Monarchy in Saskatchewan: Wikis

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Queen in Right of Saskatchewan
Monarchy
Provincial/State
Coat of Arms of Saskatchewan.svg
Royal Coat of Arms of Saskatchewan
Elizabeth II greets NASA GSFC employees, May 8, 2007 edit.jpg
Incumbent:
Elizabeth II
Queen of Canada

Since 6 February 1952
Style: Her Majesty
First monarch: Edward VII
Formation: 1 September 1905

By the arrangements of the Canadian federation, the Canadian monarchy operates in Saskatchewan as the core of the province's Westminster-style parliamentary democracy;[1] and is thus the foundation of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the province's government.[2] As such, the Crown, as it operates in the jurisdiction, is referred to as The Crown in Right of Saskatchewan,[3] Her Majesty in Right of Saskatchewan,[4] or The Queen in Right of Saskatchewan.[5] The Constitution Act, 1867, however, leaves many royal duties in Saskatchewan specifically assigned to the sovereign's viceroy, the Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan,[1] whose direct participation in governance is limited by the conventional stipulations of constitutional monarchy.[6]

Contents

Constitutional monarchy in Saskatchewan

Gordon and Naomi Barnhart at a 2006 Monarchist League of Canada event, during their first year as Saskatchewan's viceregal Couple.

The Crown functions in Saskatchewan in the same way it does in all of Canada's other provinces, with the Canadian monarch – since 6 February 1952, Queen Elizabeth II – being represented and her duties carried out by the Lieutenant Governor of Saskatchewan. This arrangement began with the 1905 Saskatchewan Act,[1] and continued an unbroken line of monarchical government extending back to the mid 1600s. However, though Saskatchewan has a separate government headed by the Queen, as a province, Saskatchewan is not itself a kingdom.[7]

Government House in Regina is used both as an office and as an official event location by the Lieutenant Governor, while he or she resides in a home provided by the provincial Crown; the sovereign and other members of the Canadian Royal Family reside at a hotel when in Saskatchewan. Government House and the Lieutenant Governor's residence are owned by the sovereign in her capacity as Queen in Right of Saskatchewan, and not as a private individual; all Crown property in Saskatchewan is held in trust for future rulers and cannot be sold by the monarch except by her Lieutenant Governor with the proper advice and consent from the Executive Council of Saskatchewan.

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Royal associations

Saskatchewan's monarchical status is illustrated via associations between the Crown and many organizations within the province, such as the Court of Queen's Bench for Saskatchewan, as well as through royal names applied regions, communities, schools, buildings, and monuments, many of which may also have a specific history with a member or members of the Royal Family. Those in the Royal Family perform ceremonial duties when on a tour of the province, officiating at ceremonial events, as well as visiting hospitals, charities, schools, communities, and the like, and there can be found across Saskatchewan numerous plaques, cornerstones, and trees, documenting these official visits .Gifts are also sometimes offered from the people of Saskatchewan, via the Office of Protocol and Honours, to a royal person to mark a visit or an important milestone; for instance, Queen Elizabeth II was in 1951 given two paintings by Robert Newton Hurley,[8] and works were commissioned from Catherine Perehudoff for Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother.[9] Unofficial gifts are also offered on various occasions – including a carload of locally-milled flour from Yorkton for Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh, on her marriage in 1947[10] – and Royal Family members and viceroys have been conferred honorary degrees by Saskatchewan universities.[n 1] In reciprocation, at the various levels of education within Saskatchewan there exist a number of scholarships and academic awards either established by or named for members of the Royal Family, such as the Queen Elizabeth II Scholarship in Parliamentary Studies and the Queen Elizabeth II Centennial Aboriginal Scholarship,[12] while

On the grounds of the Saskatchewan Legislative Building in Regina, the equestrian statue of Queen Elizabeth II riding a gift to her from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Burmese.

Organizations in Saskatchewan may be founded by a Royal Charter, receive a royal prefix, and/or be honoured with the patronage of a member of the Royal Family, such as the Globe Theatre, which is under the patronage of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, and the Royal Saskatchewan Museum, which received its royal prefix from Queen Elizabeth II in 1993. Though the monarch does not form a part of the constitutions of Saskatchewan's honours, they do stem from the Crown as the fount of honour, and so bear on the insignia a St. Edward's Crown and/or effigy and/or Royal Cypher of the sovereign, and the Queen or others in her family may bestow awards in person; in 2004, the Princess Royal presented to 25 recipients the Saskatchewan Protective Services Medal, marking the first time a member of the Royal Family had presented a provincial honour in Canada, and when the Queen was in the province in 2005 she appointed Saskatchewan citizens to the Royal Victorian Order. Similarly, under the authority of the Queen in Right of Saskatchewan, other Canadian royals will receive Saskatchewan honours.[n 2]

History

Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, who gave the city of Regina its name.

