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Mono County, California
Seal of Mono County, California
Map of California highlighting Mono County
Location in the state of California
Map of the U.S. highlighting California
California's location in the U.S.
Seat Bridgeport
Largest city Mammoth Lakes
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

3,132 sq mi (8,112 km²)
3,044 sq mi (7,884 km²)
87 sq mi (225 km²), 2.79%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

12,853
5/sq mi (2/km²)
Founded 1861
Website www.monocounty.ca.gov

Mono County is a county located in the east central portion of the U.S. state of California, to the east of the Sierra Nevada between Yosemite National Park and Nevada. As of 2000 the population was 12,853. The county seat is Bridgeport.[1]

The only incorporated city in the county is Mammoth Lakes,[2] which is located at the foot of Mammoth Mountain.[3] Other locations, such as June Lake, are also famous as skiing and fishing resorts. Located in the middle of the county is Mono Lake, a vital habitat for millions of migratory and nesting birds. The lake is located in a wild natural setting, with pinnacles of tufa arising out of the salty and alkaline lake.

Also located in Mono County is Bodie, the official state gold rush ghost town, which is now a California State Historic Park.

Contents

History

Mono County was formed in 1861 from parts of Calaveras County, Fresno County and Mariposa County. Parts of the county's territory were given to Inyo County in 1866.

The county is named after Mono Lake which, in 1852, was named for a Native American Paiute tribe, the Kuzedika, that inhabited the Sierra Nevada from north of Mono Lake to Owens Lake. The tribe's western neighbors, the Yokuts, called them monachie meaning "fly people" because fly larvae was their chief food staple and trading article.[4] Archeologists know almost nothing about the first inhabitants of the county, but the Kuzedika had been there many generations by the time the first anglophones arrived. The Kuzedikas were hunter-gatherers and their language is a part of the Shoshone language.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,132 square miles (8,111.8 km2). 3,044 square miles (7,883.9 km2) of it is land and 87 square miles (225.3 km2) of it (2.79%) is water.

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Cities and towns

Adjacent Counties

Mono County is one of the few US counties to border as many as nine counties.

National protected areas

Transportation Infrastructure

Major Highways

Public Transportation

Eastern Sierra Transit Authority operates intercity bus service along U.S. 395, as well as local services in Mammoth Lakes. Service extends south to Lancaster, California (Los Angeles County) and north to Reno, Nevada.

Yosemite Area Regional Transit System (YARTS) also runs along U.S. 395 from Mammoth Lakes to Lee Vining before entering Yosemite National Park.

Airports

General aviation airports in Mono County include Bryant Field near Bridgeport, Mammoth Yosemite Airport and Lee Vining Airport. In December 2008, Mammoth Yosemite Airport began commercial air service to Los Angeles International Airport on a seasonal (December to April) basis; the service is provided by Horizon Air, and is subsidized by Mammoth Mountain Ski Resort.

Demographics

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 12,853 people, 5,137 households, and 3,143 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 inhabitants per square mile (1.5 /km2). There were 11,757 housing units at an average density of 4/sq mi (1.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.17% White, 0.47% Black or African American, 2.40% Native American, 1.11% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 9.51% from other races, and 2.25% from two or more races. 17.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 13.4% were of German, 12.6% Irish and 11.4% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 84.0% spoke English and 15.1% Spanish as their first language.

There were 5,137 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.8% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 121.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 126.8 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,992, and the median income for a family was $50,487. Males had a median income of $32,600 versus $26,227 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,422. About 6.30% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 1.90% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Presidential election results
Year DEM GOP Others
2008 55.5% 2,827 42.4% 2,159 2.2% 110
2004 49.2% 2,628 49.1% 2,621 1.7% 89
2000 40.9% 1,788 52.5% 2,296 6.6% 287'
1996 38.6% 1,580 46.0% 1,882 15.4% 629
1992 34.2% 1,489 36.0% 1,570 29.8% 1,296
1988 36.2% 1,284 61.4% 2,177 2.4% 86
1984 26.2% 962 72.3% 2,659 1.5% 56
1980 25.3% 865 62.3% 2,132 12.4% 424
1976 37.7% 1,025 58.8% 1,600 3.5% 96
1972 29.6% 828 66.9% 1,872 3.5% 99
1968 26.4% 465 64.3% 1,130 9.3% 163
1964 43.9% 666 56.1% 850
1960 33.2% 457 66.3% 912 0.4% 6

Mono used to be a Republican-leaning county in Presidential and congressional elections but has become more of a swing county in recent elections, going for John Kerry by an extremely slim margin of 7 votes in 2004. In 2008, Barack Obama did substantially better, receiving 668 more votes than Republican candidate John McCain.[6] Prior to 2004, the last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Franklin Roosevelt in 1940.

In November 2008, Mono County was one of just three counties in California's interior in which voters rejected Proposition 8 to ban gay marriage. The county's voters rejected Proposition 8 by 55.5 percent to 44.5 percent. The other interior counties in which Proposition 8 failed to receive a majority of votes were neighboring Alpine County and Yolo County.[7]

Mono is part of California's 25th congressional district, which is held by Republican Buck McKeon. In the state legislature Mono is in the 25th Assembly district, which is held by Republican Tom Berryhill, and the 1st Senate district, which is held by Republican Dave Cox.

