Monroe County, Michigan: Wikis

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Monroe County, Michigan
Seal of Monroe County, Michigan
Map of Michigan highlighting Monroe County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the U.S. highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Seat Monroe
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

680 sq mi (1,761 km²)
551 sq mi (1,427 km²)
129 sq mi (334 km²), 18.96%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

145,945
264/sq mi (102/km²)
Founded July 14, 1817
Named for James Monroe
Website www.co.monroe.mi.us

Monroe County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. According to a 2008 U.S. Census Bureau estimate, the population is 152,949[1]. The largest city and county seat is Monroe.[2] The U.S. Census Bureau defines all of Monroe County as conterminous with the Monroe Metropolitan Area. In July 2008, the Census Bureau estimated the county metropolitan population at 152,949 — the 260th largest of the 363 metropolitan area in the United States.[3] Monroe County is also officially part of the larger Detroit–Ann Arbor–Flint CSA and sometimes unofficially included as a northerly extension of the Toledo Metropolitan Area. Monroe County was established as the second county (after Wayne County) in the Michigan Territory in 1817 and was named for then-President James Monroe.[4]

Contents

History

Before the county’s formation, the primary settlement was Frenchtown, which was settled in as early as 1784 along the banks of the River Raisin. The small plot of land was given to the early French settlers by the Potawatomi Native Americans, and the area was claimed for New France. The settlement of Frenchtown and the slight northerly settlement of Sandy Creek drew in a total of about 100 inhabitants. During the War of 1812, the area was the site of the Battle of Frenchtown, which was the worst American defeat in the war and remains the deadliest conflict ever on Michigan soil. The site of the battle is now part of the River Raisin National Battlefield Park.[5]

Monroe County was formed from the southern portion of Wayne County in 1817. At the time, the Michigan Territory, which had not yet received statehood, consisted of only Wayne County since Detroit was the only area with a population over 1,000 people. When the area became more populated, the southern portion of Wayne County was broken off to form Monroe County with Frenchtown being incorporated as the county seat of Monroe — the second incorporated city in the Michigan Territory. The newly formed county and its county seat were renamed in honor of then-President James Monroe in anticipation for his upcoming visit to the area.[4] Shortly after its formation, Monroe County’s population was recorded at only 336 in the 1820 census.[6] When the county was originally formed, it stretched for 60 miles inland (twice its current size), but the western half was split off to form Lenawee County in 1826.[4][7]

Monroe County’s most famous resident, George Armstrong Custer (1839–1876), moved to Monroe as a child and lived with his half-sister and brother-in-law. Although not born in Monroe, he attended school in Monroe and later moved away to attend the United States Military Academy. He returned to Monroe in 1864 during the Civil War to marry Elizabeth Bacon (1842–1933), whom he met while previously living in Monroe. Much of Custer’s family resided in Monroe, included Elizabeth Bacon, Henry Armstrong Reed (1858–1876), and Boston Custer (1848–1876). Following their deaths in the Battle of the Little Bighorn, Henry and Boston were interned and memorialized in Monroe’s historic Woodland Cemetery, as are many members of Bacon’s family. Although dying in the same battle, George Custer was interned at West Point Cemetery, and Elizabeth Bacon was buried next to him when she died many decades later. In 1910, then-President William Howard Taft and the widowed Elizabeth Bacon unveiled an equestrian statue of Custer that now rests at the corner of Elm Street and Monroe Street in the heart of downtown Monroe.[8][9]

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Border disputes

When Toledo was incorporated in 1833, it belonged to Monroe County in the Michigan Territory, which led to the Toledo War and subsequent state boundary alterations.

When the city of Toledo was incorporated in 1833, it was part of Monroe County instead of the state of Ohio. The small strip of land surrounding the mouth of the Maumee River was under the jurisdiction of the Michigan Territory, because the borders originally drawn up for the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 set a territorial boundary as the southernmost edge of Lake Michigan. When Ohio became the first in the Northwest Territory to gain statehood in 1803, the state’s northern border did not include this important area, which was later given to the Michigan Territory when it was formally organized in 1805. From 1833–1836, Toledo belonged to Monroe County, and this led to the very heated Toledo War border dispute between the Michigan Territory and the state of Ohio for the area known as the Toledo Strip. In late-1836, President Andrew Jackson, who disliked the Michigan Territory’s “boy governor” Stevens T. Mason, intervened on behalf of Ohio and gave the Toledo Strip to Ohio in exchange for Michigan getting the Upper Peninsula— then considered a wasteland — when it became a state on January 26, 1837.[10] For the time that Toledo was part of Monroe County, it surpassed Monroe in terms of size and population. In 1915, Michigan Governor Woodbridge Nathan Ferris and Ohio Governor Frank B. Willis called a ceremonial truce to the border conflict when new state line markers were erected.

