Monarchy in Manitoba: Wikis

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Queen in Right of Manitoba
Monarchy
Provincial/State
G manitoba.gif
Royal Coat of Arms of Manitoba
Elizabeth II greets NASA GSFC employees, May 8, 2007 edit.jpg
Incumbent:
Elizabeth II
Queen of Canada

Since 6 February 1952
Style: Her Majesty
First monarch: Victoria
Formation: 15 July 1870
Residence: Government House, Winnipeg

By the arrangements of the Canadian federation, the Canadian monarchy operates in Manitoba as the core of the province's Westminster-style parliamentary democracy;[1] and is thus the foundation of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the province's government.[2] As such, the Crown, as it operates in the jurisdiction, is referred to as The Crown in Right of Manitoba,[3] Her Majesty in Right of Manitoba,[4] or The Queen in Right of Manitoba.[5] The Constitution Act, 1867, however, leaves many royal duties in Manitoba specifically assigned to the sovereign's viceroy, the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba,[1] whose direct participation in governance is limited by the conventional stipulations of constitutional monarchy.[6]

Contents

Constitutional monarchy in Manitoba

The Crown functions in Manitoba in the same way it does in all of Canada's other provinces, with the Canadian monarch – since 6 February 1952, Queen Elizabeth II – being represented and her duties carried out by the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba. This arrangement began with the 1870 Manitoba Act,[1] and continued an unbroken line of monarchical government extending back to the early 1600s. However, though Manitoba has a separate government headed by the Queen, as a province, Manitoba is not itself a kingdom.[7]

Government House in Winnipeg is used both as an official residence by the Lieutenant Governor, as well as the place where the sovereign and other members of the Canadian Royal Family will reside when in Manitoba. The mansion is owned by the sovereign in her capacity as Queen in Right of Manitoba, and not as a private individual; the house and other Crown property is held in trust for future rulers and cannot be sold by the monarch except by her Lieutenant Governor with the proper advice and consent from the Executive Council of Manitoba.

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Royal associations

Manitoba's monarchical status is illustrated via associations between the Crown and many organizations within the province, such as the Court of Queen's Bench of Manitoba, as well as through royal names applied regions, communities, schools, buildings, and monuments, many of which may also have a specific history with a member or members of the Royal Family; for example, in commemoration of the visit of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, in 2008, the Governor-in-Council named two lakes in the north of the province after the Prince's two children: Lady Louise and Viscount Severn.[8] Those in the Royal Family perform ceremonial duties when on a tour of the province, presiding over official at events, dedicating various monuments around Manitoba, as well as visiting hospitals, charities, schools, communities, and the like. Organizations in Manitoba may be founded by a Royal Charter, receive a royal prefix, and/or be honoured with the patronage of a member of the Royal Family, such as the Royal Manitoba Winter Fair, which is under the patronage of Queen Elizabeth II,[9] and the Royal Lake of the Woods Yacht Club, which received its royal prefix from King George V in 1924. Further, though the monarch does not form a part of the constitutions of Manitoba's honours, they do stem from the Crown as the fount of honour, and so bear on the insignia a St. Edward's Crown and/or an effigy and/or Royal Cypher of the sovereign.

History

Manitoba's monarchical history begins with the explorations of Henry Hudson, who, in 1611, embarked on the first trading voyage that led to the formation of the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), founded by Royal Charter from King Charles II. The King claimed the entire Hudson Bay watershed – which covered land all of what is now Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Minnesota, North Dakota, and more – and called the area Rupert's Land, after Prince Rupert, who helped to form the HBC. Later, in the 1730s, Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye, claimed the Red River Valley for King Louis XV, though this was soon after lost to King George III in the Seven Years' War. In 1869, the territory was ceded to the Crown in Right of Canada, pulling it into the jurisdiction of the Northwest Territories, which was administered by its Lieutenant Governor. This move sparked a Métis rebellion and the establishment by Louis Riel of a provisional republican government in the Red River Valley. Following negotiations with Riel's government, the province of Manitoba was established in 1870 by the granting of Royal Assent to the Manitoba Act by Governor General The Marquess of Dufferin.

