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Mississauga
—  City  —
City of Mississauga
Downtown Mississauga as seen from Highway 403.

Flag

Coat of arms

Logo
Nickname(s): Sauga
Motto: Pride in our past, Faith in our future
Location of Mississauga in the Regional Municipality of Peel in the province of Ontario
Coordinates: 43°36′N 79°39′W / 43.6°N 79.65°W / 43.6; -79.65
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Region Peel
Established 1968, as a town
Incorporated 1974, as a city
Government
 - City Mayor Hazel McCallion
 - Local government Mississauga City Council
(11 wards)
 - MPs Bob Dechert, Navdeep Bains, Albina Guarnieri, Bonnie Crombie, Gurbax Malhi, Paul Szabo
 - MPPs Bob Delaney, Peter Fonseca, Kuldip Kular, Amrit Mangat, Charles Sousa, Harinder Takhar
Area
 - Total 288.42 km2 (111.4 sq mi)
Elevation 173 m (568 ft)
Population (2006)[1]
 - Total 668,549
(6th largest in Canada)
 Density 2,125.1/km2 (5,504.0/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code span L4T to L5W
Area code(s) 905 and 289
Twin Cities
 - Sister city Flag of Kariya, Aichi.pngKariya, Japan
Website www.mississauga.ca

Mississauga (pronounced /ˌmɪsɪˈsɑːɡə/ ( listen)), incorporated in 1974, is a city in Southern Ontario located in the Regional Municipality of Peel, and in the western part of the Greater Toronto Area. With a population of just over 700,000, it is Canada's sixth-most populous municipality,[2] and has almost doubled in population in each of the last two decades. Mississauga's growth reached a peak between the census years of 1986-1991, with the largest population growth in Canada (89,500). Sustained population growth has continued since, but at a somewhat slower pace. Mississauga is now the fourth most populous city on the Great Lakes, surpassing both cities of Milwaukee and Cleveland over the last decade.[3] As a suburb, Mississauga's growth is attributed to its proximity to Toronto.[4]

Primarily recognized as being a large suburb, Mississauga has been trying to create a distinctive image for itself over the past few years. It held an international architectural design competition in 2006 for a 56-story condominium tower, to be called Absolute World, that is intended to be a landmark for the city. The city is debt-free and has not borrowed money since 1978. Mississauga may have to borrow money to build new capital projects in 2012.[5]

With five major freeways passing through the city, Mississauga offers quick access to major markets in Canada, in addition to large markets in the Northeastern and Midwestern United States. Toronto Pearson International Airport, Canada's busiest, is located in the city. Residents of the city are called Mississaugans. Mississauga has one of the largest corporate/financial districts in Canada with major international companies having their Canadian headquarters located in the region including Hewlett-Packard, Microsoft, Pepsico, General Electric, Heidelberger Druckmaschinen, Fujitsu, Wal-Mart Canada and Intuit Canada among many other Fortune 500 companies.

Contents

History

At the time of the arrival of the Europeans in the 1600s, both Iroquoian and Algonquian-speaking peoples already lived in the Credit River Valley area. One of the First Nations groups the French traders found around the Credit River area were the Algonquian Mississaugas, a tribe originally from the Georgian Bay area. By 1700 the Mississaugas had driven away the Iroquois.

Toronto Township was formed on August 2, 1805 when officials from York (what is now Toronto) purchased 84,000 acres (340 km²) of land from the Mississaugas.

In January 2010, the Mississaugas and the federal government settled a land claim, in which the band received $145,000,000, as more just compensation for their land and lost income. [6]. Toronto township is not to be confused with the present-day City of Toronto, as no part of the former township boundaries overlap with the Toronto of today. The various communities settled include: Lakeview, Clarkson, Cooksville, Dixie, Erindale (called Springfield until 1890), Lorne Park, Port Credit, Sheridan, Streetsville, Meadowvale and Summerville. This region would become known as Toronto Township. Part of northeast Mississauga, including the Airport lands and Malton were part of Gore Township.[7]

After the land was surveyed, the Crown gave much of it in the form of land grants to United Empire Loyalists who emigrated from the Thirteen Colonies during and after the American Revolution, as well as loyalists from New Brunswick. The government wanted to compensate the Loyalists for property lost in the colonies and encourage development of what was considered frontier. More than a dozen small Anglo-European communities grew in this area, most of which were located near natural resources, waterways for industry and fishing, and routes leading into York.

