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A monarchy is a form of government in which supreme power is absolutely or nominally lodged with an individual, who is the head of state, often for life or until abdication, and "is wholly set apart from all other members of the state."[1] The person who heads a monarchy is called a monarch. .It was a common form of government in the world during ancient and medieval times.^ We are then dumbstruck, when the proposition redrew the categories of the world’s previous and current form of government and created a category of a Democratic yet Dictatorship country.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He has been working on a “one world government” and a “one world church” for a long time.
  • L. Gassmann Europe - a dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.l-gassmann.de [Source type: Original source]

^ But, for the first time in my life, I think the formation of some sort of world government is plausible.

.There is no clear definition of monarchy.^ There is no other justification for Monarchy!
  • Iran Politics Club Forum :: View topic - Monarchy or Republic? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.iranpoliticsclub.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Either way, there will be no room in the future of Iran for monarchy and monarchists, because they have been dead for 28 years, they just dont know it yet!
  • Iran Politics Club Forum :: View topic - Monarchy or Republic? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.iranpoliticsclub.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Pez Dispens3r wrote: Sharlos wrote: Except a monarchy is such an outdated and tired concept, especially when there are no obvious benefits to Australia.
  • xkcd • View topic - Should Australia become a republic? 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC forums.xkcd.com [Source type: Original source]

.Holding unlimited political power in the state is not the defining characteristic, as many constitutional monarchies such as the United Kingdom and Thailand are considered monarchies.^ The constitution of the United States, art.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Article 1, Section 8 of the the United States Constitution states, in part, that the Congress will have the power: .
  • Daily Kos: A Little Bit of Monarchy 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A Republic has only difficult ideas in government; a Constitutional Monarchy has an easy idea too; it has a comprehensible element for the vacant many, as well as complex laws and notions for the inquiring few."
  • Diana, the Monarchy and the Crisis in Britain 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.marxist.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hereditary rule is often a common characteristic, but elective monarchies are also considered monarchies (the pope, sovereign of the Vatican City State, is elected by the College of Cardinals) and some states have hereditary rulers, but are considered republics (such as the stadtholder of the Dutch Republic, or the Great Council of Chiefs in Fiji).^ The Queen could suspend parliament and rule through the Privy Council, an organ of state which is not often referred to, but prefers to remain in the shadows - until a "national emergency" gives it the green light to show its real face.
  • Diana, the Monarchy and the Crisis in Britain 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.marxist.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some say the state, or the party, or the people, or the common good, or the public interest, or the volk.
  • What does 'totalitarian' actually mean? | Samizdata.net 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.samizdata.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Unfortunately, when monarchy is overthrown, the republics that take over quite often clear the way for tyranny and oppression.

[1] A 1914 edition of Bouvier's Law Dictionary states that "Monarchy is contradistinguished from republic," and gives this definition:
.
'I cannot find any better definition of monarchy than what this is: a monarchy is the government which is ruled by one person, who is wholly set apart from all other members of the state's (called his subjects); while we call republic that government in which not only there exists an organism by which the opinion of the people, or of a portion of the people (as in aristocracies), passes over into public will, that is, law, but in which also the supreme power, or the executive power, returns, either periodically or at stated times (where the chief magistracy is for life), to the people, or a portion of the people, to be given anew to another person; or else, that government in which the hereditary portion (if there be any) is not the chief and leading portion of the government, as was the case in the Netherlands.'^ And what do the rulers call one another in other States?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]
  • Plato: Republic: Book V 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We are for abolishing a situation in which there are dictatorships, in which one class rules over another.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ All persons holding the nationality of the People's Republic of China are citizens of the People's Republic of China.
  • Selected Legal Provisions of the People's Republic of China Affecting Criminal Justice 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.cecc.gov [Source type: Original source]

[1]
.Currently, 44 nations in the world have monarchs as heads of state, 16 of which are Commonwealth realms that recognise Queen Elizabeth II as their head of state.^ The Queen is Head of the Commonwealth to 50 countries and she is also Head of State to 15 of those countries.

^ Member countries of the Commonwealth can therefore have different constitutions - a republic with a president as Head of State, an indigenous monarchy (Lesotho, Malaysia, Swaziland, Tonga, Brunei - a sultanate, Western Samoa - an elected Paramount Chieftaincy), or a realm - whilst recognising The Queen as Head of the Commonwealth.

^ In the first one he says: (1) recognises and respects the historical role played by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II and her predecessors in the government of New South Wales and the Commonwealth of Australia; He therefore recognises the role the constitutional monarchy has played in the growth of this nation.
  • Constitutional Monarchy - 07/05/1992 - NSW Parliament 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.parliament.nsw.gov.au [Source type: Original source]

     Absolute monarchy     Semi-constitutional monarchy     Constitutional monarchy     States in personal union with a constitutional monarch, such as many Commonwealth realms     Subnational monarchies (partial)

Contents

Etymology

.The word monarch (Latin: monarcha) comes from the Greek μονάρχης (from μόνος, "one/singular," and ἄρχων, "leader/ruler/chief") which referred to a single, at least nominally absolute ruler.^ One of the two main definitions associated with the concept of dictatorship refers to a single person, or a small group of people, controlling the government of a country.

^ Modern physicists agree on at least one very important matter: their object of study is not the single entity, but an array of figures displayed in an uncertain number of dimensions.
  • Totalitarian science of quantum wholeness -- David Bohm: Krishnamurti orCusa 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.heaven-words.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Hungary there are four archdioceses of the Latin Rite , with 17 suffragan dioceses ; and one archdiocese of the Greek Rite , with six suffragan dioceses , making altogether 28 sees .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Austro-Hungarian Monarchy 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

.With time, the word has been succeeded in this meaning by others, such as autocrat or dictator.^ Words evolve in meaning with the passage of time.
  • The American Spectator : Totalitarian Sentimentality 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC spectator.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These words and phrases (in Hebrew pershar in the singular, persharim in the plural) had the same meaning each time they were used.
  • Dragon Society - Real History, Dragon Philosophy and The Importance of Royal Bloodlines 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.bibliotecapleyades.net [Source type: Original source]

^ "Individualism" means the absence of such communal thinking or the striving to abandon it; the word has an extremely negative connotation.
  • Mikhail Epstein 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.emory.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In modern use the word monarch generally is used when referring to a traditional system of hereditary rule, with elective monarchies often considered as exceptions.^ What monarchs are exceptions to this charac teristic of monarchy?
  • Monarchy in Action 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.ranumspanat.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Words that are used seem strangely unrelated to their actual meanings, until, perhaps, we consider how certain terms have come into the English language.
  • Dragon Society - Real History, Dragon Philosophy and The Importance of Royal Bloodlines 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.bibliotecapleyades.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The thing I like about our monarchy is that both the Monarch and the Vice-Regal representative don't generally aspire to the position.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Characteristics and role

A 19th century portrayal of Emperor Jinmu, the first Emperor of Japan.
Today, the extent of a monarch's powers varies:
.
  • In an absolute monarchy, the monarch rules as an autocrat, with absolute power over the state and government—for example, the right to rule by decree, promulgate laws, and impose punishments.^ And the government is the ruling power in each state?
    • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ To suggestions that the Government’s acts exceeded last week even the broad powers conferred on Chancellor Hitler by President von Hindenburg’s Decree for the Protection of the People and the State, Dr. Goebbels snorted: “A government conscious of its own responsibility must also know how to break the fetters of the law!” .
    • Sadly, No! » Goldberg Ad Astra (Pt. II) 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.sadlyno.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ While failing in some respects to adequately protect human rights, the new constitution doesn't do enough to prohibit Taliban and other war criminals from keeping or winning government posts, and using them to impose fundamentalist rule.
    • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

    .Absolute monarchies are not necessarily authoritarian; the enlightened absolutists of the Age of Enlightenment were monarchs who allowed various freedoms.
  • In a limited monarchy (Charte or Octroi) , it is another form of monarchy in the early stage of constitutional monarchy when the constitution not yet formulated.^ This is, in another form, an absolute denial of the power of the veto.

