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Monmouth County, New Jersey
Map of New Jersey highlighting Monmouth County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the U.S. highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
Seat Freehold Borough
Largest city Middletown Township, New Jersey
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

665 sq mi (1,722 km²)
472 sq mi (1,222 km²)
193 sq mi (500 km²), 29.04%
PopulationEst.
 - (2006)
 - Density

635,285
1,303/sq mi (503/km²)
Founded 1675
Website www.visitmonmouth.com

Monmouth County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey, within the New York metropolitan area. As of the 2000 Census, the population was 615,301, which had grown to 642,030 as of the Bureau's 2007 estimate.[1] Its county seat is Freehold Borough.[2] The most populous municipality is Middletown Township with 66,327 residents at the time of the 2000 Census. It is the northernmost county on the Jersey Shore.

Monmouth County ranks 42nd among the highest-income counties in the United States. It also is ranked 53rd in the United States by personal per-capita income.[3]

Contents

History

Monmouth County was established in 1675. Its name may come from the Rhode Island Monmouth Society[4] or from a suggestion from Colonel Lewis Morris. He suggested it be named after Monmouthshire in Wales, Great Britain. Other suggestions include that it was named for James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth (1649–1685), who had many allies among the East Jersey leadership.[5] In 1714, the first county government was established.

At the June 28, 1778 Battle of Monmouth, near Freehold, General George Washington's soldiers battled the British under Sir Henry Clinton, in the longest land battle of the American Revolutionary War. It was at Monmouth that the tactics and training from Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben developed at Valley Forge during the winter encampment were first implemented on a large scale.[6]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 665 square miles (1,723 km²), of which, 472 square miles (1,222 km²) of it is land and 193 square miles (500 km²) of it (29.04%) is water (see below: Area map).

Much of Monmouth County remains flat and low-lying even far inland. However, there are some low hills in and around Holmdel Township, and one of them, Crawford Hill, the former site of a radar facility, is the county's highest point at least 380 feet (116 m) above sea level. The top portion of the hill is owned by Alcatel-Lucent and houses a research laboratory of Bell Laboratories.

The northeastern portion of the county, in the Locust neighborhood of Middletown Township and the boroughs of Highlands and Atlantic Highlands, are also very hilly. The lowest point is sea level.

Along with adjacent Ocean County, Monmouth County is a mecca of boating and fishing. Its waterways include several rivers and bays that flow into New York Harbor and the Atlantic Ocean. The Manasquan Inlet is located in the county, which connects the Atlantic Ocean with the estuary of the Manasquan River, a bay-like body of saltwater that serves as the starting point of the Intracoastal Waterway.

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Adjacent counties

Map of New Jersey highlighting Monmouth County.svg

National protected area

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 16,918
1800 19,872 17.5%
1810 22,150 11.5%
1820 25,038 13.0%
1830 29,233 16.8%
1840 32,909 12.6%
1850 30,313 * −7.9%
1860 39,346 29.8%
1870 46,195 17.4%
1880 55,538 20.2%
1890 69,128 24.5%
1900 82,057 18.7%
1910 94,734 15.4%
1920 104,925 10.8%
1930 147,209 40.3%
1940 161,238 9.5%
1950 225,327 39.7%
1960 334,401 48.4%
1970 461,849 38.1%
1980 503,173 8.9%
1990 553,124 9.9%
2000 615,301 11.2%
Est. 2007 642,030 [1] 4.3%
* lost territory
historical census data source:[7][8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 615,301 people, 224,236 households, and 160,328 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,304 people per square mile (503/km²). There were 240,884 housing units at an average density of 510 per square mile (197/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.39% White, 8.06% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 3.97% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.74% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. 6.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Based on the first ancestries reported by Monmouth County residents in the 2000 Census, 23% of residents were of Italian ancestry, 18% Irish, 9% German and 5% Polish ancestry.[10]

There were 224,236 households out of which 35.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% were non-families. 23.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $64,271, and the median income for a family was $76,823. Males had a median income of $55,030 versus $35,415 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,149. About 4.50% of families and 6.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.50% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over.

Monmouth County is home to a large Irish-American population, with 141,515 residents (23% of the county's population) listed themselves as being of Irish ancestry in the 2000 Census.[11]

Government

Monmouth County is governed by a county clerk, Maureen Claire French, and a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large for three year terms. Each January, the freeholders select one of their members to serve as the director of the board for the year to preside over the meetings and activities of the board. Monmouth County's Freeholders have both administrative and policy making powers.

The Freeholders oversee the five mandatory functions of county government delegated to it by the state. Each freeholder is assigned responsibility for one of the five functional areas: Administration and Special Services; Public Works and Engineering; Human Services, Health and Transportation; Finance and Administration of Justice. In total, the Board is responsible for supervising more than 70 county departments.