In 1820, the government purchased additional land from the Mississaugas. Additional settlements were established, including: Barbertown, Britannia, Burnhamthorpe, Derry West, Elmbank, Malton, Meadowvale Village, Mount Charles, and Streetsville. European-Canadian growth led to the eventual displacement of the Mississauga. In 1847, the government relocated them to a reserve in the Grand River Valley near present-day Hagersville.

In 1873, in light of the continued growth seen in this area much as a result of the many railway lines passing through the township which spurred on industry, the Toronto Township Council was formed to oversee the affairs of the various villages that were unincorporated at that time. The Council's responsibilities included road maintenance, the establishment of a police force, and mail delivery service. Except for small villages, some gristmills and brickworks served by railway lines, most of present-day Mississauga was agricultural land, including fruit orchards, through much of the 19th and first half of the 20th century. Toronto residents would travel to the township to pick fruits and garden vegetables.

Mississauga Civic Centre seen from the south-east. Influenced by farmsteads which once occupied much of Mississauga,[8] the architecture is based on a "futuristic farm" (the clock tower is the windmill, the main building on the top-right corner is the farmhouse, the cylindrical council chamber is the silo, and the building on the bottom left represents a barn)

Cottages were constructed along Lake Ontario in the 1920s as weekend getaway houses for city dwellers.

Malton Airport opened in 1937, which would become Canada's busiest, Toronto Pearson International Airport.

The Queen Elizabeth Way (QEW) highway, one of the first controlled access highways in the world opened from Highway 27 to Highway 10, Port Credit, in 1935 and later to Hamilton and Niagara in 1939. The first prototypical suburban developments occurred around the same time, in the area south of the Dixie Road/QEW interchange. Development in general moved north and west from there over time and around established towns. Large-scale developments, such as in Meadowvale and Erin Mills, sprang up in the 1960s and 70s.

With the exception of Port Credit and Streetsville, the township settlements of Lakeview, Cooksville, Lorne Park, Clarkson, Erindale, Sheridan, Dixie, Meadowvale Village, and Malton were amalgamated by a somewhat unpopular provincial decree in 1968 to form the Town of Mississauga. The town name was chosen by plebiscite over "Sheridan". Political will, as well as a belief that a larger city would be a hegemony in Peel County, kept Port Credit and Streetsville as independent island towns encircled by the Town of Mississauga. In 1974, both were annexed by Mississauga when it reincorporated as a city. That year, the sprawling Square One Shopping Centre opened, which has since expanded many times its original size.

On November 10, 1979, a 106-car freight train derailed on the CP rail line while carrying explosive and poisonous chemicals just north of the intersection of Mavis Road and Dundas in Mississauga. The resulting fire was allowed to burn itself out, but a ruptured chlorine tank was the main cause for concern. With the possibility of a deadly cloud of chlorine gas spreading through suburban Mississauga, 218,000 people were evacuated. Within a few days Mississauga was practically a ghost town. Later when the mess had been cleared and the danger neutralized residents were allowed to return to their homes. At the time, it was the largest peacetime evacuation in North American history. Due to the speed and efficiency in which it was conducted, many cities later studied and modeled their own emergency plans after Mississauga's. For many years afterwards, the name "Mississauga" was to Canadians associated with a major rail disaster.

North American telephone customers placing calls to Mississauga (and other post 1970 Ontario cities) may not recognize the charge details on their billings, as Bell Canada continues to use the former community names, rather than "Mississauga", to identify exchanges in the city: Clarkson, Cooksville, Malton, Port Credit, Streetsville.

Mississauga has had only three mayors in its history. Dr. Martin Dobkin was the city's first mayor in 1974. He was then followed by Ron A. Searle. Searle was defeated by then-city councillor and former mayor of Streetsville, Hazel McCallion. McCallion is regarded as a force in provincial politics and often referred to as Hurricane Hazel, comparing her political force to the devastating 1954 storm that struck the Toronto area. McCallion has won or been acclaimed in every mayoral election since 1978, and in recent years has not even campaigned. She was recently re-elected for her eleventh term in November 2006 winning 91% of the votes. McCallion is the nation's longest serving mayor and was runner-up in World Mayor 2005.[9]

In 2006, an international architectural design competition was held for a 50 storey condominium tower that is intended to be a recognizable landmark for the city. The winning design, named Absolute World, by Chinese architect Yansong Ma of the MAD firm, is a bold, curvaceous tower that was dubbed the "Marilyn Monroe" for its supposed resemblance to the star's hourglass figure, and has received plaudits from urban architecture critics such as Christopher Hume of the Toronto Star. The building, next to a second curved "pear shaped man" tower are currently scheduled to be finished by 2010. Mississauga experienced a hi-rise condominium boom from 2004 through 2008 greatly enhancing the prominence of its skyline.