    ^ Leaving the powers of the Head of State in the same form as are presently set out in the Constitution and formulating the relevant constitutional conventions in an authoritative written form, but not as part of the Constitution.

    ^ All authoritarians limit freedom, and yet the anarcho-libertarian extremes are simply unworkable.
    • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

    .The monarch has limited political power under a rule of law.
  • In a constitutional monarchy (Pacte), the monarch is largely a ceremonial figurehead subject to a constitution.^ Under a constitutional monarchy, where the monarch is traditionally powerless, you get that ambiguity.
    • xkcd • View topic - Should Australia become a republic? 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC forums.xkcd.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ As a constitutional monarch, she is politically neutral and by convention her role is largely ceremonial.
    • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ For one thing, the POLITICAL POWER of the Monarch is powerfully limited by Parliament.
    • xkcd • View topic - Should Australia become a republic? 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC forums.xkcd.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Sovereignty rests formally with and is carried out in name of The Crown, but politically rests with the people (electorate), as represented by the parliament or other legislature.^ You also seem to think that people are unable to be polite to each other without the law getting involved.
    • Is Britain the world's first politically correct totalitarian state? – Telegraph Blogs 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The state develops educational facilities of various types in order to wipe out illiteracy and provide political, cultural, scientific, technical and professional education for workers, peasants, state functionaries and other working people.
    • Selected Legal Provisions of the People's Republic of China Affecting Criminal Justice 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.cecc.gov [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The policy [in point b] of rely[ing] on imperialist aid to carry out aggression against other nations and [to] oppress them is the policy of Soviet Revisionism today.
    • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

    .Constitutional monarchs have limited political power, and are constituted by tradition and precedent, popular opinion, or by legal codes or statutes.^ The role of a Constitutional Monarch is that of a legal entity.
    • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ If the monarch exercises that legal power, a constitutional crisis develops.
    • xkcd • View topic - Should Australia become a republic? 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC forums.xkcd.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ For one thing, the POLITICAL POWER of the Monarch is powerfully limited by Parliament.
    • xkcd • View topic - Should Australia become a republic? 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC forums.xkcd.com [Source type: Original source]

    .They serve as symbols of continuity and the state and carry out largely ceremonial functions.^ Will they not think this a hardship?’ You should remember that our purpose in framing the State was not that our citizens should do what they like, but that they should serve 520 the State for the common good of all.
    • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Strikingly, however, it added that even if countries reached agreement on the depth of the cuts necessary to their budgets, they could face difficulties in carrying out the cuts.

    ^ As large-scale protests became more common, the state's security agencies began to carry out mass arrests.
    • Under the Dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hartford-hwp.com [Source type: Original source]

    .Still, many constitutional monarchs retain certain privileges (inviolability, sovereign immunity, an official residence) and powers (to grant pardons, to appoint titles of nobility).^ The Constitution prohibits the federal government and states from granting titles of nobility.
    • The Missing Thirteenth Amendment 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.thirdamendment.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Constitution, depriving foreigners of the right of franchise and abrogating the existing House of Nobles, at the same time giving her the power of appointing a new House.
    • Was the 1893 overthrow of the monarchy illegal? Was it a theft of a nation owned by kanaka maoli and stolen by non-kanaka maoli? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ [The purpose of the prohibition on titles of nobility in the state constitution] is to preserve the equality of citizens in respect to their public and private rights.
    • The Missing Thirteenth Amendment 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.thirdamendment.com [Source type: Original source]

    Additionally, some monarchs retain reserve powers, such as to dismiss a prime minister, refuse to dissolve parliament, or withhold Royal Assent to legislation, effectively vetoing it.
.Most states only have a single monarch at any given time, although two monarchs have ruled simultaneously in some countries (diarchy), as in the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta, and there are examples of joint sovereignty of spouses or relatives (such as William and Mary in the Kingdoms of England and Scotland).^ There is only One Sovereign, the state.
  • The Church and Totalitarian Democracy (1952) 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC woodstock.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Theodore Harvey gives a good example of modern day treasonous behavior on the part of elected officials in Europe: Elected leaders in Europe have for some time now been primarily occupied with plans to erode their nations sovereignty with European unification and their cultural harmony with mass immigration, a dual betrayal which never would have been contemplated in the days when the monarchs were in charge and on which the populations of most countries have never been allowed to vote.

^ Because the fact that some republics (Netherlands, ancient Rome, pre-unified Italy per your examples) were also overturned doesn't speak whatsoever to a hypothetical resistivity inherent in a constitutional monarch.
  • xkcd • View topic - Should Australia become a republic? 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC forums.xkcd.com [Source type: Original source]

[2]
A regent may rule when the monarch is a minor, absent, or debilitated.
.Monarchy, especially absolute monarchy, sometimes is linked to religious aspects; many monarchs once claimed the right to rule by the will of a deity (Divine Right of Kings, Mandate of Heaven), a special connection to a deity (sacred king) or even purported to be divine kings, or incarnations of deities themselves (imperial cult).^ For once I absolutely voted for the right party.
  • MEP Reprimanded For Exposing EU Dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ As the League's historians have written of its values as imperial loyalists: 'The links with Britain and the symbols of loyalty-monarchy, flag, and anthem-are to be defended and sustained'.
  • From Constitutional Convention to Republic Referendum: A Guide to the Processes, the Issues and the Participants (Research Paper 25 1998-99) 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.aph.gov.au [Source type: Original source]

^ Many of us – including devout Christians eg Simon Hughes and Steve Webb – are just against state-sponsored religion and special religious privileges.
  • Is Britain the world's first politically correct totalitarian state? – Telegraph Blogs 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.In Islam, a caliph is a head of state who is both a temporal leader (of the caliphate, Islamic state) and a religious one (leader of the Ummah, community of believers).^ Australian Head of State who is both the head of government as well as the Head of State.

^ Still, no one in the UN or so called international community has pressed for removing the US from the Security Council or prosecuting its leaders for war crimes.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Well, some observers believe that the separation-of-church-and-state police (the ACLU) are more tolerant of Islam than of Christianity.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - HRW's Whitson Defends Fundraising in Totalitarian Countries: 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many monarchs have been styled Fidei defensor (Defender of the Faith); some hold official positions relating to the state religion or established church.^ Well, some observers believe that the separation-of-church-and-state police (the ACLU) are more tolerant of Islam than of Christianity.
  • The Volokh Conspiracy - HRW's Whitson Defends Fundraising in Totalitarian Countries: 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC volokh.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Many of us – including devout Christians eg Simon Hughes and Steve Webb – are just against state-sponsored religion and special religious privileges.
  • Is Britain the world's first politically correct totalitarian state? – Telegraph Blogs 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ The second problem is the State willingness to contravene the private practice of religion in order establish some other desired good.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

.Monarchs have various titles, including king or queen, prince or princess (Sovereign Prince of Monaco), emperor or empress (Emperor of Japan, Emperor of India), or even duke or grand duke (Grand Duke of Luxembourg) or duchess.^ There is no such thing as a king, queen, prince or princess.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Clovis was offered the title of Holy Roman emperor , and therefore did not become king.
  • Dragon Society - Real History, Dragon Philosophy and The Importance of Royal Bloodlines 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.bibliotecapleyades.net [Source type: Original source]

^ These three proposals were identical even though the titles varied.
  • From Constitutional Convention to Republic Referendum: A Guide to the Processes, the Issues and the Participants (Research Paper 25 1998-99) 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.aph.gov.au [Source type: Original source]

Many monarchs also are distinguished by styles, such as "Majesty", "Royal Highness" or "By the Grace of God."
Monarchs often take part in certain ceremonies, such as a coronation.
.Monarchies are associated with political or sociocultural hereditary rule, in which monarchs rule for life (although some monarchs do not hold lifetime positions, such as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, who serves a five-year term) and pass the responsibilities and power of the position to their children or family when they die.^ I was not reflecting on the monarchy, I was reflecting on the position of the monarch.
  • Constitutional Monarchy - 07/05/1992 - NSW Parliament 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.parliament.nsw.gov.au [Source type: Original source]

^ The term of office is five years.
  • From Constitutional Convention to Republic Referendum: A Guide to the Processes, the Issues and the Participants (Research Paper 25 1998-99) 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.aph.gov.au [Source type: Original source]

^ In constitutional monarchies the Sovereign acting as the hereditary Supreme Head of State effectively separates the power from the glory as "no politician or political party can seize control of the State, because it is permanently vested in a neutral monarch - one who succeeds to that role by an accident of birth into the Royal Family."

