Miscarriage: Wikis

  
  

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Miscarriage
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 O03.
ICD-9 634
MedlinePlus 001488
eMedicine topic list
MeSH D000022
.Miscarriage or spontaneous abortion is the spontaneous end of a pregnancy at a stage where the embryo or fetus is incapable of surviving, generally defined in humans at prior to 20 weeks of gestation.^ BTW, medicine defines a miscarriage has a spontaneous abortion.
  • My miscarriage — on CNN, ABC and AOL | Penelope Trunk's Brazen Careerist 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC blog.penelopetrunk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pregnancy loss after 20 weeks' gestation (Neonatal loss is the death of a liveborn fetus.
  • Recurrent Early Pregnancy Loss: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Miscarriage is the termination of pregnancy at less than 20 weeks gestation.
  • Miscarriage - WrongDiagnosis.com 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

.Miscarriage is the most common complication of early pregnancy.^ Early pregnancy loss: Miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy.
  • Hope for Healing:  Miscarriage and the Dignity of the Human Body by Andrew J. Sodergren, M.S. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.christendom-awake.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pregnancy after miscarriage has a complicated set of stresses.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Early pregnancy > Miscarriage .
  • Miscarriage - Symptoms, Signs & Causes. Coping Advice.... 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.askbaby.com [Source type: Original source]

[1]

Contents

Terminology

.Very early miscarriages—those that occur before the sixth week LMP (since the woman's Last Menstrual Period)—are medically termed early pregnancy loss[2] or chemical pregnancy.^ Pregnancy loss before 20 weeks' gestation, as based on last menstrual period .
  • Recurrent Early Pregnancy Loss: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A miscarriage is defined as a loss of pregnancy before 20 weeks have passed.
  • Early Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Symptoms Most miscarriages occur before the 12th week of pregnancy.
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC edition1.cnn.com [Source type: General]

[3] .Miscarriages that occur after the sixth week LMP are medically termed clinical spontaneous abortion.^ The medical term for miscarriage is spontaneous abortion .
  • Signs and Symptoms of Miscarriage (Spontaneous Abortion) 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.pregnancy-facts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This kind of miscarriage is also known as a spontaneous abortion .
  • Early Miscarriage Symptoms - LoveToKnow Pregnancy 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancy.lovetoknow.com [Source type: General]

^ The medical term for Miscarriage is "spontaneous abortion," Miscarriages can occur for many reasons, not all of which can be identified.
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

[2]
.In medical contexts, the word "abortion" refers to any process by which a pregnancy ends with the death and removal or expulsion of the fetus, regardless of whether it is spontaneous or intentionally induced.^ When a pregnancy ends after that, it is referred to as a stillbirth.
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]
  • Early Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Miscarriage or spontaneous abortion is the spontaneous end of a pregnancy at a stage where the embryo or fetus is incapable of surviving, generally defined in humans at prior to 20 weeks of gestation.
  • Helping Others Through Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ A miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a fetus before the 20th week of pregnancy.
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.Many women who have had miscarriages, however, object to the term "abortion" in connection with their experience, as it is generally associated with induced abortions.^ Many of us who experience miscarriage are not aware that it is fairly common.
  • Miscarriage - Planned Parenthood 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.plannedparenthood.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.ppsev.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I have not, but I know many, many women who have.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many couples who experience a miscarriage worry that it will happen again.
  • After a Miscarriage: Getting Pregnant Again : American Pregnancy Association 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.americanpregnancy.org [Source type: General]

In recent years there has been discussion in the medical community about avoiding the use of this term in favor of the less ambiguous term "miscarriage".[4]
.Labour resulting in live birth before the 37th week of pregnancy is termed "premature birth", even if the infant dies shortly afterward.^ Miscarriage is the term for a pregnancy loss at or before 20 weeks...
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]
  • Early Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ A miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a fetus before the 20th week of pregnancy.
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ At the same time, I realized that most established pregnancies do go to term, even for women who have miscarried before.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The limit of viability at which 50% of fetus/infants survive longterm is around 24 weeks, with moderate or major neurological disability dropping to 50% only by 26 weeks.^ Around a week later, i saw a drop of blood in my panties.
  • Pregnancy Forum - Pregnancy Loss 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.i-am-pregnant.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There will be a viability point, usually at 24 weeks, where you have no choice but to deliver the baby.

^ With my second, it was about 24-26 weeks, and with my third, 13 weeks!

[5] .Although long-term survival has never been reported for infants born from pregnancy shorter than 21 weeks and 5 days,[6] infants born as early as the 16th week of pregnancy may sometimes live for some minutes after birth.^ It has never been this long without some cramping.
  • » Symptoms of Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancyloss.info [Source type: Original source]

^ Vaginal ultrasounds can be done as early as 5-6 weeks of pregnancy.
  • Signs of Miscarriage: Identifying Symptoms and Learning What to Do if You are Miscarrying 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancychildbirth.suite101.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Miscarriage or spontaneous abortion is the spontaneous end of a pregnancy at a stage where the embryo or fetus is incapable of surviving, generally defined in humans at prior to 20 weeks of gestation.
  • Helping Others Through Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

[7]
.A fetus that dies while in the uterus after about the 20–24th week of pregnancy is termed a "stillbirth"; the precise gestational age definition varies by country.^ Pregnancy loss after 20 weeks' gestation (Neonatal loss is the death of a liveborn fetus.
  • Recurrent Early Pregnancy Loss: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This topic is about the loss of a baby before 20 weeks of pregnancy.
  • CIGNA - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Miscarriage is the term for a pregnancy loss at or before 20 weeks...
  • Early Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.Premature births or stillbirths are not generally considered miscarriages, though usage of the terms and causes of these events may overlap.^ Some people may be tempted to blame themselves or their partner for the miscarriage - even though it's highly unlikely that either of them did anything to cause it or could have done anything to prevent it.
  • GHI Your Health: Miscarriage Detection & Treatment 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.ghi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I think it was discovered as a common cause of miscarriage in 1984 and is pretty controversial, because the general rule has always been to totally avoid aspirin during pregnancy.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Also, consider going on a regimen of one children's aspirin (80 mg) daily, which can help in the event of immune disorders which cause recurrent miscarriages.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

Miscarriage-Pregnancy timeline.png
.Miscarriage of a fetus is also called intrauterine fetal death (IUFT).^ Velayuthaprabhu S, Archunan G, Balakrishnan K. Placental thrombosis in experimental anticardiolipin antibodies-mediated intrauterine fetal death.

^ Miscarriage is called the silent grief because it is just not talked about in the same way other losses to death are.

Forms and types

.The clinical presentation of a threatened abortion describes any bleeding seen during pregnancy prior to viability, that has yet to be assessed further.^ Any bleeding within the first 20 weeks of viable pregnancy is considered a threatened abortion.
  • Miscarriage - a knol by Daniela Carusi, MD, MSc 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Miscarriage or spontaneous abortion is the spontaneous end of a pregnancy at a stage where the embryo or fetus is incapable of surviving, generally defined in humans at prior to 20 weeks of gestation.
  • Helping Others Through Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ In a missed abortion, falling levels of HCG or ultrasound imaging confirm that a miscarriage has occurred, but minimal or no bleeding occurs and the uterus has failed to expel the pregnancy.
  • Miscarriage - a knol by Daniela Carusi, MD, MSc 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At investigation it may be found that the fetus remains viable and the pregnancy continues without further problems.^ Such pregnancies often proceed without any further problems.
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC edition1.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ The woman feels sudden pressure, the water bag may break and the fetus and placenta may be expelled without too much pain.
  • GHI Your Health: Miscarriage Detection & Treatment 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.ghi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It can also help determine whether the pregnancy is ectopic (occurring outside the uterus, such as in one of the fallopian tubes) and whether you may have spontaneously aborted one fetus in a multiple pregnancy.
  • GHI Your Health: Miscarriage Detection & Treatment 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.ghi.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It has been suggested that bed rest improves the chances of the pregnancy continuing when a small subchorionic hematoma has been found on ultrasound scans.^ I also found out that my grandma had ‘periods’ throughout her pregnancys, what are the chances that i am still pregnant?
  • » Symptoms of Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancyloss.info [Source type: Original source]

^ If you've had a miscarriage before, your doctor or midwife might suggest that you try to rest as much as possible during the first couple of months of your pregnancy.

^ He discusses how to achieve a speedy conception and explains what to do in the preconceptual and early pregnancy periods to improve the pregnancy outcome and increase the child's chances for a healthy start in life.

[8]
Alternatively the following terms are used to describe pregnancies that do not continue:
.
  • An empty sac is a condition where the gestational sac develops normally, while the embryonic part of the pregnancy is either absent or stops growing very early.^ Either the embryo did not form, or it stopped developing very early.

    ^ An ultrasound shows an empty pregnancy sac.

    ^ Blighted Ovum is a condition (with a terrible, unfortunate name) where the gestational sac grows, the woman gets all the pregnancy symptoms, but the baby itself never develops.

    .Other terms for this condition are blighted ovum and anembryonic pregnancy.^ Blighted ovum (anembryonic pregnancy) .