The new state line at the end of the Toledo War was established at approximately the 41°44’ north latitude line just north of the mouth of the Maumee River. This gave the river and the city of Toledo to the state of Ohio, but it also created an unintended consequence for a specific area of Michigan. The state line also cut through the smaller Ottawa River and intentionally cut off a small section of Monroe County, creating an exclave known as the “Lost Peninsula” (41°44′08.3″N 83°27′35.6″W / 41.735639°N 83.459889°W / 41.735639; -83.459889). The few Michigan residents that live on the small peninsula must travel south into Ohio on a 10 minute drive before going north to get back to the rest of Michigan. The Lost Peninsula is administered by Erie Township and most of the peninsula contains a marina.[11]

Monroe County’s boundary remained unchanged from 1837–1973 when one final unresolved dispute from the Toledo War was resolved— 136 years after the conflict. Ownership over the very small, uninhabited Turtle Island in remote Lake Erie was disputed for decades after the island’s lighthouse was shut down. Interestingly, the island was long controlled by Michigan but still disputed by Ohio. On February 22, 1973, an agreement was met, and state lines were redrawn for the last time to cut exactly through the tiny island — dividing the island between Monroe County and Lucas County. The island serves no purpose, and ownership of the island is merely political. Erie Township has jurisdiction over the Michigan half of Turtle Island, while the city of Toledo controls the other half. What to do with the island remains a contentious issue since neither side can come to any agreement. Today, the island has several abandoned structures, and the recent building of new structures was halted by a court order.[12][13]

Economic history

The Detroit Edison-owned Monroe Power Plant has the tallest structures in Monroe County.

Prior to the mid-20th century, Monroe County remained largely agrarian and was well known for its numerous paper mills — the first of which was founded in 1834.[14] In 1916, August Meyer founded Brisk Blast, which was a bicycle pump manufacturer that was later expanded to produce automotive shocks in 1919 as the Monroe Auto Equipment Company. In 1977, the company merged with the international Tenneco company. Today, their world headquarters are located in Monroe Charter Township and continue to manufacture Monroe Shocks and Struts.[14] In 1927, cousins Edward Knabusch and Edwin Shoemaker founded a small furniture making company in their garage. This would later evolved into the worldwide La-Z-Boy Incorporated, and their world headquarters are located on North Telegraph Road in Monroe.[15] Only their world headquarters are located in Monroe, as their products are now manufactured in China.[16]

In 1957, the Enrico Fermi Nuclear Generating Station first opened in Frenchtown Charter Township near Lake Erie. Today, the plant is operated by Detroit Edison but is entirely owned by parent company DTE Energy. In 1974, the Monroe Power Plant, currently the fourth largest coal firing plant in North America, opened. At 805 feet (245 m) tall, the dual smokestacks are visible from over 25 miles (40 km) away and are among the tallest structures in the state. A third smokestack — shorter and wider than the other two — was constructed as the plant is expanding its capacity.[17] In 1929, Newton Steel opened a manufacturing plant on Lake Erie in Monroe, and this plant would later be purchased by the Ford Motor Company in 1949 under their Visteon division and later as the Automotive Components Holdings. The plant, one of the most prominent manufacturing job in the county, produces various car parts for Ford. The plant itself is also well known for its high level of chemicals that once polluted Lake Erie and the River Raisin. Although threatened to close, the factory remains open with 1,200 employees.[16][18] Today, the Port of Monroe remains heavily industrialized, and various other industries have moved to Monroe County in recent years. In 2001, Cabela’s built a store in Dundee. As one of the largest stores of its kind, this location is a major tourist destination and has greatly improved the economy of Dundee.[19] The Global Engine Manufacturing Alliance was also founded in Dundee in 2002.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 680 square miles (1,761 km²), of which, 551 square miles (1,427 km²) of it is land and 129 square miles (334 km²) of it (18.96%) is water. Monroe is Michigan’s only county on Lake Erie. The River Raisin and Sandy Creek flow through the county. Sterling State Park is the county’s only state park and the only of Michigan’s 98 state parks located on Lake Erie. The Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge extends south into Monroe County and includes Sterling State Park.[20] Monroe County sits at the lowest elevation in state of Michigan, which is the shores of Lake Erie at 571 feet (174 meters).[21]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census[22] of 2000, there were 145,945 people, 53,772 households, and 39,952 families residing in the county. The population density was 265 people per square mile (102/km²). There were 56,471 housing units at an average density of 102 per square mile (40/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.42% White, 1.90% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. 2.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 28.5% were of German, 8.9% American, 8.3% Polish, 8.2% French, 8.0% Irish, 7.5% English and 5.7% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.4% spoke English and 1.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 53,772 households out of which 36.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female household with no husband present, and 25.70% were non-families. 21.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.14. In the county the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.20 males. The median income for a household in the county was $51,743, and the median income for a family was $59,659. Males had a median income of $46,715 versus $27,421 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,458. About 4.80% of families and 7.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.10% of those under age 18 and 8.30% of those age 65 or over.

