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Mohammed V of Morocco: Wikis

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Mohammed V of Morocco
King of Morocco
Sultan of Morocco
Emperor of Al Magreb (1957-1958)
Mohammed V Morocco 1957.lowres.jpeg
Sultan Mohammed V of Morocco visiting Lawrence Livermore Lab, United States, in 1957
Reign 1927 - 1961
Born August 10, 1909(1909-08-10)
Birthplace Rabat, Morocco
Died February 26, 1961 (aged 51)
Place of death Rabat, Morocco
Predecessor Yusef
Successor Hassan II
Consort Lalla Bahia (3rd wife)
Royal House Alaouite dynasty
Mohammed V's tomb inside his mausoleum at Rabat, with Hassan II's tomb in the background

Mohammed V (August 10, 1909 – February 26, 1961) (Arabic: محمد الخامس‎) was Sultan of Morocco from 1927 to 1953, exiled from 1953-55, where he was again recognized as Sultan upon his return, and King from 1957 to 1961. His full name was Sidi Mohammed ben Yusef, or Son of (Sultan) Yusef, upon whose death he succeeded to the throne. He was a member of the Alaouite Dynasty.

On August 20, 1953, the French who were occupying Morocco at the time forced Mohammed V and his family into exile on Corsica. A relative of his, Mohammed Ben Aarafa, was placed on the throne.

Mohammed V and his family were then transferred to Madagascar in January 1954. Mohammed V returned from exile on November 16, 1955, again recognized as Sultan after active opposition to the French protectorate. In February 1956 he successfully negotiated with France for the independence of Morocco, and in 1957 took the title of King. He successfully depended on Ahmed Belbachir Haskouri, the right-hand man of the caliph of Spanish Morocco, to facilitate the independence process for Spanish Morocco during his visit to Madrid to sign the independence. The sultan equally depended on Belbachir after independence to administratively absorb the previously separated protectorate-Spanish Morocco.

Contents

Death

He died on February 26, 1961 after a minor operation.[1]

Legacy

The Mohammed V International Airport of Casablanca is named after him, as well as numerous universities and various public spaces across Morocco. There is an Avenue Mohammed V in nearly every Moroccan city.

Among his wives was Lalla Abla bint Tahar, who became the mother of his son and successor Hassan II.

In December, 2007, The Forward reported on a secret diplomatic initiative by the Moroccan government to have Mohammed V admitted to the Righteous Among the Nations.[2]

Honours

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mohammed V of Morocco Dies at 51 After Surgery". New York Times. February 26, 1961. http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F30C13FA3F5D1B728DDDAE0A94DA405B818AF1D3&scp. Retrieved 2008-06-13. "King Mohammed V died today after a minor operation. He was 51 years old and had occupied the throne since 1927."  
  2. ^ An Arab King Righteous Among the Nations?. The Forward, December 12, 2007

External links

Preceded by
Yusef
Sultan of Morocco
1927–1953
Succeeded by
Mohammed Ben Aarafa
Preceded by
Mohammed Ben Aarafa
Sultan of Morocco
1955-1957
Succeeded by
Himself
as King
Preceded by
Himself
as Sultan
King of Morocco
1957–1961
Succeeded by
Hassan II
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