.Most monarchs, both historically and in the modern day, have been born and brought up within a royal family, the center of the royal household and court.^ For children can only be brought up in families.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ At its most royal and courtly, this policy brought the nieces of royal ministers into the highest aristocratic families.
  • Monarchy in Action 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.ranumspanat.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The first three parts of this article have briefly outlined the historical development of the class struggles up to present-day bourgeois society.
  • Force, violence and dictatorship in the class struggle 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.sinistra.net [Source type: Original source]

.Growing up in a royal family (when present for several generations it may be called a dynasty), and future monarchs were often trained for the responsibilities of expected future rule.^ We have no gripe with our Monarch specifically or our Royal Family in general.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instead hey are presented with "choices" from a menu every dish of which is cooked up by the corporate ruling class.
  • Phil Hall: Could Britain become a dictatorship? | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.guardian.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

^ Is not this an enquiry which may be expected to throw light on the greater enquiry which is our final end—How do justice and injustice grow up in States?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Different systems of succession have been used, such as proximity of blood, primogeniture, and agnatic seniority (Salic law).^ I believe this constitutes a 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law.
  • Anarchy at Sea - William Langewiesche 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC www.wesjones.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Such differences commonly originate in a disagreement about the use of the terms ‘mine’ and ‘not mine,’ ‘his’ and ‘not his.’ .
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Such differences commonly originate in a disagreement about the use of the terms "mine" and "not mine," "his" and "not his."
  • Plato: Republic: Book V 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

.While traditionally most modern monarchs have been male, many female monarchs also have ruled in history; the term queen regnant may refer to a ruling monarch, while a queen consort may refer to the wife of a reigning king.^ The wife of the reigning King shall have the royal title of Queen of Cambodia.
  • Royal Cambodian Embassy in Washington, DC - Constitution 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.embassy.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Many, if not most, modern secessionists are libertarians.

^ It is therefore suggested that Agatha may have been the wife of Guillaume [II], although it is possible that the entry refers to an altogether different Guillaume and his wife.
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

.Form of governments may be hereditary without being considered monarchies, such as that of family dictatorships.^ Monarchy is the best form of government..
  • Is Democracy a superior form of government? - Religion & Politics - General Discussion - MMORPG.com Forums 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We are then dumbstruck, when the proposition redrew the categories of the world’s previous and current form of government and created a category of a Democratic yet Dictatorship country.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A form of government in which absolute power is concentrated in a dictator or a small clique, dictatorships are subject to retaliatory actions.
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

[3] or .political families in many democracies.^ Might many of the soldiers and officers be alienated from the regime for personal, family, or political reasons?
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

[4]
.Some monarchies are non-hereditary.^ Many non-natives favored the overthrow, but some supported the monarchy.
  • Was the 1893 overthrow of the monarchy illegal? Was it a theft of a nation owned by kanaka maoli and stolen by non-kanaka maoli? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Original source]

.In an elective monarchy, the monarch is elected, but otherwise serves as any other monarch.^ The European monarchies did not fight each other, even when the monarchs were relies?
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Historical examples of elective monarchy include the Holy Roman Emperors (chosen by prince-electors, but often coming from the same dynasty), and the free election of kings of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.^ So basing a government off of this, you would have an a King/Emperor who is elected by the "prince electors" (as in the Holy Roman Empire) who has absolute power...
  • Is Democracy a superior form of government? - Religion & Politics - General Discussion - MMORPG.com Forums 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Clovis was offered the title of Holy Roman emperor , and therefore did not become king.
  • Dragon Society - Real History, Dragon Philosophy and The Importance of Royal Bloodlines 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.bibliotecapleyades.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Is it a wonder that such people fear a reformation and a free council, and prefer to set all kings and princes at enmity rather than have them unite and bring about a council?
  • Martin Luther - Biography of Martin Luther 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.andrewgupta.com [Source type: Original source]

.Modern examples include the pope of the Roman Catholic Church (who rules as Sovereign of the Vatican City State and is elected to a life term by the College of Cardinals) and the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.^ Beware, the Roman catholic church is NOT Christian!
  • MEP Reprimanded For Exposing EU Dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This principle includes the Catholic Church.
  • The Church and Totalitarian Democracy (1952) 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC woodstock.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Pope Benedict’s Catholic Church and many Protestant evangelical sects are strongest in the Third World.
  • The Totalitarian Temptation and all that — Crooked Timber 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC crookedtimber.org [Source type: Original source]

.Monarchies have existed throughout the world, although in recent centuries many states have abolished the monarchy and become republics.^ Retain the Monarchy or become a Republic?
  • From Constitutional Convention to Republic Referendum: A Guide to the Processes, the Issues and the Participants (Research Paper 25 1998-99) 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.aph.gov.au [Source type: Original source]

^ The Revolution of 1911, led by Dr Sun Yat-sen, abolished the feudal monarchy and gave birth to the Republic of China.
  • Selected Legal Provisions of the People's Republic of China Affecting Criminal Justice 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.cecc.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Although this is a minimalist defence of the monarchy and is not the sole basis of my own view, it does thrust a heavy onus on those wanting to change to establish a clear national benefit in becoming a republic.

.Advocacy of republics is called republicanism, while advocacy of monarchies is called monarchism.^ It would thus appear that the freedom of a monarchy depends on the monarch, just as the freedom of a republic depends upon the public.
  • xkcd • View topic - Should Australia become a republic? 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC forums.xkcd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If you're going to argue that monarchies are better than republics for respecting the rights of minorities, you're going to have to imply that the monarch is capable of using their power for good and not evil.
  • xkcd • View topic - Should Australia become a republic? 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC forums.xkcd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ He is the author of the classic text on Australian republican government, Monarchy to Republic: Australian Republican Government (1986).
  • From Constitutional Convention to Republic Referendum: A Guide to the Processes, the Issues and the Participants (Research Paper 25 1998-99) 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.aph.gov.au [Source type: Original source]

The principal advantage of hereditary monarchy is the immediate continuity of leadership, usually with a short interregnum (as seen in the classic phrase "The King is dead. Long live the King!").
.In some cases monarchs are dependent on other powers (see vassals, suzerainty, puppet state, hegemony).^ This may be the state which the reason deliberately approves, and which the utilitarian as well as every other moralist may be bound in certain cases to prefer.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Some conservatives, it appears, favor a little bit of monarchical powers for the President.
  • Daily Kos: A Little Bit of Monarchy 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The monarchical elements executive power of a absolute/monarchical kind is vested formally in the Sovereign who is embodiment of the State/Crown and actually in ministers technically appointed by the Crown; the power of the Crown (ie.

.In the British colonial era indirect rule under a paramount power existed, such as princely state under the British Raj.^ And the government is the ruling power in each state?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Under the power of international treaty, British law is superseded by European law.

