministers. As of administration, the Ministry is administered by a Secretary General helped by three Deputy Secretary General and 25 Divisions. Each Deputy Secretary General heads a sector made up of several divisions which in turn is headed by a Division Secretary. Apart from that there are eight departments and agencies as well as a Government Company under the Ministry and is answerable to the Secretary General; which are the Royal Malaysian Police Force, Malaysia Department of Immigration, Registration Department, Prison Department, National Anti-drugs Agency, Registry of Societies, Department of Civil Defence and Print Nasional Malaysia Berhad.

Vision

Excellent lead in management field keimigresenan, population, citizenship and organization registration world-standard for peace and well being of the country.

Mission

Legislate policy and develop quality and latest service delivery management system together with country progresses.

Objective

Contributed to government effort continuously and efficient affairs in planning and management immigration, registration, citizenship, organization, suitable control of film and security with technological change, growth socio- economy and needs of the nation.

  1. Ensuring state security and public safety is always maintained through the effective enforcement of laws and the efficiency of the implementation of policies for programmes which are oriented by the core services of the Ministry of Home Affairs and Internal Security. The measurement or evaluation is based on the index of crime, misuse of drugs, publishing, films, organizations, citizenship, foreign workers and illegal immigrants.
  2. Ensuring the citizens are involved in awareness and prevention programmes and increase the level of knowledge, awareness and involvement of the public about the importance of national security and public wellbeing.
  3. Increasing the effectiveness of treatment and rehabilitation programmes for drug addictions and misdemeanors against the laws. Prevention actions should also be implemented to ensure whatever adverse intentions, enemy threats and chaos could be contained.
  4. Providing an efficient and effective quality service provider system for customers which involve important matters like registration of self identity, passport, registration of organizations, publishing, printing machine, private agencies, fire arms, films and Al-Quran texts.
  5. Forging strategic cooperation and smart sharing with other government agencies and Non-government agencies as well as relevant International Bodies to ensure public security and wellbeing.
  6. Reinforce internal relationship and collaboration with other departments/agencies and Divisions under the Ministry of Home Affairs and Internal Security.
  7. Reinforce the mechanism of administration, financial management system, development of human resource, usage of ICT, revenue and development of infrastructure for the Ministry of Home Affairs and Internal Security efforts to be parallel with the technology advancement, socioeconomy and current state needs as well as achieving the goals of the 7th Strategic Plan for the year of the Ministry of Home Affairs and Internal Security (2009-2015).

Function

  • Study, update and legislate policy, law and rule and work system in KHEDN and departments in its so that consistent with requirement and current progress;
  • Policy and immigration laws and foreign worker implemented clearly and transparent;
  • Populating of country record secure, latest and systematic;
  • Policy and law related complied;
  • Make RELA service as ideal team and sound;
  • Ensure film does not contain negative elements which could affect stability, unity and national interest; and
  • Increase KHEDN human resource's competency.

Motto

"Committed, Strict And Friendly"

General Division

C's Part

  • Film Censorship Board
Film Censorship Act 2002 (Act 620)

J's Part

  • Relawan's Bond Malaysians
Emergency Act 1964 (Powers Must) – (RELA Corps Laws Malaysians 1974)

B's Part

  • Malaysia Immigration Department
Immigration Act 1959/63
Passport Act 1966
  • Malaysian Registrar Of Societies Department
Organization Act 1966
Organization Laws 1984
Organization Act To Martial Arts 1977 (Never In Force)
  • National Registration Department (NRD)
Federal Constitution
Nation Registration Act 1959
Nation Registration Laws 1990 / Amendment 2001
Citizenship Methods ::Birth Registration And Death Act 1957
Adopted Child Registration Act 1952
Adopted Child Act 1952
Act Renew Law (Marriage And Divorce) 1976

External links

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