    ^ It is also possible to have a blighted ovum with a twin pregnancy.
    • Miscarriage - Early pregnancy loss (EPL) or biochemical pregnancy 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.baby2see.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Anembryonic pregnancy (previously known as blighted ovum) .
    • Miscarriage - When a Miscarriage Occurs and Why It Can Happen 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC bellybelly.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  • An inevitable abortion describes where the fetal heart beat is shown to have stopped and the cervix has already dilated open, but the fetus has yet to be expelled. This usually will progress to a complete abortion.
  • .A complete abortion is when all products of conception have been expelled.^ Complete Abortion A term used when the fetus and all the tissue has been expelled.
    • PBSO » Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pbso.ca [Source type: General]

    ^ Missed abortion (a loss of pregnancy where the products of conception do not exit the body) Incomplete abortion (not all of the products of conception exit the body) Complete abortion (all of the products of conception exit the body) Threatened abortion (symptoms indicate a miscarriage is possible) Inevitable abortion (the symptoms cannot be stopped, and a miscarriage will happen) Infected abortion Images: Miscarriage Normal uterine anatomy (cut section) Alternative Names .

    ^ Missed abortion (a loss of pregnancy where the products of conception do not exit the body) Incomplete abortion (not all of the products of conception exit the body) Complete abortion (all of the products of conception exit the body) Threatened abortion (symptoms indicate a miscarriage is possible) Inevitable abortion (the symptoms cannot be stopped, and a miscarriage will happen) Infected abortion Alternative Names: Abortion - spontaneous; Spontaneous abortion .
    • Miscarriage - Symptoms, Treatments and Resources for Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.medhelp.org [Source type: General]
    • Miscarriage - Edward Hospital, Naperville IL Area 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.edward.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Products of conception may include the trophoblast, chorionic villi, gestational sac, yolk sac, and fetal pole (embryo); or later in pregnancy the fetus, umbilical cord, placenta, amniotic fluid, and amniotic membrane.
  • An incomplete abortion occurs when tissue has been passed, but some remains in utero.^ I am protected by the amniotic sac, which is filled with fluid.
    • Pregnancy and Miscarriage Blog 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC unbornbabyjournal.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The clots may be examined to see if you have passed fetal tissue.
    • CIGNA - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If not all placental tissue is passed, the miscarriage is termed an incomplete abortion.
    • Miscarriage - a knol by Daniela Carusi, MD, MSc 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [9]
  • .A missed abortion is when the embryo or fetus has died, but a miscarriage has not yet occurred.^ Sometimes the fetus dies but no symptoms of miscarriage occur.
    • Miscarriage: Pregnancy Complications: Merck Manual Home Edition 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.merck.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Another type of miscarriage is a 'missed abortion'.
    • Inevitable miscarriage, spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, neonatal death, pregnancy after miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.mothers35plus.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ A missed miscarriage occurs when an embryo that has died earlier is retained in the uterus.

    It is also referred to as delayed or missed miscarriage.
The following two terms consider wider complications or implications of a miscarriage:
  • .A septic abortion occurs when the tissue from a missed or incomplete abortion becomes infected.^ If the tissue in the uterus gets infected, it is a "septic abortion".
    • Miscarriage Obstetrics 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.lumrix.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Incomplete abortion Missed abortion Patient information Pregnancy Septic abortion Spontaneous abortion .

    ^ Abortion - spontaneous; Spontaneous abortion; Abortion - missed; Abortion - incomplete; Abortion - complete; Abortion - inevitable; Abortion - infected; Missed abortion; Incomplete abortion; Complete abortion; Inevitable abortion; Infected abortion .
    • Miscarriage: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]
    • Miscarriage - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Miscarriage - NY Times Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC health.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Miscarriage Medical Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.drugs.com [Source type: Academic]
    • Miscarriage Information on Healthline 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.healthline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Miscarriage - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Miscarriage - NY Times Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC health.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]
    • Miscarriage Information at myOptumHealth 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.myoptumhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.allina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Miscarriage - Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.qualityhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Miscarriage - Baptist Hospital Northeast 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC baptistnortheast.adam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Miscarriage - ProHealth Care 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC prohealthcare.adam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC forthealthcare.adam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Miscarriage - Kootenai Health 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC kootenaihealth.adam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The infection of the womb carries risk of spreading infection (septicaemia) and is a grave risk to the life of the woman.
  • Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) or recurrent miscarriage (medically termed habitual abortion) is the occurrence of three consecutive miscarriages.^ Recurrent pregnancy loss is defined as three or more miscarriages.
    • Miscarriage - a knol by Daniela Carusi, MD, MSc 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Treatment with medication can reduce the risk of miscarriage.
    • Miscarriage - a knol by Daniela Carusi, MD, MSc 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ But unplanned pregnancy is part of any woman's life.
    • My miscarriage — on CNN, ABC and AOL | Penelope Trunk's Brazen Careerist 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC blog.penelopetrunk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .If the proportion of pregnancies ending in miscarriage is 15%,[10] then the probability of two consecutive miscarriages is 2.25% and the probability of three consecutive miscarriages is 0.34%.^ (Overall, from conception, about 10 to 15% of pregnancies end in miscarriage.
    • Q&A: Miscarriage Risks? - Pregnancy - First Trimester 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnant.thebump.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Our first pregnancy ended in a miscarriage.
    • moosh in indy. » Miscarriage. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC mooshinindy.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ I had two miscarriages after a healthy first pregnancy.
    • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .The occurrence of recurrent pregnancy loss is 1%.^ Management of recurrent early pregnancy loss.
    • CIGNA - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Recurrent pregnancy loss is defined as three or more miscarriages.
    • Miscarriage - a knol by Daniela Carusi, MD, MSc 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Hormonal causes of recurrent pregnancy losses can usually be diagnosed with a blood test.
    • Miscarriage - a knol by Daniela Carusi, MD, MSc 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [10] A large majority (85%) of women who have had two miscarriages will conceive and carry normally afterwards.
The physical symptoms of a miscarriage vary according to the length of pregnancy:[11]
.
  • At up to six weeks only small blood clots may be present, possibly accompanied by mild cramping or period pain.
  • At 6 to 13 weeks a clot will form around the embryo or fetus, and the placenta, with many clots up to 5 cm in size being expelled prior to a completed miscarriage.^ And the miscarriage occurred at around 8 weeks.
    • moosh in indy. » Miscarriage. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC mooshinindy.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ An incomplete miscarriage is a pregnancy loss that results in only part of the fetus or placenta being expelled.
    • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Cramping, either mild or severe, may also be present.
    • Miscarriage@Everything2.com 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

    .The process may take a few hours or be on and off for a few days.^ Pain may start a few hours to several days after bleeding has begun.
    • CIGNA - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Your doctor may take several measurements of hCG levels over a period of days to learn whether your pregnancy is still progressing.
    • CIGNA - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I may have been off on my LMP date by 2 or so days, and my cycles are generally 31-32 days.
    • » Symptoms of Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancyloss.info [Source type: Original source]

    .Symptoms vary widely and can include vomiting and loose bowels, possibly due to physical discomfort.
  • At over 13 weeks the fetus may be easily passed from the womb, however the placenta is more likely to be fully or partially retained in the uterus, resulting in an incomplete abortion.^ However, a procedure may be required to remove the placenta after the fetus has passed.
    • Miscarriage - a knol by Daniela Carusi, MD, MSc 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ An infected abortion may occur if any tissue from the placenta or fetus remains in the uterus after the miscarriage.
    • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Since then I have felt like the blood was just pouring out but I have not soaked through a whole pad yet and I have passed 2 more very large blood clots.
    • » Symptoms of Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancyloss.info [Source type: Original source]

    The physical signs of bleeding, cramping and pain can be similar to an early miscarriage, but sometimes more severe and labour-like.

Causes

.Miscarriages can occur for many reasons, not all of which can be identified.^ Miscarriages often occur for the following reasons: .
  • Miscarriage | Obstetrics and Gynecology - NYU Langone Medical Center 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC obgyn.med.nyu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Miscarriage | Department of Pediatrics | NYU Langone Medical Center 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pediatrics.med.nyu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Miscarriage - Content Viewer 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.svmh.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Disease, Condition, & Injury Fact Sheets | NYU Langone Medical Center 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.med.nyu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Miscarriages can occur for many reasons, not all of which can be identified.
  • Miscarriage Obstetrics 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.lumrix.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After a miscarriage Many miscarriages do not occur fully or completely.
  • Miscarriage - Causes of Miscarriage, Signs and Symptoms of Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.indianwomenshealth.com [Source type: General]

.Some of these causes include genetic, uterine or hormonal abnormalities, reproductive tract infections, and tissue rejection.^ The cause of the abortion in this disease is unknown, but it may be related to abnormal gene interactions combined with disordered uterine function and implantation defects.
  • Recurrent Early Pregnancy Loss: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ These genital abnormalities - which can include undescended testicles and malformation of the urinary tract - are blamed for soaring levels of testicular cancer in young men.

^ The most common causes of this are: uterine abnormalities , a knot or other umbilical cord accident, infections of the lining of the gestational sac or cord, and placental abruptions that cause the placenta to pull away from the uterine wall.