In the 2008 census report, the county's population was estimated at 152,949. The leading nationality was German at 34.9%, with Irish at 15.2% and French at 11.1%. Other national origins include 10.5% Polish and 8.9% English. The smallest population of any large nationality in the United States is Danish with only 45 people of Danish descent in the county.[23] The highest ethnicity reported in the county in 2008 was white at 95.3%. Black people accounted for only 2.4%, while other ethnic groups include 0.7% Asian and 0.3% total for Native Americans and Alaska Natives. Hispanic and Latino Americans accounted for 2.7%.[24]

Cities and townships

Education

Monroe County contains nine public school districts. There are approximately 23,000 students in public schools in Monroe County.[25]. Public school district boundaries are not conterminous with the county boundaries. Students near the county line, especially those in northern locations such as Milan and London Township, are assigned to districts in neighboring counties. In Monroe County, Airport Community Schools and Whiteford Agricultural Schools have boundaries that extend into neighboring counties.[26]

There are two charter schools in the county with a total of 750 students. There are also 15 parochial schools with approximately 2,200 students enrolled in the private sector. The district is also served by one independent school district, the Monroe County Intermediate School District, which provides education services and staff support at all of the county's schools. Monroe County Community College is the only higher education institution in the county. Marygrove College, sponsored by the local Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (IHM), was founded in Monroe in 1905 as a Catholic, liberal arts college. The college then moved to its current location in Detroit in 1927. The IHM also operated a boarding school, the Hall of the Divine Child, in Monroe from 1918–1980. Students in the county may also be homeschooled.

Public schools

Monroe County is served by nine public school districts. The largest of these is Monroe Public Schools, which enrolls approximately 6,450 students in the city of Monroe and outlying area of the city limits.[25] With over 2,100 students, Monroe High School is one of the largest high schools in the state. The Monroe County Intermediate School District is not a public school district, but rather an independent school district that provides services to both public and private schools in the county. Students in Monroe County can choose to enroll in any public school district in the county, granted the district has available space. If a student attends a school outside of their normal district, the school will usually not provide transportation for the student. The district boundary map is provided by the Michigan Department of Information Technology.[26] All district's athletic teams are governed by the Michigan High School Athletic Association.

Enrollment and teacher figures are from the start of the 2009–10 school year, which are subject to change. In addition to that, the figure given for teachers may appear higher than the actual count for an individual school, because some districts employ the same teacher at multiple schools within their district — such as those teachers within the fields of music and art. Teachers who teach at multiple schools are counted as teachers for each school in which they teach.