January 1, 2010 Misssissauga bought land from the Town of Milton and expanded its border by 400 acres to Hwy. 407 affecting 25 residents [10]

Geography

Mississauga covers 288.42 square kilometres (111.4 sq mi) of land,[11] fronting 13 kilometres (8 mi) of shoreline on Lake Ontario.

Mississauga is bounded by Oakville and Milton to the west/southwest, Brampton to the north, Toronto to the east, and Lake Ontario to the south/south-east. Halton Hills borders Mississauga's north-west corner. With the exception of the southeast border with Toronto (Etobicoke Creek), Mississauga shares a land border with all previous mentioned municipalities.

Two major river valleys feed into the lake. The Credit River is by far the longest with the heaviest flow, it divides the western side of Mississauga from the central/eastern portions and enters the lake at the Port Credit harbour. The indented, mostly forested valley was inhabited by first nation peoples long before European exploration of the area. The valley is protected and maintained by the Credit Valley Conservation Authority (CVCA).

Etobicoke Creek forms part of the eastern border of Mississauga with the city of Toronto. North of there it passes through the western limits of Pearson Airport. There have been two aviation accidents, in 1978 and 2005 where aircraft overshot the runaway and slid into the Etobicoke creek banks. In 1954, heavy flooding resulted in some homes along the riverbank being swept into the lake after heavy rains from Hurricane Hazel. Since that storm, houses are no longer constructed along this floodplain. This creek and its tributaries are administered by the Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (TRCA).

Most land in Mississauga drains to either of the two main river systems, with the exception of the smaller Mary Fix and Cooksville Creeks which run roughly through the center of Mississauga entering the lake near Port Credit. Some small streams and reservoirs are part of the Sixteen Mile Creek system in the far north-west corner of the city, but these drain toward the lake in neighbouring Milton and Oakville.

The shoreline of former Glacial Lake Iroquois roughly follows the Dundas Street alignment, although it is not noticeable in some places but is more prominent in others, such as the site of the former brickyard (Shoreline Dr. in Cooksville), the ancient shoreline drops below affording a clear view of downtown Toronto and Lake Ontario on clear days from the ridge. The land in Mississauga in general slopes gradually downward from almost 190 metres (623 ft) ASL in some northern spots to Lake Ontario(76 m/249 ft ASL), a 110 metre (361 ft) difference over an averaged 15 kilometres (9 mi) distance.

Apart from the Credit River valley and Iroquois shoreline, the only noticeable hills in Mississauga are actually part of the former Britannia Landfill near Streetsville and Centennial Park Ski Hill which is on the Toronto side of Etobicoke Creek.

Climate

The climate of Mississauga is officially represented by Pearson International Airport but conditions can differ depending on location: fog tends to be more common along the lakeshore and in the Credit River Valley at certain times of year, particularly during Autumn. The southwestern side of the city (Clarkson) is usually significantly milder in winter and also on summer nights than northern areas which include the airport, while lakeshore areas particularly from Port Credit east through Lakeview are cooler on hot summer days and it can be noticeably cooler on sunny spring days when there is a lake breeze.

During snowfalls when temperatures hover close to freezing, northern parts of the city, such as around Derry Road away from warmer Lake Ontario, tend to get more snow than the southern parts because of colder temperatures. The reverse occurs when a strong storm approaches from the south kicking up lake effect snow, bringing higher snowfall totals to south Mississauga and the lakeshore.

