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Mode of transport (or means of transport or transport mode or transport modality or form of transport) is a general term for the different kinds of transport facilities that are often used to transport people or cargo.

Where more than one mode of transport is used for a journey, or for transport analysis, the journey can be described as multi-modal.

Contents

Components of a mode of transport

A transport mode is a combination of the following:

Examples of modes of transport

There are some differences in British English and US English in terms for individual modes. These are indicated by (US) or (UK) after the alternative terms

Worldwide comparison of the most important transport modes

Worldwide, the most widely-used modes for passenger transport are the Automobile (16,000 bn passenger km), followed by Buses (7,000), Air (2,800), Railways (1,900), and Urban Rail (250) [1].

The most widely used modes for freight transport are Sea (40,000 bn ton km), followed by Road (7,000), Railways (6,500), Oil pipelines (2,000) and Inland Navigation (1,500) [2].

EU 15 USA Japan World
GDP (PPP) per capita (€) 19,000 28,600 22,300 5,500
Passenger km per capita [3]
Private Car 10,100 22,700 6,200 2,700
Bus/ Coach 1,050 870 740 1,200
Railway 750 78 2,900 320
Air (domestic except World) 860 2,800 580 480

See also

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