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Mont Blanc - Monte Bianco

east face of mont blanc
Elevation 4,810 m (15,781 ft)
Prominence 4,695 m (15,404 ft) ranked 11th
Listing Country high point
Ultra
Location
Mont Blanc - Monte Bianco is located in Alps
Mont Blanc - Monte Bianco
Range Graian Alps
Coordinates 45°50′01″N 006°51′54″E / 45.83361°N 6.865°E / 45.83361; 6.865Coordinates: 45°50′01″N 006°51′54″E / 45.83361°N 6.865°E / 45.83361; 6.865
Climbing
First ascent 8 August 1786 by Jacques Balmat and Michel-Gabriel Paccard
.Mont Blanc or Monte Bianco (French and Italian, respectively, meaning "White Mountain") is the highest mountain in the Alps, Western Europe and the European Union.^ The highest peak in Europe is located in the Alps, Mont Blanc at 15,780 feet on the French-Italian border.

^ Mont Blanc - mountain focus & routes .

^ Mont Blanc is not an easy mountain for beginners.

[1] It rises 4,810 m (15,781 ft) above sea level and is ranked 11th in the world in topographic prominence. It is also sometimes known as "La Dame Blanche" (French for "The White Lady").
.The mountain lies between the regions of Aosta Valley, Italy, and Haute-Savoie, France.^ Manara The Mont Blanc is on the border between France and Italy, so Chamonix is extremely close to Italy.
  • Getting There - Chamonix-Mont-Blanc Transportation - VirtualTourist.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ France to Italy Brevent cable car , on the other side of the valley, provides the best views of the Mont-Blanc massif.
  • Chamonix Mont Blanc: sNOWsh article:  23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.snowsh.com [Source type: General]

^ Mont Blanc is reached either from Chamonix in the Savoy valley in France or from Courmayeur in the Val d'Aosta in Italy.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The location of the summit is on the French-Italian border but French and Swiss cartographers place it within France's boundaries on maps.^ The massif straddles the French-Italian border.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ambiance: Chamonix-Mont Blanc, located in the French Alps just a stone's throw from France's border with both Italy and Switzerland, is a dizzying mix of young, adventurous Europeans, mountaineering history, and jagged, white peaks.
  • Snow Report: Chamonix-Mont Blanc: Martina Navratil | Vanity Fair 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.vanityfair.com [Source type: General]
  • Snow Report: Chamonix-Mont Blanc: Martina Navratil | Vanity Fair 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.vanityfair.com [Source type: General]

^ A region in the French Alps close to the Swiss border, this area is home to many ski resorts catering to winter sport fanatics.
  • Best deals: Hotel Richemond - Chamonix-Mont-Blanc - France 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.hotels.com [Source type: General]

Recently, at the end of his studies of many different maps and with auxiliary of Istituto Cartografico dell’Esercito, Antonio Napolitano, the Italian leader of a mixed commission, claimed exclusive Italian ownership of the summit.[2][3]
.The two most famous towns near Mont Blanc are Courmayeur, in Aosta Valley, Italy, and Chamonix, in Haute-Savoie, France — the site of the first Winter Olympics.^ Manara The Mont Blanc is on the border between France and Italy, so Chamonix is extremely close to Italy.
  • Getting There - Chamonix-Mont-Blanc Transportation - VirtualTourist.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ Theatres and Venues near Mont Blanc .
  • LondonTown.com | Mont Blanc - Burlington Arcade Mayfair London 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.londontown.com [Source type: General]

^ Only hotels near Mont Blanc .
  • LondonTown.com | Mont Blanc - Burlington Arcade Mayfair London 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.londontown.com [Source type: General]
  • LondonTown.com | Mont Blanc - Royal Exchange City London 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.londontown.com [Source type: General]

.A cable car ascends and crosses the mountain from Chamonix to Courmayeur.^ For instance, you can return from Courmayeur to Chamonix by bus or cable car.
  • Tour of Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC soler7.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We return by cable car from La Flégère or continue hiking along the Grand Balcon, a natural terrace at 6,500 feet, before returning to Chamonix.
  • WT — Tour du Mont Blanc — Wilderness Travel 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.wildernesstravel.com [Source type: General]

^ To reach this you need to take the Aiguille du Midi cable car from Chamonix.

.Begun in 1957 and completed in 1965, the 11.6 km (7¼ mi) Mont Blanc Tunnel runs beneath the mountain between these two countries and is one of the major trans-Alpine transport routes.^ Mont Blanc mountain huts information .

^ Mont Blanc - mountain focus & routes .

^ Traveling between the French and Italian sides of the mountain has been made faster and simpler by the 11.6 km long Mont Blanc tunnel , which is a major route across the Alps.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Mont Blanc Massif is popular for mountaineering, hiking, skiing and snowboarding.^ Mont Blanc - mountain focus & routes .

^ Mont Blanc is not an easy mountain for beginners.

^ Popular route choices on Mont Blanc .

