|Religion||Twelver Shi`a Islam|
|Other name(s)||Arabic: السيد محمد حسين فضل الله|
|Born||November 16, 1935
- Najaf, Iraq
|Based in||- Beirut, Lebanon|
|Period in office||1989 - Present|
|Website||bayynat.org.lb (Arabic, French,
bayynat.ir (Persian , Urdu)
Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Hussein Fadl-Allāh (Arabic: محمد حسين فضل الله) (also Muhammad Husayn Fadl-Allāh or Sayyed Muhammad Hussein Fadl-Allāh) (born 16 November 1935) is a prominent Lebanese Twelver Shi'a Muslim cleric who some claim is associated with the Shia Islamist group Hezbollah. According to Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT), some analysts regard him as Hezbollah’s spiritual leader, although the group denies this, as it reserves this title for Ayatollah Khomeini and Fadlallah also denies that he is affiliated with Hezbollah. 
From a Lebanese family, but born in Najaf, Iraq, Fadlallah studied Islamic sciences in Najaf before moving to Lebanon in 1952. In the following decades, he gave many lectures, engaged in intense scholarship, wrote dozens of books, founded several Islamic religious schools, and established the Mabarrat Association. Through that association he established a public library, a women's cultural center, and a medical clinic.
He supported the ideals of Iran's Islamic Revolution and advocated the corresponding Islamic movement in Lebanon. In his sermons, he called for armed resistance to the Israeli occupations of Lebanon, the West Bank, and the Gaza Strip, along with opposition to the existence of Israel. He holds relatively liberal views on the status of women.
Fadl-Allāh was born in the Iraqi Shia shrine city of Najaf on November 16, 1935. His parents, Abdulraouf Fadlullah and al-Hajja Raoufa Hassan Bazzi, had migrated there from the village of 'Aynata in South Lebanon in 1928 to learn theology. By the time of his birth, his father was already a Muslim scholar. 
Fadl-Allāh went first to a traditional school (Kuttāb) to learn the Quran and the basic skills of reading and writing. These schools were run by traditional sheiks and probably left a bad impression on him so Fadl-Allāh soon left and went to a modern school that was established by the publisher Jamiat Muntada Al-Nasher where he remained for two years and studied in the third and fourth elementary classes.
Thus he began studying the religious sciences at a very young age. He started to read the Ajroumiah when he was nine years old, and then he read Qatr al-Nada wa Bal Al-Sada (Ibn Hisham).
He completed Sutouh in which the student reads the book and listens to his teacher’s explanation. He also studied the Arabic language, logic and Jurisprudence, and did not need another teacher until he studied the second part of the course known as Kifayat at Usul which he studied with an Iranian teacher named Sheikh mujtaba Al-Linkarani. He attended the so-called Bahth Al-Kharij in which the teacher does not restrict himself to a certain book but gives more or less free lectures. Fadl-Allāh published a minor periodical before going to Lebanon. He was a gifted and precocious boy: at the tender age of ten, he put out a handwritten literary journal with some of his friends. 
After 21 years of studying under the prominent teachers of the Najaf religious university he concluded his studies in 1966 and returned to Lebanon. He had already visited Lebanon in 1952 where he recited a poem eulogizing Muhsin Al-Amin at his funeral.
In 1966 Fadl-Allāh received an invitation from a group who had established a society called ”Usrat Ataakhi” (The family of Fraternity) to come and live with them in the area of Nabba’a in Eastern Beirut. He agreed, especially as the conditions at Najaf impelled him to leave.
In Naba’a Fadl-Allāh began his work, by organizing cultural seminars and delivering religious speeches that discussed social issues as well.
Nevertheless, Fadl-Allāh’s main concern was to continue to develop his academic work. Thus he founded a religious school called The Islamic Sharia Institute in which several students enrolled who later became prominent religious scholars including Martyr Sheikh Ragib Harb. He also established a public library, a women’s cultural center and a medical clinic.
When the Lebanese civil war forced him to leave the area, he moved to the Southern Suburbs where he started to give priority to teaching and educating the people. He used the mosque as his center for holding daily prayers giving lessons in Qur’anic interpretation, as well as religious and moral speeches, especially on religious occasions such as Ashura. He soon resumed his academic work and began to give daily lessons in Islamic principles, jurisprudence and morals. His students who used to meet him at his house very early in the morning were astonished at his enthusiasm and perseverance.