Summer thunderstorms are common, most are not severe but can occasionally bring violent winds. They usually develop in the US Midwest (Michigan, Wisconsin) and travel along the 401 corridor, and typically weaken upon entering Mississauga, with some exceptions. The last known tornado to cause significant damage touchdowned on July 7, 1985 when an F1 rated tornado struck an industrial park in the Meadowvale area, heavily damaging some buildings and some parked tractor trailers. A relatively strong tornado tore a path across Mississauga (then part of Toronto Township) on June 24, 1923 cutting a swath from present-day Meadowvale to near Cooksville, killing 4 people and causing massive property damage in a time when most of Mississauga was still rural farmland dotted with fruit orchards.[12]

Attractions

In 2006, with the help of Project for Public Spaces,[13] the city made a slogan "My Mississauga; Celebrate summer at city centre" for the summer festivities planned.[14] Mississauga planned over 60 free events to bring more people to the city square. The square was transformed and now includes a movable stage, a snack bar, extra seating, and sports and gaming facilities (basketball nets, hockey arena, chess and checker boards) including a skate park. Some of the events included Senior's day on Tuesday, Family day on Wednesday, Vintage car Thursdays, with the main events being the Canada Day celebration, Rotary Ribfest, and Beachfest. Mississauga also boasts one of the largest shopping malls in Canada called Square One Shopping Centre, which is surrounded by many bars and restaurants, as well as City Hall, the Central Library, and Playdium.

Historical attractions

  • Adamson Estate
  • Benares Historic House
  • Bradley Museum
  • Cawthra Estate
  • Old Meadowvale Village

Sports and recreation

Mississauga has been the home of the Mississauga St. Michael's Majors of the Ontario Hockey League since 2007, when the team moved from Toronto. It was previously home to the Mississauga Icedogs from 1999-2007, before they moved to St. Catharines and became the Niagara IceDogs. The Hershey Centre, the city's main sports venue, was opened in 1999 for the arrival of the Icedogs, and is where the St. Michael's Majors currently play. Other hockey teams include the Mississauga Chiefs of the Canadian Women's Hockey League (who play at Iceland Mississauga), the Mississauga Chargers (who play at Port Credit Arena) of the Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League, and the many teams in the Greater Toronto Hockey League, Mississauga Hockey League, and Mississauga Girls Hockey League that play in the city's 13 arenas. In addition, there is a roller hockey team, the Mississauga Rattlers of the Great Lakes Inline Junior "A" Roller Hockey League.

The city also has teams for box lacrosse (Mississauga Tomahawks of the OLA Junior A Lacrosse League), cricket (Mississauga Ramblers of the Toronto and District Cricket League, Mississauga Titans of the Etobicoke District Cricket League), Canadian football The Mississauga Football League ( MFL) is a youth football program that is for players aged 9-17, and was founded in 1971. (Mississauga Warriors of the Ontario Varsity Football League), and Australian football (Mississauga Demons of the Ontario Australian Football League). Mississauga's rugby players are now served by the Mississauga Blues at the youth level though many still play for the more established clubs in neighbouring cities.

Recreational clubs include the Mississauga Figure Skating Club, Mississauga Synchronized Swimming Association,[15] North Mississauga Soccer Club,North Mississauga Club, Mississauga Falcons Soccer Club[16] Mississauga Canoe Club, Don Rowing Club at Port Credit, and the Mississauga Aquatic Club. There are over 481 parks and woodlands areas in Mississauga.

Media

Mississauga is primarily served by media based in Toronto, with markets in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) that cover most of the news in the GTA. Examples of this being the majority of radio stations transmitting from the nearby CN Tower in Toronto. However, Mississauga also has The Mississauga News, a regional newspaper that is published three days a week in print and daily online. The city also has one specialty radio station: FM 91.9 CFRE, the campus radio station of the University of Toronto Mississauga broadcasting at very low power.

The following national cable television stations also broadcast from Mississauga. For more area stations, see Toronto television stations.

Economy

Over 60 of the Fortune 500 base their Global or Canadian Head Offices in Mississauga. Some of the strongest industries are pharmaceuticals, electronics and computers, transportation parts and equipment industries. Menu Foods, a cat and dog food manufacturer, is headquartered in the Streetsville area of Mississauga.[17] Hewlett Packard's main Canada offices are in Mississauga.[18] Air Georgian, a regional airline, is headquartered in Mississauga.[19] Air Canada Jazz operates a regional office in Mississauga.[20]

Demographics

Visible Minority Population as of the 2006 Census.

Mississauga is a quickly growing and multicultural city. Statistics Canada estimates that Mississauga now has 704,000 people, an increase of 150,000 from the previous decade and the population has roughly doubled in past twenty years. The city has one of the largest cluster of ethnic groups in Ontario and Canada. According to the 2006 census, the racial makeup of the city is as follows:[21], Further development continues to this day.