Contents

History

Aerial view of the south-western side of Mont Blanc in early September, taken on a commercial flight.
.The first recorded ascent of Mont Blanc was on 8 August 1786 by Jacques Balmat and the doctor Michel Paccard.^ Mont Blanc was first climbed was on August 8, 1786 by Jacques Balmat and Michel Paccard; the first woman to reach the summit, in 1808, was Marie Paradis.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tour of Mont Blanc (August 1999) .
  • Pardoes TMB99 Page 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.pardoes.com [Source type: General]

^ Two months later, on 8 August 1786, Paccard and Balmat succeed in that greatest of first ascents, the first ascent of Mont Blanc.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This climb, initiated by Horace-Bénédict de Saussure, who gave a reward for the successful ascent, traditionally marks the start of modern mountaineering.^ A wise man once said: “it is when you reach the mountain top that the climb begins”, so although we didn’t quite reach the tippy-top this time, let’s all start climbing !
  • Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mb2mc.com [Source type: General]

^ Horace Benedict de Saussure, aged twenty, journeyed on foot from his native town Geneva to the "Glacières de Chamouny".
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The first woman to reach the summit was Marie Paradis in 1808.
.Now the summit is ascended by an average 20,000 mountaineer-tourists each year and could be considered an easy, yet long, ascent for someone who is well trained and used to the altitude.^ Originally from France but now living in Switzerland, Alain has been a professional mountain guide and cross-country ski instructor for more than 20 years.
  • France, Italy, Switzerland Hiking Tour & Hiking Vacation | Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.countrywalkers.com [Source type: General]

^ Due to the altitude and the length of the climb, we never declare the ascent to be easy.
  • Icicle: climb Mont Blanc course (5 or 7 days guiding, up to 3 days for summit bids), Chamonix 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.icicle-mountaineering.ltd.uk [Source type: General]

^ May : Ski ascents / descents are possible, though no easy mountaineering routes possible.

.This impression is reinforced by the fact that from l'Aiguille du Midi (where the cable car stops), Mont Blanc seems quite close, being merely 1,000 m (3,300 ft) higher.^ Needs a full day from the Aiguille du Midi cable car .
  • Chamonix Mont Blanc: sNOWsh article:  23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.snowsh.com [Source type: General]

^ Mon Ascension du Mont Blanc .
  • Mon Ascension du Mont Blanc - NyroBlog 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.nyrodev.info [Source type: Academic]

^ Midi with cable car from Chamonix.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc du Tacul -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Whilst seeming deceptively close, La Voie des 3 Monts route (known to be more technical and challenging than other more commonly used routes) requires much ascent and descent before the final section of the climb is reached and the last 1000m push to the summit is undertaken.^ Only routes that are intended to reach the Summit of Mont Blanc are listed.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The climb should however not be attempted by people lacking mountaing climbing experience and equipment, even using the easiest route ( voie royale ).
  • Chamonix Mont Blanc: sNOWsh article:  23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.snowsh.com [Source type: General]

^ AIGUILLE DU PEIGNE, Ordinary Route [Aiguille du Peigne voie normale] AIGUILLES DES PELERINS, Carmichael Route [Aiguille des Pelerins voie Carmichael] AD (IV+), 600m, 3h~3h30m (74.
  • Mont Blanc 100 Routes 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www17.big.or.jp [Source type: Academic]

.However, every year the Mont Blanc massif takes many victims, and in peak weekends (normally around August) the local rescue service flies an average of 12 missions, mostly directed towards people in trouble on one of the normal routes of the mountain.^ One guide for every two people for the ascent of Mont Blanc.

^ Mont Blanc - mountain focus & routes .

^ Tour of Mont Blanc (August 1999) .
  • Pardoes TMB99 Page 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.pardoes.com [Source type: General]

.There are courses that require knowledge of high-altitude mountaineering, a guide (or at least a veteran mountaineer), and proper equipment.^ There are few shops elsewhere on the TMB. Accommodation is in refuges, high-altitude dormitory-style hotels, or ordinary hotels in small towns.
  • Tour of Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC soler7.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All our Alpine climbing courses are led by IFMGA Mountain Guides.
  • Icicle: climb Mont Blanc course (5 or 7 days guiding, up to 3 days for summit bids), Chamonix 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.icicle-mountaineering.ltd.uk [Source type: General]

^ It is naive for inexperienced people to say "I am so determined, I will get up there and nothing will stop me" , when they don't know what levels of determination are required as they have never been on crampons and to altitude before.

It is a long course that includes delicate passages and the hazard of rock slides. .Also, at least one night at the refuge is required to acclimatize to the altitude (the summit is almost 5 km (3.1 mi) above sea level); less could lead to altitude sickness and possible death.^ Good hydration is necessary, progressive altitude acclimatization and Aspirin can all help in preventing the unpleasant side effects of altitude sickness.