On 8 March 1985, a car bomb equivalent to 440 lb (200 kg) of dynamite exploded 9-45 metres from his house in Beirut, Lebanon. The blast destroyed a 7 story apartment building, a cinema, killed 80 people and wounded 256. The attack was timed to go off as worshippers were leaving Friday Prayers. Most of the dead were girls and women, who had been leaving the mosque, though the ferocity of the blast "burned babies in their beds," "killed a bride buying her trousseau," and "blew away three children as they walked home from the mosque." It also "devastated the main street of the densely populated" West Beirut suburb.   but Fadl-Allāh escaped injury. One of his bodyguards at the time was Imad Mughniyeh, who was later assassinated in a car-bombing in February 2008.
The assassination attempt was believed by some to have been the work of Israel, or of the CIA, as a response to the Hezbollah bombings of the American embassy and of American and French peacekeeping headquarters in Beirut in October, 1983. 
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In an interview with Al-Manar TV on March 21, 2008 (as translated by the MEMRI), Fadlallah stated that:
"The Hebrew state is preparing to celebrate its 60th anniversary – 60 years since it plundered Palestine - in a festival, which will be attended by the countries of the world, most of which still support the Jewish state and consider the resistance movement to be terrorism. This is what led German Chancellor Merkel to visit that plundering country, which extorted and continues to extort Germany, using as a pretext the German Hitlerist-Nazi past, and the placing of the Jews in a holocaust. Zionism has inflated the number of victims in this holocaust beyond imagination. They say there were six million Jews – not six million, not three million, or anything like that... But the world accepted this [figure], and it does not allow anyone to discuss this."
Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah opposes US foreign policy: "I say that America, in its policy that aspires to impose hegemony on the world is an evil with no good in it." and "After the tragic slaughter in Karbala and Qadhimiyya [suicide bombings], I said that the CIA, which was in Iraq even during the time of the previous regime, as was Israeli intelligence, the Mossad"  In the past he has issued a fatwa forbidding Muslims from helping the USA in its occupation of any Muslim country. Also, he has asked for a boycott of American products.
All American and Israeli goods and products should be boycotted in a way that undermines American and Israeli interests so as to act as deterrence to their war against Muslims and Islam that is being waged under the pretense of fighting terrorism.
This boycott should become an overwhelming trend that makes these two states feel that their economies are in a real and actual danger.
In November 2007 Fadlallah accused the United States of trying to sabotage the elections going on in Lebanon. He stated "The insanity of the US president and its administration is reflected in Lebanon by their ambassador pressuring the Lebanese people and preventing them from reaching an agreement over the presidential election."
Despite his ties with the Islamic Republic of Iran, Fadlallah has distanced himself from Khomeini legacy of Veleyat-e Faqih as theocratic rule by Islamic clerics and now is said to argue that "no Shia religious leader, not even Khomeini ... has a monopoly on the truth." He also first endorsed Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani rather than Ayatollah Ali Khamenei as the marja for Shia in matters of religion, before claiming the role for himself. In an 2009 interview, Fadlallah said that he does not believe wilayat al-faqih has a role in modern Lebanon.
Muhammad Hussein Fadlallah views women as equals to men. He believes that women have just as much of a responsibility towards society as men do. He believes that women should be role models for both men and women.
Muhammad Hussein Fadlallah also believes that women have the same exact ability as men to fight their inner weaknesses. He sees Hijab as something that makes a man see a woman not as a sex object, but instead as a human being. He believes that women should cover their entire body except for their face and hands, and that they should avoid wearing make-up when they go out in public.
Fadlallah has also issued a fatwa on the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women that supports the right of a woman to defend herself against any act of violence whether social or physical. The fatwa reaffirms the rights of women, both at their workplace and at home, and states that Islam forbids men from exercising any form of violence against women and forbids men from depriving women of their legal rights. In his words "physical violence in which women are beaten, proves that these men are weak, for only the weak are in need of unjust violence".
In most cases he is opposed to abortion, however, in some circumstances he views as being permissible. In cases where the women is put in an abnormal amount of danger by the pregnancy, he believes it is permissible to have an abortion.
In addition to the academic work that Mohammad Hussein Fadlallah has done, he has also opened up schools, Islamic centers, and Orphanages.
Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Hussein Fadlallah (born 1935 in Iraq) is one of the most famous Islamic religious leaders in the Middle East. He is one of the highest-ranking Twelver Shi'i religious scholars in Lebanon. He was the target of an assassination in the 1980's.