First trimester

A complete spontaneous abortion at eight weeks gestational age
.Most clinically apparent miscarriages (two thirds to three-quarters in various studies) occur during the first trimester.^ The majority of miscarriages occur during the first trimester, or the first 12 weeks of ...
  • Early Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Most miscarriages occur during the first 7 weeks of pregnancy.
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Miscarriages in the first trimester are common.
  • Signs of Miscarriage: Identifying Symptoms and Learning What to Do if You are Miscarrying 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancychildbirth.suite101.com [Source type: Original source]

[12][13]
.Chromosomal abnormalities are found in more than half of embryos miscarried in the first 13 weeks.^ Over half the babies who are miscarried during this period have a chromosomal abnormality.
  • Miscarriage: Information on Symptoms, Causes, Types, Treatment, Dilation and Curettage Procedure, Risks, Fertility 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC sexuality.spaceandmotion.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Defects in chromosomes are found in more than half of miscarriages occurring in the first 13 weeks.
  • Miscarriage by Preconception Weekly 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.parentingweekly.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gynecologists (ACOG), more than half of all miscarriages in the first 13 weeks of pregnancy are .
  • Understanding Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC docs.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A pregnancy with a genetic problem has a 95% probability of ending in miscarriage.^ Over half of ALL pregnancies end in miscarriage.
  • My miscarriage — on CNN, ABC and AOL | Penelope Trunk's Brazen Careerist 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC blog.penelopetrunk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our first pregnancy ended in a miscarriage.
  • moosh in indy. » Miscarriage. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC mooshinindy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pregnancy (and ergo, pregnancy that ends in miscarriage ) can cause a lot of dental problems.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most chromosomal problems happen by chance, have nothing to do with the parents, and are unlikely to recur.^ Most of the time, the chromosome problems that cause a miscarriage are not inherited from the parents.

^ Most chromosomal problems happen in the miscarried fetus by chance and they have nothing to do with the mother's or father's health.
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.aafcp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the time, it is due to a chromosomal problem which is completely the result of chance, having nothing to do with the parents, and is unlikely to happen again.
  • Miscarriage Percentage - Am I at Risk? 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancyrx.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Chromosomal problems due to a parent's genes is, however, a possibility. .This is more likely to have been the cause in the case of repeated miscarriages, or if one of the parents has a child or other relatives with birth defects.^ Abnormal embryo, genetic problem, sickness in mother like high blood pressure, thyroid and kidney problem, prolonged fever or illness, infections, problem in reproductive organs are some other causes of miscarriage.
  • Home Remedies for Miscarriage, Miscarriage Symptoms, Causes 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.ayushveda.com [Source type: General]

^ I had been given the choice then to give her up and give birth to a biological child I would have said no, no to any other child but this little one My second daughter I adopted from China as an infant.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Deep breath improves blood circulation, also minimizes the defects caused in blood vessels, and reduces the various causes of miscarriage.
  • Home Remedies for Miscarriage, Miscarriage Symptoms, Causes 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.ayushveda.com [Source type: General]

[14] .Genetic problems are more likely to occur with older parents; this may account for the higher miscarriage rates observed in older women.^ Miscarriage is also more common in smokers, and as women get older.
  • NHS24 Health Library - Miscarriage - Introduction - 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.nhs24.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The later in pregnancy a miscarriage occurs, the more likely it is to be incomplete.

^ When are miscarriages most likely to occur?

[15]
.Another cause of early miscarriage may be progesterone deficiency.^ Low Progesterone & Miscarriage Low progesterone can be a cause of early miscarriage.
  • Miscarriage Causes - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.bellaonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Progesterone deficiency and miscarriage .
  • Miscarriage Causes 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.ivf1.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A blighted ovum is another common cause of early miscarriage.
  • Symptoms of Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

.Women diagnosed with low progesterone levels in the second half of their menstrual cycle (luteal phase) may be prescribed progesterone supplements, to be taken for the first trimester of pregnancy.^ Low progesterone levels .
  • Recurrent Early Pregnancy Loss: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Medical Management: As with first trimester miscarriages, second trimester miscarriages may be treated with medications.
  • Miscarriage - a knol by Daniela Carusi, MD, MSc 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I also took progesterone suppositores for the first trimester.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

[14] .However, no study has shown that general first-trimester progesterone supplements reduce the risk of miscarriage,[16] and even the identification of problems with the luteal phase as contributing to miscarriage has been questioned.^ I also took progesterone suppositores for the first trimester.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Miscarriages in the first trimester are common.
  • Signs of Miscarriage: Identifying Symptoms and Learning What to Do if You are Miscarrying 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancychildbirth.suite101.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Structural chromosomal problems found in men often lead to low sperm concentrations, male infertility, and, therefore, a reduced likelihood of pregnancy and miscarriage.
  • Recurrent Early Pregnancy Loss: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

[17]

Second trimester

.Up to 15% of pregnancy losses in the second trimester may be due to uterine malformation, growths in the uterus (fibroids), or cervical problems.^ Congenital uterine abnormalities have been associated most often with second-trimester pregnancy loss.

^ Uterine or cervical problems.

^ Mommyheadqrtrs : women who consume more than 200mg of caffeine a day in early pregnancy may have up to twice the risk of miscarriage as a woman who does not .
  • Early Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

[14] .These conditions may also contribute to premature birth.^ For example, if there is a family history of blood clots or birth defects, these items may be evaluated right away.
  • Miscarriage - a knol by Daniela Carusi, MD, MSc 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[12]
.One study found that 19% of second trimester losses were caused by problems with the umbilical cord.^ Pregnancy loss does not usually cause other serious medical problems, unless an infection is present, or unless a missed abortion occurred in which the fetus and other tissues are not passed.

^ Pregnancy losses in the second trimester may be due to fetal abnormalities, uterine malformation, cervical problems, infection, trauma, immune factors, and medical disease.
  • Miscarriage Obstetrics 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.lumrix.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is yet another important terminology, describing the female who either experienced three consecutive first-trimester losses or two, with one in the second trimester.

.Problems with the placenta may also account for a significant number of later-term miscarriages.^ This may be termed an "inevitable miscarriage."
  • Penn Pregnancy Health Center: Early Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.pennmedicine.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Alegent; Omaha - Early Miscarriage. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.alegent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In summary, miscarriage is very common and may be caused by a number of problems.

^ Miscarriages later in pregnancy are more likely to be associated with problems in the uterus or the placenta.
  • Miscarriage - Nishmat - Women's Health and Halacha 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.yoatzot.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[18]

General risk factors

.Pregnancies involving more than one fetus are at increased risk of miscarriage.^ I thought it could increase risk of miscarriage .
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you have had more than one miscarriage, each may have a different cause.
  • ACOG Education Pamphlet AP100 -- Repeated Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.acog.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CVS has more risks of miscarriage than an amnio, though.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14]
.Uncontrolled diabetes greatly increases the risk of miscarriage.^ Can vigorous exercise increase the risk of miscarriage?
  • Miscarriage Causes - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.bellaonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This may increase the risk for miscarriage.
  • Miscarriage, Causes, Treatment Uterine Abnormalaties 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.fertilitydr.com [Source type: Academic]

^ An increased risk of miscarriage is also not linked to: .
  • Miscarriage information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Women with controlled diabetes are not at higher risk of miscarriage.^ The risk for miscarriage is higher in women: .
  • Miscarriage: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.nlm.nih.gov [Source type: Academic]
  • Miscarriage - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Miscarriage - NY Times Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC health.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Miscarriage Medical Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.drugs.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Miscarriage - Edward Hospital, Naperville IL Area 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.edward.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Miscarriage - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment of Miscarriage - NY Times Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC health.nytimes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]
  • Miscarriage Information at myOptumHealth 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.myoptumhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.allina.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • HowStuffWorks "Miscarriage - Medical Dictionary" 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC healthguide.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Miscarriage :: BestHealth.com :: Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.besthealth.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Miscarriage - Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.qualityhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Miscarriage - Baptist Hospital Northeast 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC baptistnortheast.adam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.drexelmed.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC forthealthcare.adam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Miscarriage - Kootenai Health 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC kootenaihealth.adam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Women with poorly controlled diabetes are at great risk for miscarriage.
  • Miscarriage: Causes of Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.healthsquare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the woman has a chronic disease, such as diabetes that is not controlled, she may have a higher risk for miscarriage.
  • ACOG Education Pamphlet AP090 -- Early Pregnancy Loss: Miscarriage and Molar Pregnancy 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.acog.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Because diabetes may develop during pregnancy (gestational diabetes), an important part of prenatal care is to monitor for signs of the disease.^ Other illnesses may need special care or monitoring during pregnancy.
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.aafcp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Infection during pregnancy may result in spontaneous abortion during the second and third trimesters, or stillbirth.

