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Monarchies in Africa: Wikis


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There are presently 13 monarchies in Africa; that is: self-governing states, territories, or nations on the continent of Africa where supreme power resides with an individual, who is recognised as the head of state. All are similar in that the sovereign inherits his or her office and usually keeps it until death or abdication. However, only four are sovereign, while the remaining nine are sub-national monarchies. Of the former, three are constitutional monarchies, wherein the sovereign is bound by laws and customs in the exercise of their powers, and one is an absolute monarchy, wherein the sovereign rules without bounds; currently three of these monarchies are independent states, while the remaining one is a dependency of a European monarchy. Those monarchies that are sub-national in nature are not sovereign, and exist within a larger political associations.


Current monarchies

State Dependency Succession Monarch Reign since Heir apparent
Lesotho Lesotho Kingdom; constitutional Elective Letsie III 12 November 1990 Unknown
Morocco Morocco Kingdom; constitutional Agnatic primogeniture Mohammed VI 23 July 1999 Moulay Hassan, Crown Prince of Morocco
Swaziland Swaziland Kingdom; absolute Elective Mswati III 25 April 1986 Unknown
Territory Type Succession Monarch Reign since Heir apparent
Canary Islands Canary Islands
(Kingdom of Spain)
Autonomous community Cognatic primogeniture Juan Carlos 22 November 1975 Felipe, Prince of Asturias
Ceuta Ceuta
(Kingdom of Spain)
Autonomous community Cognatic primogeniture Juan Carlos 22 November 1975 Felipe, Prince of Asturias
Melilla Melilla
(Kingdom of Spain)
Autonomous community Cognatic primogeniture Juan Carlos 22 November 1975 Felipe, Prince of Asturias
Saint Helena Saint Helena including Tristan da Cunha and Ascension Island
(United Kingdom)
British overseas territory Male primogeniture[N 1] Elizabeth II 6 February 1952 Charles, Prince of Wales[1]
Nation[N 2] Type Succession Monarch Reign since Heir apparent
(South Africa)
Sub-national monarchy Cognatic primogeniture Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu 17 September 1968 Misuzulu Zulu
Flag of Ashanti.svg Ashanti
Sub-national monarchy Elective Otumfuo Nana Osei Tutu II 26 April 1999 Unknown
Flag of Barotseland.png Barotseland
Sub-national monarchy Cognatic primogeniture Lubosi II October 2000
Flag of Buganda.svg Buganda
Sub-national monarchy Elective Muwenda Mutebi II 31 July 1993 Unknown
Flag of Bunyoro, Uganda.svg Bunyoro
Sub-national monarchy Iguru I 1994
Flag of Busoga, Uganda.svg Busoga
Sub-national monarchy Elective TBA Unknown
Sub-national monarchy Cognatic primogeniture Ado Bayero October 1963
Flag of Katanga 1960-1963.PNG Kanongesha-Lunda
(Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Zambia)
Sub-national monarchy Cognatic primogeniture Mbumb II Muteb 1997
Flag of Toro, Uganda.svg Toro Kingdom
Sub-national monarchy Cognatic primogeniture Rukidi IV 5 September 1995 TBA

Former Commonwealth realms

Former monarchies


Pre-colonial Africa

20th century


  1. ^ Equal primogeniture is being considered.
  2. ^ Nation here refers to the more strict usage of the word, meaning a body of people or a community. The monarchies in this column are all sub-national monarchies, and do not constitute sovereign states.


  1. ^ Pierce, Andrew (24 December 2005). "Call me George, suggests Charles". The Times.,,2-1958477,00.html. Retrieved 2006-08-04.  


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