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New Testament manuscripts
papyriuncialsminusculeslectionaries
Minuscule 1739
Text Acts, CE, Paul
Date 10th century
Script Greek
Found 1879, Goltz
Now at Great Lavra, B 184
Size 23 cm by 17.5 cm
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category I / II
Note close to P46 and B

Minuscule 1739 (per Gregory-Aland numbering); α 78 per (von Soden) is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on 102 parchment leaves (23 cm by 17.5 cm). Dated paleographically to the 10th century.[1]

Contents

Description

The codex contains the text of the Acts of the Apostles, Catholic epistles, and Pauline epistles. Written in one column per page, 35 lines per page.[1] Hebrews placed before 1 Timothy.[2]

It contains a large number of notes drawn from early church fathers (Irenaeus, Clement, Origen, Eusebius, and Basil), but none later than Basil (329-379 CE), suggesting a relatively early date for 1739's exemplar. The text of this manuscript often agrees with p46 and Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209. A colophon indicates that while copying the Pauline epistles, the scribe followed a manuscript that contained text edited by Origen.[3]

Text

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type. The Alands placed the text of epistles in Category I, but the text of the Acts in Category II.[4]

Together with manuscripts 323, 630, 945, and 1891 it belongs to the textual Family 1739 (in the Acts). In the Pauline epistles to this family belong manuscripts: 0121a, 0243/0121b, 6, 424, 630 (in part), and 1881.

In Acts 20:28 it reads του κυριου (of the Lord) together with the manuscripts Papyrus 74 C* D E Ψ 33 36 453 945 1891. The other manuscruipts have του κυριου (of the Lord) or του κυριου και του Θεου (of the Lord and God).[5][n 1]

In a margin notes to the text of 1 John 5:6 corrector added textual reading δι' ὕδατος καὶ αἵματος καὶ πνεύματος (through water and blood and spirit) together with the manuscripts: Codex Sinaiticus, Codex Alexandrinus, 104, 424c, 614, 2412, 2495, 598m, syrh, copsa, copbo, Origen.[6][n 2] Bart D. Ehrman identified this reading as Orthodox corrupt reading.[7]

History

The manuscript was copied by a monk named Ephraim. He copied 1739 from an uncial exemplar from the 4th century. It was discovered by E. von der Goltz in 1879 at Mount Athos and is usually known by his name.[8] A collation was made by Morton S. Enslin (in Lake Six Collations).[9]

The codex is housed at the Great Lavra (B 184), in Athos.[1]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ For the another variants of this verse see: Textual variants in the Acts of the Apostles.
  2. ^ For another variants of this verse see: Textual variants in the First Epistle of John.

References

  1. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 145.
  2. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1909). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 3. Leipzig. p. 1176.  
  3. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, "Manuscripts of the Greek Bible: An Introduction to Greek Paleography", Oxford University Press (New York: Oxford, 1981), p. 112.
  4. ^ Kurt Aland, and Barbara Aland, "The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism", transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 135.
  5. ^ NA26, p. 384.
  6. ^ UBS3, p. 823.
  7. ^ Bart D. Ehrman, The Orthodox Corruption of Scripture, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1993, p. 60.
  8. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman, "The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration", Oxford University Press, 2005, p. 86.
  9. ^ K. Lakie & S. Lake, Six Collations of New Testament Manuscripts (1932), pp. 141-219.

Further reading

  • Lagrange, M.-J. "Critique textuelle II". Pages 470–471 in La Critique rationelle. Paris, 1935.
  • Kim, K. W. "Codices 1582, 1739, and Origen". Journal of Biblical Literature 69 (1950): 167.
  • J. N. Birdsall, A Study of MS. 1739 and its Relationship to MSS. 6, 424, 1908, and M (unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, 1959)

External links

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