Group Population Percentage
White 287,692 49.7
South Asian 134,885 21.1
Chinese 46,120 6.9
Black 41,365 6.2
Filipino 30,705 4.6
Arab 16,785 2.5
Southeast Asian 14,160 2.1
Latin American 12,410 1.9
Multiple Visible Minority 9,100 1.4
Korean 6,865 1.0
West Asian 6,015 0.9
Other Visible Minority 5,715 0.9
Aboriginal 2,475 0.4
Japanese 2,425 0.4


Slightly less than 45% of the population speaks a language other than English, reflecting a large immigrant population. 46.61% of the population was not born in Canada. 40.20% of the population are members of a visible minority (non-white). 21.29% of the population is under 14 years of age, compared to those of retirement age; 8.51%. The median (middle) age in Mississauga is 35.0.[citation needed]

Despite the plethora of cultures, Mississauga retains a Christian majority. The 2001 census indicates that 69.78% of the population adhere to Christianity, Catholics constituting 42.00%, while the remaining 27.78% adhere to various Protestant, and Orthodox Christian groups. The 2001 census indicates that there are Muslim: 6.83%, Hindu: 4.73%, Sikh: 3.82%, Buddhism, Judaism and others. Those non-professing a faith number 11.92%.[citation needed]

Languages

Mississauga is one of the most linguistically diverse cities in Canada. The 2006 census found that English was spoken as mother tongue by 49.3% of the population. The next most common languages were the Chinese languages (5.5%), Urdu (4.6%), Polish (4.4%), Punjabi (3.6%), Portuguese (2.8%), Tagalog (2.7%), Arabic (2.6%), Italian (2.5%) and Spanish (2.1%).[22]

Mother tongue Population Percentage
English 328,295 49.32%
French 7,835 1.18%
English and French 1,020 0.15%
English and a non-official language 15,210 2.28%
French and a non-official language 880 0.13%
English, French and a non-official language 320 0.05%
Chinese languages 36,445 5.48%
Urdu 30,725 4.62%
Polish 29,020 4.36%
Punjabi 24,145 3.63%
Portuguese 18,745 2.82%
Tagalog 17,890 2.69%
Arabic 17,290 2.60%
Italian 16,580 2.49%
Spanish 14,145 2.12%
Vietnamese 10,380 1.56%
Tamil 10,025 1.51%
Hindi 8,425 1.27%
Gujarati 7,620 1.14%
Croatian 6,310 0.95%
Mother tongue Population Percentage
Ukrainian 5,785 0.87%
Korean 5,775 0.87%
Persian 4,640 0.70%
German 4,485 0.67%
Russian 3,540 0.53%
Serbian 3,280 0.49%
Bengali 3,150 0.47%
Greek 2,815 0.42%
Romanian 2,320 0.35%
Malayalam 1,700 0.26%
Hungarian 1,630 0.24%
Bosnian 1,365 0.21%
Slovene 1,255 0.19%
Telugu 1,160 0.17%
Macedonian 1,145 0.17%
Japanese 1,095 0.16%
Akan (Twi) 1,085 0.16%
Malay 1,075 0.16%
Maltese 1,070 0.16%
Dutch 1,060 0.16%


Law and government

Mississauga City Council consists of the mayor and eleven city councillors, each representing one of the city's eleven wards. Peel Regional Police provide policing within the city of Mississauga. In addition, the Ontario Provincial Police have a Port Credit detachment in the city. Mississauga Fire and Emergency Services provide fire fighting services and Peel Regional Paramedic Services provides emergency medical services.

The Mississauga Library System is a municipally owned network of 18 libraries.

Electoral districts

Education

Mississauga is the home to the University of Toronto at Mississauga (UTM/Erindale College), one of three intercity campuses of the University of Toronto. UTM has an enrollment of approximately 10,000 students. It is growing at a rate of about 1,000 students per year since 2002, following a major expansion.

Sheridan College has announced the construction of a new $46 million dollar facility that will open in Mississauga in 2011. The school will have two main concentrations: business education and programs to accelerate the movement of new Canadians into the workforce. The 150,000 sq.ft. campus will be located on an 8.5 acre parcel of land in City Centre just north of the Living Arts Centre. The campus is expected to accommodate 1,700 students upon completion of phase one of construction in Fall 2011. Phase two of construction after 2011 is expected to increase capacity by 3,740 students to a combined total of 5,000; it will also include construction of a 10-level municipal parking garage.[23][24][25][26]

Mississauga is served by the Peel District School Board and the Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board. Together there are more than 150 schools in this city to fulfill the needs of its large youth population.