^ And the state which corresponds to the single form of virtue is that which we have been describing, wherein reason rules under one of two names—monarchy and aristocracy.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.In other cases the monarch's power is limited, not due to constitutional restraints, but to effective military rule.^ When the Communists realized that these groups had changed the power realities, Solidarity was again banned and the Communists resorted to military rule.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Privy Council shall have such powers and duties as may be conferred or imposed upon it by or under this Constitution or any other law.
  • JAMAICA: Constitution of 1962 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Bush has staked a claim to powers that are not supported by the Constitution, statute, or case law.
  • Daily Kos: A Little Bit of Monarchy 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.In the late Roman Empire, the Praetorian Guard several times deposed Roman Emperors and installed new emperors.^ So basing a government off of this, you would have an a King/Emperor who is elected by the "prince electors" (as in the Holy Roman Empire) who has absolute power...
  • Is Democracy a superior form of government? - Religion & Politics - General Discussion - MMORPG.com Forums 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: Original source]

^ My 40th great-grandfather Charlemagne (Carolus Magnus) First Emperor of Holy Roman Empire (724-814) .
  • Royal Ancestors of Thomas Knowlton Gibson 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC goose.ycp.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It was taken from the emperor at Constantinople, and the name and title were given to us Germans, and therewith we became subject to the Pope, and he has built up a new Roman empire on the Germans.
  • Modern History Sourcebook: Martin Luther (1483-1546): Address To The Nobility ofthe German Nation, 1520 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The Hellenistic kings of Macedon and of Epirus were elected by the army, which was similar in composition to the ecclesia of democracies, the council of all free citizens; military service often was linked with citizenship among the male members of the royal house.^ The State shall provide free primary and secondary education to all citizens in public schools.
  • Royal Cambodian Embassy in Washington, DC - Constitution 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.embassy.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Plus, boat yards that care for our boats often have all their customers needing the same services at the same time in an environment where very few boats are similar, making every effort a custom job.
  • Sailing Anarchy Home Page - Page2RSS 10 February 2010 11:17 UTC page2rss.com [Source type: General]

^ The Supreme Council of the Magistracy shall make proposals to the King on the appointment of judges and prosecutors to all courts.
  • Royal Cambodian Embassy in Washington, DC - Constitution 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.embassy.org [Source type: Original source]

.Military domination of the monarch has occurred in modern Thailand and in medieval Japan (where a hereditary military chief, the shogun was the de facto ruler, although the Japanese emperor nominally ruled).^ In October 1937, the Imperial General Headquarters was established on the palace grounds so that Emperor Hirohito, commander in chief, could fully direct joint military activities between the conscription-based Japanese Army and Navy.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Legislate in or modernise the protocol and rules regarding the title, styles and precedence of the Governor-General to give full effect to the reality of the occupant of this position being de facto the Head of State.

^ The whole concept of an aristocratic elite elevated above the general populace which is dominated by the ruling monarch is also absurdly anachronistic.
  • Constitutional Monarchy - 07/05/1992 - NSW Parliament 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.parliament.nsw.gov.au [Source type: Original source]

.In Fascist Italy the Savoy monarchy under King Victor Emmanuel III coexisted with the Fascist single-party rule of Benito Mussolini; Romania under the Iron Guard and Greece during the Axis occupation were much the same way.^ But the significant fact is that it is a subversive act in Iran, under the rule of what our comrades in the Communist Party of Iran (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist) call the "filthy Mullahs."
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Party also acts in fascist ways when elected to the Presidency, and both parties are corporatist; fascism to profit corporate elites and the wealthy shareholders.
  • Gore Vidal: ‘We’ll Have a Dictatorship Soon in the US’ | CommonDreams.org 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.commondreams.org [Source type: General]

^ The Jews view the breaking of racial bonds of attraction in much the same way they approach the splitting of the atom.
  • Creators of the atomic bomb: debasing nuclear power into a totalitarian order in the new world 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.heaven-words.com [Source type: Original source]

.Spain under Francisco Franco was officially a monarchy, although there was no monarch on the throne.^ There is no other justification for Monarchy!
  • Iran Politics Club Forum :: View topic - Monarchy or Republic? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.iranpoliticsclub.net [Source type: Original source]

^ There is no good thing which may not be a cause of evil—health, wealth, strength, rank, and the virtues themselves, when placed under unfavourable circumstances.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There is huge doubt about the voices of the end-times prognosticators but no doubt that the United States is under judgment.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]

.Upon his death, Franco was succeeded as head of state by the Bourbon heir, Juan Carlos I, who proceeded to make Spain a democracy with himself as a figurehead constitutional monarch.^ Hence we already have an Australian "Head of State" who is NOT the monarch.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Advantage : Constitutional monarchs make better ceremonial heads of state.

^ As for making the boy head of state...
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A self-proclaimed monarchy is established when a human claims the monarchy without any historical ties to a previous dynasty. .Napoleon I of France declared himself Emperor of the French and ruled the First French Empire after previously calling himself First Consul following his seizure of power in the coup of 18 Brumaire.^ My 40th great-grandfather Charlemagne (Carolus Magnus) First Emperor of Holy Roman Empire (724-814) .
  • Royal Ancestors of Thomas Knowlton Gibson 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC goose.ycp.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Now, if it turns out that the monied people in Honduras (and we all know who they are) are behind this, then I would be the first to call it a coup.
  • Totalitarian Rightists Put Orwellian Spin on Honduras Coup 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some 50 priests and other clergy were arrested in the first months following the coup.
  • Under the Dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hartford-hwp.com [Source type: Original source]

Jean-Bédel Bokassa of the Central African Empire declared himself "Emperor." Yuan Shikai crowned himself Emperor of the short-lived "Empire of China" a few years after the Republic of China was founded.
.In a personal union, the same person serves as monarch of separate independent states.^ The Monarch according to convention has no personal say in the affairs of state.

^ If the separation of powers (the same as check and balances) is so good why is it removed in emergency situations (martial law, state of emergency, state of siege)?
  • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And is not that the best-ordered State in which the greatest number of persons apply the terms ‘mine’ and ‘not mine’ in the same way to the same thing?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Sometimes titles are used to express claims to territories that are not held in fact (for example, English claims to the French throne) or titles not recognized (antipopes).^ Georgia's constitution of 1777, in force until 1789, (41) excluded any person who held or claimed a title of nobility from voting or holding office.
  • The Missing Thirteenth Amendment 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.thirdamendment.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In addition, when the term is used to denote status, it is not a title of nobility or honor, and it has other uses also: In English law, a title of dignity next above gentleman, and below knight.
  • The Missing Thirteenth Amendment 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.thirdamendment.com [Source type: Original source]

^ British and French imperialism continued to use the proletarian and peasant army of their weaker partner, Russia, to fight their war for imperialist territory and profits.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

A pretender is a claimant to an abolished throne or to a throne already occupied by somebody else. Abdication is when a monarch resigns.
Unique or unusual situations exist in several countries:
.
  • In Malaysia, the federal king, called the Yang di-Pertuan Agong ("Paramount Ruler") is elected for a five-year term from and by the hereditary rulers (mostly sultans) of nine of the federation's constitutive states, all on the Malay peninsula.
  • Andorra currently is the world's sole co-principality.^ The National People's Congress is elected for a term of five years.
    • Selected Legal Provisions of the People's Republic of China Affecting Criminal Justice 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.cecc.gov [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The term of office is five years.
    • From Constitutional Convention to Republic Referendum: A Guide to the Processes, the Issues and the Participants (Research Paper 25 1998-99) 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.aph.gov.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Member countries of the Commonwealth can therefore have different constitutions - a republic with a president as Head of State, an indigenous monarchy (Lesotho, Malaysia, Swaziland, Tonga, Brunei - a sultanate, Western Samoa - an elected Paramount Chieftaincy), or a realm - whilst recognising The Queen as Head of the Commonwealth.

    Located in the Pyrenees between Spain and France, it has two co-princes: the Bishop of Urgell (a prince-bishop) in Spain and the President of France. It is the only situation in which an independent country's monarch is democratically elected by the citizens of another country.

Succession

.The rules for selection of monarchs varies from country to country.^ Knowledge of the terror of Communist rule in various countries has been learned more from books than personal contacts.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

.In constitutional monarchies the rule of succession generally is embodied in a law passed by a representative body, such as a parliament.^ Section 58 of the Australian Constitution refers: 58 Royal assent to Bills When a proposed law passed by both Houses of the Parliament is presented to the Governor-General for the Queen’s assent, he shall declare, according to his discretion, but subject to this Constitution, that he assents in the Queen’s name, or that he withholds assent, or that he reserves the law for the Queen’s pleasure.
  • xkcd • View topic - Should Australia become a republic? 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC forums.xkcd.com [Source type: Original source]

^ An Act of Parliament to which this section refers shall not be void to the extent of any inconsistency with the provisions of sections 13 to 26 (inclusive) of this Constitution but shall, notwithstanding such inconsistency, prevail over those provisions.
  • JAMAICA: Constitution of 1962 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC pdba.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Such a transformation does not represent a change of one ruling class for another, or even less a revolutionary rupture of the modes of production.
  • Force, violence and dictatorship in the class struggle 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.sinistra.net [Source type: Original source]

.In an elective monarchy, monarchs are elected or appointed by some body (an electoral college) for life.^ Electoral college Some federal countries with non-executive Heads of State establish electoral colleges to appoint their Heads of State.