^ Environmental factors, such as smoking cigarettes and drinking alcoholic beverages during pregnancy, may increase your risk of having a miscarriage.
  • Miscarriage - What Is It? 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.sparkpeople.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14]
.Polycystic ovary syndrome is a risk factor for miscarriage, with 30-50% of pregnancies in women with PCOS being miscarried in the first trimester.^ The risk of miscarriage is lower after the first 12 weeks of the pregnancy.
  • CIGNA - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Our first pregnancy ended in a miscarriage.
  • moosh in indy. » Miscarriage. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC mooshinindy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I have a 50% chance of miscarriage per pregnancy.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Two studies have shown treatment with the drug metformin to significantly lower the rate of miscarriage in women with PCOS (the metformin-treated groups experienced approximately one-third the miscarriage rates of the control groups).^ I think I'm experiencing my third miscarriage.
  • Signs of Miscarriage: Identifying Symptoms and Learning What to Do if You are Miscarrying 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancychildbirth.suite101.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Women have options when it comes to treating a miscarriage.
  • Miscarriage - a knol by Daniela Carusi, MD, MSc 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So let's see, you've had two prior abortions, and if you hadn't had this recent miscarriage, it would have been your third abortion?
  • My miscarriage — on CNN, ABC and AOL | Penelope Trunk's Brazen Careerist 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC blog.penelopetrunk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[19] .However, a 2006 review of metformin treatment in pregnancy found insufficient evidence of safety and did not recommend routine treatment with the drug.^ More evidence fertility treatments not effective Another study of 2,000 couples found "roughly the same" small improvements in achieving pregnancy when comparing couples who sought infertility treatments and those who kept trying.
  • Environmental Causes of Infertility 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.chem-tox.com [Source type: Academic]

^ No association was found between the number of abortions prior to treatment and pregnancy results.

^ Mischoulon D, Fava M. Role of S-adenosyl-L-methionine in the treatment of depression: a review of the evidence.
  • Miscarriage - Plum Market 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.plummarket.com [Source type: Academic]

[20]
.High blood pressure during pregnancy, known as preeclampsia, is sometimes caused by an inappropriate immune reaction to the developing fetus, and is associated with the risk of miscarriage.^ Conclusions: Use of aspirin during pregnancy is not associated with an increased risk of miscarriage.

^ The risk of miscarriage decreases as pregnancy progresses.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Medical Conditions associated with Miscarriage: Pregnancy symptoms (320 causes) .
  • Miscarriage - WrongDiagnosis.com 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

.Similarly, women with a history of recurrent miscarriages are at risk of developing preeclampsia.^ The risk for miscarriage is higher in women: .
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ A history of recurrent miscarriage (three or more).
  • CIGNA - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mommyheadqrtrs : women who consume more than 200mg of caffeine a day in early pregnancy may have up to twice the risk of miscarriage as a woman who does not .
  • Early Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

[21]
.Severe cases of hypothyroidism increase the risk of miscarriage.^ Several factors have been associated with an increased risk of miscarriage.
  • Miscarriage Causes 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.ivf1.com [Source type: Academic]

^ An increased risk of miscarriage is also not linked to: .
  • Miscarriage information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The risk of miscarriage is increased by: .
  • Miscarriage - Definition, Description, Causes and symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prognosis, Prevention 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC health.stateuniversity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The effect of milder cases of hypothyroidism on miscarriage rates has not been established.^ Experts disagree about the role of hypothyroidism, or an underactive thyroid gland, in miscarriage, but it's likely that a severe case increases the risk.
  • Miscarriage: Causes of Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.healthsquare.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Maternal age is a proven factor in fertility issues, but the link between paternal age and miscarriage rates has not been established as strongly until now .
  • miscarriage - Strollerderby 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.babble.com [Source type: General]

^ A surgical procedure can usually correct the underlying problem, but the effect on future miscarriage rates has not been fully studied.
  • Miscarriage - a knol by Daniela Carusi, MD, MSc 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The presence of certain immune conditions such as autoimmune diseases is associated with a greatly increased risk of miscarriage.^ I thought it could increase risk of miscarriage .
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I thought it could increase risk of miscarriage ...
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What might increase my risk of miscarriage?
  • CIGNA - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14]
.Certain illnesses (such as rubella, chlamydia and others) increase the risk of miscarriage.^ I thought it could increase risk of miscarriage .
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I thought it could increase risk of miscarriage ...
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What might increase my risk of miscarriage?
  • CIGNA - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[14]
.Tobacco (cigarette) smokers have an increased risk of miscarriage.^ Can vigorous exercise increase the risk of miscarriage?
  • Miscarriage Causes - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.bellaonline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An increased risk of miscarriage is also not linked to: .
  • Miscarriage information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The risk of miscarriage is increased by: .
  • Miscarriage - Definition, Description, Causes and symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prognosis, Prevention 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC health.stateuniversity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22] .An increase in miscarriage is also associated with the father being a cigarette smoker.^ Certain maternal illnesses are associated with an increased risk of miscarriage, although these are very uncommon.

^ Exposure to some environmental chemical pollutants, including cigarette smoke, can increase the risk of miscarriage.
  • Miscarriage: overview - myDr.com.au 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.mydr.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Several factors have been associated with an increased risk of miscarriage.
  • Miscarriage Causes 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.ivf1.com [Source type: Academic]

[2] .The husband study observed a 4% increased risk for husbands who smoke less than 20 cigarettes/day, and an 81% increased risk for husbands who smoke 20 or more cigarettes/day.^ More than two alcoholic drinks a day may increase risk of miscarriage.

^ Smoking — Smoking more than 10 cigarettes a day increases the risk of miscarriage.

^ The risk is mainly in women who have more than 200mg caffeine per day.
  • Miscarriage | Health | Patient UK 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Cocaine use increases miscarriage rates.^ The rate of miscarriage increases with the age of the mother.
  • Staying healthy during pregnancy - Early Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.umm.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Penn Pregnancy Health Center: Early Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.pennmedicine.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Early Miscarriage - Delnor, Geneva and Fox Valley, IL 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.delnor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Alcohol also been blamed for an increased rate of miscarriage.

^ Heavy use of alcohol and illegal drugs, especially cocaine, may also increase the risk.
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.aafcp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22] .Physical trauma, exposure to environmental toxins, and use of an IUD during the time of conception have also been linked to increased risk of miscarriage.^ I thought it could increase risk of miscarriage .
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I thought it could increase risk of miscarriage ...
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conclusions: Use of aspirin during pregnancy is not associated with an increased risk of miscarriage.

[23]

Suspected risk factors

.Several factors have been correlated with higher miscarriage rates, but whether they cause miscarriages is debated.^ Posted On January 9, 2008 11:29:24 AM ...h eating disorders have higher rates of miscarriage than do healthy, normal women.
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ The reason they do amnios routinely after 35 is that is the age at which the risk of Downs is higher than the risk of miscarriage from amnio.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also knowing several of my friends had had miscarriages,and that they went on to have healthy babies, made me aware that it is fairly common, and I was thankful that I had one early on(if it was to happen at all).
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

.No causal mechanism may be known, the studies showing a correlation may have been retrospective (beginning the study after the miscarriages occurred, which can introduce bias) rather than prospective (beginning the study before the women became pregnant), or both.^ A miscarriage may also occur because of an illness (e.g.

^ It is a simple, no problem stitching of the cervix and I would a whole lot rather have an unnecessary one than lose a child.

^ There are many reasons that a miscarriage may occur, including an infection or physic...
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP, or morning sickness) are associated with a decreased risk of miscarriage.^ The risk of miscarriage decreases as pregnancy progresses.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Morning sickness in pregnancy .
  • Miscarriage - Symptoms, Signs & Causes. Coping Advice.... 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.askbaby.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Is it normal to not have morning sickness at this stage of pregnancy?
  • » Symptoms of Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancyloss.info [Source type: Original source]

Several mechanisms have been proposed for this relationship, but none are widely agreed on.[24] .Because NVP may alter a woman's food intake and other activities during pregnancy, it may be a confounding factor when investigating possible causes of miscarriage.^ Other factors that may slightly raise miscarriage risk include: .
  • CIGNA - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other possible causes for miscarriage include: .
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ A miscarriage may also occur because of an illness (e.g.

One such factor is exercise. .A study of over 92,000 pregnant women found that most types of exercise (with the exception of swimming) correlated with a higher risk of miscarriage prior to 18 weeks.^ Women with a history of miscarriages were found to have higher levels of the compound in their bodies.

^ The risk for miscarriage is higher in women: .
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ I was just 8 weeks pregnant when I found out this week I had a miscarriage.
  • Miscarriage - Symptoms, Signs & Causes. Coping Advice.... 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.askbaby.com [Source type: Original source]

.Increasing time spent on exercise was associated with a greater risk of miscarriage: an approximately 10% increased risk was seen with up to 1.5 hours per week of exercise, and a 200% increased risk was seen with over 7 hours per week of exercise.^ I thought it could increase risk of miscarriage .
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Exercise several times a week.

^ I thought it could increase risk of miscarriage ...
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.High-impact exercise was especially associated with the increased risk.^ Alcohol Maternal exposure to excess alcohol has been reported to be associated with an increased risk for SAB. .
  • Recurrent Early Pregnancy Loss: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Conclusions: Use of aspirin during pregnancy is not associated with an increased risk of miscarriage.

^ Similarly, a 1994 study of elderly men and women in Sydney, Australia, showed that higher dairy product consumption was associated with increased fracture risk.