^ The first three could feasibly be done in one day if you are up early and have a car, but Bionnassay will require a half-day.
  • Chamonix Mont Blanc: sNOWsh article:  23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.snowsh.com [Source type: General]

^ The higher and more remote the refuge, the less one gets, but it's not necessarily any cheaper.
  • Pardoes TMB99 Page 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.pardoes.com [Source type: General]

[4][5]

Ownership of summit

Mont Blanc seen from SPOT satellite.
Since the French Revolution the issue of the ownership of the summit has spurred many debates. Previously, the entire mountain had formed part of the Kingdom of Sardinia.[6]
.The first treaty to define a border in the region is dated 15 May 1796. In this treaty the Sardinian king ceded the territories of Savoie and Nice to the French Republic, and in article 4 of this treaty it says: "The border between the Sardinian kingdom and the departments of the French Republic will be established on a line determined by the most advanced points on the Piedmont side, of the summits, peaks of mountains and other locations subsequently mentioned, as well as the intermediary peaks, knowing: starting from the point where the borders of Faucigny, the Duchy of Aoust and the Valais, to the extremity of the glaciers or the Monts-Maudits: first the peaks or plateaus of the Alps, to the rising edge of the Col-Mayor". This act is even more confusing, because it states that the border should be visible from the town of Chamonix and Courmayeur.^ You too may want to walk in the high mountains but do not know where to start...
  • Tour of Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC soler7.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Reached the French border, Col de Balme (2191 m), at 6.15.
  • Tour of Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC soler7.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Goûter, is the starting point for the most popular route on Mont Blanc.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The summit is not visible from Courmayeur, because part of the mountain lower down obscures it. Already inaccurate at the time, this treaty is no longer valid, because it was replaced by a later legal act.
Map of the border in the mont Blanc made by the captain Mieulet in 1865
Map from the Sardinian Atlas in 1869 (measured in 1856 before the convention of 7 March 1861). Doc. IGN.
Mont Blanc summit border line as stated on the act signed in Turin on March 7, 1861.
This act was signed in Turin on 24 March 1860 by Napoleon III and Victor Emmanuel II of Savoy, and deals with the annexation of Savoie. A demarcation agreement, signed on 7 March 1861, defines the "new border".
.One of the prints from the Sarde Atlas,[7] made in 1823 and positions the border exactly on the summit edge of the mountain (and measures it to be 4,804 m (15,761 ft) high).^ (Photo courtesy of Max) Yves, our resident mountain guide, made the call to turn back just 50m short of the summit.
  • Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mb2mc.com [Source type: General]

.The convention of 7 March 1861 recognises this, through an attached map, taking into consideration the limits of the massif, and drawing the border on the icecap of the Mont Blanc, and therefore makes it both French and Italian.^ Printable map of Mont Blanc .
  • LondonTown.com | Mont Blanc - Royal Exchange City London 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.londontown.com [Source type: General]

^ Mont Blanc circuit, French Alps .
  • WT — Tour du Mont Blanc — Wilderness Travel 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.wildernesstravel.com [Source type: General]

^ The massif straddles the French-Italian border.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Watershed analysis of modern topographic mapping not only places the main summit on the border, but also suggests that the border should follow a line northwards from the main summit towards Mont Maudit, leaving the south east ridge to Mont Blanc de Courmayeur wholly within Italy.^ Only routes that are intended to reach the Summit of Mont Blanc are listed.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Border Contributed by signorellil : There have been two (and ONLY two) treaties dealing with this matter between France and Italy: 1) One done in 1796 - by Napoleon I° - who established that the border line passed "on the highest ridge of the mountain as seen by Courmayeur" (thus leaving an ambiguity if this should have been interpreted as "from Courmayeur - the village" or "from Courmayeur - the administrative territory".
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On Day 4, we depart France on a hike into Italy via the Col de la Seigne (8,300'), with views of Mont Blanc’s massive southern face and in the far distance, the Matterhorn and Monte Rosa.
  • WT — Tour du Mont Blanc — Wilderness Travel 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.wildernesstravel.com [Source type: General]

.Despite the fact that the Franco-Italian border was redefined in both 1947 and 1963, the commission, made up of both Italians and French, ignored the Mont Blanc issue.^ Mont Blanc circuit, French Alps .
  • WT — Tour du Mont Blanc — Wilderness Travel 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.wildernesstravel.com [Source type: General]

^ The massif straddles the French-Italian border.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In stock ) Rollerball pen Black precious resin cap and barrel platinum trims mont blanc Floating star on cap made in Germany .
  • mont blanc pens Office Supplies - Find great deals, lowest prices, and buy mont blanc pens Office Supplies at Shopping.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.shopping.com [Source type: General]

The Vallot cabin

The first real scientific investigations on the summit were conducted by the botanist-meteorologist Joseph Vallot at the end of the 19th century. He wanted to stay near the top of the summit, so he had to build his own permanent cabin.