From that point onwards, members of the Royal Family began visiting the new province. Prince George, Duke of Cornwall, and his wife, Mary, Duchess of Cornwall, were the first to pass through in 1901. Their son, George VI, was the first reigning monarch to tour Manitoba, coming in May 1939 with his consort, Queen Elizabeth. Upon their arrival in Winnipeg, on the King's official birthday, the royal couple was greeted by an estimated 100,000 people (including several thousand Americans), and, to allow them all a view of himself and the Queen, George requested that the convertible roof of their limousine be opened, despite a record rainfall that day.[10][11] While staying at Government House in Winnipeg, the King made his longest ever radio broadcast to the British Empire;[12] the table at which he sat remains in the Aides Room of the royal residence.[13] Then Prime Minister of Canada William Lyon Mackenzie King described the arrival of the royal train at Brandon as: "Wonderful cheering. A long bridge overhead crowded with people. The hour: 11 at night... the finest scene on the entire trip."[12][11] The Queen herself said the reception was "the biggest thrill of the tour."[12] George VI's daughter, Elizabeth II, visited in 1951, while still Princess and Duchess of Edinburgh, and on behalf of her ailing father. In 1967, Elizabeth's husband, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, came to Manitoba to open the Pan American Games, which were being held in Winnipeg that year, and the Queen's children, Princess Anne and Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, presided over the celebrations of the centennial of Manitoba's entry into Confederation.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Victoria (12 May 1870), Manitoba Act, 1870, 6, Westminster: Queen's Printer, http://www.solon.org/Constitutions/Canada/English/ma_1870.html, retrieved 16 June 2009  
  2. ^ Privy Council Office (2008). Accountable Government: A Guide for Ministers and Ministers of State – 2008. Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada. p. 49. ISBN 978-1-100-11096-7. http://www.pco-bcp.gc.ca/index.asp?lang=eng&page=information&sub=publications&doc=ag-gr/2008/ag-gr-eng.htm. Retrieved 17 May 2009.  
  3. ^ Elizabeth II (9 June 2005), The Manitoba Centennial Centre Corporation Act, 1, Winnipeg: Queen's Printer for Manitoba, http://web2.gov.mb.ca/laws/statutes/ccsm/c040e.php, retrieved 1 July 2009  
  4. ^ Elizabeth II (21 March 2002), Manitoba Claim Settlements Implementation Act, 2.b, Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada, http://www.canlii.org/en/ca/laws/stat/sc-2000-c-33/latest/sc-2000-c-33.html, retrieved 1 July 2009  
  5. ^ Department of Canadian Heritage (2009), Canada-Manitoba Agreement on French Language Services, Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada, p. 2, http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/lo-ol/entente-agreement/services/mb/05-09_EntenteServices_Manitoba-eng.pdf, retrieved 1 July 2009  
  6. ^ MacLeod, Kevin S. (2008), A Crown of Maples (1 ed.), Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada, p. 16, ISBN 978-0-662-46012-1, http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/ceem-cced/fr-rf/crnCdn/crn_mpls-eng.pdf  
  7. ^ Forsey, Eugene (31 December 1974), "Crown and Cabinet", in Forsey, Eugene, Freedom and Order: Collected Essays, Toronto: McClelland & Stewart Ltd., ISBN 978-0771097737  
  8. ^ Kirbyson, Geoff (2 June 2008), "Prince Edward begins Winnipeg visit", Vancouver Sun, http://www2.canada.com/vancouversun/news/story.html?id=fd966f54-9c34-40d9-ba86-e9274cd753db, retrieved 2 July 2009  
  9. ^ "Provincial Exhibition of Manitoba > Our History". The Provincial Exhibition of Manitoba. http://www.brandonfairs.com/index.php?pageid=30. Retrieved 2 July 2009.  
  10. ^ "On This Day > May 24, 1939". CBC. http://archives.cbc.ca/on_this_day/05/24/. Retrieved 2 July 2009.  
  11. ^ a b King, William L.M. (24 May 1939), "Diary", in Hoogenraad, Maureen, Biography and People > A Real Companion and Friend > Politics, Themes, and Events from King's Life > The Royal Tour of 1939, Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada, http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/king/023011-1070.06-e.html, retrieved 24 June 2009  
  12. ^ a b c "Society > The Monarchy > Presenting 'Chief Sitting Albino'". CBC. http://archives.cbc.ca/society/monarchy/clips/13916/. Retrieved 2 July 2009.  
  13. ^ Office of the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba. "History > Government House > Aides Room". Queen's Printer for Manitoba. http://lg.gov.mb.ca/history/house/main/aides.html. Retrieved 2 July 2009.  
  14. ^ Office of the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba. "History > Government House > The Royal Bedroom". Queen's Printer for Manitoba. http://lg.gov.mb.ca/history/house/second/bed.html. Retrieved 2 July 2009.  

External links


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