.No relationship was found between exercise and miscarriage rates after the 18th week of pregnancy.^ Miscarriage between 6-12 weeks of pregnancy - Signs of a miscarriage later in the first trimester include moderate pain/cramping as well as bleeding.
  • Signs of Miscarriage: Identifying Symptoms and Learning What to Do if You are Miscarrying 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancychildbirth.suite101.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A miscarriage is the spontaneous loss of a fetus before the 20th week of pregnancy.
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ I would also like to add thanks for helping me to understand miscarriage- I am thirty, I am a woman, and I had no idea that they can take a number of weeks to occur.
  • My miscarriage — on CNN, ABC and AOL | Penelope Trunk's Brazen Careerist 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC blog.penelopetrunk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The majority of miscarriages had already occurred at the time women were recruited for the study, and no information on nausea during pregnancy or exercise habits prior to pregnancy was collected.^ Most miscarriages occur during the first 7 weeks of pregnancy.
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ This type of miscarriage can occur at any time prior to the 20th week of pregnancy; ...
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ At the same time, I realized that most established pregnancies do go to term, even for women who have miscarried before.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

[25]
.Caffeine consumption has also been correlated to miscarriage rates, at least at higher levels of intake.^ Kaiser Permenante published their own research this past year on microwave/low-level emr energy that found correlation with higher miscarriage in the first 10 weeks.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The miscarriage rate is slightly higher but if something is...an experienced doctor due it the chances of miscarriage are much lower than those that are generally...
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2008, a large cohort study of 1063 patients by Weng et al demonstrated that caffeine consumption had a dose-dependent increase in the risk of miscarriage at all levels of consumption.
  • Recurrent Early Pregnancy Loss: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

.A 2007 study of over 1,000 pregnant women found that women who reported consuming 200 mg or more of caffeine per day experienced a 25% miscarriage rate, compared to 13% among women who reported no caffeine consumption.^ I am also pregnant after experiencing two miscarriages.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I just had a miscarriage at 13 1/2 weeks pregnant.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I found out I was pregnant in November of 2007.
  • Pregnancy Forum - Pregnancy Loss 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.i-am-pregnant.com [Source type: Original source]

.200 mg of caffeine is present in 10 oz (300 mL) of coffee or 25 oz (740 mL) of tea.^ Okay, 200 mg is about two cups of coffee or five cans of soda.

.This study controlled for pregnancy-associated nausea and vomiting (NVP or morning sickness): the increased miscarriage rate for heavy caffeine users was seen regardless of how NVP affected the women.^ Morning sickness in pregnancy .
  • Miscarriage - Symptoms, Signs & Causes. Coping Advice.... 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.askbaby.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Is it normal to not have morning sickness at this stage of pregnancy?
  • » Symptoms of Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancyloss.info [Source type: Original source]

^ Posted On January 9, 2008 11:29:24 AM ...h eating disorders have higher rates of miscarriage than do healthy, normal women.
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.About half of the miscarriages had already occurred at the time women were recruited for the study.^ Study: Communication about Miscarriage .
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Women CAN talk about miscarriages.
  • My miscarriage — on CNN, ABC and AOL | Penelope Trunk's Brazen Careerist 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC blog.penelopetrunk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On a side note, what exactly is gained by keeping talk about miscarriages, abortions, and other (women's) health/body issues private?
  • My miscarriage — on CNN, ABC and AOL | Penelope Trunk's Brazen Careerist 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC blog.penelopetrunk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26] .A second 2007 study of approximately 2,400 pregnant women found that caffeine intake up to 200 mg per day was not associated with increased miscarriage rates (the study did not include women who drank more than 200 mg per day past early pregnancy).^ He did say the women in his study were light caffeine drinkers.

^ Early pregnancy > Miscarriage .
  • Miscarriage - Symptoms, Signs & Causes. Coping Advice.... 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.askbaby.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I found out I was pregnant in November of 2007.
  • Pregnancy Forum - Pregnancy Loss 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.i-am-pregnant.com [Source type: Original source]

[27] .A prospective cohort study in 2009 showed no increased risk.^ DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.

^ If you are under 35 and your AFP shows an increased risk of Downs then you can have an amnio (this happened to m .
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no STUDY that shows an increase, just some random stories from people whose MCs corresponded to the approx same time frame.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[28]

Prevalence

.Determining the prevalence of miscarriage is difficult.^ Doctors do not know why so many pregnancies end unsuccessfully, and determining the cause of a miscarriage can be very difficult or even impossible.
  • Miscarriage - Early pregnancy loss (EPL) or biochemical pregnancy 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.baby2see.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many miscarriages happen very early in the pregnancy, before a woman may know she is pregnant.^ Problems with the woman's hormones also can cause very early miscarriage.
  • ACOG Education Pamphlet AP090 -- Early Pregnancy Loss: Miscarriage and Molar Pregnancy 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.acog.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many early miscarriages go undetected .
  • BBC - Health - Womens health - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.bbc.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Early pregnancy loss: Miscarriage and molar pregnancy.
  • Miscarriage - MayoClinic.com 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.mayoclinic.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Miscarriage: Symptoms - MayoClinic.com 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.mayoclinic.com [Source type: Academic]

.Treatment of women with miscarriage at home means medical statistics on miscarriage miss many cases.^ Treatment with medication can reduce the risk of miscarriage.
  • Miscarriage - a knol by Daniela Carusi, MD, MSc 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC knol.google.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Home medical testing related to Miscarriage: .
  • Miscarriage Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes - WrongDiagnosis.com 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Many women have miscarriages.

[29] .Prospective studies using very sensitive early pregnancy tests have found that 25% of pregnancies are miscarried by the sixth week LMP (since the woman's Last Menstrual Period).^ Pregnancy loss before 20 weeks' gestation, as based on last menstrual period .
  • Recurrent Early Pregnancy Loss: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Yes - had a pregnancy test with a very very faint positive and then had a period 2 weeks late.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When was you last menstrual period and was it normal?
  • Miscarriage - WrongDiagnosis.com 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

[30][31] .Clinical miscarriages (those occurring after the sixth week LMP) occur in 8% of pregnancies.^ Most miscarriages occur in the first trimester or 12 weeks of pregnancy.
  • Robyn's Nest -The Parenting Network - Miscarriage and Perinatal Loss 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.robynsnest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is common in miscarriages that occur before 12 weeks of pregnancy.

^ Symptoms Most miscarriages occur before the 12th week of pregnancy.
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: General]
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC edition1.cnn.com [Source type: General]

[31]
The risk of miscarriage decreases sharply after the 10th week LMP, i.e. when the fetal stage begins.[32] .The loss rate between 8.5 weeks LMP and birth is about two percent; loss is “virtually complete by the end of the embryonic period."^ I had two miscarriages (6 & 10 weeks) after a completely uneventful pregnancy and birth.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But i had my period about a week ago but still is bleeding, not like blood prolly like left over still drying up or something like that.
  • Signs of Miscarriage: Identifying Symptoms and Learning What to Do if You are Miscarrying 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancychildbirth.suite101.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This disorder is characterized by the presence of APL antibodies, which are frequently linked to pregnancy losses in the pre-embryonic ( <6 wk), embryonic (6-9 wk), and fetal (≥10 wk gestation) time periods.
  • Recurrent Early Pregnancy Loss: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

[33]
.The prevalence of miscarriage increases considerably with age of the parents.^ The rate of miscarriage increases with the age of the mother.
  • Staying healthy during pregnancy - Early Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.umm.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Penn Pregnancy Health Center: Early Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.pennmedicine.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Alegent; Omaha - Early Miscarriage. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.alegent.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Early Miscarriage - Delnor, Geneva and Fox Valley, IL 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.delnor.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the age of 35, the risk of miscarriage increases considerably: 1 in 5 or 6.
  • Miscarriage Obstetrics 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.lumrix.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A woman's risk of miscarriage increases as she ages.
  • Miscarriage - Planned Parenthood 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.plannedparenthood.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.ppsev.org [Source type: Original source]

.One study found that pregnancies from men younger than 25 years are 40% less likely to end in miscarriage than pregnancies from men 25–29 years.^ More than one in five pregnancies ends in miscarriage - that's around a quarter of a million in the UK each year.
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Our first pregnancy ended in a miscarriage.
  • moosh in indy. » Miscarriage. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC mooshinindy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Miscarriage is the termination of pregnancy at less than 20 weeks gestation.
  • Miscarriage - WrongDiagnosis.com 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

.The same study found that pregnancies from men older than 40 years are 60% more likely to end in miscarriage than the 25–29-year age group.^ More than one in five pregnancies ends in miscarriage - that's around a quarter of a million in the UK each year.
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Our first pregnancy ended in a miscarriage.
  • moosh in indy. » Miscarriage. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC mooshinindy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I once read where 1 in 3 pregnancies end in miscarriage.
  • moosh in indy. » Miscarriage. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC mooshinindy.com [Source type: Original source]

[34] .Another study found that the increased risk of miscarriage in pregnancies from older men is mainly seen in the first trimester.^ Our first pregnancy ended in a miscarriage.
  • moosh in indy. » Miscarriage. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC mooshinindy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I had two miscarriages after a healthy first pregnancy.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The risk of miscarriage decreases as pregnancy progresses.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[35] .Yet another study found an increased risk in women, by the age of 45, on the order of 800% (compared to the 20–24 age group in that study), 75% of pregnancies ended in miscarriage.^ Our first pregnancy ended in a miscarriage.
  • moosh in indy. » Miscarriage. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC mooshinindy.com [Source type: Original source]

^ About 1 in 4 pregnancies end in a miscarriage.
  • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The risk of miscarriage decreases as pregnancy progresses.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[36]

Detection

.The most common symptom of a miscarriage is bleeding;[37] bleeding during pregnancy may be referred to as a threatened abortion.^ Miscarriage between 6-12 weeks of pregnancy - Signs of a miscarriage later in the first trimester include moderate pain/cramping as well as bleeding.
  • Signs of Miscarriage: Identifying Symptoms and Learning What to Do if You are Miscarrying 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancychildbirth.suite101.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Miscarriages are quite common in the first three months of pregnancy.
  • Miscarriage - Symptoms, Signs & Causes. Coping Advice.... 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.askbaby.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Picture by L_Avi NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Taking vitamins before and during early pregnancy is associated with reduced risk for miscarriage, researchers have determined.
  • Early Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

.Of women who seek clinical treatment for bleeding during pregnancy, about half will go on to have a miscarriage.^ About 1 in 5 recognised pregnancies end in miscarriage.
  • Pregnancy - Pregnancy Topics - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cyh.com [Source type: General]

^ The majority of women who experience a miscarriage go on to have successful pregnancies.

