Monroe, North Carolina: Wikis

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Monroe, North Carolina
—  City  —
Location of Monroe, North Carolina
Coordinates: 34°59′20″N 80°32′59″W / 34.98889°N 80.54972°W / 34.98889; -80.54972
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Union
Area
 - Total 24.9 sq mi (64.4 km2)
 - Land 24.6 sq mi (63.6 km2)
 - Water 0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2)
Elevation 591 ft (180 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 26,228
 - Density 1,067.5/sq mi (412.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 28110-28112
Area code(s) 704
FIPS code 37-43920[1]
GNIS feature ID 0990144[2]

Monroe is a city in Union County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 26,228 at the 2000 census. It is the seat of government of Union County[3].

Contents

Geography

Monroe is located at 34°59′20″N 80°32′59″W / 34.98889°N 80.54972°W / 34.98889; -80.54972 (34.988760, -80.549792)[4]. Charlotte-Monroe Executive Airport (EQY) is located five miles to the northwest of Monroe.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.9 square miles (64.4 km²), of which, 24.6 square miles (63.6 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.7 km²) of it (1.13%) is water.

History

In 1843, the first Board of County Commissioners, appointed by the General Assembly selected an area in the center of the county to be called Monroe, as the county seat. Monroe was incorporated in 1843. Monroe was named for James Monroe, the country’s fifth president.

Monroe was home to the Starlite Speedway in the 1960s to 70's. On May 13, 1966 the 1/2 mile dirt track hosted NASCAR's Independent 250. Darel Dieringer won the race.

Monroe is also the hometown of Jesse Helms, the late U.S. Senator from North Carolina who served five terms (1973 - 2003) in the Senate. Helms was a prominent (and often controversial) national leader of the Religious Right wing of the Republican Party, and played a key role in helping Ronald Reagan become President of the United States. Helms's father was the Police Chief of Monroe for many years. The Jesse Helms Center is in neighboring Wingate, NC.

Monroe also became a focal point during the Civil Rights Movement. In 1958, local NAACP Chapter President Robert F. Williams defended a nine-year-old African-American boy who had been kissed by a white girl in an incident known as the Kissing Case. A second African-American boy, aged seven, was also convicted and sentenced to live in a juvenile reformatory until he was 21 for simply witnessing the act. In 1961, Williams was accused of kidnapping a man and woman, members of the Ku Klux Klan, who had taken shelter in his house during a moment of high racial tensions. Williams went into exile and lived in Cuba and China before returning to the United States as an adviser to the United States government. Williams is one of Monroe's most famous residents, and he was a leading figure in the Civil Rights Movement.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 26,228 people, 9,029 households, and 6,392 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,067.5 people per square mile (412.2/km²). There were 9,621 housing units at an average density of 391.6/sq mi (151.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 60.12% White, 27.78% African American, 0.44% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 9.37% from other races, and 1.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21.39% of the population.

There were 9,029 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.0% were married couples living together, 15.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.2% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 102.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,457, and the median income for a family was $44,953. Males had a median income of $30,265 versus $22,889 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,970. About 11.7% of families and 17.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.

Local Media

The local community web site and blog is Monroe Scoop, Monroe, NC

The local newspaper is The Enquirer-Journal, which is published six days a week.

Famous residents

References

External links

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