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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Part of the
Spanish missions in California
series  
Mission San Juan Capistrano postcard 1920.jpg
 Architecture of the California missions 
Mission Revival Style architecture
California mission clash of cultures
San Gabriel Civic Auditorium (1927), San Gabriel, California, an example of Mission Revival Style architecture.

The Mission Revival Style was an architectural movement that began in the late 19th century and drew inspiration from the early Spanish missions in California. The movement enjoyed its greatest popularity between 1890 and 1915, though numerous modern residential, commercial, and institutional structures (particularly schools and railroad depots) display this instantly-recognizable architectural style.[1] The Mission Inn in Riverside, California is generally considered the largest Mission Revival Style building in the United States.[2]

Contents

Mission Style Characteristics

A view looking down an exterior corredor at Mission San Fernando Rey de España, a common architectural feature of the Spanish Missions that is often emulated in Mission Revival Style architecture.

All of California's missions shared certain design characteristics, owing both to the limited selection of building materials available to the founding padres and an overall lack of advanced construction experience. Each installation utilized massive walls with broad, unadorned surfaces and limited fenestration, wide, projecting eaves, and low-pitched clay tile roofs. Other features included long, arcaded corridors, piered arches, and curved gables. Exterior walls were coated with plaster (stucco) to shield the adobe bricks beneath from the elements.

Each of these elements are replicated, to varying degrees, in Mission Revival buildings. Modern construction materials and building practices render these characteristics largely cosmetic.

Give me neither Romanesque nor Gothic;
much less Italian Renaissance,
and least of all English Colonial —
this is California — give me Mission.
Anonymous, 1924[3]

Structures designed in the Mission Revival Style

See also

References

  1. ^ Weitze, p. 14: "Railroad literature described the missions as 'Worthy a glance from the tourists [sic] eye,' with the Southern Pacific, from 1888 to 1890, publishing numerous pamphlets that included sections on the missions."
  2. ^ http://www.riversideca.gov/historic/pdf/hpDistrictBrochureText.pdf
  3. ^ Rey, Felix (October 1924). "A Tribute to Mission Style". Architect and Engineer. 
  4. ^ Jones, p. 2
  5. ^ Jones, p. 42
  6. ^ Big Orange-Lederer Residence
  7. ^ Big Orange-Mission Gallery

Further Reading

  • Gustafson, Lee and Phil Serpico (1999). Santa Fe Coast Lines Depots: Los Angeles Division. Acanthus Press, Palmdale, CA. ISBN 0-88418-003-4. 
  • Jones, R. (1991). The History of Villa Rockledge. American National Research Institute, Laguna Beach, CA. 
  • Weitze, Karen J. (1984). California's Mission Revival. Hennessy & Ingalls, Inc., Los Angeles, CA. ISBN 0-912158-89-1. 
  • Yenne, Bill (2004). The Missions of California. Thunder Bay Press, San Diego, CA. ISBN 1-59223-319-8. 

External links

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