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Molecatching is the process of trapping or killing moles in places, notably farms and gardens, where they are considered a threat to crops, yards or gardens.

Contents

History of molecatching

Excavations of Ancient Roman sites have revealed countless earthenware pots that are buried into the ground. It is believed that the pots were filled with water and acted as a trap for moles; it was a simple yet deadly trap, as any mole that would fall into the pot would drown in the water.

As time wore on, traps used to catch and kill moles have become more advanced and complicated. The traps have gone from being earthenware pots to being wood, and eventually steel, traps that were designed to ensnare any mole that passed under them. A popular material for building traps is clay. Clay retains little scent of the human beings that set the trap.

Traditional molecatchers

Traditional molecatchers traveled from farm to farm in order to catch moles. The molecatcher's clients would provide food and lodgings. Also, the molecatcher would be paid for every mole caught; he would earn extra money by selling the moleskins to fur dealers. Also, until quite recently, plumbers used moleskins to “wipe”, or finish, joints in lead piping.

In more modern times (late 19th-early 20th century), British molecatchers were paid over 50p by farmers and gardeners for every mole caught. Fur dealers and plumbers would pay several pence a piece for each of the moleskins.

Modern molecatchers

In recent times, traditional molecatching (such as using clay and steel traps) has given way to the use of poison. Although the usage of poison results in moles dying much more quickly and in greater numbers, ethical and environmental concerns have been raised over poison being an inhumane method of pest control and the possibility of other animals that interact with moles becoming poisoned as well.

Alternative

The mole's status as a hated pest can be resolved in gardens without recourse to molecatchers or poisons or traps. One solution to the visual problem of molehills on lawns is to carefully remove the earth (without damaging the moles' tunnels), allowing the moles to continue their existence in their galleries under the lawn.

Both the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and Natural England do not recommend live relocation. On farms if silage is contaminated with molehill earth this can result in deadly listeria being passed to sheep and cattle. Studies in Europe have shown that widespread field infestations can reduce product yield by up 30%

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