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Standard of the Mocidade Portuguesa (based on the flag of D. João I).

The Mocidade Portuguesa (English: Portuguese Youth) was a Portuguese youth organization under the right-wing regime of the Estado Novo. Membership was compulsory between the ages of 7 and 14, and voluntary until the age of 25.

Founded in 1936, it was originally inspired upon the model of the Italian Fascist Opera Nazionale Balilla and the Nazi Hitler Youth. However, in 1940 the Germanophile National Secretary Francisco Nobre Guedes was replaced by the Anglophile Marcelo Caetano, who gave the organization a different own orientation, withdrawing from the Hitler Youth and abandoning its paramilitary feature, approaching to the Catholic Church and other youth organizations as the Scout Movement.[1]

It was dissolved in 1974, after the Carnation Revolution, being considered as a Fascist organization.

See also

References

  1. ^ Kuin, Simon. A Mocidade Portuguesa nos anos 30: anteprojectos e instauração de uma organização paramilitar da juventude in Análise Social, Lisboa, vol. 28, n.º 122 (1993), p. 555-588. (Portuguese)

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