^ Approximately half of these women have a miscarriage.

[29] .Symptoms other than bleeding are not statistically related to miscarriage.^ The main symptom of a miscarriage is vaginal bleeding.
  • Miscarriage information from NHS Choices on TheFamilyGP.com 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC health.virginmedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Miscarriage: Symptoms related to miscarriage or stillbirth .
  • Miscarriage - WrongDiagnosis.com 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Use of the above medicines was associated with more miscarriages even after adjusting for fever or other symptoms, the mothers' age, hot tub use, smoking , or previous miscarriages.
  • Common Over-the-Counter Medicines & Miscarriage - DrGreene.com 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.drgreene.com [Source type: General]

[37]
.Miscarriage may also be detected during an ultrasound exam, or through serial human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) testing.^ You may have an ultrasound test.

^ A pregnancy test measures a hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG).
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]

^ Some prenatal genetic tests, such as chorionic villus sampling and amniocentesis, carry a slight risk of miscarriage.

.Women pregnant from ART methods, and women with a history of miscarriage, may be monitored closely and so detect a miscarriage sooner than women without such monitoring.^ In addition, the magnitude of the association appeared to be stronger among women without a history of miscarriage than that among women with such a history.
  • Recurrent Early Pregnancy Loss: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A recent report on Reuters Health suggests that women who have had a miscarriage may be more likely to have complications with future pregnancies, even if they have only had one miscarriage.
  • miscarriage : pregnancy and parenting on JustMommies 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.justmommies.com [Source type: General]

^ The risk for miscarriage is higher in women older than 34, those with certain medical conditions, or those with a history of more than two prior miscarriages.
  • Miscarriage - icyou health videos 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.icyou.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Several medical options exist for managing documented nonviable pregnancies that have not been expelled naturally.^ Medical management of early pregnancy failure: How to treat and what to expect.
  • CIGNA - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As regarding management of recurrent pregnancy loss the clinician has limited options.

Management

.Blood loss during early pregnancy is the most common symptom of both miscarriage and of ectopic pregnancy.^ What are common symptoms of a miscarriage?
  • CIGNA - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy during the first 20 weeks.
  • CIGNA - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Early pregnancy > Miscarriage .
  • Miscarriage - Symptoms, Signs & Causes. Coping Advice.... 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.askbaby.com [Source type: Original source]

.Pain does not strongly correlate with miscarriage, but is a common symptom of ectopic pregnancy.^ What are common symptoms of a miscarriage?
  • CIGNA - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Miscarriage - AOL Health 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.aolhealth.com [Source type: General]
  • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Miscarriage - Understanding miscarriage - Revolution Health 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: General]

^ Miscarriage in early pregnancy is common.

^ Miscarriages are the most common complication of pregnancy .
  • Miscarriage Obstetrics 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.lumrix.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37] .In the case of concerning blood loss, pain, or both, transvaginal ultrasound is performed.^ During the night I was awaken with more pain, I thought my insides were going to fall away,but still more blood loss.
  • Miscarriage - Symptoms, Signs & Causes. Coping Advice.... 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.askbaby.com [Source type: Original source]

.If a viable intrauterine pregnancy is not found with ultrasound, serial βHCG tests should be performed to rule out ectopic pregnancy, which is a life-threatening situation.^ A ruptured ectopic pregnancy is a potentially life-threatening situation that needs emergency surgery.
  • Miscarriage | Health | Patient UK 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An estimated 2% of all pregnancies are found to be ectopic.
  • Helping Others Through Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Some doctors will perform an ultrasound to rule out an ectopic or molar pregnancy.
  • Pregnancy Forum - Pregnancy Loss 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.i-am-pregnant.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[38][39]
.If the bleeding is light, making an appointment to see one's doctor is recommended.^ Most doctors and nurse-midwives recommend waiting until you have had at least one normal menstrual period before attempting to become pregnant.
  • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In light of this analysis of motherhood, one can easily see why miscarriage can be a definite source of suffering for women.
  • Hope for Healing:  Miscarriage and the Dignity of the Human Body by Andrew J. Sodergren, M.S. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.christendom-awake.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you are miscarrying and don't have signs of infection or severe bleeding , you probably can see your doctor or nurse-midwife and then wait for the miscarriage to end on its own.
  • Miscarriage: Should I have treatment to complete a miscarriage? - Quest Diagnostics Patient Health Library 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.questdiagnostics.com [Source type: Original source]

.If bleeding is heavy, there is considerable pain, or there is a fever, then emergency medical attention is recommended to be sought.^ She treated me with emergency medications and got the bleeding stopped.

^ My miscarriage was during a 10 hour flight back home from a work trip in Europe and it was extremely painful and yes heavy bleeding.
  • My miscarriage — on CNN, ABC and AOL | Penelope Trunk's Brazen Careerist 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC blog.penelopetrunk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The surgery was to eliminiate heavy bleeding and very painful, frequent periods.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

.No treatment is necessary for a diagnosis of complete abortion (as long as ectopic pregnancy is ruled out).^ The material contained on these pages is in no way intended to replace professional medical care or advice and should not be used as a basis for diagnosis or choice of treatment.
  • Miscarriage/ectopic support :: Baby Expert 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.babyexpert.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Trying again after a miscarriage :: Problems Conceiving :: Baby Expert 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.babyexpert.com [Source type: General]

^ See: Rh incompatibility ) Complete blood count (CBC) to determine how much blood has been lost HCG (qualitative) to confirm pregnancy HCG (quantitative) done every several days or weeks WBC and differential to rule out infection Treatment .
  • Miscarriage Medical Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.drugs.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Should I have medical, surgical, or no treatment to complete a miscarriage?
  • Miscarriage - Topic Overview - Yahoo! Health 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC health.yahoo.com [Source type: General]
  • CIGNA - Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.cigna.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Miscarriage - AOL Health 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.aolhealth.com [Source type: General]
  • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Miscarriage - Understanding miscarriage - Revolution Health 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.revolutionhealth.com [Source type: General]

In cases of an incomplete abortion, empty sac, or missed abortion there are three treatment options:
.
  • With no treatment (watchful waiting), most of these cases (65–80%) will pass naturally within two to six weeks.^ In fact, I wonder if the two buzz topics of the week on your blog, miscarriage, and Asperger's haven't come together in a most auspicious way?
    • My miscarriage — on CNN, ABC and AOL | Penelope Trunk's Brazen Careerist 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC blog.penelopetrunk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This period of waiting, called expectant management , allows the miscarriage to end naturally while your health professional watches for and treats any complications.
    • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I'm six weeks pregnant and the first two I was2 1/2 weeks and the second time I was 3 1/2 weeks.
    • Signs of Miscarriage: Identifying Symptoms and Learning What to Do if You are Miscarrying 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancychildbirth.suite101.com [Source type: Original source]

    [40] .This path avoids the side effects and complications possible from medications and surgery.^ It has no side effects and complication involved.
    • Home Remedies for Miscarriage, Miscarriage Symptoms, Causes 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.ayushveda.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The d&c is very safe but you do run the risk of possible lesions etc..The meth shot has very few side effects (I had none) and is very effective.

    ^ Medical doctors warning about dangerous side effects of flu vaccine and flu drug.

    [41]
  • .
  • Medical management usually consists of using misoprostol (a prostaglandin, brand name Cytotec) to encourage completion of the miscarriage.^ Should I have medical, surgical, or no treatment to complete a miscarriage?
    • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ While the complete and sudden loss of pregnancy symptoms can signal a pending miscarriage, usually it is not the first sign.
    • » Symptoms of Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancyloss.info [Source type: Original source]

    .About 95% of cases treated with misoprostol will complete within a few days.^ In these patients, folic acid replacement helps achieve normal homocysteine levels within a few days.
    • Recurrent Early Pregnancy Loss: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ She also was good about treating this pg as something completely separate from the past even...
    • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Mine worked great..my hcg dropped significantly within a few days.

    [40]
  • .
  • Surgical treatment (most commonly vacuum aspiration, sometimes referred to as a D&C or D&E) is the fastest way to complete the miscarriage.^ Should I have medical, surgical, or no treatment to complete a miscarriage?
    • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Many miscarriages complete on their own, but sometimes treatment is needed.
    • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In fact, I wonder if the two buzz topics of the week on your blog, miscarriage, and Asperger's haven't come together in a most auspicious way?
    • My miscarriage — on CNN, ABC and AOL | Penelope Trunk's Brazen Careerist 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC blog.penelopetrunk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .It also shortens the duration and heaviness of bleeding, and is the best treatment for physical pain associated with the miscarriage.^ We believe that the best "treatment" for miscarriage is prevention.