^ True, I said; if the inherent natural vice or evil of the soul is unable to kill or destroy her, hardly will that which is appointed to be the destruction of some other body, destroy a soul or anything else except that of which it was appointed to be the destruction.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ By Council of Australian Governments In reality it would mean that Head of State is appointed on advice of Australian Prime Minister and Premiers of Australian States, who would be de facto an electoral college.

.For example, Pepin the Short (father of Charlemagne) was elected King of the Franks by an assembly of Frankish leading men; Stanisław August Poniatowski of Poland was an elected king, as was Frederick I of Denmark.^ King Pepin III of the Franks the Short (714-768), son of Charles Martel = Bertrada II of Laon , Broadfoot (d.
  • Royal Ancestors of Thomas Knowlton Gibson 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC goose.ycp.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The Elector Palatine Frederick V, the head of the Protestant League and of the German Calvinists , was elected King of Bohemia .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Austro-Hungarian Monarchy 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: Original source]

^ King Charlemagne of the Franks "The Great", First Holy Roman Emperor (742-814) = Princess Hildegarde of Vinzgau .
  • Royal Ancestors of Thomas Knowlton Gibson 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC goose.ycp.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Germanic peoples had elective monarchies, and the Holy Roman Emperors were elected by prince-electors, although this often was merely a formalization of what was, in reality, hereditary rule.^ The Pope or Holy Roman emperors are elected, you have a brilliant system.
  • Is Democracy a superior form of government? - Religion & Politics - General Discussion - MMORPG.com Forums 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: General]

^ My 40th great-grandfather Charlemagne (Carolus Magnus) First Emperor of Holy Roman Empire (724-814) .
  • Royal Ancestors of Thomas Knowlton Gibson 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC goose.ycp.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It was taken from the emperor at Constantinople, and the name and title were given to us Germans, and therewith we became subject to the Pope, and he has built up a new Roman empire on the Germans.
  • Modern History Sourcebook: Martin Luther (1483-1546): Address To The Nobility ofthe German Nation, 1520 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Three elective monarchies exists today, Malaysia and the United Arab Emirates are twentieth-century creations, while one (the papacy) is ancient.^ As the world exists today and as people seek to change it, and particularly in terms of the socialist transformation of society, as I see it there are basically three alternatives that are possible.
  • DICTATORSHIP AND DEMOCRACY, AND THE SOCIALIST TRANSITION TO COMMUNISM-- By Bob Avakian 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC rwor.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The importance of the family unit today has been greatly diminished compared to the close of the 19th Century.
  • A Republic, If You Can Keep It 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.house.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Well then, here are three beds: one existing in nature, which is made by God, as I think that we may say—for no one else can be the maker?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.
The Witenagemot or the Witena gemot (pronounced /ˈwɪtənə ɡɨˈmoʊt/), also known as the Witan (more properly the title of its members) was a political institution in Anglo-Saxon England which operated from before the 7th century until the 11th century.
^ Even in the case of the 10th and 11th century royal family of Wessex, about which more information is available than for any non-royal Anglo-Saxon family, it was unusual to be able to name all four grandparents of any individual and no example was found where all eight great-grandparents of a named person were identifiable with certainty.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These are followed by mentions of nobles with Danish sounding names in charters of 983, 985 and 994, after which the names are solely Anglo-Saxon once more.
  • ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is a paradox quite alien to Anglo-American political thought, but well-known in the East .

The name derives from the Old English ƿitena ȝemōt, or witena gemōt, for "meeting of wise men." .The Witenagemot functioned as an assembly of the elite whose primary function was advisory to the king and whose membership was composed of the most important noblemen in England, both ecclesiastic and secular.^ Lenin and Stalin both realized that an important function of a socialist country is that it must serve as a revolutionary base area for world revolution.
  • The Role of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat in the International Marxist-Leninist Movement 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.mltranslations.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Unity is most precious and important to any nation and a father/king whose committment is to his whole nation is a godsend.

^ One of its most important functions, in conjunction with similar organisms, was to instill fear throughout society.
  • Under the Dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hartford-hwp.com [Source type: Original source]

.At the death of the Monarch the Witenagemot would vote for a new Christian Monarch,when there was no royal heir.^ A point at which there will be no more middle-road—a point at which, if we survive, we will survive either as free participants in established egalitarian societies or as a new class of serfs.

^ What was President G.H.W. Bush talking about, if there is no such thing as an emerging New World Order?

^ If there is no emerging New World Order, what is Walter Cronkite talking about?

.In a hereditary monarchy, the position of monarch is inherited by one's relatives according to a statutory or customary order of succession, usually within one royal family tracing its origin back to a historical dynasty or bloodline.^ In constitutional monarchies the Sovereign acting as the hereditary Supreme Head of State effectively separates the power from the glory as "no politician or political party can seize control of the State, because it is permanently vested in a neutral monarch - one who succeeds to that role by an accident of birth into the Royal Family."

^ He wrote, " Nothing would be more appropriate in a modern monarchy than the institution of a judicial tribunal, which could, if necessary , intervene to change the order of succession to the throne.

^ The Queen is a constitutional Monarch, according to the evolution of the Monarch's position within a frame of a parliamentary democracy, she is bound by rules and conventions and cannot rule in an arbitrary way.

The order of succession is always affected by rules on gender. .Matrilineality determined the royal lineage in Ancient Egypt for over three thousand years, but many more males reigned than females.^ More than 50 years now it is.
  • Dictatorship : NOVAKEO.COM 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC novakeo.com [Source type: Original source]
  • scientific dictatorship « Therearenosunglasses’s Weblog 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC therearenosunglasses.wordpress.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It gives us a sense of connection to what was our mother country and a sense of a continuation of a tradition going back more than a thousand years.
  • Constitutional Monarchy - 07/05/1992 - NSW Parliament 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.parliament.nsw.gov.au [Source type: Original source]

^ It was said to be the largest increase an incumbent party had ever received in Chile after being in power more than two years.
  • Under the Dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hartford-hwp.com [Source type: Original source]

Agnatic succession bars females. .In some systems a female may rule as monarch only when the male line dating back to a common ancestor is exhausted.^ (The American Revolution may be the exception that proves the rule - it is the only revolution that I am aware of which was led by the upper class).
  • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Or perhaps some may think, the dictators would gladly remove themselves from the difficult situation facing the country if only given some encouragement and enticements.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ He was ancestor of the Seigneurs de Ferrires et de Chambrais, extinct in the male line in 1502 [680] .
  • NORMANDY NOBILITY 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC fmg.ac [Source type: Academic]

.In 1980, Sweden became the fourth European monarchy to declare equal (full cognatic) primogeniture, meaning that the eldest child of the monarch, whether female or male, ascends to the throne.^ Why, clearly, he said, then he and his boon companions, whether male or female, will be maintained out of his father’s estate.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ This iron curtain of male-female segregation is hardly compatible with the full participation of women in a "broad-based and representational" government, which the U.S. has defined to include women.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The last extreme of popular liberty is when the slave bought with money, whether male or female, is just as free as his or her purchaser; nor must I forget to tell of the liberty and equality of the two sexes in relation to each other.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

[5] .Other kingdoms (such as the Netherlands in 1983, Norway in 1990, and Belgium in 1991) have since followed suit.^ Such selective campaigns may follow one after the other.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Netherlands, Belgium, UK, Spain, Canada, New Zealand, etc.
  • Daily Kos: A Little Bit of Monarchy 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

.Sometimes religion is affected; under the Act of Settlement 1701 all Roman Catholics and all persons who have married Roman Catholics are ineligible to be the British monarch and are skipped in the order of succession.^ Unifying And Stabilising Influence The claim here is that the monarch unites Australians of all races, classes, religions, occupations and ethnic background in a common allegiance to one person.

