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Mohammédia
The city of flowers
Mohammédia is located in Morocco
Mohammédia
Location in Morocco
Coordinates: 33°41′N 7°23′W / 33.683°N 7.383°W / 33.683; -7.383
Country  Morocco
Region Grand Casablanca
Population (2004)
 - Total 188,619
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 - Summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)

Mohammédia (Arabic: المحمدية, Al-Muhammedia) is a port city on the west coast of Morocco located between Casablanca and Rabat in the region of Greater Casablanca. It hosts the most important oil refinery of Morocco, Samir, which makes it the center of the moroccan petrol. it has a population of 188,619 (2004 census).

Contents

History

The harbour, at what is now Mohammedia, was originally named Fedala (Arabic: فضالة). This name comes from the arabic words Fadl Allah (Arabic: فضل الله) which means "favor of god". Traces still exist of its business role under the Almoravids dinasty. It was frequented in the 14th and 15th centuries by merchant ships from Europe seeking cereals and dried fruits.

In 1773, the Sultan Sidi Mohammed ben Abdallah made of Fedala a grains warehouse of Tamesna province and built the Kasbah to protect the shops for traders. He built the white mosk "Al Atik" as well.

During the precolonial period, competition between the Western powers to ensure the economical exploitation of Africa was behind the merger of Europeans interests in the ports of Morocco. As For The region of Fedala, it has known the arrival of a german family called Mannesmann that acquired a large area of land.

The Treaty of November 4, 1911 between France and Germany on the partition of Africa forced the Mannesmann family to abandon the lands they hold for Georges and Jacques Hersent, two industrials french, who noticed the existence of a natural bay, valuable for the creation of a large port at low cost.

The group Hersent created the Franco-Moroccan company in 1912 and founded the port company in 1914 that took a leading part in the development of Fedala. The rapid growth of the city started around the port, which allowed the development of various industries such as canning fishery products, agro-industry plants, tannery, textile, etc..

The seaside town took shape in 1925 and the Esplanade was built in 1938. The construction of the sea line in 1951 made of Fedala the first and most modern oil port in North Africa.

Fedala was renamed Mohammedia June 25, 1960 in honor of King Muhammad V, the restorer of Moroccan independence, on the occasion of laying the foundation stone of the oil refinery Samir. The new name indicates the modern character of this city. Today, the city serves as both a seaside resort and a manufacturing center.


Mohammédia is also a resort city containing a golf and tennis club, casino and many other activities. In addition, people call it madinate lwouroude wa riyada which means "city of flowers and sports".

Geography

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Location

Mohammedia lies along the Atlantic Ocean 15 miles (24 km) northeast of Casablanca. It's located between the outlets of the rivers Oued El-Maleh and Oued Nfifikh and is bordered by the Atlantic ocean to the north, Ben Slimane Province to the east and south, and the prefecture of Sidi Bernoussi-Zenata to the west.

Climat

Mohammedia has a Mediterranean climate. The moderating effect of the Atlantic ocean influences strongly on the city climate and makes its winter soft and warm, and its summer hot and cool. Mohammedia enjoys plenty of sunshine throughout the year with measurable precipitation annually.

The period of November through April is mild and rainy with average high temperatures of 68–73 °F (20–23 °C) and lows of 48–53 °F (9–12 °C), however temperatures can occasionally drop to around 36 °F (2 °C) in the morning, or be as high as 80 °F (27 °C) for a few days during winter.

The period of May through October is warm to hot and dry with average high temperatures of 74–84 °F (23–29 °C) and lows of 58–66 °F (14–19 °C), but temperatures frequently exceed 90 °F (32 °C) and occasionally reach 104 °F (40 °C).

Most rainfall occurs from November to April. The average of precipitation annualy is around 15.7 inches (~400.00mm). Precipitations are generally light rain showers, but sometimes heavy rainfall and thunderstorms. Snowfall has never occured in the city.

Demographics

The population of Mohammedia is growing at a fast rate. The city, which had a small population of only 500 people in 1914, is currently the home of about 204,000 people. The population of all the prefecture of Mohammedia is estimated at 336,000 inhabitants with an average population density of 12,900 people per square mile (5,000.00/km²). All people of the Moroccan Kingdom are represented in this region. The first inhabitants of the city were the Zenata tribes which only few of them remain, divided territorially between Mohammedia and neighboring prefectures. An other Arab tribe of Mauritania, called Mjedba, setteled between Fedala and Mediouna three centuries ago and are now twice as many as Zenata.

Demographic evolution
1994 2004 2010
170,063 188,619 203,748
1994, 2004 : official census; 2010 : calcul.

Sources : World Gazetter.

Town twinning

External links

Coordinates: 33°41′N 7°23′W / 33.683°N 7.383°W / 33.683; -7.383


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