Mississauga also has many prominent programs which push students to show their full potential including:

Health

The city's two main hospitals are Credit Valley Hospital and Trillium Health Centre (formerly Mississauga Hospital). The health system and the administration for students in Mississauga was the property of the Peel District School Board Health Centre[citation needed] and the health support for citizens in Mississauga was the property of Peel Health Centre.[citation needed] The eastern part of Mississauga was the property of Pearson Health (Greater Toronto Area Health Department).[citation needed]

Transportation

Highways

Highway 401 (the Macdonald-Cartier Freeway, connecting Windsor to Quebec) passes through the city's north end. The eastern part uses the collector/express lane system and feeds into Highway 403, the main freeway in the city, which runs through the City Centre and Erin Mills areas. The Queen Elizabeth Way, the city's first freeway, runs through the southern half of the city. These three freeways each run east-west, with the exception of the 403 from the 401 to Cawthra Road, and the 407 to QEW. North of 401, the collector lanes of the 403 become Highway 410, which goes to Brampton. Part of Highway 409 is within the city of Mississauga, and it provides access to Pearson Airport. Two other freeways are usually considered part of the network even though they are not within the city itself. Highway 407, though never entering Mississauga, runs just metres from the north and northwestern city limits. Highway 427 forms the Toronto-Mississauga boundary in the northeast, and is always within 2 kilometres of the boundary further south, with the exception of the area around Centennial Park.

Rail

Mississauga is on three major railway lines (two owned by Canadian National Railway and one owned by Canadian Pacific Railway), which lead into and around Toronto. The GO Transit commuter rail service provides service into Toronto's Union Station along the Lakeshore West, Georgetown, and Milton lines. VIA Rail service in the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor is provided on both CN lines, although there are no stops in Mississauga.

Bus

The city's public transit service, Mississauga Transit, provides bus service across the city, and connects to the Toronto Transit Commission's subway, GO Transit (which provides an extensive intercity bus service), Oakville Transit, and Brampton Transit. A busway similar to Ottawa's transitway is being built along Highway 403 from Winston Churchill Boulevard to Renforth Drive via City Centre[27]. There are also plans for the construction of an LRT along Hurontario Street[28], and possibly on some other main thoroughfares, namely Dundas Street, but no definite dates have been set.

Air

Toronto Pearson International Airport (YYZ) in northeastern Mississauga (Malton) is a hub for Air Canada and provides flights to regional, national, and international destinations. It is Canada's busiest airport with over 30 million passenger movements annually.