    ^ Pain – Often pains are associated with miscarriage.
    • Parenting - Miscarriage – You are not alone - Minti 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.minti.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Tags: age , alcohol , Diabetes , drug use , good health , heavy bleeding , medical diseases , miscarriage , pregnancy , risk factors , women .
    • Miscarriage - icyou health videos 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.icyou.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [40] .In cases of repeated miscarriage or later-term pregnancy loss, D&C is also the best way to obtain tissue samples for pathology examination.^ The best way to ensure testable tissue is to have a D&C. .
    • » Symptoms of Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancyloss.info [Source type: Original source]

    ^ When we suffer a miscarriage we picture the loss of a perfectly formed baby but maybe thats not the case, maybe that baby was not meant to be and has been spared.
    • Dealing with a Miscarriage | Momversation 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.momversation.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Miscarriage between 6-12 weeks of pregnancy - Signs of a miscarriage later in the first trimester include moderate pain/cramping as well as bleeding.
    • Signs of Miscarriage: Identifying Symptoms and Learning What to Do if You are Miscarrying 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancychildbirth.suite101.com [Source type: Original source]

    .D&C, however, has a higher risk of complications, including risk of injury to the cervix and uterus, perforation of the uterus, and potential scarring of the intrauterine lining.^ CVS samples cells from the cervix or abdomen - it has a slightly higher risk than an amnio (1%, whereas the amnio is much less than 1%).
    • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It is a quick, outpatient procedure (Kohn & Moffit, 2000) with a high success ratethough not without risks such as damage to or perforation of the uterus.
    • Hope for Healing:  Miscarriage and the Dignity of the Human Body by Andrew J. Sodergren, M.S. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.christendom-awake.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ However, to wait 3 weeks is crazy and could potential(though not necessarily) add more risk to the woman by having the pregnancy continue those 3 additional weeks.
    • My miscarriage — on CNN, ABC and AOL | Penelope Trunk's Brazen Careerist 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC blog.penelopetrunk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    This is an important consideration for women who would like to have children in the future and want to minimize the risk of damaging their uterus.

Pathology

.When looking for gross or microscopic pathologic symptoms of miscarriage, one looks for the products of conception.^ Look like Megan was getting at one ouch of a miscarriage which is things people say.
  • Dealing with a Miscarriage | Momversation 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.momversation.com [Source type: General]

.Microscopically, these include villi, trophoblast, fetal parts, and background gestational changes in the endometrium.^ These morphologic and functional changes facilitate implantation, but they also help control trophoblast migration and prevent overinvasion in maternal tissue.
  • Recurrent Early Pregnancy Loss: eMedicine Obstetrics and Gynecology 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC emedicine.medscape.com [Source type: Academic]

.Genetic tests may also be performed to look for abnormal chromosome arrangements.^ The following tests may be performed: .

^ The following blood tests may be performed: .
  • Miscarriage Medical Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.drugs.com [Source type: Academic]
  • Miscarriage | LIVESTRONG.COM 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.livestrong.com [Source type: General]
  • Miscarriage - Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.qualityhealth.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sometimes the tissue is sent to the laboratory and tested for genetic or chromosomal abnormalities.
  • Miscarriage by Preconception Weekly 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.parentingweekly.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Psychological aspects

.Although a woman physically recovers from a miscarriage quickly, psychological recovery for parents in general can take a long time.^ I would also like to add thanks for helping me to understand miscarriage- I am thirty, I am a woman, and I had no idea that they can take a number of weeks to occur.
  • My miscarriage — on CNN, ABC and AOL | Penelope Trunk's Brazen Careerist 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC blog.penelopetrunk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although both [spouses] together are parents of their child, the womans motherhood constitutes a special part in this shared parenthood, and the most demanding part.
  • Hope for Healing:  Miscarriage and the Dignity of the Human Body by Andrew J. Sodergren, M.S. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.christendom-awake.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One woman's physical experience of a miscarriage can be very different from another woman's experience.
  • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."A miscarriage is often much harder on the woman than it is on the man," some say[42].^ For me, that was harder than dealing with the loss of the miscarriages.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The miscarriage rate is slightly higher but if something is...an experienced doctor due it the chances of miscarriage are much lower than those that are generally...
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Remember that miscarriages are MUCH more common than anybody tells you about.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

.People differ greatly in this regard: some are 'over it' after a few months, but others take more than a year.^ Face it, some states are more free than others.
  • My miscarriage — on CNN, ABC and AOL | Penelope Trunk's Brazen Careerist 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC blog.penelopetrunk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I wouldn’t say wait three months or more to tell people, with work and acquaintances maybe but not those that are close and dear.
  • Dealing with a Miscarriage | Momversation 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.momversation.com [Source type: General]

^ I found though that many more people than I suspected have had a miscarriage- family members and friends told me about their own experiences.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Still others may feel relief or other less negative emotions.^ I do know that finding out about other women's fertility issues made me at least feel less alone.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Though negative emotions still occasionally arise, as do thoughts of her lost child, these will be less frequent, and the mother may renew previous pursuits or perhaps take up new ones.
  • Hope for Healing:  Miscarriage and the Dignity of the Human Body by Andrew J. Sodergren, M.S. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.christendom-awake.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She may cry uncontrollably at first then experience emotional shock and denial, feeling numb and detached, unable to believe that [her] baby has died (Kohn & Moffit, 2000, p.
  • Hope for Healing:  Miscarriage and the Dignity of the Human Body by Andrew J. Sodergren, M.S. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.christendom-awake.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For those who do go through a process of grief, it is often as if a baby had been born but died.^ Finally, talking about it with other women who have been through this grieving process was also an important part of healing.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This understanding of the bereavement process is based on studies of those who have lost a post-natal loved one.
  • Hope for Healing:  Miscarriage and the Dignity of the Human Body by Andrew J. Sodergren, M.S. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.christendom-awake.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I asked the paramedic - is my baby going to die and he said nothing - I turned to my mum who said - I dont know.
  • Pregnancy Forum - Pregnancy Loss 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.i-am-pregnant.com [Source type: Original source]

.How short a time the fetus lived in the womb may not matter for the feeling of loss.^ I've already told her how sorry I am months ago, but I feel bad not acknowledging her loss while updating her on my life.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I only knew I was pregnant for a short time, but it’s amazing how much you get excited for and how painful it is after the loss.
  • Dealing with a Miscarriage | Momversation 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.momversation.com [Source type: General]

^ Anyway, I've had a tough time finding out how to best recover from blood loss, because everything assumes if you had significant blood loss, you had a transfusion.

.From the moment pregnancy is discovered, the parents can start to bond with the potential child.^ He discusses how to achieve a speedy conception and explains what to do in the preconceptual and early pregnancy periods to improve the pregnancy outcome and increase the child's chances for a healthy start in life.

^ The thing I never appreciated about the loss of a child is that from the moment a pregnancy is discovered, parents rewrite the story of their lives to include the child.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I have a 16 month old daughter, so we had bonded about pregnancies and parenting.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

.When the pregnancy turns out not to be viable, dreams, fantasies and plans for the future are disturbed roughly.^ When the pregnancy ends, their dream of their new life also ends and they have to find/create a new story about their future.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Also no one, even the best OB can't predict how a particular pregnancy will turn out and what skills may be needed - particularly in an emergency situation.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During pregnancy, dreams of how this child will be, what the new family relationships will be and thoughts of a happy future occupy thoughts and dreams.
  • Miscarriage/Ectopic Pregnancy 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.mend.org [Source type: Original source]

.Besides the feeling of loss, a lack of understanding by others is often important.^ The important thing is not to blame yourself and not to take others' often well-meaning but misguided questions to heart.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I am a psychotherapist, too, and believe strongly that feeling, acknowledging and mourning those losses is totally important.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In the adoption community, it is often said that to feel truly entitled to be an adoptive parent, it is important to work through the loss and surrounding issues.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

.People who have not experienced a miscarriage themselves may find it hard to empathize with what has occurred and how upsetting it may be.^ First, finding people who understood and would help with the childcare through thingss like playdates.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I just don't understand how some mothers who don't take care of themselves are able to have healthy children---which a lot of times don't get taken care of properly either.
  • Signs of Miscarriage: Identifying Symptoms and Learning What to Do if You are Miscarrying 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancychildbirth.suite101.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I know it was hard, but it was beautifully done, and you are right – it will continue help women who find it and need to have sisterhood in their losses.
  • Mihow » Blog Archive » As Tears Go By 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC mihow.com [Source type: General]

This may lead to unrealistic expectations of the parents' recovery. .The pregnancy and miscarriage are hardly mentioned anymore in conversation, often because the subject is too painful.^ Miscarriage between 6-12 weeks of pregnancy - Signs of a miscarriage later in the first trimester include moderate pain/cramping as well as bleeding.
  • Signs of Miscarriage: Identifying Symptoms and Learning What to Do if You are Miscarrying 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancychildbirth.suite101.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I think it was discovered as a common cause of miscarriage in 1984 and is pretty controversial, because the general rule has always been to totally avoid aspirin during pregnancy.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ All of these women have had multiple miscarriages and are familiar with the pain of never knowing if a ''+'' on a home pregnancy test means a viable pregnancy or another disappointment.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