Monmouth County's Freeholders are[12]:

Politics

Monmouth County has trended in favor of the Republican party. The Republican Party had held all 5 Freeholder seats until 2006, but after the 2006 and 2008 elections, Democrats control the Board by a 3-2 Margin. In the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, George W. Bush carried the county by a 10% margin over John Kerry, with Kerry carrying the state by 6.7% over Bush.[13] In 2008, John McCain carried Monmouth by a unexpectedly close margin of only 3.7% margin over Barack Obama, with Obama winning New Jersey by 15.5% over McCain. In the state's U.S. Senatorial election that same year, Dick Zimmer also won here, by a 6.2% margin over incumbent Frank Lautenberg, with Lautenberg winning reelection by 14.1% over Zimmer.[14]

Notable Residents (former and present)

Municipalities

Index map of Monmouth County Municipalities (click to see index key)

In alphabetical order:

Area map

Major roads and towns

Fire Departments

With the exception of the City of Asbury Park,[15] the remainder of the municipalities in the county have volunteer fire departments with the largest in Middletown with 11 stations. However, in terms of HazMat emergencies, very few towns have special units to respond to these and so the HAZMAT unit from Fort Monmouth responds to most HazMat cases. Due to the closing of Fort Monmouth, the remaining Hazmat Teams in Howell, Neptune, Middletown, and the County based response team will get an overhaul.

Education

Brookdale Community College is the two-year community college for Monmouth County, one of a network of 19 county colleges statewide. The school is in Lincroft and was founded in 1967. Monmouth University is a four-year private university located in West Long Branch.

Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey has a partnership with Brookdale Community College which offers Bachelor degree completion programs at Brookdale's Freehold campus. For more information on this program please visit http://www.wmhec.rutgers.edu.

In addition to multiple public high schools, there are many parochial schools in Monmouth County such as Red Bank Catholic High School, Christian Brothers Academy, St. John Vianney High School, and Mater Dei High School; as well as one secular private school, Ranney School.

The county has an extensive vocational high school program, known as the Monmouth County Vocational School District including 5 magnet schools:

References

  1. ^ a b "Population Finder: Monmouth County, New Jersey". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFPopulation?_event=&geo_id=05000US34025&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US34%7C05000US34025&_street=&_county=monmouth+county&_cityTown=monmouth+county&_state=04000US34&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=050&_submenuId=population_0&ds_name=DEC_2000_SAFF&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=. Retrieved 2008-10-17.  
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ 250 Highest Per Capita Personal Incomes of the 3111 Counties in the United States, 2006, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Accessed May 2, 2008.
  4. ^ The Origin of New Jersey Place Names: M, GetNJ.com. Accessed December 15, 2007.
  5. ^ How Monmouth County Got Its Name, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed August 14, 2008.
  6. ^ Capuzzo, Jill P. "British Beware: Monmouth Redux", The New York Times, May 18, 2003. Accessed August 14, 2008. "The largest land artillery battle of the Revolutionary War, the Battle of Monmouth marked a significant turning point in the colonies' fight against the British crown."
  7. ^ "New Jersey Resident Population by County: 1880 - 1930". http://www.wnjpin.net/OneStopCareerCenter/LaborMarketInformation/lmi01/poptrd5.htm.  
  8. ^ "Geostat Center: Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://fisher.lib.virginia.edu/collections/stats/histcensus/. Retrieved 2007-03-02.  
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  10. ^ Monmouth County, New Jersey, City-Data.com. Accessed December 16, 2007.
  11. ^ Monmouth County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 20, 2007.
  12. ^ Monmouth County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Monmouth County, New Jersey. Accessed January 29, 2008.
  13. ^ New Jersey Presidential Election Returns by County 2004, Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers University. Accessed August 31, 2008.
  14. ^ U.S. Election Atlas
  15. ^ Apfdhome

External links

See also

Coordinates: 40°17′N 74°09′W / 40.29°N 74.15°W / 40.29; -74.15


Genealogy

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Monmouth County, New Jersey
Map
File:Map of New Jersey highlighting Monmouth County.png
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the USA highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1675
Seat Freehold Borough
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 29.04%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2006)
 - Density

635285
Website: www.visitmonmouth.com

Monmouth County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey, within the New York metropolitan area. As of the 2000 Census, the population is 615,301. Its county seat is Freehold Borough6. Monmouth County ranks 42nd among the highest-income counties in the United States with a per capita income of $31,149. The most populous municipality is Middletown Township, with 66,327 residents at the time of the 2000 Census. It is the northernmost county on the Jersey Shore.

In recent years, due in large part to the county's position on the Jersey Shore and its location within commuting distance of New York City, the population and cost of living have been skyrocketing. In its 2006 ranking of the Most Expensive ZIP Codes in the United States, Monmouth County was represented by Deal (96), Allenhurst (131), Avon-by-the-Sea (138), Sea Girt (157), Rumson (309) and Colts Neck Township (316)[1].

Towns such as Rumson (#7), Sea Girt (#14) and Spring Lake (#19) are among the wealthiest areas in the state of New Jersey.

Money magazine has frequently named the Monmouth-Ocean County area one of the 10 best areas to live in the country.