Sister cities

Notable people

From Mississauga

Residing in Mississauga

See also


References

  1. ^ Region of Peel population estimates, calculated by Hemson Consulting, Ltd.
  2. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2006 and 2001 Censuses - 100% Data". Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population. 2007-03-13. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/popdwell/Table.cfm?T=301&S=3&O=D. Retrieved 2007-03-14. 
  3. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data". Statistics Canada. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census01/products/standard/popdwell/Table-CSD-N.cfm?T=1&SR=1&S=3&O=D. Retrieved 2007-03-14. 
  4. ^ "Three large urban areas: the Montréal and Vancouver CMAs and the Greater Golden Horseshoe". Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population. 2007-03-13. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/analysis/popdwell/Subprov4.cfm. Retrieved 2007-03-22. "Mississauga (668,549), a suburb of Toronto..." 
  5. ^ Gombu, Phinjo (2010-01-14). "Mississauga's cash reserves set to run out within two years". Toronto Star. http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/article/750585--mississauga-s-cash-reserves-set-to-run-out-within-two-years. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ "Mississauga Heritage". City of Mississauga. http://www.mississauga.ca/portal/discover/historyandheritage. Retrieved 2006-04-24. 
  8. ^ The Canadian Encyclopedia - Mississauga: Present Day
  9. ^ World Mayor 2005 Finalists
  10. ^ http://www.mississauga.ca/portal/home;jsessionid=CYUSNA2ITWIKNTRPH3XD4FWOF25W4PW0?paf_gear_id=9700020&itemId=106100975n&returnUrl=%2Fportal%2Fhome%3Bjsessionid%3DCYUSNA2ITWIKNTRPH3XD4FWOF25W4PW0
  11. ^ "Community Profile, City of Mississauga". Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population. 2007-03-13. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3521005&Geo2=PR&Code2=35&Data=Count&SearchText=Mississauga&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=. Retrieved 2007-03-14. 
  12. ^ http://i13.tinypic.com/71rbfbd.jpg
  13. ^ PBS
  14. ^ Mississauga.ca - Discover Mississauga - My Mississauga
  15. ^ Welcome to the Mississauga Synchro Swim Association
  16. ^ [2]
  17. ^ "Contact Us." Menu Foods. Retrieved on May 20, 2009.
  18. ^ "Office Locations." Hewlett Packard. Retrieved on July 22, 2009.
  19. ^ "Contact Us." Air Georgian. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
  20. ^ "Contact Us." Air Canada Jazz. Retrieved on May 19, 2009.
  21. ^ 2006 Community Profiles - Census Subdivision
  22. ^ "Mississauga, CY". Detailed Mother Tongue (103), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada. 2007-11-20. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/topics/RetrieveProductTable.cfm?ALEVEL=3&APATH=3&CATNO=&DETAIL=0&DIM=&DS=99&FL=0&FREE=0&GAL=0&GC=99&GK=NA&GRP=1&IPS=&METH=0&ORDER=1&PID=89202&PTYPE=88971&RL=0&S=1&ShowAll=No&StartRow=1&SUB=701&Temporal=2006&Theme=70&VID=0&VNAMEE=&VNAMEF=&GID=773674. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  23. ^ http://www.mississauga.com/news/local/article/247251--college-contract-awarded
  24. ^ http://www.mississauga.com/news/local/article/244665--ground-broken-for-college-campus
  25. ^ http://www.mississauga.com/news/article/159280--city-approves-sheridan-lease
  26. ^ http://www.mississauga.com/news/article/28496--city-to-get-sheridan-college-campus
  27. ^ http://www.mississauga.ca/portal/residents/brt
  28. ^ http://www.hurontario-main.ca/
  29. ^ PGA golfer finds a home in Mississauga - The Mississauga News - Mississauga.com

External links

Coordinates: 43°36′N 79°39′W / 43.6°N 79.65°W / 43.6; -79.65


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Mississauga [1] is a city southwesten Ontario, Canada. It is Toronto's largest suburb and Canada's sixth largest city.

Get in

By air

Toronto's Pearson International Airport [2] is the main regional airport serving Canada's largest city, as a result it is reasonably well served by flights from cities across Canada as well as many American cities and several European, Asian, Latin American, African and Oceanian cities. The Airport is a short taxi ride from anywhere in Mississauga.

By car

Mississauga is served by 4 major expressways:

  • The 401 links Mississauga with Windsor, Detroit and beyond in the West direction, and Kingston, Ottawa, and Quebec in the East direction.
  • The 403 links to Hamilton and Niagara Falls in the west, and connects with the 401 and 410. The 410 leads to Brampton in the North.
  • The QEW links Mississauga with the Gardiner Expressway and downtown Toronto in the east, and connects with the 403 in the west.
  • The 407 is an East-West toll route running parallel with the 401.

By public transit

Mississauga is reasonably accessible from Toronto by transit. GO Transit [3] runs trains during rush hour and buses the rest of the day from various terminals in Toronto to several stations in Mississauga. Square One shopping centre contains the main bus terminal for the city, it is regularly served by GO buses as well as local Mississauga Transit buses.

Get around

Mississauga Transit [4] is operated by the City of Mississauga. Because of the lack of urban planning in its early years, the city has become too spread out, causing it to be difficult to traverse without a personal car. As a result, the transit system is still used, yet the routes are somewhat infrequent (waiting times are typically 15 to 45 minutes on week days), and some bus routes are only offered exclusively on week days. In an effort to increase their number of passengers however, Mississauga has put in major efforts to improve the system, including their Clicknride web page, which plans out the most appropriate trip for the rider as well. As of 2009, a ride on a Mississauga Transit bus costs $3, and transfers (for free entry onto buses within the following one and a half hour since the beginning of the route) must be requested when you are paying. Transfers can also be used for discounts on other public transportation systems in adjacent areas. A listing of fares [5] is available on their website.