^ He is the god who sits in the centre, on the navel of the earth, and he is the interpreter of religion to all mankind.
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And is there not a maker of the works of all workmen, who makes not only vessels but plants and animals, himself, the earth and heaven, and things in heaven and under the earth?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

.Primogeniture, in which the eldest child of the monarch is first in line to become monarch, is the most common system.^ October 31st : Infanta Leonor , the first child of Prince Felipe and Princess Letizia, is born, becoming second in line to the Spanish throne after her father.
  • Spain: Dictatorship to Democracy and After 1975–2007 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC nick.frejol.org [Source type: General]

^ When the cost of monarchs and presidents are compared, it becomes even more clear what is in the best interests of most nations.

^ This government hath glory, order, unity, from a monarch; from the government of the most and wisest, it hath safety of counsel, stability, strength; from the influence of the commons, it hath liberty, privileges, promptitude of obedience.

.In the case of the absence of children, the next most senior member of the collateral line (for example, a younger sibling) becomes monarch.^ Perhaps a member of "the Monarch of Australia's" family may want to reside in Australia and apply for citizenship to become a dual citizen.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When the cost of monarchs and presidents are compared, it becomes even more clear what is in the best interests of most nations.

^ Most bemusing that all these Willy-watchers gloss over one very glaring fact: Prince Willy is not next in line to the British throne.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Other systems include tanistry, which is semi-elective and gives weight to merit and Salic law. .In complex cases, especially in the Middle Ages, the system of primogeniture competed with the sometimes conflicting principle of proximity of blood, and outcomes were idiosyncratic.^ The EU should be granted only limited competence according to the principle of limited authorization in each individual case.
  • L. Gassmann Europe - a dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.l-gassmann.de [Source type: Original source]

^ Though cases of conversion in nonviolent action do sometimes happen, they are rare, and in most conflicts this does not occur at all or at least not on a significant scale.
  • FROM DICTATORSHIP TO DEMOCRACY 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.hermanos.org [Source type: Original source]

.In some monarchies, such as Saudi Arabia, succession to the throne usually first passes to the monarch's next eldest brother, and only after that to the monarch's children (agnatic seniority).^ Saudi Arabia and some Pakistanis seized on the Taliban as a vehicle for promoting fundamentalist ideals.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ He wrote, " Nothing would be more appropriate in a modern monarchy than the institution of a judicial tribunal, which could, if necessary , intervene to change the order of succession to the throne.

^ The tiny tiny corrections have only been of interest to physicists and some other scientists and engineers in need of such precision.
  • The Other Side of Kim - TheOtherSideofKim Front Page 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.theothersideofkim.com [Source type: Original source]

Appointment by the current monarch is another system, used in Jordan. .In this system, the monarch chooses the successor, who may or may not be a relative.^ Political Neutrality A constitutional Monarch as hereditary Head of State guarantees political neutrality and therefore the success of Australian political system.34 This is clearly in opposition to an elected or appointed Head of State who may be associated with the political party to which he or she belonged, or which sponsored his or her election.

^ His acts shall be always subject to the approval of the Emperor, who may choose officers to help and instruct the Lord Protector in his duties; .
  • Sacred Imperial Constitution of the Holy Empire of Réunion - OFFICIALENGLISH VERSION 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.reuniao.org [Source type: Original source]

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c "Bouvier, John, and Francis Rawle. Bouvier's Law Dictionary and Concise Encyclopedia. 1914. 2237-2238.
  2. ^ Other examples of joint sovereignty include Tsars Peter I and Ivan V of Russia and Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and Joanna of Castile of the Crown of Castile. A current example of constitutional diarchy is Andorra.
  3. ^ Examples include Kim il-Sung and Kim Jong-il in North Korea, the Somoza family in Nicaragua, François Duvalier and Jean-Claude Duvalier in Haiti, Hafez al-Assad and Bashar al-Assad in Syria, and Oliver Cromwell and Richard Cromwell in the Commonwealth of England.
  4. ^ For example, the Kennedy family in the United States and the Nehru-Gandhi family in India. See list of political families.
  5. ^ SOU 1977:5 Kvinnlig tronföljd, p.16.

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Monarchy is a form of government in which supreme power is absolutely or nominally lodged in an individual, who is the head of state, often for life or until abdication, and "is wholly set apart from all other members of the state."

Sourced

Alphabetized by author
.
  • Royalty is a Government in which the attention of the nation is concentrated on one person doing interesting actions.^ One of the two main definitions associated with the concept of dictatorship refers to a single person, or a small group of people, controlling the government of a country.

    ^ Venality is by no means inconsistent with good government - indeed, the quality of government in the UK seems to have declined almost in lockstep with personal conflicts of interest.

    ^ A form of government in which absolute power is concentrated in a dictator or a small clique, dictatorships are subject to retaliatory actions.
    • Dictatorship is the best path to development 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC debatewise.org [Source type: Original source]

    .A Republic is a Government in which that attention is divided between many, who are all doing uninteresting things.^ A Republic has only difficult ideas in government; a Constitutional Monarchy has an easy idea too; it has a comprehensible element for the vacant many, as well as complex laws and notions for the inquiring few."
    • Diana, the Monarchy and the Crisis in Britain 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.marxist.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Diana, the monarchy and the crisis in Britain 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC easyweb.easynet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]
    • Diana, the monarchy and the crisis in Britain 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.marxist.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Honduran politicians and jurists who have aligned with the country's powerful military and been well rewarded for doing so -- make a point that not all basic freedoms have been suspended all the time.
    • Totalitarian Rightists Put Orwellian Spin on Honduras Coup 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ People who realized that capitalism and authoritarian governments of all stripes are killing everything good , not just wilderness.

    .
  • Constitutional monarchies, through their structure, avoid those four republican perils : excessive rigidity, as in the American system, which is reduced to near paralysis whenever the President is seriously threatened with impeachment; political conflict and competition between the Head of State, Prime Minister and Ministers , a hallmark of the French Fifth Republic (an inherently unstable model curiously followed in a number of countries); extreme instability, which often haunted the Latin versions of Westminster; and regular resort to the rule of the street to solve conflict, which permeates those systems which live under the shadow of the French revolution.^ Do we want the American system, with an elected President?
    • Constitutional Monarchy - 07/05/1992 - NSW Parliament 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.parliament.nsw.gov.au [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The Queen is Head of the Commonwealth to 50 countries and she is also Head of State to 15 of those countries.

    ^ Belize shall become a constitutional monarchy with The Queen as Head of State.
    • http://www.constitution.org/cons/belize.htm 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

    .
  • Americans also seem to believe that the monarchy is a kind of mediaeval hangover, encumbered by premodern notions of decorum; the reality is that the British monarchy, for good or ill, is a modern political institution — perhaps the first modern political institution.^ The real role of the Monarchy .
    • Diana, the Monarchy and the Crisis in Britain 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.marxist.com [Source type: Original source]
    • Diana, the monarchy and the crisis in Britain 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC easyweb.easynet.co.uk [Source type: Original source]
    • Diana, the monarchy and the crisis in Britain 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.marxist.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Perhaps we could get rid of the monarchy AND improve our political system at the same time!
    • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ This is a good summary of what the apparent differences are, but real liberals don't believe anything they say they do.
    • The American Spectator : Totalitarian Sentimentality 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC spectator.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .
  • A monarch's neck should always have a noose around it.^ That statement should be hung around Hillary's neck like a ball and chain for the entire general election.
    • John Edwards: Totalitarian Nanny Stater [Kensington] 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