     Secondary school
     Primary school
     Alternative school
     Specialized learning centers
District School Location Coordinates Enrollment[25] Teachers[25] Link
Airport Community Schools
(Carleton, Michigan) [1]
Enrollment: 2,894; Teachers: 159
Airport Senior High School Carleton 42°02′24″N 83°22′35″W / 42.04°N 83.37639°W / 42.04; -83.37639 (Airport Senior High School)
1,026
56
[2]
Edith M. Wagar Middle School Carleton 42°02′18″N 83°22′44″W / 42.03833°N 83.37889°W / 42.03833; -83.37889 (Edith M. Wagar Middle School)
707
38
[3]
Fred W. Ritter Elementary School South Rockwood 42°03′43″N 83°16′21″W / 42.06194°N 83.2725°W / 42.06194; -83.2725 (Fred W. Ritter Elementary School)
274
18
[4]
Joseph C. Sterling Elementary School Carleton 42°02′31″N 83°22′39″W / 42.04194°N 83.3775°W / 42.04194; -83.3775 (Joseph C. Sterling Elementary School)
318
20
[5]
Loren Eyler Elementary School Carleton 42°03′56″N 83°21′10″W / 42.06556°N 83.35278°W / 42.06556; -83.35278 (Loren Eyler Elementary School)
304
19
[6]
Niedermeier Elementary School Newport 41°59′57″N 83°18′36″W / 41.99917°N 83.31°W / 41.99917; -83.31 (Niedermeier Elementary School)
265
14
[7]
Bedford Public Schools
(Temperance, Michigan) [8]
Enrollment: 5,342; Teachers: 290
Bedford Junior High School Temperance 41°46′07″N 83°35′19″W / 41.76861°N 83.58861°W / 41.76861; -83.58861 (Bedford Junior High School)
834
57
[9]
Bedford Senior High School Temperance 41°45′58″N 83°35′20″W / 41.76611°N 83.58889°W / 41.76611; -83.58889 (Bedford Senior High School)
1,785
108
[10]
Douglas Road Elementary School Lambertville 41°44′26″N 83°36′26″W / 41.74056°N 83.60722°W / 41.74056; -83.60722 (Douglas Road Elementary School)
549
34
[11]
Jackman Road Elementary School Temperance 41°45′41″N 83°35′10″W / 41.76139°N 83.58611°W / 41.76139; -83.58611 (Jackman Road Elementary School)
494
31
[12]
Monroe Road Elementary School Lambertville 41°45′26″N 83°38′17″W / 41.75722°N 83.63806°W / 41.75722; -83.63806 (Monroe Road Elementary School)
665
38
[13]
Open Door Alternative High School Temperance 41°44′58″N 83°35′01″W / 41.74944°N 83.58361°W / 41.74944; -83.58361 (Open Door Alternative High School)
42
4
[14]
Smith Road Elementary School Temperance 41°44′06″N 83°34′14″W / 41.735°N 83.57056°W / 41.735; -83.57056 (Smith Road Elementary School)
432
30
[15]
Temperance Road Elementary School Temperance 41°46′41″N 83°34′59″W / 41.77806°N 83.58306°W / 41.77806; -83.58306 (Temperance Road Elementary School)
541
36
[16]
Dundee Community Schools
(Dundee, Michigan) [17]
Enrollment: 1,687; Teachers: 96
Dundee Alternative High School Dundee 41°57′13″N 83°39′33″W / 41.95361°N 83.65917°W / 41.95361; -83.65917 (Dundee Alternative High School)
57
4
[18]
Dundee Elementary School Dundee 41°57′37″N 83°39′28″W / 41.96028°N 83.65778°W / 41.96028; -83.65778 (Dundee Elementary School)
653
34
[19]
Dundee High School Dundee 41°57′45″N 83°39′44″W / 41.9625°N 83.66222°W / 41.9625; -83.66222 (Dundee High School)
470
31
[20]
Dundee Middle School Dundee 41°57′40″N 83°39′32″W / 41.96111°N 83.65889°W / 41.96111; -83.65889 (Dundee Middle School)
507
31
[21]
Ida Public Schools
(Ida, Michigan) [22]
Enrollment: 1,611; Teachers: 109
Ida Elementary School Ida 41°54′27″N 83°34′04″W / 41.9075°N 83.56778°W / 41.9075; -83.56778 (Ida Elementary School)
538
39
[23]
Ida High School Ida 41°54′23″N 83°34′11″W / 41.90639°N 83.56972°W / 41.90639; -83.56972 (Ida High School)
537
36
[24]
Ida Middle School Ida 41°54′22″N 83°34′17″W / 41.90611°N 83.57139°W / 41.90611; -83.57139 (Ida Middle School)
536
35
[25]
Jefferson Schools
(Frenchtown, Michigan) [26]
Enrollment: 2,165; Teachers: 134
Harold F. Sodt Elementary School Frenchtown 41°56′45″N 83°19′14″W / 41.94583°N 83.32056°W / 41.94583; -83.32056 (Harold F. Sodt Elementary School)
317
24
[27]
Jefferson 5/6 Elementary School Frenchtown 41°57′12″N 83°18′46″W / 41.95333°N 83.31278°W / 41.95333; -83.31278 (Jefferson 5/6 Elementary School)
