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Mojave, California
—  CDP  —
Location in Kern County and the state of California
Coordinates: 35°03′09″N 118°10′26″W / 35.0525°N 118.17389°W / 35.0525; -118.17389Coordinates: 35°03′09″N 118°10′26″W / 35.0525°N 118.17389°W / 35.0525; -118.17389
Country United States
State California
County Kern
Government
 - N/A
 - Senate Roy Ashburn (R)
 - Assembly Bill Maze (R)
 - U. S. Congress Kevin McCarthy (R)
Area
 - Total 58.4 sq mi (151.4 km2)
 - Land 58.4 sq mi (151.4 km2)
 - Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation [1] 2,762 ft (842 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 3,836
 Density 65.7/sq mi (25.3/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 93501, 93502, 93519
Area code(s) 661
FIPS code 06-48452
GNIS feature ID 1652752
Mojave, looking east, from 10,000 feet (3,000 m)
The Mojave Airport as viewed from nearby Highway 58

Mojave (formerly, Mohave)[1] is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kern County, California, United States. Mojave is located 50 miles (80 km) east of Bakersfield,[2] at an elevation of 2762 feet (842 m).[1] The population was 3,836 at the 2000 census. The town is located at the southwestern corner of the Mojave Desert, below the Oak Creek Pass. Telephone numbers in Mojave follow the format (661) 824-xxxx and the area includes three postal ZIP Codes.

The city of Mojave began in 1876 as a construction camp on the Southern Pacific Railroad. From 1884 to 1889, the town was the western terminus of the 165-mile (266 km), twenty-mule team borax wagon route originating at Harmony Borax Works in Death Valley. It later served as headquarters for construction of the Los Angeles Aqueduct.[2]

Contents

Aerospace history

Located near Edwards Air Force Base, Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake, and Palmdale Regional Airport, Mojave has a rich aerospace history as well. Its airport used to be a U.S. Marine air base. Besides continuing operating as a small airport, it hosted national air races.[citation needed] The airport is now the home of various aerospace companies and institutions such as Scaled Composites and the civilian National Test Pilot School. The town was home to the Rutan Voyager, the first aircraft to fly around the world nonstop and unrefueled. The airport is also the first inland spaceport in the United States, the Mojave Spaceport, which was the location of the first private spaceflight, the launch of SpaceShipOne on June 21, 2004.

After winning the Ansari X Prize, Burt Rutan quipped that the isolation of the Mojave Desert fosters invention. "Innovation is what we do here," he said, "because there's not much else to do in Mojave".

Court

Kern County - Superior Court- East Kern Division- Mojave (1773 State Highway 58)

Geography

Mojave is located at 35°03′09″N 118°10′26″W / 35.0525°N 118.17389°W / 35.0525; -118.17389.[1] According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 58.5 square miles (151.4 km²), all of it land.

Climate

Mojave has an arid climate with hot summers and cool winters. Average January temperatures are a maximum of 57.8 °F (14.3 °C) and a minimum of 34.3 °F (1.3 °C). Average July temperatures are a maximum of 97.7 °F (36.5 °C) and a minimum of 69.8 °F (21.0 °C). There are an average of 98.0 days with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) and an average of 45.7 days with lows of 32 °F (0 °C). The record high temperature was 118 °F (48 °C) on August 5, 1914. The record low temperature was 8 °F (−13 °C) on December 23, 1990.

Average annual rainfall is 5.96 inches (15.1 cm). There are an average of 22 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1983 with 15.51 inches (39.4 cm) and the driest year was 1942 with .85 inches (2.2 cm). The most rainfall in one month was 6.85 inches (17.4 cm) in February 1998. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 3.00 inches (7.6 cm) on January 30, 1915. Snow is relatively rare in Mojave, averaging 1.7 inches (4.3 cm). The most snowfall in one month was 11.0 inches (28 cm) in February 1911.[3]

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,836 people, 1,408 households, and 940 families residing in the town. The population density was 65.6 people per square mile (25.3/km²). There were 1,806 housing units at an average density of 30.9/sq mi (11.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 67.54% White, 5.58% Black or African American, 1.33% Native American, 2.01% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 18.12% from other races, and 5.29% from two or more races. 28.31% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,408 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.7% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the town .5% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 103.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $24,761, and the median income for a family was $28,496. Males had a median income of $35,476 versus $19,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,477. About 31.7% of families and 36.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.8% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Sources

  • Bailey, Richard C., Kern County Place Names, (Bakersfield, California: Merchant's Printing and Lithography Co., 1967).
  • Beck, Warren A. and Ynez D. Haase, "92: Borax Mines and Roads of the Late 1800s," Historical Atlas of California, (Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1974).
  • United States Postal Service web site, 2006.

References

  1. ^ a b c d U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Mojave, California
  2. ^ a b Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 1074. ISBN 9781884995149. 
  3. ^ http://www.wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ca5756
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

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