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Mississippi House of Representatives
Coat of arms or logo.
Type
Type Lower house
Leadership
Speaker of the House William J. McCoy, (Dem.)
Speaker pro tempore J. P. Compretta, (Dem.)
Structure
Members 122
Meeting place
House Chamber
Mississippi State Capitol
Jackson, MS, US
Website
http://billstatus.ls.state.ms.us/

The Mississippi House of Representatives is the lower house of the Mississippi Legislature, the lawmaking body of the U.S. state of Mississippi.

According to the state constitution of 1890, this body is to comprise no more than 122 members elected for four-year terms (Art. 4, Sec. 34). To qualify as a member of the house candidates must (a) be at least 21 years old, (b) have been a resident of Mississippi for at least four years, and (c) have resided in the district in which he/she is running for at least two years (Art. 4, Sec. 41, Secs. 44 and 45). Current state law provides for the maximum number of members. Elections are held the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.

The Constitution also specifies that the legislature shall meet for 125 days every four years and 90 days in all other years (Art 4, Sec. 36).

The House also has the duty under the Mississippi Constitution to select the Governor of Mississippi if no candidate receives more than 50% of the vote. This has occurred only one time, in 1999 when Ronnie Musgrove was selected (Musgrove had the most votes statewide, but fell a fraction of a point shy of a majority).

Contents

Composition

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Vacant
End of previous legislature 74 47 121 1
Begin 75 47 122 0
February 25, 2009[1] 74 48
Latest voting share 60.7% 39.3%

With the February 2009 party switch of Billy Nicholson from Democrat to Republican, the compostion became 73 Democrats and 49 Republicans. This also meant that for the first time in the history of Mississippi, the majority of the Democratic members of the House were African-Americans.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Representative Billy Nicholson (D-78) switches from the Democratic to the Republican Party [1]
  2. ^ Brown, Jennifer Jacob. "State Rep. Nicholson switches parties" Meridian Star February 26, 2009

External links

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