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Momofuku Ando
Born March 5, 1910(1910-03-05)
Chiayi, Taiwan
Died January 5, 2007 (aged 96)
Ikeda, Osaka, Japan
Known for Inventor of instant noodles

Momofuku Ando (安藤 百福 Andō Momofuku?), ORS, (March 5, 1910 – January 5, 2007) was the Taiwanese-Japanese businessman who founded Nissin Food Products Co., Ltd. He is famed as the inventor of instant noodles and cup noodles.

Contents

Early life

Ando was born Wu Pai-fu (traditional Chinese: 吳百福simplified Chinese: 吴百福pinyin: Wú BǎifúWade-Giles: Wu Pai-fu; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Gô Pek-hok) into a wealthy Taiwanese family in Chiayi, Taiwan in 1910, when Taiwan was a part of the Empire of Japan. Ando's parents died when he was at an early age. He was raised by his grandparents in Tainan, Taiwan.[citation needed] His grandparents owned a small textiles store, which inspired him to start his own textiles company using 190,000 yen, at the age of 22, in Eirakuchō (Chinese: 永樂町), Taipei. In 1933, Ando travelled to Osaka, Japan on business. After World War II, Ando became a Japanese citizen and moved to Japan, where he entered Ritsumeikan University and at the same time founded a small merchandising firm in Osaka with the inheritance from his family.

He was convicted of tax evasion in 1948 and served two years in jail. In his biography, Ando says he had provided scholarships for students, which at the time was a form of tax evasion. After he lost his company due to a chain reaction bankruptcy, Ando founded what was to become Nissin in Ikeda, Osaka, Japan, starting off as a small family-run company producing salt.

Development of instant noodles

With Japan still suffering from a shortage of food in the post-war era, the Ministry of Health tried to encourage people to eat bread made from wheat flour that was supplied by the United States. Ando wondered why bread was recommended instead of noodles, which were more familiar to Japanese people. The Ministry's response was that noodle companies were too small and unstable to satisfy supply needs, so Ando decided to develop the production of noodles by himself. The experience convinced him that "Peace will come to the world when the people have enough to eat."[1]

Chikin Ramen

On August 25, 1958, at the age of 48, and after months of trial and error experimentation to perfect his flash-frying method, Ando marketed the first package of precooked instant noodles. Called Chikin Ramen (チキンラーメン?), after the original chicken flavour, it was originally considered a luxury item with a price of ¥35,[2] around six times that of traditional udon and soba noodles at the time. Ando began the sales of his most famous product, Cup Noodles on September 18, 1971 with the masterstroke of providing a waterproof polystyrene container.[3] As prices dropped, ramen soon became a booming business. Worldwide demand reached 98 billion servings in 2007.[4] As of 2007, Chikin Ramen is still sold in Japan and now retails for around ¥60, or approximately one third the price of the cheapest bowl of noodles in a Japanese restaurant.

In 1964, seeking a way to promote the instant noodle industry, Ando founded the Instant Food Industry Association, which set guidelines for fair competition and product quality, introducing several industry standards such as the inclusion of production dates on packaging. He was also the chairman of the International Ramen Manufacturers' Association and the Momofuku Ando Instant Ramen Museum is named for him.

According to the Financial Times, Ando’s invention of Cup Noodles in 1971, at the age of 61, helped spark the popularity of instant noodles overseas. He had observed that Americans ate noodles by breaking the noodles in half, putting them into a cup, and dousing hot water over the noodles. They also ate them with a fork instead of chopsticks. Ando was inspired, and felt that a Styrofoam cup—with a narrower bottom than the top—would be the ideal vessel for holding noodles and keeping them warm. Eating the noodles would then be as easy as opening the lid, adding hot water and waiting. This simplicity, efficiency and low price of Cup Noodles went on to transform Nissin's fortunes.[5]

Ando was repeatedly honored with medals by the Japanese government and the emperor, including The Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star, Second Class, in 2002 which is the second most prestigious Japanese decoration for Japanese civilians.

In May 2009, Gotham Books published The Ramen King and I: How the Inventor of Instant Noodles Fixed My Love Life[6], a memoir by Andy Raskin about how Momofuku Ando changed his life.

Death

Ando died on January 5, 2007 of hepatitis in Ikeda, Osaka Prefecture at the age of 96[7]. Ando was survived by his wife Masako, two sons and a daughter. Ando claimed that the secrets of his health were playing golf and eating Chikin Ramen almost every day. He was said to have eaten Ramen until the day before he died.[8][9]

References

External links

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Simple English

Momofuku Ando
Born March 5, 1910(1910-03-05)
Chiayi, Taiwan, File:Merchant flag of Japan (1870).svg Empire of Japan
Died January 05, 2007 (aged 96)
Ikeda, Osaka Prefecture, Japan

Momofuku Ando (安藤百福 Andō Momofuku?), born Gô Peh-hok (吳百福) in Taiwanese (March 5, 1910 - January 5, 2007) was the founder and chairman of Nissin Food Products Co., Ltd., and the inventor of the modern instant noodle, ramen.

Ando was born to Taiwanese parents in Kagi (currently Chiayi), Taiwan and grew up an orphan in Tainan City. In 1948, Momofuku Ando founded what was to become Nissin in Ikeda, Osaka, Japan. It was a small family-run company at first.

On August 25, 1958, at the age of 48, and after months of trial and error experimentation, Ando announced that he had finally perfected his flash-frying method and therefore invented the instant noodle. Called Chikin Ramen, after the original flavour, it was originally considered a luxury food item as it cost around six times that of traditional non-instant udon and soba noodles. Ando began sales of the Cup noodles on September 18, 1971. As prices dropped, ramen soon became a booming business. An estimated 70 billion servings were sold in 2004.

In 1964, looking for a way to promote the instant noodle industry, Ando founded the Instant Food Industry Association which set guidelines for fair competition and product quality, introducing several industry standards such as the inclusion of production dates on packaging. The Momofuku Ando Instant Ramen Museum is named after Ando.

Ando was also the chairman of the International Ramen Manufacturers’ Association. He died on January 5, 2007 of heart failure in Osaka Prefecture at the age of 96. [1][2]


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