.This can make the woman feel particularly isolated.^ They are particularly prone to depression and feelings of social isolation.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Inappropriate or insensitive responses from the medical profession can add to the distress and trauma experienced, so in some cases attempts have been made to draw up a standard code of practice.[43]
.Interaction with pregnant women and newborn children is often also painful for parents who have experienced miscarriage.^ I am also pregnant after experiencing two miscarriages.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But for somone like me, who is 37 and has been trying for 10 mos to get pregnant, after going through the incredibly sad experience of having a miscarriage , it is a small comfort to me that I know I can get pregnant....
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ITTTA, without exception ALL of the MDs I know had their families, especially pregnant women and young children get the Vax.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sometimes this makes interaction with friends, acquaintances and family very difficult.^ Each person has unique circumstances that even a close friend or family member can not fully comprehend so we really need to let each person make their personal choices.
  • My miscarriage — on CNN, ABC and AOL | Penelope Trunk's Brazen Careerist 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC blog.penelopetrunk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Maybe your closest friends/family could bear some of the pain with with you as grief can be so very isolating.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ My family and friends have been super supportive of me during this difficult time...
  • Pregnancy Forum - Pregnancy Loss 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.i-am-pregnant.com [Source type: Original source]

[44]

In other animals

.Miscarriage occurs in all animals that experience pregnancy.^ I had the same experience 3 miscarriages then a healthy pregnancy.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Over half of ALL pregnancies end in miscarriage.
  • My miscarriage — on CNN, ABC and AOL | Penelope Trunk's Brazen Careerist 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC blog.penelopetrunk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, nearly all miscarriages occur in the first 12 weeks, sometimes before the woman even knows she is pregnant.

.There are a variety of known risk factors for miscarriage in non-human animals.^ Risk factors for miscarriage .
  • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I know there's a slight risk of miscarriage, but I'm willing to take that, even though it would break my heart if something went wrong.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC newyork.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other factors that may slightly raise miscarriage risk include: .
  • Health Information 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.tmh.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, in sheep, it may be caused by crowding through doors, or being chased by dogs.^ She may blame herself for not being more careful, for engaging in various activities thought to have caused the miscarriage, though in reality these may have had no connection to the loss.
  • Hope for Healing:  Miscarriage and the Dignity of the Human Body by Andrew J. Sodergren, M.S. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.christendom-awake.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[45] In cows, miscarriage (i.e. spontaneous abortion) may be caused by contagious disease, such as Brucellosis or Campylobacter, but can often be controlled by vaccination.[46] Other diseases are also known to target animals for miscarriage. .Spontaneous abortion occurs in pregnant Prairie Voles when their mate is removed and they are exposed to a new male,[47] an example of the Bruce effect, although this effect is seen less in wild populations than in the laboratory.^ Many people are ALSO relived and/or glad about it because its better than an abortion, and not everyone HAS to feel happy for being pregnant.
  • My miscarriage — on CNN, ABC and AOL | Penelope Trunk's Brazen Careerist 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC blog.penelopetrunk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus, miscarriage (also known as spontaneous abortion) occurs much more frequently than most people realize, especially in the early phase of pregnancy.
  • Hope for Healing:  Miscarriage and the Dignity of the Human Body by Andrew J. Sodergren, M.S. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.christendom-awake.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Twins occur in all types of pregnancies, they are pregnant, that is all that matters!
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[48] Female mice that had spontaneous abortions showed a sharp rise in the time spent with unfamiliar males preceding the abortion.[49]

ICD10 codes

See also

References

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    Khattab S, Mohsen IA, Foutouh IA, Ramadan A, Moaz M, Al-Inany H (2006). "Metformin reduces abortion in pregnant women with polycystic ovary syndrome". Gynecol. Endocrinol. 22 (12): 680–4. doi:10.1080/09513590601010508. PMID 17162710. 
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    Grady, Denise (January 20, 2008). "Study Sees Caffeine Possibly Tied to Miscarriages". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/01/20/health/20cnd-caffeine.html?_r=1&bl&ex=1201150800&en=0019b93b4bb1c219&ei=5087%0A. Retrieved 23 January 2008. 
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  42. ^ Tim Buckley, [1]Ctrl+Alt+Del
  43. ^ Miscarriage Standard Code of Practice
  44. ^ David Vernon (2005). "Having a Great Birth in Australia". http://web.mac.com/david.vernon/iWeb/Having%20a%20Great%20Birth%20in%20Australia/Welcome%20-%20Great%20Birth.html. 
  45. ^ Spencer, James. Sheep Husbandry in Canada, page 124 (1911).
  46. ^ "Beef cattle and Beef production: Management and Husbandry of Beef Cattle”, Encyclopaedia of New Zealand (1966).
  47. ^ Fraser-Smith, AC (1975). "Male-induced pregnancy termination in the prairie vole, Microtus ochrogaster". Science (American Association for the Advancement of Science) 187 (4182): 1211–1213. doi:10.1126/science.1114340. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/187/4182/1211. 
  48. ^ Wolff, Jerry O (June 2002). "A field test of the Bruce effect in the monogamous prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster)". Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology (Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer) 52 (1): 31–7. doi:10.1007/s00265-002-0484-0. ISSN 1432-0762. http://www.springerlink.com/content/g65dcacncm0rwbkm/. 
  49. ^ Becker, Stuart D; Jane L Hurst (February 25, 2009 (online) / 7 May 2009). "Female behaviour plays a critical role in controlling murine pregnancy block". Proc. R. Soc. B (London: The Royal Society) 276 (1662): 1723–9. doi:10.1098/rspb.2008.1780. ISSN 1471-2945. http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/early/2009/02/21/rspb.2008.1780.abstract. 

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

Medical warning!
This article is from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica. Medical science has made many leaps forward since it has been written. .This is not a site for medical advice, when you need information on a medical condition, consult a professional instead.^ Get medical help if you feel you need it.

^ The information contained within this site is meant to supplement the information given to you by your own physician but is not to be used in place of your physician's medical advice.
  • The Misdiagnosed Miscarriage :: View Forum - Our Misdiagnosed Miscarriage Stories 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.misdiagnosedmiscarriage.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The material in this site is intended to be of general informational use and is not intended to constitute medical advice, probable diagnosis, or recommended treatments.
  • Home Remedies for Miscarriage, Miscarriage Symptoms, Causes 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.ayushveda.com [Source type: General]

.MISCARRIAGE, in its widest sense a going astray, a failure.^ The following account describes one womans sense of failure and disappointment when she experienced a miscarriage: .
  • Hope for Healing:  Miscarriage and the Dignity of the Human Body by Andrew J. Sodergren, M.S. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.christendom-awake.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I think sometimes if you have a number of IVF failures or miscarriages they do it to see what's going on, but I'm sure they'd discuss it with you first.
  • UrbanBaby - Information For Parents About miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.urbanbaby.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This sense of failure is often coupled with feelings of guilt, that the mother did something to cause the miscarriage.
  • Hope for Healing:  Miscarriage and the Dignity of the Human Body by Andrew J. Sodergren, M.S. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.christendom-awake.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In law, the word is used in several phrases; thus, a miscarriage of justice is a failure of the law to attain its ends.^ For the purposes of this article, we have chosen to use the word miscarriage, which is also known in medical terms as spontaneous abortion.
  • Miscarriage - When a Miscarriage Occurs and Why It Can Happen 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC bellybelly.com.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is unfortunate as in common 'lay' language, the word abortion is used to mean a planned termination (end) of pregnancy.
  • Miscarriage | Health | Patient UK 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.patient.co.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the Statute of Frauds (29 Car. II., c. .3) in the expression "debt, default or miscarriage of another," the word has sometimes been interpreted as equivalent in meaning to default, but it is more usually considered to mean a species of wrongful act for the consequence of which the law makes a party civilly responsible.^ None of these things means a miscarriage is certain, but usually you will want additional monitoring if they happen.
  • » Symptoms of Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pregnancyloss.info [Source type: Original source]

^ All of these women have had multiple miscarriages and are familiar with the pain of never knowing if a ''+'' on a home pregnancy test means a viable pregnancy or another disappointment.
  • Berkeley Parents Network: Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC parents.berkeley.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Filed under: law , miscarriage , Kansas City , police brutality , wrongful death , police .
  • miscarriage - Strollerderby 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC www.babble.com [Source type: General]

.The term is also used (see Abortion) for the premature expulsion of the contents of the womb before the period of gestation is complete.^ Please see our Terms of Use .
  • Miscarriage - WrongDiagnosis.com 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC wrongdiagnosis.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Complete Abortion A term used when the fetus and all the tissue has been expelled.
  • PBSO » Miscarriage 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC pbso.ca [Source type: General]

^ She changed my view of it all – because I called her my “miracle baby” – seeing how I’d carried her to full term after only miscarriages before.
  • moosh in indy. » Miscarriage. 18 January 2010 9:21 UTC mooshinindy.com [Source type: Original source]



Simple English

Redirecting to Abortion


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 28, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Miscarriage, which are similar to those in the above article.








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