Monrovia, California: Wikis

  
  
  

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City of Monrovia
—  City  —
Location of Monrovia in Los Angeles County, California.
Coordinates: 34°8′39″N 118°0′7″W / 34.14417°N 118.00194°W / 34.14417; -118.00194Coordinates: 34°8′39″N 118°0′7″W / 34.14417°N 118.00194°W / 34.14417; -118.00194
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
Government
 - City council      Mayor Mary Ann Lutz

     Mayor Pro Tem Tom Adams
     Dan Kirby
     Joe Garcia

     Tom Adams
 - City Treasurer Stephen Baker[1]
Area
 - Total 13.8 sq mi (35.8 km2)
 - Land 13.7 sq mi (35.6 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (.2 km2)
Elevation 571 ft (174 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 36,929
 Density 2,685.8/sq mi (1,037.0/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 91016, 91017
Area code(s) 626
FIPS code 06-48648
GNIS feature ID 1661049
Website ci.monrovia.ca.us

Monrovia is a city located in the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains in the San Gabriel Valley of Los Angeles County, California, United States. The population was 36,929 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Geography

Monrovia is located at 34°8′39″N 118°0′7″W / 34.14417°N 118.00194°W / 34.14417; -118.00194 (34.144156, -118.001848).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.8 square kilometers (13.8 sq mi). 35.6 km² (13.8 mi²) of it is land and 0.2 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (0.51%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 36,929 people, 13,502 households, and 9,086 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,037.0/km² (2,686.5/mi²). There were 13,957 housing units at an average density of 391.9/km² (1,015.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 62.92% White, 8.67% African American, 0.87% Native American, 7.02% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 15.61% from other races, and 4.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 35.24% of the population.

There were 13,502 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $45,375, and the median income for a family was $49,703. Males had a median income of $41,039 versus $32,259 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,686. About 9.7% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.3% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure

In the state legislature Monrovia is located in the 29th Senate District, represented by Republican Bob Huff, and in the 44th and 59th Assembly Districts, represented by Democrat Anthony J. Portantino and Republican Anthony Adams respectively. Federally, Monrovia is located in California's 26th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +4[4] and is represented by Republican David Dreier.

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Monrovia Health Center in Monrovia.[5]

History

Monrovia, 1886 (Myrtle Ave., looking north).

Monrovia is the fourth oldest general law city in Los Angeles County and the L.A. Basin (after Los Angeles, Santa Monica, and Pasadena). Incorporated in 1887, Monrovia has grown from a sparse community of orange ranches to a residential community of 37,000. People traveling between Los Angeles and San Bernardino traveled "via Monroe's Ranch," hence the name.[citation needed]

Around 500 BC, a band of Shoshonean-speaking Indians established settlements in what is now the San Gabriel Valley. These native Americans came to be called the Gabrieliño Indians by early Spanish explorers, and are now referred to as the Tongva. The Tongva were not farmers; they gathered wild seeds, berries, and plants along rivers and in marshlands. Abundant oaks in the Valley, such as Coast Live Oak and Interior Live Oak provided a staple of the Tongva diet: acorn mush made of boiled acorn flour.

Monrovia, 1892 (Myrtle Ave., looking north).

In 1769, when all California was claimed by the King of Spain, Europeans first visited the San Gabriel Valley, including Monrovia. An expedition from San Diego passed through en route to Monterey Bay, commanded by Don Gaspar Portola. Accompanying Portola were a Franciscan Father from Father Junipero Serra's Franciscan order of Mexico, and Juan Crespi, the expedition's diarist. Much of what is known of early California is known only from Crespi's detailed descriptions.

In 1771, the Franciscans established the Mission San Gabriel Arcangel in the San Gabriel Valley. The mission was a resting point for early California travelers and gathered most of the native Tongva into an agricultural lifestyle. Following the Mexican Revolution in 1839, the mission lands were nationalized.

In 1841, California Governor Juan Alvarado gave Rancho Azusa de Duarte to Andres Duarte, a Mexican soldier, and he gave Rancho Santa Anita to Hugo Reid, a naturalized Mexican citizen of Scottish birth. Monrovia is made of parts of these two ranchos.