310
19
[28]
Jefferson Early Childhood Center Frenchtown 41°56′17″N 83°20′56″W / 41.93806°N 83.34889°W / 41.93806; -83.34889 (Jefferson Early Childhood Center)
5
[29]
Jefferson High School Frenchtown 41°57′24″N 83°18′42″W / 41.95667°N 83.31167°W / 41.95667; -83.31167 (Jefferson High School)
823
41
[30]
Jefferson Middle School Frenchtown 41°57′15″N 83°18′45″W / 41.95417°N 83.3125°W / 41.95417; -83.3125 (Jefferson Middle School)
322
20
[31]
North Elementary School Newport 41°59′55″N 83°16′43″W / 41.99861°N 83.27861°W / 41.99861; -83.27861 (North Elementary School)
393
25
[32]
Mason Consolidated Schools
(Erie, Michigan) [33]
Enrollment: 1,335; Teachers: 85
Mason Central Elementary School Erie 41°48′38″N 83°29′27″W / 41.81056°N 83.49083°W / 41.81056; -83.49083 (Mason Central Elementary School)
536
30
[34]
Mason Middle School Erie 41°48′38″N 83°29′36″W / 41.81056°N 83.49333°W / 41.81056; -83.49333 (Ida High School)
288
17
[35]
Mason Senior High School Erie 41°48′48″N 83°29′29″W / 41.81333°N 83.49139°W / 41.81333; -83.49139 (Mason Senior High School)
511
26
[36]
Monroe Public Schools
(Monroe, Michigan) [37]
Enrollment: 6,450; Teachers: 385
Custer #1 Elementary School South Monroe 41°53′01″N 83°25′57″W / 41.88361°N 83.4325°W / 41.88361; -83.4325 (Custer #1 Elementary School)
650
48
[38]
Custer #2 Elementary School South Monroe 41°52′58″N 83°26′04″W / 41.88278°N 83.43444°W / 41.88278; -83.43444 (Custer #2 Elementary School)
294
10
[39]
Hollywood/Cantrick Elementary Campus Monroe 41°55′37″N 83°22′56″W / 41.92694°N 83.38222°W / 41.92694; -83.38222 (Cantrick Elementary School)
237
21
[40]
41°55′45″N 83°22′58″W / 41.92917°N 83.38278°W / 41.92917; -83.38278 (Hollywood Elementary School)
Knabusch Mathematics & Science Center Monroe Charter 41°52′30″N 83°23′27″W / 41.875°N 83.39083°W / 41.875; -83.39083 (Knabusch Math & Science Center)
[41]
Manor Elementary School Monroe 41°55′56″N 83°25′05″W / 41.93222°N 83.41806°W / 41.93222; -83.41806 (Manor Elementary School)
406
36
[42]
Monroe High School West Monroe 41°55′07″N 83°26′17″W / 41.91861°N 83.43806°W / 41.91861; -83.43806 (Monroe High School)
2,130
118
[43]
Monroe Middle School Monroe 41°54′39″N 83°23′58″W / 41.91083°N 83.39944°W / 41.91083; -83.39944 (Monroe Middle School)
941
59
[44]
Orchard Center High School Monroe 41°54′05″N 83°22′42″W / 41.90139°N 83.37833°W / 41.90139; -83.37833 (Orchard Center High School)
175
15
[45]
Raisinville Elementary School Raisinville 41°58′14″N 83°26′47″W / 41.97056°N 83.44639°W / 41.97056; -83.44639 (Raisinville Elementary School)
425
25
[46]
Riverside Early Childhood Center Monroe 41°55′21″N 83°24′31″W / 41.9225°N 83.40861°W / 41.9225; -83.40861 (Riverside Early Childhood Center)
162
9
[47]
Waterloo Elementary School West Monroe 41°55′12″N 83°25′33″W / 41.92°N 83.42583°W / 41.92; -83.42583 (Waterloo Elementary School)
250
14
[48]
Summerfield Schools
(Petersburg, Michigan) [49]
Enrollment: 811; Teachers: 42
Summerfield Elementary School Petersburg 41°53′59″N 83°42′32″W / 41.89972°N 83.70889°W / 41.89972; -83.70889 (Summerfield Elementary School)
411
21
[50]
Summerfield High School Petersburg 41°54′18″N 83°42′07″W / 41.905°N 83.70194°W / 41.905; -83.70194 (Summerfield High School)
267
15
[51]
Summerfield Middle School Petersburg 41°54′20″N 83°42′09″W / 41.90556°N 83.7025°W / 41.90556; -83.7025 (Summerfield Middle School)
133
13
[52]
Whiteford Agricultural Schools
(Ottawa Lake, Michigan) [53]
Enrollment: 742; Teachers: 44
Whiteford Elementary School Ottawa Lake 41°45′58″N 83°42′15″W / 41.76611°N 83.70417°W / 41.76611; -83.70417 (Summerfield Elementary School)
277
17
[54]
Whiteford High School Ottawa Lake 41°46′05″N 83°42′08″W / 41.76806°N 83.70222°W / 41.76806; -83.70222 (Whiteford High School)
264
15
[55]
Whiteford Middle School Ottawa Lake 41°46′04″N 83°42′14″W / 41.76778°N 83.70389°W / 41.76778; -83.70389 (Whiteford Middle School)
201
12

