Missouri Route 13: Wikis

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MO-13.svg
Route 13
Maintained by MoDOT
Length: 296 mi (476 km)
Formed: 1922
North end: US 69.svgUS 136.svg US 69/136 in Bethany
Major
junctions:
I-35.svg I-35 in Bethany
US 36.svg US 36 in Hamilton
US 24.svgMO-224.svg US 24/Route 224 in Lexington
I-70.svgUS 40.svg I-70/US 40 near Higginsville
US 50.svg US 50 in Warrensburg,
MO-7.svgMO-52.svg Route 7/52 in Clinton
US 54.svg US 54 in Collins
I-44.svg I-44 in Springfield
MO-413.svg Route 413 in Springfield
US 60.svgUS 160.svg US 60/160 in Springfield
South end: Arkansas 21.svg Highway 21 in Blue Eye
Major cities: Nixa
Springfield
Bolivar
Clinton
Warrensburg
Missouri Highways
< Route 12 Route 14 >
Supplemental

Route 13 is a highway in Missouri which runs almost the entire north–south length of the state. Its northern terminus is at U.S. Route 69/136 in Bethany. Its southern terminus is at the Arkansas state line in downtown Blue Eye, Missouri/Arkansas where it continues as Highway 21. It is one of the original state highways of Missouri.

The road serves as an important corridor between Springfield and Kansas City, two of the three largest cities in the state. Heading north from Springfield, Route 13 intersects Route 7 at Clinton which in turn carries traffic to U.S. Route 71 at Harrisonville. US 71 then continues on into downtown Kansas City. Route 13, Route 7, and US 71 now provide a four-lane highway (much of it freeway) between Springfield and Kansas City since the completion of the final widening project between Collins and Clinton.

Several sections from north of Reeds Spring through Branson West have been widened, rebuilt, moved, and renamed to help ease traffic congestion through the towns. Drivers regularly use these routes to get to many of the lakes in southern Missouri and this has caused a major headache in recent years. One section of road has been renamed Route 413 and travels north to Springfield.

In 2006 the portion through Caldwell County, Missouri was named the Zack Wheat Memorial Highway in honor of the Baseball Hall of Fame player.[1]

Contents

Route description

Route 13 begins at the Arkansas state line in Blue Eye. After leaving the town, it runs through the rugged countryside of the southwest Missouri Ozarks, part of the Mark Twain National Forest. Route 13 forms a 3 miles (4.8 km) concurrency with Route 86 before bridging Table Rock Lake south of the town of Branson West. In Branson West, it leaves the national forest and forms a concurrency with Route 76 and Route 265. North of this, Route 13 runs concurrent with Route 248 for 2 miles (3.2 km). At Reeds Spring Junction is the southern terminus of Route 413, and old alignment of Route 13, changed in the early 2000s. Also at Reeds Spring Junction, U.S. Route 160 joins to form another concurrency with Route 13. At Spokane, the two routes are joined by a third route, Route 176.

Route 13 and US 160 intersect Route 14 in Nixa. The two roads continue north into Greene County, where they enter Springfield running along Campbell Avenue. At the James River Freeway, Route 13 and US 160 turn off Campbell to run along the freeway with U.S. Route 60. Route 13 splits off the freeway at the next exit to turn north along Kansas Expressway. At Sunshine Street is the northern terminus of Route 413. On the north side of Springfield, Route 13 crosses Route 744 (Kearney Street) and Interstate 44 less than a mile north. It then passes near the Ozark Empire Fairgrounds and the Dickerson Park Zoo and leaves the city as a divided highway. A project will begin in 2009 to turn the Route 13 and I-44 interchange into a Diverging Diamond Design interchange that will be the first of its kind in the nation. In addition to being $2.5 million compared to around 8 million for a complete rebuild, this will also help ease congestion at the interchange by making lefts onto the on-ramps "free lefts" by lanes shifting into opposite lanes when passing over the bridge. See the Route 13/I-44 construction website here: http://www.modot.org/springfield/major_projects/Greene/I-44andRoute13.html

South of Bolivar, the divided highway splits apart, with the northbound lanes being the older highway, though an even older alignment runs further to the east. Because of the situation, numerous "Do not enter" signs are posted to help prevent local traffic from driving on the wrong lanes of the highway. Near Brighton is a short concurrency with Route 215. Construction began in summer of 2008 to build new northbound lanes next to the straighter southbound lanes. This project will be done by 2010 and the old northbound lanes will be designated county roads when the project is completed.

At Bolivar, in addition to the intersection with Route 32, is another business route. The business route ends, along with Route 83 at an interchange on the southern part of the town. South of Humansville is the intersection with Route 123. At Collins is an interchange with U.S. Route 54. At Osceola, Route 13 crosses a branch of the Harry S. Truman Reservoir.

At Deepwater, Route 13 forms a concurrency with Route 52. The two routes cross Harry S. Truman Reservoir twice before heading into Clinton. Routes 13 and 52 serve as the eastern terminus of Route 18. Route 7 joins the concurrency at the same intersection as Route 18's terminus, and the three routes continue around the northeastern part of the town, where Route 52 splits off, and eventually Routes 7 and 13 go their separate ways.