The Janssen Observatory

.In 1891, Pierre Janssen, a scientific academic, envisaged the construction of an observatory at the summit of Mont Blanc.^ Setting off with sweeping panoramas of Mont Blanc’s snowy summit, we hike in high alpine meadows where cowbells echo and blue gentian grows.
  • WT — Mont Blanc to the Mediterranean — Wilderness Travel 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.wildernesstravel.com [Source type: General]

^ After much deliberating the team had to accept that summiting Mont Blanc was now an impossible feat, unless the weather miraculously improved.
  • Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mb2mc.com [Source type: General]

^ MONT BLANC, Central Pillar of Freney [Mont Blanc pilier central du Freney] ED1 (V+,A1), 500m for the pillar, 700m to the summit ridge (91.
  • Mont Blanc 100 Routes 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www17.big.or.jp [Source type: Academic]

Gustave Eiffel agreed to take on the project, provided he could find strong foundations. The Swiss surveyor Imfeld dug down 15 m (49 ft) but found nothing solid, so Eiffel gave up.
Despite this, the observatory was built in 1893. During the cold wave of January 1893 a temperature of −43 °C (−45.4 °F) was recorded on the Mount Blanc, being the lowest ever recorded there. Levers attached to the ice supported the observatory. This worked to some extent until 1906, when the building started leaning heavily. The movement of the levers corrected the lean slightly, but three years later (two years after Janssen’s death) a crevasse started opening under the observatory and it was abandoned. Eventually the building fell, and only the tower could be saved in extremis.

Air crashes

.The mountain was the scene of two fatal air crashes of Air India Flight 245 in 1950 [8] and Air India Flight 101 in 1966. Both planes were approaching Geneva airport and the pilots miscalculated their descent; 48 and 117 people, respectively, died.^ The wilderness has mystery by tongue, and teaches faith so wild people like us may be, a solemn madness in the air the mountain knows, and knows we listen.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Chalet in the Mountains [14] - fully equipped, self catered chalets, each sleeping up to 8 people or rent two together and its ideal for larger groups.
  • Chamonix Mont Blanc: sNOWsh article:  23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.snowsh.com [Source type: General]

[9]
The Mer de Glace glacier can be seen on the left side of the image.

Elevation

.The summit of Mont Blanc is a thick, perennial ice and snow dome whose thickness varies, so no exact and permanent summit elevation can be determined.^ With the weather improving we may make our way back to Mont Blanc to attempt the summit on skis at the end of the trip.
  • Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mb2mc.com [Source type: General]

^ MONT BLANC, Central Pillar of Freney [Mont Blanc pilier central du Freney] ED1 (V+,A1), 500m for the pillar, 700m to the summit ridge (91.
  • Mont Blanc 100 Routes 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www17.big.or.jp [Source type: Academic]

^ Mont Blanc was first climbed was on August 8, 1786 by Jacques Balmat and Michel Paccard; the first woman to reach the summit, in 1808, was Marie Paradis.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

But accurate measurements have been made. For a long time its official elevation was 4,807 m (15,771 ft). Then in 2002, the IGN and expert surveyors, with the aid of GPS technology, measured it to be 4,810.40 m (15,782 ft 2 in).
Mont Blanc seen in the afternoon from the Rébuffat platform
After the 2003 heatwave in Europe, a team of scientists re-measured the height on 6 and 7 September. .The team was made up of the glaciologist Luc Moreau, two surveyors from the GPS Company, three people from the IGN, seven expert surveyors, four mountain guides from Chamonix and Saint-Gervais and four students from various institutes in France.^ Originally from France but now living in Switzerland, Alain has been a professional mountain guide and cross-country ski instructor for more than 20 years.
  • France, Italy, Switzerland Hiking Tour & Hiking Vacation | Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.countrywalkers.com [Source type: General]

^ A Mountain Guide team in Chamonix propose : mountaineering, alpine rock climbing, ice climbing, heliskiing, ski touring, off piste skiing and expeditions all over the world.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc du Tacul -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Trip Overview Dates & Pricing Trip Reviews Destination Guide StartFinish ex Chamonix What's Included Four escorted mountain walks.
  • Trip Summary: Mont Blanc Explorer - Gap Adventures 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.gapadventures.com [Source type: General]

This team noted that the elevation was 4,808.45 m (15,775 ft 9 in), and the peak was 75 centimetres (30 in) away from where it had been in 2002.
.After these results were published, more than 500 points were measured, to assess the effects of climate change, and the fluctuations in the height of the mountain at different points.^ Originally from France but now living in Switzerland, Alain has been a professional mountain guide and cross-country ski instructor for more than 20 years.
  • France, Italy, Switzerland Hiking Tour & Hiking Vacation | Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.countrywalkers.com [Source type: General]

^ Even in the face of climate change and unsustainable business it is often easier to ignore the facts than act - it takes a visionary to bring people together for real change.
  • Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mb2mc.com [Source type: General]

^ The Mont Blanc du Tacul has altogether more than 40 different routes.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc du Tacul -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

From then on the elevation of the mountain has been measured every two years.
The interpretation that the heatwave had caused this fluctuation is disputed, because the heatwave is known not to have significantly affected the glaciers above 4,000 m (13,000 ft). .The height and position of the summit could have been moved by general glacial forces.^ We could see some small ice floes in the lake that had calved from the ever-moving glacier.
  • Pardoes TMB99 Page 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.pardoes.com [Source type: General]

At this elevation, the temperatures rarely rise above 0 °C (32 °F). .During the summer of 2003, the temperature rose to 2 °C (36 °F), and even 3 °C (37 °F), but this would not have been enough for the ice, which stayed at −15 °C (5.0 °F), to melt.^ If the weather is bad or you are very early in the season, you may need crampons and an ice-ace: my preference would be to wait until summer.
  • Pardoes TMB99 Page 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.pardoes.com [Source type: General]