Private schools

     Public charter school
     Parochial school
School Location Coordinates Grades Enrollment[25] Teachers[25] Link
Holiness Christian School Petersburg 41°54′01″N 83°42′18″W / 41.90028°N 83.705°W / 41.90028; -83.705 (Holiness Christian School)
1–12
17
2
Holy Ghost Lutheran School Raisinville 41°59′32″N 83°25′44″W / 41.99222°N 83.42889°W / 41.99222; -83.42889 (Holy Ghost Lutheran School)
Pre–8
100
8
[56]
Lutheran High School South Newport 41°59′47″N 83°21′35″W / 41.99639°N 83.35972°W / 41.99639; -83.35972 (Lutheran High School South)
9–12
56
10
[57]
Meadow Montessori School Raisinville 41°54′50″N 83°28′39″W / 41.91389°N 83.4775°W / 41.91389; -83.4775 (Meadow Montessori School)
Pre–12
180
40
[58]
New Bedford Academy Lambertville 41°43′48″N 83°37′37″W / 41.73°N 83.62694°W / 41.73; -83.62694 (New Bedford Academy)
K–8
150
20
[59]
St. Anthony School Whiteford 41°47′56″N 83°39′18″W / 41.79889°N 83.655°W / 41.79889; -83.655 (St. Anthony School)
K–8
33
6
[60]
St. Charles School Newport 41°59′43″N 83°17′18″W / 41.99528°N 83.28833°W / 41.99528; -83.28833 (St. Anthony School)
Pre–8
177
10
[61]
St. John School Monroe 41°54′42″N 83°24′05″W / 41.91167°N 83.40139°W / 41.91167; -83.40139 (St. John School)
Pre–8
225
16
[62]
St. Joseph School Erie 41°54′42″N 83°24′05″W / 41.91167°N 83.40139°W / 41.91167; -83.40139 (St. Joseph School)
Pre–8
110
13
[63]
St. Mary Catholic Central High School Monroe 41°55′10″N 83°23′53″W / 41.91944°N 83.39806°W / 41.91944; -83.39806 (St. Mary Catholic Central)
9–12
425
48
[64]
St. Mary Catholic Elementary School Monroe 41°55′10″N 83°23′47″W / 41.91944°N 83.39639°W / 41.91944; -83.39639 (St. Mary Catholic Elementary School)
Pre–8
197
14
[65]
St. Michael School Monroe 41°55′06″N 83°24′19″W / 41.91833°N 83.40528°W / 41.91833; -83.40528 (St. Michael School)
K–8
170
14
[66]
St. Patrick Catholic School Ash 42°01′32″N 83°25′06″W / 42.02556°N 83.41833°W / 42.02556; -83.41833 (St. Patrick Catholic School)
K–8
134
11
[67]
State Line Christian School Temperance 41°44′03″N 83°33′59″W / 41.73417°N 83.56639°W / 41.73417; -83.56639 (State Line Christian School)
K–8
134
13
[68]
Trinity Lutheran School Monroe 41°54′42″N 83°23′46″W / 41.91167°N 83.39611°W / 41.91167; -83.39611 (Trinity Lutheran School)
Pre–8
205
12
[69]
Triumph Academy Frenchtown 41°57′13″N 83°21′43″W / 41.95361°N 83.36194°W / 41.95361; -83.36194 (Triumph Academy)
K–8
600
40
[70]
Zion Lutheran School Frenchtown 41°56′12″N 83°23′00″W / 41.93667°N 83.3833333°W / 41.93667; -83.3833333 (Zion Lutheran School)
Pre–8
65
5
[71]