The county contains only two incorporated cities, Long Branch and Asbury Park. Long Branch is more populated, but Asbury Park possesses a population density nearly twice that of Long Branch, and as such is decidedly more urban. Despite its name, Neptune City is incorporated as a borough, as are Red Bank and Freehold Borough, despite a fairly urban character.

Contents

History

Monmouth County was established in 1675. Its name came from a suggestion from Colonel Lewis Morris. He suggested it be named after Monmouthshire, Wales. In 1714 the first county government was established. At the June 28, 1778 Battle of Monmouth, near Freehold, General George Washington's soldiers defeated the British under Sir Henry Clinton, in the largest battle of the American Revolutionary War.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,723 km² (665 sq mi). 1,222 km² (472 sq mi) of it is land and 500 km² (193 sq mi) of it (29.04%) is water.

Much of Monmouth County remains flat and low-lying even far inland. However, there are some low hills in and around Holmdel Township, and one of them, Crawford Hill, the former site of a radar facility, is the county's highest point at at least 380 feet (116 m) above sea level. The top portion of the hill is owned by Alcatel-Lucent and houses a research laboratory of Bell Laboratories.

The northeastern portion of the county, in the Locust neighborhood of Middletown Township and the boroughs of Highlands and Atlantic Highlands, are also very hilly. The lowest point is sea level.

Along with adjacent Ocean County, Monmouth County is a mecca of boating and fishing. Its waterways include several rivers and bays that flow into New York Harbor and the Atlantic Ocean. The Manasquan Inlet is located in the county, which connects the Atlantic Ocean with the estuary of the Manasquan River, a bay-like body of saltwater that serves as the starting point of the Intracoastal Waterway.

Adjacent Counties

Monmouth County also shares a border with the New York City borough of Staten Island. This border is shared through the Raritan Bay, which is the area of the Atlantic Ocean which turns into Lower New York Bay west of Sandy Hook.

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 615,301 people, 224,236 households, and 160,328 families residing in the county. The population density was 503/km² (1,304/sq mi). There were 240,884 housing units at an average density of 197/km² (510/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 84.39% White, 8.06% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 3.97% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.74% from other races, and 1.68% from two or more races. 6.20% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.6% were of Italian, 17.7% Irish, 8.7% German and 5.4% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 224,236 households out of which 35.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 10.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% were non-families. 23.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.10% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 30.40% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $64,271, and the median income for a family was $76,823. Males had a median income of $55,030 versus $35,415 for females. The per capita income for the county was $31,149. About 4.50% of families and 6.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.50% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over.

Monmouth County is home to a large Irish-American population, with 141,515 residents (23% of the county's population) listed themselves as being of Irish ancestry in the 2000 Census.[2] Among U.s. municipalities with 1,000 or more residents identifying their ancestry, Monmouth had three of the top 10 highest percentage of residents of Irish ancestry: Spring Lake (ranked 1st, at 39.4%), Avon-by-the-Sea (#3 at 36.5%) and Sea Girt (in the 9th spot, at 34.1%).[3]

Government

Monmouth County is governed by a five-member Board of Chosen Freeholders, who are elected at-large for three year terms. Each January, the freeholders select one of their members to serve as the director of the board for the year to preside over the meetings and activities of the board. Monmouth County's Freeholders have both administrative and policy making powers.

The Freeholders oversee the five mandatory functions of county government delegated to it by the state. Each freeholder is assigned responsibility for one of the five functional areas: Administration and Special Services; Public Works and Engineering; Human Services, Health and Transportation; Finance and Administration of Justice. In total, the Board is responsible for supervising more than 70 county departments.

Monmouth County's Freeholders are:

  • Director William C. Barham (R)
  • Deputy Director Lillian G. Burry (R)
  • Robert D. Clifton (R)
  • Anna C. Little (R)
  • Barbara McMorrow (D)

Politics

Monmouth County has trended in favor of the Republican party for quite some time. Most recently President George W. Bush in the 2004 election, carried Monmouth County with 54.6% of the vote, and in the 2006 Senate election, State Senator Tom Kean Jr. also carried Monmouth, by a similar margin of 52.63% of the vote. The Republican Party currently holds 4 of 5 Freeholder seats, however it is the first time in 20 years that a Democrat has won a seat on the board, as Barbara McMorrow of Freehold Township won a close race in November of 2006 with 51% of the vote.

Municipalities

Index map of Monmounth County Municipalities (click to see index key)

Education

Brookdale Community College is the two-year community college for Monmouth County, one of a network of 19 county colleges statewide. The school is in Lincroft and was founded in 1967. Monmouth University is a four-year private university located in West Long Branch.

In addition to multiple public high schools, there are many secular and non-secular private schools in Monmouth County such as Red Bank Catholic High School, Christian Brothers Academy, Ranney School, St. John Vianney High School, and Mater Dei High School.

High Technology High School is a magnet public high school which requires an application and selective acceptance. High Tech is one of the top-rated schools in the entire country, with the highest SAT scores in all of New Jersey.

References

See also


Coordinates: 40°17′N 74°09′W / 40.29, -74.15


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Monmouth County, New Jersey. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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