Prairie colonies

Saskatchewan's monarchical history begins with the explorations of Henry Hudson, who, in 1611, embarked on the first trading voyage that led to the formation of the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), founded by Royal Charter from King Charles II. The King claimed the entire Hudson Bay watershed – which covered land all of what is now Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Minnesota, North Dakota, and more – and called the area Rupert's Land, after Prince Rupert, who helped to form the HBC. In 1869, the territory was ceded to the Crown in Right of Canada, pulling it into the jurisdiction of the Northwest Territories (NWT), which was administered by its Lieutenant Governor. Saskatchewan, along with Alberta, entered Confederation on 5 September 1905, by Royal Proclamation issued by Governor General The Earl Grey. Reporting to King Edward VII on the events of the day, the Governor General said in a telegram: "[the province is] a new leaf in Your Majesty's Maple Crown."[13]

Members of the Royal Family travelled through the area before the province of Saskatchewan was created: Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, and her husband, the then Governor General, were the first to pass through in 1882,[14] and during a stop at the not yet named territorial capital, in the dining room of the Royal Train, Princess Louise named the new community Regina, after her mother, the Queen.[15] In 1901, Prince George, Duke of Cornwall, and his wife, Mary, Duchess of Cornwall (later King George V and Queen Mary), stopped twice in that city; once in September, while heading west to the coast, and again on 5 October, on the return trip.[15] Later, George's uncle, Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, while serving as Governor General of Canada, in 1912 inaugurated the Legislative Building and laid the cornerstone of the Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist,[14][16] and seven years after that, Prince Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, came to Saskatchewan and while there renamed a branch library in Regina as the Prince of Wales Library.

Province of a new kingdom

A grain elevator in Melville, decorated for the arrival of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth on 3 June 1939.

King George VI was the first reigning monarch to tour Saskatchewan, coming in 1939 with his consort, Queen Elizabeth. The royal train arrived in the town of Melville at 10:00 pm on 3 June, attracting over 60,000 people to the town of 3,000. The stop was only meant to last ten minutes, after which the train would stay overnight for servicing. But, with the throngs of people who arrived, the royal party decided to extend the visit to a half hour, after which the train pulled away, returning a few hours later, once the crowds had dispersed;[17] Canadian Press reporter R. J. Carnegie said of the stop: "Never throughout the tour did I see such unbridled enthusiasm as then." On 4 June, the King and Queen took a brief walk around Unity, and in Saskatoon, where the royal couple visited the University of Saskatchewan, some 150,000 people turned out to see the monarchs, and hundreds of teenage girls dressed in red, white, and blue assembled in the image of a Royal Union Flag and sang "God Save the King".[18][19]

George's daughter, Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh, and her husband, The Duke of Edinburgh, visited on behalf of her ailing father, a mere three months before she acceeded to the throne as Queen Elizabeth II. Her coronation took place in June 1953, and Saskatchewan Premier Tommy Douglas was in attendance at the event.[20] The royal couple returned again in 1959, amongst other duties inaugurating the natural gas-fired Queen Elizabeth Power Station on the South Saskatchewan River, and a number of times thereafter; she marked the centennial of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police in 1973, opening the new RCMP museum building,[15] and on her tour in 1978, Elizabeth dedicated Queen Elizabeth Court, in front of Regina's city hall.[15] Elizabeth was in Saskatchewan again in 2002 to mark her Golden Jubilee, unveiling the on the grounds of the provincial parliament the product of the Golden Jubilee Statue Project: a bronze equestrian statue of the Queen riding Burmese, a horse gifted in 1969 to the Queen by the RCMP, and in 2005 also presided over the main events for the centennial of Saskatchewan's creation, as well as touring the Canadian Light Source Synchrotron and the University of Saskatchewan,[21] where, in the Diefenbaker Canada Centre, is stored correspondence between former Prime Minister John Diefenbaker and Queen Elizabeth II.

Similarly, the Queen's sister, Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon, presided over the celebrations of the 75th anniversary of Saskatchewan's entry into Confederation, and Elizabeth's children undertook various tours of the province, within which Princess Anne marked Regina's centennial,[15] Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, in 2001 turned the sod for the Prince of Wales Cultural and Recreation Centre in Assiniboia and dedicated the Anniversary Arch outside Regina's YMCA, and Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex opened in 1994 the Prince Edward Building and in 2003 did the same for both Prince Edward Park in Melfort and the Queen's Golden Jubilee Rose Garden in Moose Jaw.

See also

Bibliography

Notes

  1. ^ Princess Anne, Princess Royal, for instance, was awarded her first Canadian honorary degree by the University of Regina in 2004, for her charitable work, and the University of Saskatchewan granted six degrees on viceroys between 1955 and 2006.[11]
  2. ^ Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, and Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, were both inducted into Saskatchewan Order of Merit (in 2001 and 2005, respectively), and both The Earl of Wessex and his wife, Sophie, Countess of Wessex, were in 2005 awarded the Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan.