.The summit was measured again in 2005, and the results were published on 16 December 2005. The height was found to be 4,808.75 m (15,776 ft 9 in), 30 cm (12 in) more than the previous recorded height.^ The summit is just off our maps: I measured 2,370m on our Thommen aneroid, but this read a little high on reaching the next spot height, so the top may be a little lower than that.
  • Pardoes TMB99 Page 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.pardoes.com [Source type: General]

^ The Grand Mulets route is a longer route to the summit, and is more sheltered than the Goûter.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You should be able to walk upwards at about 300 m per hour, this translates to about 75 storeys per hour, or more practically, 19 storeys in 15 minutes.
  • Tour of Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC soler7.com [Source type: Original source]

.The actual rock summit is at 4,792 m (15,722 ft), and is 40 m (130 ft) away from the ice-covered summit.^ The climbing elevations represent the vertical elevation in meters (m) from the bottom of the rock or ice face to the top of the face (i.e., the summit or the sky line ridge).
  • Mont Blanc 100 Routes 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www17.big.or.jp [Source type: Academic]

[10]

Climbing routes

There are several classic climbing routes to the summit of Mont Blanc:[11]
.
  • The most popular route is the Voie des Cristalliers, also known as the Voie Royale.^ Goûter, is the starting point for the most popular route on Mont Blanc.
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ AIGUILLE DU PEIGNE, Ordinary Route [Aiguille du Peigne voie normale] AIGUILLES DES PELERINS, Carmichael Route [Aiguille des Pelerins voie Carmichael] AD (IV+), 600m, 3h~3h30m (74.
    • Mont Blanc 100 Routes 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www17.big.or.jp [Source type: Academic]

    .Starting from Saint-Gervais-les-Bains the Tramway du Mont-Blanc (TMB) is taken to get to the Nid d'Aigle.^ From Chamonix, take the bus to Les Houches and then the tramway to Nid d'Aigle.
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Mont Blanc du Tacul  .
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc du Tacul -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Return to top There is also a hiking trail called the Tour du Mont Blanc that circumnavigates the mountain.
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The ascent then begins in the direction of the Tête Rousse cabin and then through the Goûter Corridor [1], considered dangerous because of frequent rock-falls, leading to Goûter cabin for night shelter.^ Ascent via the Aiguille du Goûter most often involves crossing the dangerous "Grand Couloir" with its constant stonefall.
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It adds 2 to 3 hours to the ascent time, but one then crosses the Grand Couloir early in the day, before the rocks start falling.
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ During winter, the advantage for the climbs of the couloirs is less danger of rock and ice fall.
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc du Tacul -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The next day the route leads to the Dôme du Goûter, the Vallot cabin and L'arrête des Bosses.
  • La Voie des 3 Monts is also known as La Traversée.^ This hut can also be used to climb the Dôme du Goûter route.
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Day 6 Mont de la Saxe, Courmayeur (B) .
    • Trip Summary: Mont Blanc Explorer - Gap Adventures 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.gapadventures.com [Source type: General]

    ^ MONT MAUDIT, Tour Ronde Ridge [Mont Maudi arete de la Tour Rande] D (IV), 800m, 5~7h from the Fourche Hut.
    • Mont Blanc 100 Routes 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www17.big.or.jp [Source type: Academic]

    .Starting from Chamonix, the Téléphérique de l'Aiguille du Midi is taken towards the Col du Midi.^ CHAMONIX AIGUILLES, Aiguille du Midi - Grepon Traverse [Aiguille de Chamonix traversee Aguille du Midi - Grepon] ?
    • Mont Blanc 100 Routes 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www17.big.or.jp [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Les Aiguilles du Midi.
    • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Why not take a breathtaking cable car ride up the Aiguille du Midi pinnacle high above the snowfields, or visit the Mer de Glace, Chamonix's most famous glacier and the second largest in the Alps.
    • Trip Summary: Mont Blanc Explorer - Gap Adventures 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.gapadventures.com [Source type: General]