    It keeps him upright. .
  • A king is a king, not because he is rich and powerful, not because he is a successful politician, not because he belongs to a particular creed or to a national group.^ The leftist punks hated them because they thought the rich hippies in successful bands from the 60’s and early 70’s had “sold out to the establishment”.
    • Totalitarian Progressive Blogger makes a false statement › 2.0: blogmocracy.com 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.littlegreenfootballs2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Robert Oppenheimer, director of Project Y -- the group of physicists who actually created the atom bomb at Los Alamos, N.M., was a wealthy American Jew.
    • Creators of the atomic bomb: debasing nuclear power into a totalitarian order in the new world 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.heaven-words.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Honduran politicians and jurists who have aligned with the country's powerful military and been well rewarded for doing so -- make a point that not all basic freedoms have been suspended all the time.
    • Totalitarian Rightists Put Orwellian Spin on Honduras Coup 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.thenation.com [Source type: Original source]

    He is King because he is born. .And in choosing to leave the selection of their head of state to this most common denominator in the world- the accident of birth- Canadians implicitly proclaim their faith in human equality; their hope for the triumph of nature over political manoeuvre, over social and financial interest; for the victory of the human person.^ Population is the most untameable force in the political and social world.
    • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

    ^ In constitutional monarchies the Sovereign acting as the hereditary Supreme Head of State effectively separates the power from the glory as "no politician or political party can seize control of the State, because it is permanently vested in a neutral monarch - one who succeeds to that role by an accident of birth into the Royal Family."

    ^ Its cardinal assertion is a thoroughgoing monism, political, social, juridical, religious: there is only one Sovereign, one society, one law, one faith.
    • The Church and Totalitarian Democracy (1952) 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC woodstock.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

    • Jacques Monet, in "The Canadian Monarchy" in The West and the Nation : Essays in Honour of W. L. Morton (1976), edited by Ramsay Cook, and Carl Berger. p. .324
  • The monarchy is a political referee, not a political player, and there is a lot of sense in choosing the referee by a different principle from the players.^ The second substantial element of totalitarian democracy is the principle that there is a sole and exclusive truth in politics.
    • The Church and Totalitarian Democracy (1952) 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC woodstock.georgetown.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Although there are some still making a lot of sense, well said Robbit!
    • Secular Inquisition at the Royal Society | The Spectator 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.spectator.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    ^ There are differences between artistic censorship and political censorship.
    • Is Britain the world's first politically correct totalitarian state? – Telegraph Blogs 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

    It lessens the danger that the referee might try to start playing. .
  • I believe that the royal family are a focus of patriotism, of loyalty, of affection and of esteem.^ Quote from: TelepesT on January 11, 2009, 10:32:22 PM Who the Fu*k are they?
    • A Military Dictatorship Coming To America 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC forum.prisonplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Quote from: heavyhebrew on January 11, 2009, 10:12:02 PM You and I should go kick Foxman's ass.
    • A Military Dictatorship Coming To America 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC forum.prisonplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Quote from: TelepesT on January 11, 2009, 09:11:09 PM NICE !
    • A Military Dictatorship Coming To America 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC forum.prisonplanet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    That is a rare combination, and we should value it highly.

Unsourced

.
  • Those who imagine that a politician would make a better figurehead than a hereditary monarch might perhaps make the acquaintance of more politicians.^ Anything would be better than Lakeside.
    • Zombietime: Obama "science czar" is a totalitarian crank 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

    ^ We, the consumers dont count, and, if we are all badly fed obese and diabetic, well then the Pharmas who have bought out the same and maybe a few extra politicians, and with Codex and WHO assistance-will make even more!
    • HR 2749: Totalitarian Control of the Food Supply « Food Freedom 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC foodfreedom.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ There are actually people who claim that without the monarchy, Canada would just be another American state, as if what makes Canada a distinct nation from the U.S. is nothing more than our antiquated and obsolete ties to the Queen and Chuck and Di and the boys.
    • It's about bloody time: Canadian support for monarchy drops dramatically | Vancouver, Canada | Straight.com 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.straight.com [Source type: Original source]

External links

Wikipedia
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Look up monarchy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

MONARCHY (Fr. monarchic, from Lat. monarchia, Gr. µovapxia, rule of one, .µovos, alone, apxii, rule), strictly, the undivided sovereignty or rule of a single person.^ In general, a monarchy is a government in which a single person rules.
  • The Monarchy in Canada | Mapleleafweb.com 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.mapleleafweb.com [Source type: Original source]

.Hence the term is applied to states in which the supreme authority is vested in a single person, the monarch, who in his own right is the permanent head of the state.^ Hence we already have an Australian "Head of State" who is NOT the monarch.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Head of State, in contrast, is the monarch of Canada.
  • The Monarchy in Canada | Mapleleafweb.com 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.mapleleafweb.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The elections may be held at one place, and the most inconvenient in the state; or they may be at remote distances from those who have a right of suffrage: hence nine out of ten must either not vote at all, or vote for strangers; for the most influential characters will be applied to, to know who are the most proper to be chosen.
  • henry 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.wfu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The character of true monarchy is well defined in the well-known lines of Cowper (Verses supposed to be written by Alexander Selkirk): " I am monarch of all I survey, My right there is none to dispute."^ Well it is all true!
  • Iran Politics Club Forum :: View topic - Monarchy or Republic? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.iranpoliticsclub.net [Source type: Original source]

^ All faiths are true, and all faiths are wrong as well.
  • The Emerging Medical Dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Well, any monarchy is there to serve the people.
  • For Ceremonies and Emergencies by Jørn K. Baltzersen 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.lewrockwell.com [Source type: Original source]

.The word "monarchy" has, however, outlived this original meaning, and is now used, when used at all, somewhat loosely of states ruled over by hereditary sovereigns, as distinct from republics with elected presidents; or for the "monarchical principle," as opposed to the republican, involved in this distinction.^ A president is elected by the people, a monarch is not.
  • Is Democracy a superior form of government? - Religion & Politics - General Discussion - MMORPG.com Forums 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.mmorpg.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All heads of states are elitist, be it a monarch, president, or governor.
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But that’s not how the word was originally used or intended.
  • Sadly, No! » Goldberg Ad Astra (Pt. II) 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.sadlyno.com [Source type: Original source]

The old idea of monarchy, viz. that of the prince as representing within the limits of his dominions the monarchy of .God over all things, culminated in the 17th century in the doctrine of the divine right of kings, and was defined in the famous dictum of Louis XIV.: L'etat c'est moil The conception of monarchy was derived through Christianity from the theocracies of the East; it was the underlying principle of the medieval empire and also of the medieval papacy, the rule of the popes during the period of its greatest development being sometimes called "the papal.^ Students will be able to define the concept of a human right.
  • 08.01.07: Dictatorship and Transition in the Southern Cone 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.cis.yale.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ LEGALISM is replacing the RULE OF LAW worldwide like a PLAGUE. But it is not the RULE OF LAW. It is called MEDIEVALISM. Chinese MANDARINS and EUNUCHS invented LEGALISM to run their Empires, all of which actually destroyed themselves.
  • MEP Reprimanded For Exposing EU Dictatorship 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.prisonplanet.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The absolutist divine-right monarchies that developed in France, and came to full flower in the Enlightenment, are not the same sorts of things as the limited monarchies -- limited by common law and tradition -- in Britain; neither one of them is like the temporal and spiritual monarchy exercised by the Pope in the Papal States, after the Renaissance (which states were governed pretty well, take it all in all, despite what Italian nationalists claim).
  • InsideCatholic.com - The Frustrated Constitution 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC insidecatholic.com [Source type: Original source]

monarchy." .The monarchical principle was shaken to its foundations by the English revolution of 1688; it was shattered by the French revolution of 1789; and though it survives as a political force, more or less strongly, in most European countries, "monarchists," in the strict sense of the word, are everywhere a small and dwindling minority.^ Joseph-Marie, Count de Maistre (1753-1821) was one of the most influential spokesmen for counter-revolution in the dark and treacherous period immediately following the French Revolution of 1789.

