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One-sheet promotional poster.
Directed by Dave McKean
Produced by Martin G. Baker
Lisa Henson
Simon Moorhead
Michael Polis
Written by Neil Gaiman (story, screenplay)
Dave McKean (story)
Starring Stephanie Leonidas
Jason Barry
Rob Brydon
Gina McKee
Music by Iain Ballamy
Cinematography Tony Shearn
Editing by Nicolas Gaster
Studio Jim Henson Company
Destination Films
Distributed by Samuel Goldwyn Films (USA)
Tartan Films (UK)
Release date(s) September 30, 2005
Running time 101 min.
Country  United Kingdom
 United States
Language English
Budget US$4,000,000
Gross revenue US$866,999 (domestic)

MirrorMask is a 2005 fantasy film from the Jim Henson Company, Samuel Goldwyn Films, and Destination Films. It stars Stephanie Leonidas, Jason Barry, Rob Brydon, and Gina McKee. It is designed and directed by Dave McKean, written by Neil Gaiman from a story they developed together. The music used in the film was composed by Iain Ballamy.

The film's story revolves around a young girl named Helena Campbell who is sick of her family's career as circus performers. Helena's mother is hospitalized after they have an argument, and Helena finds herself trapped in a fantasy world shortly after. Gaiman and McKean worked on the film concepts over the course of two weeks at Jim Henson's family's home, and actual production of the film took seventeen months.

The film was created on a budget of US$4 million, and had an overall domestic theatrical gross of US$866,999. The film was originally made as a straight-to-DVD film,[1] but had a limited theatrical run in the United States on September 30, 2005. The film was also screened at the 2005 Sundance Film Festival where it received positive responses. The overall critical reaction to the film was mixed, with critics praising the film's visuals while complaining about the overall story and script.



Helena (Stephanie Leonidas) works with her parents (Gina McKee and Rob Brydon) at their family circus, but desires to "run away and join real life". At the next performance after Helena and her mother have a heated argument, Helena's mother collapses and is taken to the hospital. Ten days later, the doctors determine that Helena's mother requires an operation, and Helena can only blame herself for the situation. That night, she wakes up in a dream-like state and encounters three performers outside her apartment building. As they try to perform, two of them are consumed by a shadow, and the third, named Valentine (Jason Barry), helps to quickly direct Helena to safety. She learns they are in the City of Light which is slowly being consumed by shadows, causing its widely-varied citizens to flee. Helena is mistaken for the Princess. She and Valentine are taken to the Prime Minister (Brydon), who explains that the Princess from the Land of Shadow stole a charm from the City of Light, leaving their White Queen (McKee) in a state of unnatural sleep and the City vulnerable to the Shadows. Helena offers to help recover the charm.

As Helena and Valentine seek out clues, they are unaware they are being watched by the Queen of Shadows (McKee), mistakenly believing Helena to be the Princess of the Land of Shadows. Helena discovers that by looking through the windows of the buildings, she can see into her apartment room through the windows on drawings she created on one wall of her room, and discovers that a doppelganger of herself is behaving radically different from her and that the doppelganger is aware of her presence in the drawings. Helena and Valentine learn the stolen charm is called the "MirrorMask", and seek it out in a white building filled with hundreds of locks. However, Valentine betrays Helena and gives her to the Queen of Shadows. Helena is hypnotized into thinking she is the Princess, but Valentine has a change of heart and returns to help Helena break the hypnosis and recover her memories. The two search the Princess' room, and Helena discovers the MirrorMask hidden in the Princess' mirror; the two flee the Queen of Shadows' castle with the charm.

Helena realizes that the doppelganger in the real world is the Princess, and that she has started to destroy the drawings on Helena's wall to prevent her from using the MirrorMask. With all the windows to the real world destroyed, the Princess goes to the apartment roof to toss the drawings away, but discovers that Helena had previously drawn a window on the roof's door. Helena uses that window to invoke the power of the MirrorMask to return herself to the real world and banish the Princess back to her own realm. Helena finds herself safely on her apartment's roof, with her father telling her that her mother's operation was a success. Helena apologizes to both her parents for her behavior. Some time later, as she is happily working at the circus, she encounters a young man who appears very similar to Valentine.