North of Post Oak, the highway has an intersection with Route 2. At Higginsville is Route 13's northernmost business route and also the western terminus of Route 20. In Warrensburg is an intersection with U.S. Route 50. South of Higginsville, Route 13 crosses Interstate 70/U.S. Route 40.

Route 13 intersects both Route 224 and U.S. Route 24 in Lexington, site of a Civil War battlefield. North of town it crosses the Missouri River. At Richmond is an intersection with Route 10. This area of the state has lots of crops on either side of the two-lane highway. At Polo the road forms a short concurrency with Route 116, and further north, at Hamilton is an intersection with U.S. Route 36. Near Gallatin, it turns east forming a concurrency with Route 6 for 3 miles (4.8 km), then turns north again. A few miles north is a junction with Interstate 35. Then, Route 13 ends at US 69/Route 136 in Bethany.

History

The original southern terminus of the highway (as laid out in 1922) was at Route 71 (now U.S. Route 65) in Buffalo. With the creation of the U.S. Highway system in 1926, it was realigned to absorb the Bolivar-Springfield Route 69, which had been created in 1922; the former piece from Bolivar to Buffalo became an extension of Route 66, which quickly became part of US 54 (and is now part of Route 32). Route 13 took over Route 43, established in 1922 from Marionville south to the Arkansas state line, in about 1930.[1]

Route 123 is the old alignment of Route 13 all the way to Fair Play, where Route 13 turned east (now Route 32) back to Bolivar.

Route 13 Business

Business plate.svg
MO-13.svg

Junction list

County Location Mile[2][3][4] Roads intersected Notes
Stone Blue Eye 0.0 Arkansas 21.svg Hwy. 21 Southern terminus, Arkansas state line
0.9 MO-86.svg Route 86  
  4.4 MO-86.svg Route 86  
Branson West 18.7 MO-76.svgMO-265.svg Route 76/265  
19.6 MO-265.svgMO-413.svg Route 265/413 Southern terminus of Route 413
  21.4 MO-76.svg Route 76  
  23.4 MO-248.svg Route 248  
Reeds Spring 24.2 US 160.svgMO-248.svg Route 160/248  
Christian   28.8 MO-176.svg Route 176  
Spokane 31.4 MO-176.svg Route 176  
Nixa 44.9 MO-14.svg Route 14  
Greene Springfield 51.3 US 60.svg Route 60 Route 160/13 join the James River Freeway westbound
52.9 US 60.svgUS 160.svg Route 60/160 Route 13 exits from the James River Freeway to Kansas Expressway
55.7 MO-413.svg Route 413 Northern terminus of Route 413
58.0 Business Loop 44.svg I-44 BUS  
59.8 MO-744.svg Route 744  
60.5 I-44 (MO).svg I-44  
Polk Brighton 75.8 MO-215.svg Route 215  
Bolivar 83.8 MO-83.svg Route 83 Diamond interchange, southern terminus of Route 83
86.0 MO-supp-T.svg Route T Diamond interchange
87.6 MO-32.svg Route 32 Diamond interchange
Humansville 87.6 MO-123.svg Route 123  
St. Clair Collins 109.5 US 54.svg Route 54  
Osceola 120.5 MO-82.svg Route 82  
Henry Deepwater 136.3 MO-52.svg Route 52 Diamond interchange
Clinton 144.4 MO-7.svgMO-18.svg Route 7/18 Eastern terminus of Route 18
145.8 MO-52.svg Route 52 Parclo interchange
146.7 MO-7.svg Route 7  
Johnson   161.5 MO-2.svg Route 2  
Warrensburg 174.5 US 50.svg Route 50 Diamond interchange
Lafayette   190.1 I-70 (MO).svg I-70 Diamond interchange
Higginsville 195.4 MO-20.svg Route 20  
Lexington 206.7 US 24.svg Route 24 Interchange
209.1 US 24.svg Route 24 Interchange
209.6 MO-224.svg Route 224 Interchange
Ray   213.3 MO-supp-J.svg Route J Diamond interchange
  216.3 MO-supp-H.svg Route H Diamond interchange
Richmond 218.6 MO-10.svg Route 10 Diamond interchange
Caldwell Polo 239.2 MO-116.svg Route 116  
  240.2 MO-116.svg Route 116  
Hamilton 252.3 US 36.svg Route 36 Diamond interchange
Daviess Gallatin 266.7 MO-6.svg Route 6  
  228.3 MO-6.svg Route 6  
Harrison   249.1 I-35 (MO).svg I-35 Diamond interchange
Bethany 252.4 US 69.svgUS 136.svg Route 69/136 Northern terminus

References

  1. ^ Missouri State Highway Commission. Map Showing State Roads and Route Numbers [map]. (1923)
  2. ^ Google, Inc. Google Maps [map]. Cartography by Tele Atlas. Retrieved on 2008-02-11.
  3. ^ Google, Inc. Google Maps [map]. Cartography by Tele Atlas. Retrieved on 2008-02-12.
  4. ^ Google, Inc. Google Maps [map]. Cartography by Tele Atlas. Retrieved on 2008-02-12.
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