^ But it was not till the revolution in 1688, which elevated the Prince of Orange to the throne of Great Britain, that English liberty was completely triumphant.
  • Daily Kos: A Little Bit of Monarchy 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.dailykos.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Like a typical monarchist you are big with words and small with actions!
  • Iran Politics Club Forum :: View topic - Monarchy or Republic? 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.iranpoliticsclub.net [Source type: Original source]

.To express the change phrases were invented which have come into general use, though involving a certain contradiction in terms, viz.^ Surely immigrants come here because this nation is Australia (as it currently is), not to change it into some clone of their original home?
  • ABC The Drum Unleashed - Why this Prince is no president 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.abc.net.au [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This phrase, which signifies now for then, is used to express that a thing is done at one time which ought to have been performed at an- other.
  • Bouvier's Law Dictionary, 1856 Edition - Letter N 2 February 2010 16:29 UTC www.constitution.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Words that are used seem strangely unrelated to their actual meanings, until, perhaps, we consider how certain terms have come into the English language.
  • Dragon Society - Real History, Dragon Philosophy and The Importance of Royal Bloodlines 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.bibliotecapleyades.net [Source type: Original source]

."limited" or "constitutional monarchy," as opposed to "absolute" or "autocratic monarchy."^ For instance I don't favor the idea of Gay Marriage, however I am strongly opposed to amending our Constitution towards limiting the rights of U.S. citizens.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Totalitarian Impulse 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The 1977 constitution granted President Daoud near-absolute powers, a common theme among Afghan regimes following the fall of the monarchy.
  • Freedom or Theocracy?: Constitutionalism inAfghanistan and Iraq 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC www.law.northwestern.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Mercy_Warren/John_Adams_s_Monarchical_Ideas ) Alexander Hamilton, who wrote the preamble of the Constitution, also believed that a limited monarchy represented the best form of government on earth.

.Finally, a distinction is drawn between "elective" and "hereditary" monarchies.^ The key word is: "EVERY realm of life" - that is the distinction between a petty dictatorship (or monarchy)and a totalitarian regime.
  • What does 'totalitarian' actually mean? | Samizdata.net 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC www.samizdata.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Finally, the essence of freedom depends on the ancient distinction between vice and crime.
  • Is Britain the world's first politically correct totalitarian state? – Telegraph Blogs 9 February 2010 17:20 UTC blogs.telegraph.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.Of the former class the most conspicuous was the Holy Roman Empire; but in Europe all monarchies were, within certain limits, originally elective; and, after the introduction of Christianity, the essential condition of the assumption of sovereign power was not so much kinship with the reigning family as the "sacring" by the divine authority of the Church.^ Parliament is sovereign, it has virtually all the power.
  • The monarchy is not 'harmless' | LabourList.org 2.0 | LabourList.org 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.labourlist.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most ideal of all governments for the universe, the nation, the church and the family is a constitutional or limited monarchy.
  • MONARCHY AND NOBILITY: DIVINE RIGHTS & RESPONSIBILITIES 10 January 2010 4:57 UTC www.nobility-royalty.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is true that all monarchs are equally good and monarchy is an institution, which primarily functions according to its limited circle, and it is also true that bad and evil advisors are the cause of the fall of monarchy.
  • Nepal Needs to be Hindu Nation with Monarchy « United We Blog! for a Democratic Nepal 10 February 2010 13:42 UTC blog.com.np [Source type: Original source]

.The purely hereditary principle was of comparatively late growth, the outcome of obvious convenience, exalted under the influence of various forces into a religious or quasi-religious dogma.^ More of them will be forced into conscript labor camps under supervision.
  • The Federal Reserve: An Astounding Exposure 1934 1 February 2010 7:40 UTC www.afn.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Industry experts from the FTZs expect that entry into force of the CAFTA-DR agreement will continue to promote substantial growth in the FTZ sector.
  • Dominican Republic (06/09) 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And the tyrannical man in the true sense of the word comes into being when, either under the influence of nature, or habit, or both, he becomes drunken, lustful, passionate?
  • Online Library of Liberty - THE REPUBLIC. - Dialogues, vol. 3 - Republic, Timaeus, Critias 16 January 2010 13:013 UTC oll.libertyfund.org [Source type: Original source]

(See also GOVERNMENT and SOVEREIGNTY.)


Simple English

[[File:|thumb|100px|right|The crown of King Louis XV of France. Crowns are a popular symbol of the office of a monarch]]

A monarchy is a kind of government where a monarch, a kind of hereditary ruler (someone who inherits their office) is the head of state. Monarchs usually rule until they die or resign (when a monarch resigns it is called abdication). Most monarchies are hereditary, but some are elected. The most famous elected monarch is the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church. Some common titles for monarchs are King, Queen, Emperor, Empress, Czar, Kaiser, Shah, Emir and Sultan.

Contents

History

Monarchy is one of the oldest kinds of government. Most historians agree that the first monarchies were tribes or small groups of people who decided to let a war-chief or other leader pass on their office to their children. Over time, the rules for deciding who got to become the next monarch became more complicated. In general, the oldest son or, in some countries, daughter, gets to become the next monarch when the old one dies. Kings and other kinds of monarchs have been around for many thousands of years, there are many, for example, mentioned in the Bible as well as ancient historical records. Three of the oldest countries with monarchs that still hold office are the United Kingdom,where the present line of Kings and Queens has been around for nearly 1,000 years, Denmark where the royal line has remained unbroken for almost 1,200 years, and Japan, which has records showing a line of Emperors dating back even farther.

Many monarchs today perform mostly the ceremonial jobs of a head of state, while the head of government, who is usually elected, passes and enforces laws.

Kinds of Monarchial Powers

Absolute monarchy

[[File:|thumb|150px|right|King Fahd of Saudi Arabia, an absolute monarch]] An absolute monarchy is a form of government where only the monarch himself or herself is the only source of all laws and the monarch can make any law they want just by deciding it. Any other institution in the country cannot make laws that affect the monarch, unless the monarch decides to allow it. Sometimes the monarch is also the head of the state religion and makes religious laws also. All land and property in the country can be taken or given away by the monarch at any time for any reason. The army and navy is under the personal control of the monarch and can be used for any purpose at any time. The monarch can also pick who gets to be the next monarch and can change the rules at any time. There is usually no elected government or Parliament, and if there is one, it has no real power. This kind of government is very rare today.

Countries that are examples of an absolute monarchy are Vatican City, Brunei, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Oman and Swaziland.

Constitutional monarchy

[[File:|thumb|150px|right|Queen Elizabeth II of the Commonwealth realms, a constitutional monarch]] A constitutional monarchy is a form of government that is usually a democracy and has a constitution, with the monarch as head of state. Either the monarch has to obey the laws like everyone else, or, if the monarch does not have to obey the same laws as the rest of the people, there are special laws that say what the monarch can and cannot do. The monarch usually can not decide their special laws on their own. There may be laws about who the monarch's children can marry, for example, that are passed by the Parliament or Congress. For example, in the Netherlands, if a member of the royal family marries without the permission of Parliament, they cannot become king or queen themselves. The army and navy may swear an oath to the monarch, but the real power to control it is given to the elected government. There are laws about property and succession (who gets to be the next monarch) that can only be changed by the elected government. Usually the monarch must sign laws into effect, but they are required to follow the will of the elected government.

A constitutional monarchy usually has separation of power, and the monarch often has only ceremonial functions, such as representing the country while traveling or acting as a symbol for the whole country (not for a particular political party). Constitutional monarchs usually do not vote, even when it is legal for them to do so. Voting would mean that they picked a side in political arguments and then could not claim to represent everyone in the country. Some constitutional monarchies give the power to veto laws to the monarch, but in most countries where this is the case it is a power that is very rarely used. In countries where the monarch can dismiss or appoint governments, this is usually only done to make sure that the democratic process is respected, without taking sides in politics. Appointments to public office made by constitutional monarchs are generally approved by the democratically elected government beforehand.

Examples of Constitutional monarchies are the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Australia, The Netherlands, Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Belgium, Japan and Spain. Thailand has a monarch who sometimes take part in politics to influence the government unlike in other constitutional monarchies, but he still is subject to law.krc:Монархия


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 30, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Constitutional monarchy, which are similar to those in the above article.








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