Cast and characters

  • Helena Campbell, portrayed by Stephanie Leonidas, is the story's protagonist. Helena is a young circus performer and aspiring artist who is drawn into a mysterious world of masked people and monsters shortly after her mother is hospitalized. It is eventually revealed that the world she entered was created through her own drawings that she hung up on the walls of her room. Leonidas stated that she expected that filming would be difficult because most of the scenes were done with one or two other actors just with a bluescreen in the background, but also said that "it all came alive" for them when they started working.[2]
  • The Queen of Shadows (also referred to as the Dark Queen), portrayed by Gina McKee, is the film's primary antagonist. She is a possessive mother who treats her daughter like a pet. She mistakes Helena for the Princess who has run away, but when Helena reveals who she is, the Queen does not care as long as she has a daughter.
  • Joanne Campbell, portrayed by Gina McKee, is Helena's mother. A circus acrobat and ticket-seller, Joanne collapses during a skit and is confined in the hospital shortly after having an argument with Helena. After successful operation, Joanne recovers and returns to circus life with her family.
  • The Queen of Light (also referred to as the White Queen), portrayed by Gina McKee, is the Queen of the City of Light. She is a kind ruler, and the sun is her sigil. She falls into a deep sleep when the MirrorMask is stolen from her, leaving her city vulnerable to the Shadows.
  • Morris Campbell, portrayed by Rob Brydon, is Helena's father. A juggler and ringmaster of his family circus, he is a gentle and kind man with an artistic temperament. He is frightened and overwhelmed by his wife's illness.
  • The Princess (Anti-Helena), portrayed by Stephanie Leonidas, is the daughter of the Queen of Shadows and Helena's parallel self. She uses the MirrorMask to switch places with Helena and hides it in her room. After escaping to the "real world", she takes advantage of her new freedom: dressing like a teenage punk, kissing boys that Helena finds distasteful, smoking, and arguing with Helena's father.
  • Valentine, portrayed by Jason Barry, is a juggler who describes himself as a "very important man." He becomes Helena's companion in the dream world, although he betrays Helena by handing her over to the Queen of Shadows. He regrets this decision, however, and returns to rescue Helena. He is very proud of his tower, though he mentions that he had an argument with it and that they parted ways. As he and Helena are being pursued by the Queen of Shadows, he calls the tower to aid their escape by shouting an apology to it.




Executive producer Michael Polis mentioned that the idea of creating MirrorMask began when Jim Henson Company and Sony expressed interest in making a movie that would sell as well in video release as Labyrinth and The Dark Crystal based on the two films' consistent DVD sales in 1999. They had considered creating a prequel to Dark Crystal and sequels for Labyrinth, but decided that "it made the most sense to try and create something similar or in the spirit of those films and attribute it as a Jim Henson Company fantasy title."[1]

After being shown a short film directed by McKean, Lisa Henson contacted Gaiman in 2001 about the project, asking if McKean would be interested in directing and if Gaiman was interested in coming up with the story for the film. Gaiman agreed to write for the film if McKean agreed to direct.[1][3]

Production for the film took seventeen months, with a budget of $4 million.[4] Though limited by the $4 million budget, McKean viewed this as a good thing, saying "It's very good to have a box to fight against, and to know where your limitations are, because it immediately implies a certain kind of thing... a certain kind of shape... a certain approach to things."[5]


According to McKean, the film's setting was originally in London, but that had opted to film it in Brighton at producer Simon's suggestion. McKean described Brighton as "more bohemian, so that fits with the whole circus thing, with Helena’s family", and that he liked the specific apartment building that they used because "it’s very distinctive, imposing, it does have this character, but it also represents Helena’s collapse and her disintegration into this other world and it’s a potent symbol for her mother."[6]


McKean and Gaiman worked on the story and concepts for the film over a span of two weeks in February 2002 at the Henson's family home.[5][7] Gaiman stated that he wanted to do "a sort of Prince and Pauper idea. Something with a girl who was somehow split into two girls who became one at the end." He went on to say that he "had an idea of a girl who was part of a traveling theatre and her mother getting sick and having to go off the road", and mentioned that McKean preferred to have a circus over a theatre "because it was more interesting visually." McKean was the one who came up with the idea of the masks and the two mothers.[4] McKean said that Labyrinth provided a something of a starting point for the project, and that he liked the "human element of that film," but that ultimately the story of MirrorMask was something that he and Gaiman came up with on their own.[6] Gaiman wrote the screenplay in February 2002,[8] and said that they always knew that it would be a coming of age story about a girl on a quest, but that later they learned "that it really was just the story of the relationship between a girl and her mother."[9]