    The Cosmiques cabin is used to spend the night. .The next day the ascent continues through Mont Blanc du Tacul and Mont Maudit.
  • The historic itinerary through the Grand Mulets, which is most frequently traversed in winter by ski or in summer to descend to Chamonix.
  • The normal Italian itinerary is also known as La route des Aiguilles Grises.^ Another option is the Aiguille du Midi Route which traverses Mont Blanc du Tacul, Mont Maudit to Mont Blanc.
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ CHAMONIX AIGUILLES, Aiguille du Midi - Grepon Traverse [Aiguille de Chamonix traversee Aguille du Midi - Grepon] ?
    • Mont Blanc 100 Routes 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www17.big.or.jp [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Aiguille du Midi (crossing the slops of Maudit and Tacul).
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    After crossing the Miage glacier, the night is spent at the Gonella cabin. .The next day proceeds through the Col des Aiguilles Grises and then the Dôme du Goûter, concluding at L'arête des Bosses.
  • The Miage — Bionnassay — Mont Blanc crossing is usually done in three days.^ Mont Blanc du Tacul  .
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc du Tacul -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ MONT BLANC, AIGUILLES, Grises Routes [Mont Blnac route des Aigulles Grises] PD- (63.
    • Mont Blanc 100 Routes 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www17.big.or.jp [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The route travels up a crevassed Dôme glacier to just above the Col de Bionnassay and on to the Dôme du Gouter, connecting to the Aiguille du Goûter route.
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The route begins from Contamines-Montjoie, with the night spent in the Conscrits cabin. .The following day, the Dômes de Miages is crossed and the night spent at the Durier cabin.^ From Chamonix take the Midi téléphérique to the half way station at Plan de l'Aiguille, then follow the trail to Glacier de Pélerins and cross its tongue.
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Bionnasay, the Dômes de Miages as well as combine these climbs into a 3 to 4 day traverse of Mont Blanc.
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The third day proceeds through l'Aiguille de Bionnassay and then the Dôme du Goûter.
.From the summit of Mont Blanc on a clear day, the Jura, the Vosges, the Black Forest and the Massif Central mountain ranges can be seen, as well as the principal summits of the Alps.^ Today though there are many different styles within the Swiss Mont Blanc range with most pushing the boundaries of unique styling.
  • Mont Blanc Swiss Replica Watches - ReplicaHause.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.replicahause.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Return to top There is also a hiking trail called the Tour du Mont Blanc that circumnavigates the mountain.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mont blanc mb-09 montblanc 005 ss automatic black .
  • Mont Blanc replica watches|replica Mont Blanc watches|fake Mont Blanc watches|Mont Blanc watches 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.watches9.com [Source type: General]

Exploits

.
  • Mont Blanc was first climbed in 1786 by Michel-Gabriel Paccard and Jacques Balmat; see Exploration of the High Alps.
  • The fourth ascent in 1787, by Englishman Mark Beaufoy, with at least six guides and a servant.
  • In 1886, future U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt led an expedition to the peak.
  • In 1890, Giovenni Bonin, Luigi Grasselli and Fr.^ Mont Blanc was first climbed was on August 8, 1786 by Jacques Balmat and Michel Paccard; the first woman to reach the summit, in 1808, was Marie Paradis.
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Two months later, on 8 August 1786, Paccard and Balmat succeed in that greatest of first ascents, the first ascent of Mont Blanc.
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ On the road by the chapel there's a rather fine bas-relief sculpture of two miners meeting as the Mont Blanc tunnel was first joined.
    • Pardoes TMB99 Page 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.pardoes.com [Source type: General]

    .Achille Ratti (later Pope Pius XI) discovered the normal Italian route (West Face Direct) on descent.
  • In 1960, the airplane pilot Henri Giraud landed on the summit, which is only 30 m (98 ft) long.
  • On the August 8, 1986, Dennis Morrod UK, reached the summit on the Bi-Centenary of the first ascent of Mont Blanc (8 August 1786) having walked, climbed from Les Houches.^ Mont Blanc eyeglasses MB 98 .
    • Mont Blanc Eyeglasses - MB 102, MB 106, MB 112, MB 113, MB 114, MB 120, MB 122, MB 71, MB 95, MB 96, MB 98 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC eyeglasses.go-optic.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Only hotels near Mont Blanc .
    • LondonTown.com | Mont Blanc - Burlington Arcade Mayfair London 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.londontown.com [Source type: General]
    • LondonTown.com | Mont Blanc - Royal Exchange City London 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.londontown.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Only routes that are intended to reach the Summit of Mont Blanc are listed.
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .To commemorate the Bi-Centenary year further, made six more ascents climbing from Les Houches.
  • In 1990, the Swiss Pierre-André Gobet, leaving from Chamonix, completed the ascent and descent in 5 hours, 10 minutes and 14 seconds.
  • On 30 May 2003, Stéphane Brosse and Pierre Gignoux tried to beat the record by ski-walking.^ Upon descending to the village of Tour, you have the option of using a cable car or you may continue walking on the slopes of the Balme ski area.
    • France, Italy, Switzerland Hiking Tour & Hiking Vacation | Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.countrywalkers.com [Source type: General]

    ^ You meet in Chamonix and transfer by bus to the nearby village of Les Houches for a cable car ascent to Bellevue (literally “beautiful view”), and the start of the hiking circuit.
    • France, Italy, Switzerland Hiking Tour & Hiking Vacation | Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.countrywalkers.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Les Houches to Les Contamines-Montjoie; 7 miles (about 5 hours), moderate to challenging, 700-ft elevation gain, 2,500-ft elevation loss .
    • France, Italy, Switzerland Hiking Tour & Hiking Vacation | Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.countrywalkers.com [Source type: General]

    .They went up in 4 hours and 7 minutes, and came back down in 1 hour and 8 minutes.^ We drove back down to Orsieres, and took the main road to Martigny and up the long drag of the Col de la Forclaz to our hotel.
    • Pardoes TMB99 Page 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.pardoes.com [Source type: General]

    ^ We went back to bed for a few hours sleep before rising to commence the kayak stage.
    • Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mb2mc.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The team formed up for photographs and we headed back down as the weather started to close in.
    • Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mb2mc.com [Source type: General]

