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Missinaibi River
Thunderhouse Falls
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Region Algoma District, Cochrane District
Source Missinaibi Lake
 - location 12 km SSW from Peterbell inside the Chapleau Crown Game Preserve, Algoma District
 - coordinates 48°29′56″N 83°25′52″W / 48.49889°N 83.43111°W / 48.49889; -83.43111
Mouth Moose River
 - location Unnamed wilderness of Unorg. Cochrane District
 - coordinates 50°44′08″N 81°28′02″W / 50.73556°N 81.46722°W / 50.73556; -81.46722
Length 426 km (265 mi) [1]
Basin 23,500 km2 (9,100 sq mi) [1]
Conjuring Rock below Thunderhouse Falls

The Missinaibi River is a river in northern Ontario, Canada, which flows northeast from Missinaibi Lake, north of Chapleau, and empties into the Moose River, which drains into James Bay. This river (including Missinaibi Lake and Moose River to James Bay) is 755 kilometers (469 mi) in length.[2] It is one of the longest free-flowing and undeveloped rivers in Ontario.[3]

The river's name means "pictured waters" in the Cree language which is thought to refer to the pictographs found on rock faces along the river.

At Thunderhouse Falls, which is actually a chain of relatively small waterfalls connected by violent rapids, the river drops 40 metres, part of its descent from the Canadian Shield to the Hudson Bay Lowlands.

Contents

History

In the days of the fur trade, this river provided access to James Bay by way of the Moose River and to Lake Superior by way of the Michipicoten River. There is also evidence that native peoples used the river as a trading route long before that time. This route was used by traders from both the Hudson's Bay Company and the North West Company. A number of trading posts were built along the river in the late 18th century and the fur trade continued until the late 19th century.

Today, the river is used for canoeing, fishing and camping. It is managed as a provincial waterway park and was designated as a Canadian Heritage River in 2004.

Tributaries

  • Brunswick River
  • Fire River
  • Hay River
  • Mattawitchewan River
    • Albany Forks
      • Oba River, Oba Lake
  • Pivabiska River
  • Opasatika River
  • Soweska River

Missinaibi Provincial Park

Missinaibi Provincial Park
IUCN Category II (National Park)
Location Ontario, Canada
Nearest city Mattice
Area 990.90 km2 (382.59 sq mi)
Established 1970, enlarged in 1989
Governing body Ontario Parks

The entire length of the Missinaibi River from Missinaibi Lake to the Moose River is protected and part of the Missinaibi Provincial Park. The park also includes Missinaibi Lake, Brunswick River, Brunswick Lake, Little Missinaibi River, and Little Missinaibi Lake.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ a b Atlas of Canada
  2. ^ Wilson, Hap (1994). Missinaibi - Journey to the Northern Sky. pp. 45 60 122. ISBN 1-895465-08-7.  
  3. ^ "Missinaibi". Ontario Parks. 2008-05-09. http://www.ontarioparks.com/english/miss.html. Retrieved 2009-06-04.  
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