Polis initially spoke to both McKean and Brian Froud, the concept artist for Labyrinth and The Dark Crystal.[1] The initial intention was to have McKean direct the film with Froud doing the designs, but Polis stated that it "made more sense" to have McKean do the designs seeing as he was the one directing the film.[1] Since they had a tight budget, Mckean designed creatures who were comparatively simple.[6] He assigned entire sequences rather than tiny pieces to individual artists, so that the young professionals working on the film would have the creative opportunity to make part of it their own.[10] He worked with them very closely in a single room.[6] About the animators, he said that, "All but two were straight from art school and almost all from Bournemouth. We took half the class. They all knew each other already."[11] McKean says that one example of the spirit of the film is that they only had one peach during the filming of the scene where Valentine eats the future fruit.[10]


The music used in the film was composed by Iain Ballamy, McKean's friend whom he describes as "one of Europe's best sax players" and "a terrific composer." McKean stated that he "wanted a musical landscape that never quite settled on anywhere geographically or time-wise as well." He also noted that Ballamy has composed music for and performed in circuses before, and that "[h]e just seemed to be perfect for it." McKean said that they could not afford to have a full orchestra due to budget constraints, but that they commissioned several of Ballamy's contacts to help record the music. Digital recordings were used with the aid of Ashley Slater, but McKean stated that most of the instruments used were real. Norwegian singer Josephine Cronholm provided the vocals for the songs used in the film. The sircus band are musicians from Farmers Market. [4] The film's soundtrack, containing thirty tracks of background music and songs used in the film, was released by La-La Land Records in 2005.[12]


The film was first screened at a high school, where it got a very positive response. The film also received positive reactions when it was screened at the Sundance Film Festival.[8] The movie was originally made as a straight-to-DVD movie,[1] but the movie finally had its limited theatrical release on September 30, 2005 in the United States.

The North American DVD was released on February 14, 2006.[13] The DVD contains additional content such as commentaries, interviews, behind-the-scenes clips, and an art gallery.[14] The film was listed as #31 on the Billboard Top DVD Sales chart the week of March 11, 2006.[15] Neil Gaiman commented that the DVD sold "better than expected" and that it was "gathering an audience".[16]


The film earned a total domestic gross of $866,999, earning $126,449 on its opening weekend.[17] The film garnered mixed reactions from critics, retaining a 52% "fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes[18] and scoring 55 out of 100 at Metacritic.[19] Critic Roger Ebert gave the film two out of four stars, praising the film's visual artistry but stating that there is "no narrative engine to pull us past the visual scenery", and that he "suspected the filmmakers began with a lot of ideas about how the movie should look, but without a clue about pacing, plotting or destination."[20] Lisa Schwarzbaum of Entertainment Weekly gave the film a rating of A-, saying that the film is a "dazzling reverie of a kids-and-adults movie, an unusual collaboration between lord-of-the-cult multimedia artist Dave McKean and king-of-the-comics Neil Gaiman (The Sandman)" and that it "has something to astonish everyone."[21] Stephen Holden of the New York Times described the film's look as "hazy, indistinct, sepia-tinted, overcrowded and flat", and that "its monochromatic panoramas are too busy and flat to yield an illusion of depth or to convey a feeling of characters moving in space." He went on to say that the film is "The embodiment of a cult film, one destined for a rich life on home video".[22] Desson Thomson of the Washington Post described the film as "so single-minded in its reach for fantasy, it becomes the genre's evil opposite: banality."[23]

The film was nominated for the William Shatner Golden Groundhog Award for Best Underground Movie,[24] other nominated films were Lexi Alexander's Green Street Hooligans, Rodrigo García's Nine Lives, the award winning baseball documentary Up for Grabs and Opie Gets Laid.[25]

Other media

In 2005, Tokyopop, in partnership with The Jim Henson Company, announced plans to publish a manga-style comic prequel to the film, which would center around the Princess' escape from the Dark Palace and how she acquired the MirrorMask.[26] The manga was reportedly canceled in 2007.[27]

A children's book based on the film, authored by Gaiman and illustrated by McKean, was published by HarperCollins Children's Books in September 2005.[28] An audiobook based on the children's book has also been released by HarperCollins in December 2005.[29] A book containing the film's complete storyboard and script as well as some photographs and archival text by Gaiman and McKean, titled The Alchemy of MirrorMask, was also published by HarperCollins in November 2005.[30]

The band The Crüxshadows wrote and performed "Wake the White Queen", which retells the story of MirrorMask. This track appears on the Neil Gaiman-inspired compilation album, Where's Neil When You Need Him?