    .In total they did the ascent and descent in 5 hours and 15 minutes.
  • On 13 August 2003 seven French paraglider pilots landed on the summit.^ There are significant ascents and descents averaging 2,600 and 2,200 feet, respectively, per day, typically sustained over 2-3 hours on switchback trails.
    • France, Italy, Switzerland Hiking Tour & Hiking Vacation | Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.countrywalkers.com [Source type: General]

    ^ After 15 minutes I alighted at Les Houches and followed Harper's directions for the start of the TMB. The sun soon came out, so I was warm as I began the first ascent.
    • Tour of Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC soler7.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ You should be able to walk upwards at about 300 m per hour, this translates to about 75 storeys per hour, or more practically, 19 storeys in 15 minutes.
    • Tour of Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC soler7.com [Source type: Original source]

    They reached a peak altitude of 5,200 m (17,100 ft), thanks to the hot weather conditions, which provided strong hot air currents. .Five had left from Planpraz, one from Rochebrune at Megève and the last one from Samoëns.
  • On 8 June 2007, Danish artist Marco Evaristti draped the peak of Mont Blanc with red fabric, along with a 20-foot (6.1 m) pole with a flag reading "Pink State". He was arrested and detained earlier on June 6 for attempting to paint a pass leading up to the summit red.^ January 2007 # beautiful mont blanc.
    • Nordljus: Mont Blanc with Poached Pear 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.nordljus.co.uk [Source type: General]

    ^ Walks along snow covered mountain trails, tandem paragliding, snow shoe hikes, cross country skiing, Mont Blanc Tramway excursions...
    • thealps.com > Resorts > France > Saint-Gervais Mont-Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.thealps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto Skip to site navigation Skip to blog entries Skip to archive page Skip to left sidebar Skip to right sidebar Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto .
    • Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mb2mc.com [Source type: General]

    His aim is to raise awareness of environmental degradation.[12]
  • .
  • On 13 September 2007, a group of 20 people set up a hot tub at the summit.^ Sleeps 20, hot-tub, sauna, swimming pool.
    • Chamonix Mont Blanc: sNOWsh article:  23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.snowsh.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Chalet La Foret [13] - Traditional chalet in Les Praz, which sleeps 10 on a self-catering basis, with hot tub and barrel sauna.
    • Chamonix Mont Blanc: sNOWsh article:  23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.snowsh.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Chalet in the Mountains [14] - fully equipped, self catered chalets, each sleeping up to 8 people or rent two together and its ideal for larger groups.
    • Chamonix Mont Blanc: sNOWsh article:  23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.snowsh.com [Source type: General]

    [13][14]
  • .
  • On 29 May 2009, Olympic snowboarding gold medalist Karine Ruby and a companion were killed; she and some members of her group fell into a deep crack in the glacier on the way down the mountain.^ We soon split into small groups and after four hours of more spectacular mountain scenery we reached the top of the mountain.
    • Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mb2mc.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The group, with heads down, punched their way across crazed 3 meter clapotis, easily level 5 conditions pushing the group to their limits.
    • Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mb2mc.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Yet the path obstinately headed right, across the mountain, rather than down into the main valley where the town should be.
    • Tour of Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC soler7.com [Source type: Original source]

    Ruby was training to become a mountain guide.[15]

Cultural works

Cinema and television

  • La Terre, son visage, is a documentary by Jean-Luc Prévost and published by Édition Société national de télévision française, released in 1984. It is part of the Haroun Tazieff raconte sa terre, vol. 1 series. In it he talks about the west-east crossing of Mont Blanc.
  • The film Malabar Princess.
  • The television-film Premier de cordée.
  • Stürme über dem Mont Blanc (Storm Over Mont Blanc, 1930) with Leni Riefenstahl and directed by Arnold Fanck.
  • La Roue (The Wheel, 1923) is a 273-minute film by Abel Gance depicting rail operations, workers, and families in southeastern France, including the Mont Blanc area.

In literature

.
  • Premier de cordée by Roger Frison-Roche
  • Hugo et le Mont Blanc by Colette Cosnie – Édition Guérin
  • Hymn Before Sunrise, in the Vale of Chamouni by Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • Frankenstein by Mary Shelley
  • Mont Blanc by Percy Shelley
  • Point Blanc by Anthony Horowitz
  • The Prelude Book VI by William Wordsworth
  • Kordian by Juliusz Słowacki
  • Remember Me?^ Enjoy fabulous views of the Glacier d’Argentière, Pic du Midi and Mont Blanc before returning to Chamonix with a final cable car descent.
    • Trip Summary: Mont Blanc Explorer - Gap Adventures 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.gapadventures.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Mont Blanc was first climbed was on August 8, 1786 by Jacques Balmat and Michel Paccard; the first woman to reach the summit, in 1808, was Marie Paradis.
    • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I spotted the recipe and picture :) of this mont blanc with poached pears the other day at Waterstones and it made me want to buy the book straight away.
    • Nordljus: Mont Blanc with Poached Pear 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.nordljus.co.uk [Source type: General]

