The Full Wiki

Minuscule 565: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

New Testament manuscripts
Minuscule 565
Name Empress Theodora's Codex
Text Gospels
Date 9th century
Script Greek
Now at Russian National Library
Size 17.6 cm by 19.2 cm
Type Caesarean text-type
Category III

Minuscule 565 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 93 (Soden), also known as the Empress Theodora's Codex. It is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on purple parchment, dated palaeographically to the 9th century.[1] It was labeled by Scrivener as 473.[2] The manuscript is lacunose.



The codex is one of only two known purple minuscules (minuscule 1143 is the other) written with gold ink. It contains the text of the four Gospels on 392 purple parchment leaves (17.6 by 19.2 cm) lacunae (Matthew 20:18-26, 21:45-22:9, Luke 10:36-11:2, 18:25-37, 20:24-26, 11:26-48, 13:2-23, John 17:1-12). Written in one column per page, 17 lines per page.[1] It contains the Eusebian tables (later hand), tables of the κεφαλαια, κεφαλαια, τιτλοι (in silver uncials), Ammonian Sections, (not the Eusebian Canons). It has the famous Jerusalem Colophon.[3][2]

The manuscript is similar to Beratinus 2.


The Greek text of the codex, is a representative of the Caesarean text-type. Aland placed it in Category III. In Mark this manuscript is closely aligned to Codex Koridethi.[4] According to Aland the quality of the text is higher in Gospel o Mark, and lower in Matthew and Luke.[5]

According to the Wisse's Profile Method it represents the Alexandrian text in Luke 1 and Kx in Luke 10 and Luke 20.[6]


The manuscript comes from the area of the Black Sea. In 1829 it was brought to Petersbutg. The manuscripts was examined and described by Eduard de Muralt (along with the codices 566, 568-572, 574, 575, and 1567). The text of Mark was edited in 1885 by Johannes Engebretsen Belsheim.[7]

The codex now is located at the Russian National Library (Gr. 53) at Saint Petersburg.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, "Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments", Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 79.
  2. ^ a b Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 250. 
  3. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments, Vol. 1. Leipzig. p. 203. 
  4. ^ Philip W. Comfort, Encountering the Manuscripts. An Introduction to New Testament Paleography & Textual Criticism, Nashville, Tennessee: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2005, p. 89.
  5. ^ Kurt Aland, Barbara Aland, "The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism", transl. Erroll F. Rhodes, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1995, p. 133.
  6. ^ F. Wisse, The Profile Method for Classifying and Evaluating Manuscripts Evidence (Wm. Eerdmans 1982), p. 63.
  7. ^ J. Belsheim, Das Evangelium des Markus, Christiana Videnskabs-Selskabs Forhandlinger 9 (Christiana, 1885).

Further reading

External links



Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address