Intermediate school districts

Landmarks and attractions

Transportation

I-75.svg
I-75
Interstate 75 travels through the eastern portion of the county and provides access to Toledo to the south and Detroit to the north. I-75 provides an uninterrupted route as far south as South Florida and as far north as the Sault Ste. Marie International Bridge.
I-275.svg
I-275
Interstate 275 has its southern terminus just north of Monroe in the northeast portion of the county. Splitting off from I-75, I-275 is a western bypass around Detroit but does not actually merge back with I-75. I-275 serves as a main route to the Metro Airport.
US 23.svg
US-23
U.S. Route 23 runs along the western portion of the county, passing right through Dundee and proceeding north through Ann Arbor. US-23 is large enough to where it is a limited-access freeway with interchanges rather than intersections.
US 24.svg
US-24
US-24 travels through Monroe and provides access to Toledo and western portions of Detroit. The road is known locally as North Telegraph and South Telegraph — divided at the River Raisin. US-24 also connects to I-275 just north of Monroe.
US 25.svg
US-25
U.S. Route 25 was the designated name for the portion of Dixie Highway north of Cincinnati, including the portion running through Monroe. Like Dixie Highway, US-25 was largely replaced, and the existing highway was truncated at Cincinnati.
US 223.svg
US-223
U.S. Route 223 only runs a short distance through the southwestern corner of the county, where it connects Toledo to U.S. Route 127 in Michigan. In Monroe County, it is known as St. Anthony Road, and the US-223 designation continues on a 90° bend south with US-23.
M-50.svg
M-50
The eastern terminus of M-50 is in Monroe at US-24 and provides a direct route from Monroe to Dundee and further into the state. In Monroe, M-50 is known locally as South Custer Road. In Dundee, it is referred to as East Monroe Street and, after the River Raisin, Tecumseh Road.
M-125.svg
M-125
M-125 travels directly through downtown Monroe before merging into US-24 north of Monroe. South of downtown after Jones Avenue, it is called South Dixie Highway. In the downtown area, it is South Monroe Street. North of the River Raisin, it is North Monroe Street.
M-130.svg
M-130
M-130 was a state highway existing from 1930–1955 and ran along the north banks of the River Raisin. M-130 had its eastern terminus at US-24 and ran for just over nine miles. In 1955, control of the highway was transferred back to the county and is now called North Custer Road.
M-151.svg
M-151
M-151 was a state highway existing from 1935–1977. It ran through the southern portion of the county, connecting US-23 to the now-decommissioned US-25. Today, the road is called Samaria Road, with the eastern portion called Lakeside Road.
USA Dixie Highway marker.jpg
Dixie
Highway
The old Dixie Highway ran through Monroe County in as early as 1915. Originally one of the only ways to reach places like Florida, the highway was largely replaced by I-75 beginning in the 1960s. Today, the namesake of the highway is used for two non-connecting highways (one being M-125), although the same route and remnants of the original highway are long gone.
Airport Sign.svg
Custer
Airport
Built in 1946, Custer Airport is located just west of downtown Monroe. It is a very small and seldom used airport. There are no commercial or passenger flights departing from or arriving at Custer Airport. There is one paved runway primarily used by small personal airplanes. There is also a small aviation school on the site.[36]
Airport Sign.svg
Toledo Suburban Airport
Not to be confused with the much larger Toledo Express Airport, this airport is located in the southwest portion of the county near Lambertville. Like the Custer Airport, there are no scheduled flights, and the airport is seldom used. With only one paved runway and seasonal operation, its primary function is as a fueling station, test center, and for flight instructions.[37]

References

  1. ^ U.S. Census Bureau: Monroe County (MI) http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/26/26115.html
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ http://www.census.gov/popest/metro/tables/2008/CBSA-EST2008-01.csv July 2008 population estimates
  4. ^ a b c http://www.michigan.gov/hal/0,1607,7-160-15481_20826_20829-54126--,00.html List of Michigan counties with creation date
  5. ^ http://www.riverraisinbattlefield.org/the_battles.htm Battle of Frenchtown
  6. ^ http://members.tripod.com/~tfred/1820mon.html Monroe County, Michigan (1820 census)
  7. ^ http://www.familyhistory101.com/maps/mi_cm.html Map of county formations
  8. ^ http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9D0DE7DA1530E233A25756C1A9639C946196D6CF History of the Custer statue
  9. ^ http://monroe.lib.mi.us/books_movies_music/special_collections/custer_statue_moved.htm Custer statue moved
  10. ^ http://www.michigan.gov/dmva/0,1607,7-126-2360_3003_3009-16934--,00.html Brief summary of the Toledo War
  11. ^ Lost Peninsula Marina. "The History of the Lost Peninsula". http://www.lostpeninsulamarina.com/Marina-History.html. Retrieved August 15, 2009. 
  12. ^ http://www.captain-johns.com/Ohio/turtlehistory.pdf History of Turtle Island
  13. ^ http://www.aerialpics.com/I/turtleI.html Aerial photographs of Turtle Island
  14. ^ a b City of Monroe (2007). "City of Monroe – Industry". http://www.ci.monroe.mi.us/About_Industry.cfm. Retrieved August 17, 2009. 
  15. ^ La-Z-Boy Incorporated (2009). "La-Z-Boy: Making history since 1927". http://www.la-z-boy.com/about/our_history.aspx. Retrieved August 18, 2009. 
  16. ^ a b Bogle, Charles (18 September 2007). "Closing of Monroe, Michigan, factory marks the end of a way of life". http://xml.wsws.org/articles/2007/sep2007/monr-s18.shtml. Retrieved August 18, 2009. 
  17. ^ The Center for Land Use Interpretation (2009). "Monroe Power Plant". http://ludb.clui.org/ex/i/MI3133/. Retrieved August 18, 2009. 
  18. ^ Kolak, Sheri (May 13, 1995). "Ford Motor Company, Monroe Stamping Plant". http://epa.gov/waste/hazard/correctiveaction/sbs2/pdfs/mi7005.pdf. Retrieved August 18, 2009. 
  19. ^ Toledo Business Journal (1 March 2000). "Dundee site of $15m Cabela's project". http://www.allbusiness.com/north-america/united-states-ohio-metro-areas-toledo/977545-1.html. Retrieved August 18, 2009. 
  20. ^ U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (2009). "Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge". http://www.fws.gov/refuges/profiles/index.cfm?id=31521. Retrieved June 17, 2009. 
  21. ^ U.S. Geological Survey (2005). "USGS Elevations and Distances in the United States". http://egsc.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/booklets/elvadist/elvadist.html#Highest. Retrieved June 4, 2009. 
  22. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  23. ^ Associated Press (22 September 2009). "Merci or danke? What are we?". Monroe Evening News (Monroe, Michigan). http://www.monroenews.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20090922/NEWS01/709229992. Retrieved September 22, 2009. 
  24. ^ U.S. Census Bureau (04 September 2009). "Monroe County, Michigan County QuickFacts". http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/26/26115.html. Retrieved September 22, 2009. 
  25. ^ a b c d e f Monroe County Intermediate School District (2009). "Monroe County Educational Directory 2009–10". http://www.misd.k12.mi.us/downloads/generalisd/20092010_educational_directorypdf__20091001_140018_10.pdf. Retrieved February 27, 2010. 
  26. ^ a b Michigan Department of Information Technology (March 2008). "Monroe ISD public school boundaries". http://www.michigan.gov/documents/CGI-MonroeCISD_67836_7.pdf. Retrieved February 23, 2010. 
  27. ^ http://www.michigan.org/Property/Detail.aspx?p=B12997 Eby Log Cabin
  28. ^ http://www.michigan.org/Property/Detail.aspx?p=B4897 Martha Barker Country Store Museum
  29. ^ http://www.monroecountyfair.com/ Monroe County Fair
  30. ^ http://www.historicmonroe.org/museum/index.htm Monroe County Historical Museum
  31. ^ http://www.monroelabor.org/ Monroe County Labor History Museum
  32. ^ http://www.michigan.org/Property/Detail.aspx?p=B12813 Monroe County Vietnam Veterans Historical Museum
  33. ^ http://www.monroeinfo.com/recreation_mmsc.html Monroe Multi-Sports Complex
  34. ^ http://www.riverraisinbattlefield.org/visitorscenter.htm River Raisin Battlefield Visitor Center
  35. ^ http://www.riverraisincentre.org/ River Raisin Centre for the Arts
  36. ^ http://mich.gov/documents/Ttf_19117_7.pdf Custer Airport details
  37. ^ http://mich.gov/documents/DUH_18478_7.pdf Toledo Express Airport