In the mid-1800s, most of Rancho Azusa de Duarte was subdivided and sold by Duarte to settle his debts. Some of those parcels would eventually end up as part of the ranch of William N. Monroe, Monrovia's namesake.

Pacific Electric in Monrovia, 1903.

Rancho Santa Anita changed hands several times before the famous multimillionaire, silver baron and rancher, E.J. "Lucky" Baldwin acquired it in 1875. That same year his Los Angeles Investment Company began subdividing and selling parcels from many of his ranchos. In 1883, 240 acres (970,000 m²) of Rancho Santa Anita were sold to Monroe for $30,000. Additional parcels of Rancho Santa Anita were sold to Edward F. Spence, John D. Bicknell, James F. Crank, and J.F. Falvey.

The completion of the Santa Fe (which would run through Monrovia) and Southern Pacific railroads to Southern California would bring new people looking for homes and investment opportunities. With this in mind, Monroe, Spence, Bicknell, Crank, and Falvey decided to combine their land under the business name of the Monrovia Land and Water Company in 1886. The combined lots formed the Town of Monrovia Subdivision. The original borders of the Town of Monrovia Subdivision were Canyon Blvd. to the east, Walnut Ave. to the south, Magnolia Ave. to the west, and Lime Ave. to the north. The subdivision was then itself quickly subdivided into 600 500-foot (150 m) by 160-foot (49 m) lots and sold. Some lucky buyers of these lots turned around and sold them very quickly. Those who chose to hold on to their property saw its value fall to a fraction of its 1886-1887 value.

The town was incorporated in 1887 under the leadership of prohibitionists who wished to control the arrival of an unwelcome saloon. The first order of business for the newly formed government was to pass a tippler's law, prohibiting the sale of alcohol.

In 1903 the Monrovia News was established. In the same year, the Pacific Electric was opened providing transportation to and from Los Angeles, making it possible for Monrovian homeowners to work in Los Angeles.

Monrovia, 1914 (Myrtle Ave., looking north).

In 1905 Carnegie funds became available and with the help of the Board of Trade (forerunner to the Chamber of Commerce), and the Monrovia Women's Club, a bond issue was passed to purchase the Granite Bank Building to be used as a City Hall, and to acquire property for a public park. The Granite Building serves as the city hall, fire and police department facilities in 1961 and the fire department in 1974. In 1956, the old Carnegie library building was torn down and the present library constructed. The library now boasts a book collection of 95,000 volumes.As of March 2007, the city's residents were asked to vote on a new, upgraded library which is ADA-compliant and has twice as much room for books and computer usage as the current one(the measure passed with at least 70% of the vote.).

A city council-manager type government was instituted in 1923.

The Upton Sinclair House, home to activist and author Upton Sinclair, is located in Monrovia and is a National Historic Landmark.

Monrovia has been used extensively for filming many TV shows, movies and commercials.

The CBS-TV drama "Picket Fences" was filmed throughout Monrovia. This included use of Monrovia City Hall as the fictional Rome, Wisconsin Sheriff's Office and the nearby United Methodist Church used as the Logan County Courthouse. To this day, CBS insists that the city of Rome, Wisconsin was a fictional town, although there are two actual cities in Wisconsin that bear that name.[citation needed]

In 1995 Monrovia received the All America City Award from the National Civic League.

Monrovia operates its own Fire & Police Departments led by Fire Chief Christopher Donovan and Chief of Police Roger W. Johnson

Various wildlife ranging from mule deer to black bears, coyotes, bobcats, raccoons, golden eagles, and even the occasional mountain lion can be seen roaming in Monrovia's foothills. Monrovia's wildlife population gained notoriety in 1994 when a black bear was seen enjoying dips in northern Monrovia residents' hot tubs and swimming pools. The bear became a local celebrity to Monrovia residents after his falling ill due to his consuming a plastic grocery bag. After capture the bear was originally scheduled to be euthanized, however due to public outcry this did not happen. Instead, Samson was relocated to the Orange County Zoo where he had his own exhibit funded by monetary donations from all over the world, many of which came from school children. Samson lived at the zoo until his death from old age on May 14, 2001. A monument to Samson "The Hot Tub" Bear can be seen at the entrance to the Nature Center of Monrovia's Canyon Park.[citation needed]