Dark Horse released a number of MirrorMask related merchandise in 2005. Three PVC figure sets, which included three figures per set, were released from May to June 2005. These sets included figures of characters such as Helena, Valentine, the Dark Queen, as well as figures of minor characters like the Librarian and the Small Hairy Guy.[31][32][33] A journal made to look like the Really Useful Book, which provided aid for Helena in the film, was released in July 2005,[34] and a seven-inch tall bust of the Dark Queen was released in August 2005.[35]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Weiland, Jonah (August 6, 2004). "Putting on the "MirrorMask": Executive Producer Michael Polis on the Film". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2009-06-08.  
  2. ^ Epstein, Daniel Robert. "Stephanie Leonidas of MirrorMask". Retrieved 2009-06-09.  
  3. ^ Flanagan, Mark (September 9, 2005). "Neil Gaiman Interview (page 2)". Retrieved 2009-06-08.  
  4. ^ a b c Khouri, Andy (September 15, 2005). "The "MirrorMask" Interviews: Neil Gaiman & Dave McKean". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2009-06-08.  
  5. ^ a b P., Ken. "An Interview with Dave McKean (page 3)". IGN. Retrieved 2009-06-09.  
  6. ^ a b c d Holmes, Kevin. "Dave McKean talks to Close-Up Film About MirrorMask". Retrieved 2008-12-09.  
  7. ^ Rogers, Troy. "Neil Gaiman Interview". Retrieved 2009-06-09.  
  8. ^ a b Brevet, Brad (2005-01-31). "INTERVIEW: Neil Gaiman Talks ‘MirrorMask’ and More". Retrieved 2008-12-09.  
  9. ^ Wilkinson, Amber. "Behind The MirrorMask". Eye For Film. Retrieved 2008-12-09.  
  10. ^ a b Simon Moorhead, “et al.”. (2006) (DVD). Mirrormask. Bonus Features: Making of MirrorMask. Sony Pictures Home Entertainment.  
  11. ^ Carnevale, Rob. "Mirrormask - Dave McKean interview". Retrieved 2008-12-09.  
  12. ^ "MIRROR MASK". La-La Land Records. Retrieved 2009-06-11.  
  13. ^ Swindoll, Jeff (February 13, 2006). "DVD Review: MirrorMask". Monsters and Critics. Retrieved 2009-07-02.  
  14. ^ "MirrorMask - About the DVD". Sony Pictures. Retrieved 2009-07-02.  
  15. ^ "Top DVD Sales Mirrormask". Billboard. Retrieved 2009-07-02.  
  16. ^ Gaiman, Neil (May 31, 2006). "Gremlin rules". Retrieved 2009-07-02.  
  17. ^ "MIRRORMASK". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved 2009-06-08.  
  18. ^ "MirrorMask (2005)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2009-06-08.  
  19. ^ "MirrorMask". Metacritic. Retrieved 2009-06-08.  
  20. ^ Ebert, Roger (September 30, 2005). "MirrorMask". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved 2009-06-08.  
  21. ^ Schwarzbaum, Lisa (September 28, 2005). "MirrorMask (2005)". Entertainment Weekly.,,1110758,00.html. Retrieved 2009-06-08.  
  22. ^ Holden, Stephen (September 30, 2005). "A Teenager's Phantasmagoric Journey to Her Own Identity". New York Times. Retrieved 2009-06-08.  
  23. ^ Thomson, Desson (September 30, 2005). "A Mere Reflection". Washington Post. Retrieved 2009-06-08.  
  24. ^ von Busack, Richard (March 8, 2006). "Sunnyvale". Metroactive. Retrieved 2009-09-10.  
  25. ^ Tyler, Joshua (January 10, 2006). "Shatner Gets His Own Award". Cinema Blend. Retrieved 2009-09-10.  
  26. ^ "Tokyopop Press Release". 2005-07-19. Retrieved 2009-04-17.  
  27. ^ "TOKYOPOP: Ask the Editors: Any news about the Mirrormask manga?". 2007-08-06. Retrieved 2009-04-17.  
  28. ^ "MirrorMask (children's edition)". Retrieved 2009-06-11.  
  29. ^ "MirrorMask Unabridged CD". HarperCollins. Retrieved 2009-06-11.  
  30. ^ "The Alchemy of MirrorMask". HarperCollins. Retrieved 2009-06-11.  
  31. ^ "Mirror Mask PVC Set #1". Dark Horse. Retrieved 2009-06-11.  
  32. ^ "Mirror Mask PVC Set #2". Dark Horse. Retrieved 2009-06-11.  
  33. ^ "Mirror Mask PVC Set #3". Dark Horse. Retrieved 2009-06-11.  
  34. ^ "DHorse Deluxe Journal: Mirror Mask Really Useful Journal". Dark Horse. Retrieved 2009-06-11.  
  35. ^ "Mirror Mask: Dark Queen Bust". Dark Horse. Retrieved 2009-06-11.  

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