References

  1. ^ a b c Edward VII (20 July 1905), Saskatchewan Act, 10, Westminster: King's Printer, http://www.solon.org/Constitutions/Canada/English/sa_1905.html, retrieved 16 June 2009  
  2. ^ Privy Council Office (2008). Accountable Government: A Guide for Ministers and Ministers of State – 2008. Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada. p. 49. ISBN 978-1-100-11096-7. http://www.pco-bcp.gc.ca/index.asp?lang=eng&page=information&sub=publications&doc=ag-gr/2008/ag-gr-eng.htm. Retrieved 17 May 2009.  
  3. ^ Elizabeth II (17 May 2007), The Crown Minerals Amendment Act, 2007, 1.a, Regina: Queen's Printer for Saskatchewan, http://www.qp.gov.sk.ca/documents/english/Chapters/2007/Chap-23.pdf, retrieved 29 June 2009  
  4. ^ Elizabeth II (21 March 2002), Claim Settlements (Alberta and Saskatchewan) Implementation Act, 6.1.a, Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada, http://www.canlii.org/en/ca/laws/stat/sc-2002-c-3/latest/sc-2002-c-3.html, retrieved 29 June 2009  
  5. ^ Elizabeth II (30 March 1993), Saskatchewan Treaty Land Entitlement Act, Preamble, Regina: Queen's Printer for Saskatchewan, http://www.canlii.org/en/ca/laws/stat/sc-1993-c-11/latest/sc-1993-c-11.html, retrieved 29 June 2009  
  6. ^ MacLeod, Kevin S. (2008), A Crown of Maples (1 ed.), Ottawa: Queen's Printer for Canada, p. 16, ISBN 978-0-662-46012-1, http://www.pch.gc.ca/pgm/ceem-cced/fr-rf/crnCdn/crn_mpls-eng.pdf  
  7. ^ Forsey, Eugene (31 December 1974), "Crown and Cabinet", in Forsey, Eugene, Freedom and Order: Collected Essays, Toronto: McClelland & Stewart Ltd., ISBN 978-0771097737  
  8. ^ Swaan, Michael; Asfada, Solomon. "University Library > Robert N. Hurley: Skypainter > The Hurley Collection". University of Saskatchewan. http://library2.usask.ca/hurley/collection.htm. Retrieved 29 June 2009.  
  9. ^ "Catherine Perehudoff". The Gallery/art placement inc.. http://www.artplacement.com/gallery/bio.php?lastname=Perehudoff_Catherine. Retrieved 29 June 2009.  
  10. ^ "City Hall > History > History and Folklore Summary 1940 - 1949". City of Yorkton. http://www.yorkton.ca/history/yearlysummary/1940-1949.asp. Retrieved 29 June 2009.  
  11. ^ "University of Saskatchewan Archives > University History > Honorary degree recipients". University of Saskatchewan. http://www.usask.ca/archives/history/hondegrees.php. Retrieved 29 June 2009.  
  12. ^ Government of Saskatchewan. "Publications Centre > Forms > Advanced Education, Employment and Labour > Queen Elizabeth II Scholarship". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.publications.gov.sk.ca/details.cfm?p=12553&cl=2. Retrieved 29 June 2009.  
  13. ^ Grey, Albert (4 March & 1 September 1905), "Grey to Edward VII", in Doig, Ronald P., Earl Grey's papers: An introductory survey (1 ed.), London: Private Libraries Association  
  14. ^ a b Jackson, Michael D. (1990), "Royal Visits", in Cottrell, Michael, The Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan, Regina: Canadian Plains Research Centre, http://esask.uregina.ca/entry/royal_visits.html, retrieved 30 June 2009  
  15. ^ a b c d e Archer, John H. (1996). "Regina: A Royal City". Monarchy Canada Magazine (Toronto: Monarchist League of Canada) Spring 1996. http://www.monarchist.ca/mc/regina.htm. Retrieved 30 June 2009.  
  16. ^ "Departments > City Clerk's Office > City Archives > Image Galleries > A View From Above > Downtown III: Spadina Crescent to the Bessborough > Note 45". City of Saskatoon. http://scaa.sk.ca/gallery/aerial/landmark_key.html#45. Retrieved 30 June 2009.  
  17. ^ Museum of Civilization. "Exhibitions > Online Exhibitions > 2. King Wheat - Saskatchewan Grain Elevator > 1939 Royal Tour". Queen's Printer for Canada. http://www.civilization.ca/cmc/exhibitions/hist/phase2/mod2e.shtml. Retrieved 30 June 2009.  
  18. ^ "Society > The Monarchy > Melville's shining moment". CBC. http://archives.cbc.ca/society/monarchy/clips/13926/. Retrieved 30 June 2009.  
  19. ^ Office of Communications (8 January 1999), "1939 royal visit to Saskatoon and campus elicited outpouring of loyalty (and purple journalism)", On Campus News, http://www.usask.ca/communications/ocn/Jan8-99/archives.html, retrieved 30 June 2009  
  20. ^ "Society > The Monarchy > Coronation of Queen Elizabeth". CBC. http://archives.cbc.ca/society/monarchy/clips/4369/. Retrieved 30 June 2009.  
  21. ^ "Royal couple touches down in Saskatchewan". CTV. 18 May 2005. http://www.ctv.ca/servlet/ArticleNews/story/CTVNews/1116361103300_111770303/?hub=TopStories. Retrieved 30 June 2009.  

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