In 1937, Patrick McDonald opened a simple restaurant at the old Monrovia Airport called "The Airdrome" (hamburgers were ten cents, and all-you-can-drink orange juice was five cents); the restaurant remained at the airport until 1940, when he and his two sons, Maurice and Richard, moved the entire building 40 miles (64 km) to San Bernardino to the corner of 14th and E Streets renaming it "McDonald's". In 1955, milkshake machine salesman Ray Kroc made a franchising deal with the McDonald brothers. In 1961 Kroc purchased the business rights for $2.7 million. For years after the McDonald's Corporation claimed the Des Plaines, Illinois location to be the first (it was the first location franchised through Ray Kroc), and only recently has recognized San Bernardino. Some though claim Monrovia to be the "real" birthplace, but that's subjective since McDonald's as it was first franchised in 1953 came into being following the development of the "Speedee Service System" in 1948.

Education

Monrovia High School gained a highly creditable rating in its early history. The first school in Monrovia was built in 1887. It was located where Monroe School now stands, and housed the entire elementary and high school student body. A new high school on the property now occupied by Clifton Middle School was erected in 1905, and in 1912 was greatly expanded by the addition of new buildings. In 1928 a high school to serve the communities of Monrovia, Arcadia and Duarte was built. The same structure now serves only Monrovia students, as the elementary and high school district were unified into one district in 1961. The district now has one high school, one continuation school, two middle schools and five elementary schools, and is part of the Citrus Community College District. There are also three parochial schools in Monrovia.

Monrovia, California's schools are:

Notable residents

Filming

The Eastlake Victorian mansion seen in the cult classic House is in Monrovia.

Scenes from the movie Black Sheep, starring Chris Farley and David Spade, were filmed in "Old Town Monrovia," located on Myrtle Avenue.

The coffee shop scene in the movie Never Been Kissed, starring Drew Barrymore and Michael Vartan, was filmed in a store in "Old Town Monrovia" on Myrtle Avenue.

Grosse Pointe Blank starring John Cusack and Minnie Driver was shot in "Old Town Monrovia."

Many of the high school scenes from A Cinderella Story, starring Hilary Duff and Chad Michael Murray, were filmed at Monrovia High School.

Several high school scenes from Not Another Teen Movie, including the football scene, were also filmed at Monrovia High School.

The horror film 976-EVIL had scenes filmed at Monrovia High School and along Olive Ave.

The exterior shots of Jennifer's home in Back to the Future Part II and III are of a house just north of Foothill Blvd.

The new Zack Efron movie, 17 Again, had parts filmed in Scoops Soda Fountain and Candy Shop in Monrovia.

The Pinky's Music Store scene from Next Friday was filmed at a store in Old Town Monrovia.

Reese Witherspoon drives up Myrtle Avenue in Legally Blonde when going to the Nail Salon upon arriving in "New Haven" Connecticut. Several recognizable storefronts can be seen passing by.

80's Sci-Fi Television show, [[V]], used Myrlte Avenue in Old Town Monrovia

Scenes in Wayne's World were filmed on Myrtle Avenue in Old Town Monrovia

Media

I210 in Monrovia with San Gabriel Mountains in the background.

Monrovia is part of the Los Angeles Media Market.

References

External links


Simple English

City of Monrovia, California
—  City  —
Location of Monrovia in Los Angeles County, California.
Coordinates: 34°8′39″N 118°0′7″W / 34.14417°N 118.00194°W / 34.14417; -118.00194
Country United States
State California
County Los Angeles
Government
 - City council      Mayor Rob Hammond

     Mayor Pro Tem Mary Ann Lutz
     Dan Kirby
     Joe Garcia

     Tom Adams
Area
 - Total 13.8 sq mi (35.8 km2)
 - Land 13.7 sq mi (35.6 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (.2 km2)
Elevation 571 ft (174 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 36,929
 Density 2,685.8/sq mi (1,037.0/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 91016, 91017
Area code(s) 626
FIPS code 06-48648
GNIS feature ID 1661049
Website http://www.ci.monrovia.ca.us/

Monrovia is a city in California, United States.








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