See also

References

Further reading

  • Rockwell, G. L.; Honeywell, P. D. (2004). Water-quality data for selected stream sites in Bridgeport Valley, Mono County, California, April 2000 to June 2003. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series. 89. Reston, VA: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.  

External links

Coordinates: 37°55′N 118°52′W / 37.91°N 118.87°W / 37.91; -118.87


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Mono County, California
File:Mono County ca seal.jpeg
Map
File:Map of California highlighting Mono County.png
Location in the state of California
Map of the USA highlighting California
California's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1861
Seat Bridgeport
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 2.79%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

12853
Website: www.monocounty.ca.gov

Mono County is a county located in the east central portion of the U.S. state of California, to east of the Sierra Nevada between Yosemite National Park and Nevada. As of 2000 the population was 12,853. The county seat is Bridgeport.[1]

The only incorporated city in the county is Mammoth Lakes,[2] which is located at the foot of Mammoth Mountain.[3] Other locations, such as June Lake, are also famous as skiing and fishing resorts. Located in the middle of the county is Mono Lake, a vital habitat for millions of migratory and nesting birds. The lake is located in a wild natural setting, with pinnacles of tufa arising out of the salty and alkaline lake.

Also located in Mono County is Bodie, the official state gold rush ghost town, which is now a California State Historic Park.

Contents

History

Mono County was formed in 1861 from parts of Calaveras County, Fresno County and Mariposa County. Parts of the county's territory were given to Inyo County in 1866.

The county is named after Mono Lake which, in 1852, was named for a Native American Paiute tribe that inhabited the Sierra Nevada from north of Mono Lake to Owens Lake. The tribe's western neighbors, the Yokuts, called them monachie meaning "fly people" because the pupae of a fly was their chief food staple and trading article.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,132 square miles (8,111.8 km2). 3,044 square miles (7,883.9 km2) of it is land and 87 square miles (225.3 km2) of it (2.79%) is water.

Cities and towns

Adjacent Counties

Transportation Infrastructure

Major Highways

Public Transportation

Inyo Mono Transit operates intercity bus service along U.S. 395, as well as local services in Mammoth Lakes. Service extends south to Ridgecrest (Kern County) and north to Reno.

Yosemite Area Regional Transit System (YARTS) also runs along U.S. 395 from Mammoth Lakes to Lee Vining before entering Yosemite National Park.

Airports

General aviation airports in Mono County include Bryant Field near Bridgeport, Mammoth Yosemite Airport and Lee Vining Airport. But are in use for their own airplane plant to build their own airplanes.

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 12,853 people, 5,137 households, and 3,143 families residing in the county. The population density was 4 square miles (10.4 km2). There were 11,757 housing units at an average density of 4 square miles (10.4 km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.17% White, 0.47% Black or African American, 2.40% Native American, 1.11% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 9.51% from other races, and 2.25% from two or more races. 17.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 84.0% spoke English and 15.1% Spanish as their first language.

There were 5,137 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.8% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 25.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 121.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 126.8 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,992, and the median income for a family was $50,487. Males had a median income of $32,600 versus $26,227 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,422. About 6.30% of families and 11.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 1.90% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Presidential election results
Year DEM GOP Others
2004 49.2% 2,628 49.1% 2,621 1.7% 89
2000 40.9% 1,788 52.5% 2,296 6.6% 287'
1996 38.6% 1,580 46.0% 1,882 15.4% 629
1992 34.2% 1,489 36.0% 1,570 29.8% 1,296
1988 36.2% 1,284 61.4% 2,177 2.4% 86
1984 26.2% 962 72.3% 2,659 1.5% 56
1980 25.3% 865 62.3% 2,132 12.4% 424
1976 37.7% 1,025 58.8% 1,600 3.5% 96
1972 29.6% 828 66.9% 1,872 3.5% 99
1968 26.4% 465 64.3% 1,130 9.3% 163
1964 43.9% 666 56.1% 850
1960 33.2% 457 66.3% 912 0.4% 6

Mono used to be a Republican-leaning county in Presidential and congressional elections but has become more of a swing county in recent elections, going for John Kerry by an extremely slim margin in 2004. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Franklin Roosevelt in 1940.

Mono is part of California's 25th congressional district, which is held by Republican Buck McKeon. In the state legislature Mono is in the 25th Assembly district, which is held by Republican Tom Berryhill, and the 1st Senate district, which is held by Republican Dave Cox.

See also

Coordinates: 37°55′N 118°52′W / 37.91, -118.87

References

  1. ^ Mono County General Information. Retrieved on 2007-11-05.
  2. ^ Town of Mammoth Lakes, California. Retrieved on 2007-11-05.
  3. ^ Mammoth Mountain. Retrieved on 2007-11-05.
This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Mono County, California. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Mono County, CaliforniaRDF feed
County names Mono County, California  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 California  +
Short name Mono County  +

This article uses material from the "Mono County, California" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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