Toronto Transit Commision (TTC) [6] (services some of the east end of the city near the Toronto boundary)

Oakville Transit [7] (services some of the west end of the city near the Oakville boundary)

Blue & White Taxi

Golden City Taxi

Port Credit
Port Credit
  • Port Credit An older, historic village at the centre of Mississauga's Lake Ontario shore features many intimate small restaurants, cafes and bars. Annual events include the Waterfront Festival and Jazz/Bluefest. Nice Marina and walking paths at the Credit River entrance and along the lakeshore.
  • Streetsville. This small village is where the renowned mayor of Mississauga, Hazel McCallion, resides. It has many shops, restaurants, and green areas to explore. Visit in June to enjoy the Bread and Honey Festival or in winter months for Remembrance Day services and the Santa Claus Parade.  edit
  • Art Gallery of Mississauga (AGM), 300 City Centre Drive (Mississauga Civic Centre, Ground Floor; visit website for more info), 905-896-5088, [8]. Monday-Wednesday, Friday 10am-5pm; Thursday 10am-8pm; Weekends 12pm-4pm. The AGM has over 3000 square feet divided into four gallery spaces, and programmes approximately 10 exhibitions a year of national and international contemporary art. Free.  edit
  • Playdium A large video arcade that also has wall climbing and go-karting. Some nights you are able to pay a flat fee for three hours of arcade gaming.
  • Square One [9] , one of the largest malls in the world
  • Erin Mills Town Centre
  • Heartland Town Centre, a shopping complex located in the eastern part of the city mostly consisting of "big box" stores.
  • Old Credit Brewery, 6 Queen St. W. Tel:905-2719888, Open 10-19, Excellent small brewery that sells an ale and a pilsner.
  • Dixie Outlet Mall
  • Axia Restaurant and Bar, 5045 Plantation Place (Along Eglinton Ave W near Erin Mills), tel: 905-6082942. [10]. In the community of Erin Mills. A nicely designed ambient place with fully authentic Asian food being produced from separate kitchens. Specializes in Chinese, Japanese, Thai and Korean cuisine. Mains $15-20, appetizers $5-10. Fully liquor licensed with unique flavoured Korean soju and alcoholic bubble tea. A must for any Asian food lover and enough variety to last countless visits.
  • Hooks Grille, 26 Lakeshore Road East, tel: 905-2787665. Overlooking Port Credit harbour. Small intimate place with great cajun food. Mains $15-20, tapas $5-10. The tapas are big, order at most two. Beer lovers will want to try the local Old Credit ale on draft.
  • Nirvana, the Flavors of India 35 Brunnel Road, tel: +1905 5015500. Slightly upscale Indian restaurant in the north end of Mississauga close to Brampton. It is a friendly place with great food. Mains CND 13.
  • Moxie's Classic Grill, [11]. Locations in Meadowvale and Square One.  edit
  • Richtree Market Restaurant. Located in Square One, this market-style restaurant allows you to see your food being freshly made throughout the day. Offers a nice ambiance in the middle of an otherwise hectic area.  edit
  • The Apricot Tree Café (Apricot Tree), 1900 Dundas St. W., Mississauga, ON (The Apricot Tree is on Dundas St. between the Erin Mills Pkwy and Mississauga Rd.), (905) 855-1470, [12]. Monday 10am-9pm, Tuesday-Friday 10am-10pm, Saturday 9am-10pm, closed Sunday. Serving breakfast, lunch, dinner, with a wide range of excellent pastries and cakes for dessert. Features an open kitchen design which allows guests to watch their order being prepared. Breakfast average $8; lunch mains average $11; dinner mains average $17.  edit
  • Body English, 1325 Eglinton Avenue East, [www.bodyenglishniteclub.com]. Casual club playing top 40 music.
  • My Apartment Two locations - one in Mississauga and one in Oakville (now called "Rehab") bordering Mississauga.
Routes through Mississauga
LondonMilton  W noframe E  TorontoOshawa
HamiltonOakville  W noframe E  TorontoENDS
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia

Etymology

From French Mississague, from Ojibwe misizaagii (inhabitant of large river mouth) (with reference to the area where the Mississauga River drains into Lake Huron).

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA: /mɪsɪˈsɔːgə/

Noun

Singular
Mississauga

Plural
Mississauga

Mississauga (plural Mississauga)

  1. An Algonquian people now living in southern Ontario, Canada; also a member of this race.
  2. A city in southern Ontario, suburb of Toronto.

Derived terms








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