Further reading

  • Nicholas, J.R., G.L. Rowe, and J.R. Brannen. (1996). Hydrology, water quality, and effects of drought in Monroe County, Michigan [Water-Resources Investigations Report 94-4161]. Lansing, MI: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey.

External links

Coordinates: 41°55′N 83°30′W / 41.92°N 83.50°W / 41.92; -83.50


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Monroe County, Michigan
Seal of Monroe County, Michigan
Map
File:Map of Michigan highlighting Monroe County.png
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the USA highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded July 14, 1817 [1]
Seat Monroe
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 18.96%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

145945
Website: www.co.monroe.mi.us

Monroe County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the population was 145,945. The county seat is Monroe6. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, it forms a part of the Metro Detroit area. However, the southern portion of the county may feel more closely tied to Toledo.

The Fermi nuclear power plant is located within the county.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,761 km² (680 sq mi). 1,427 km² (551 sq mi) of it is land and 334 km² (129 sq mi) of it (18.96%) is water.

Lake Erie is to the east of the county. The River Raisin and Sandy Creek flow through the county. The Sterling State Park is the only state park in the county, though there are also numerous tracts of state-owned hunting land.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 145,945 people, 53,772 households, and 39,952 families residing in the county. The population density was 102/km² (265/sq mi). There were 56,471 housing units at an average density of 40/km² (102/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 95.42% White, 1.90% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. 2.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 96.4% spoke English and 1.5% Spanish as their first language.

There were 53,772 households out of which 36.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.70% were non-families. 21.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,743, and the median income for a family was $59,659. Males had a median income of $46,715 versus $27,421 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,458. About 4.80% of families and 7.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.10% of those under age 18 and 8.30% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Monroe County elected officials

(information as of September 2005)

Cities, villages, and townships

Stony Point from the air, looking southeast.

Education

Major roads

External links

Coordinates: 41°55′N 83°30′W / 41.92, -83.50

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Monroe County, Michigan. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Monroe County, MichiganRDF feed
County names Monroe County, Michigan  +
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Michigan  +
Short name Monroe County  +

This article uses material from the "Monroe County, Michigan" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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