    by Sophie Kinsella

Protection

.The Mont Blanc massif is being put forward as a potential World Heritage Site because of its uniqueness and its cultural importance, considered the birthplace and symbol of modern mountaineering.^ Today though there are many different styles within the Swiss Mont Blanc range with most pushing the boundaries of unique styling.
  • Mont Blanc Swiss Replica Watches - ReplicaHause.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.replicahause.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Generally the merchandise can be found in luxury boutiques in some of the most cosmopolitan cities throughout the world due to the quality and reputation of the Mont Blanc name.
  • Mont Blanc Watches Replica Watches - ReplicaHause.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.replicahause.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mont Blanc Watches Replica Watches - ReplicaHause.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.replicahause.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Return to top There is also a hiking trail called the Tour du Mont Blanc that circumnavigates the mountain.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However not everyone shares this goal and it would require the three governments of Italy, France and Switzerland to make a request to UNESCO for it to be listed.^ France, Switzerland and now Italy.
  • Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mb2mc.com [Source type: General]

^ An added inducement is that you walk through three different countries - France, Italy and Switzerland, since the track circumnavigates Mt Dolent, where the three borders meet at a point.
  • Tour of Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC soler7.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The International code for France is +33, for Italy +39, and for Switzerland +41.
  • Pardoes TMB99 Page 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.pardoes.com [Source type: General]

.Mont Blanc is one of the most visited tourist destinations in the world, and for this reason, it is threatened.^ Generally the merchandise can be found in luxury boutiques in some of the most cosmopolitan cities throughout the world due to the quality and reputation of the Mont Blanc name.
  • Mont Blanc Watches Replica Watches - ReplicaHause.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.replicahause.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Mont Blanc Watches Replica Watches - ReplicaHause.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.replicahause.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As Harper points out, "The Tour of Mont Blanc is one of the best - if not the best - of the world's classic walks...
  • Tour of Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC soler7.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The weather on Mont Blanc can change very rapidly, so that one needs to be prepared for anything.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pro-Mont Blanc (an international collective of associations for the protection of Mont Blanc) published in 2002 the book Le versant noir du mont Blanc (The black hillside of Mont Blanc), which exposes current and future problems in conserving the site.^ MONT BLANC designer eyeglasses are a fascinating collection with many styles combined with modern and classical values.
  • Mont Blanc Eyeglasses - Discount Designer Sunglasses 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.decormyeyes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Return to top There is also a hiking trail called the Tour du Mont Blanc that circumnavigates the mountain.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto Skip to site navigation Skip to blog entries Skip to archive page Skip to left sidebar Skip to right sidebar Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto .
  • Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mb2mc.com [Source type: General]

[16]
.In 2007, Europe's highest outhouses (two) were helicoptered to the top of France's Mont Blanc at a height of 4,260 metres (13,976 feet).^ January 2007 # beautiful mont blanc.
  • Nordljus: Mont Blanc with Poached Pear 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.nordljus.co.uk [Source type: General]

^ Return to top There is also a hiking trail called the Tour du Mont Blanc that circumnavigates the mountain.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I also recommend buying "Mont Blanc en Liberte", a book with Kompass map included ($13), and/or "Pays du Mont Blanc" map 8 by Didier Richard ($15).
  • Tour of Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC soler7.com [Source type: Original source]

The dunny-cans are emptied by helicopter. The facilities will service 30,000 skiers and hikers annually; thus helping to alleviate the deposit of urine and feces that spread down the mountain face with the spring thaw, and turned it into 'Mont Noir'.[17]

See also

References

  • Rey, Guido, The Matterhorn (translated J. E. C. Eaton), London, 1907[18]

Footnotes

  1. ^ The Caucasus mountains, which include higher peaks than Mont Blanc, are included on political maps of Europe, although the case can be made that they are geographically and culturally more Asian than European. Excluding the Caucasus, Mont Blanc is the highest summit in Europe.
  2. ^ Achievement of the working group in which the Italian property of the European peack is pointed out.
  3. ^ Repubblica, 31 ganuary 2005 On the false historical line of the French topographic map.
  4. ^ Muza, SR; Fulco, CS; Cymerman, A (2004). "Altitude Acclimatization Guide.". US Army Research Inst. of Environmental Medicine Thermal and Mountain Medicine Division Technical Report (USARIEM-TN-04-05). http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/7616. Retrieved 2009-03-05. 
  5. ^ Cymerman, A; Rock, PB. Medical Problems in High Mountain Environments. A Handbook for Medical Officers. USARIEM-TN94-2. US Army Research Inst. of Environmental Medicine Thermal and Mountain Medicine Division Technical Report. http://archive.rubicon-foundation.org/7976. Retrieved 2009-03-05. 
  6. ^ Historical map
  7. ^ Image:1823 Mont Blanc 1.jpg
  8. ^ The glacier des Bossons : plane crashes:
  9. ^ BBC on this day 24 January 1966: 117 die in Air India tragedy
  10. ^ Vincent, Christian (2004-08-02). "The rock summit of the Mont Blanc, 40 m west of the ice summit". Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. http://ww2.cnrs.fr/en/309.htm?debut=256. Retrieved 2008-08-08. 
  11. ^ Routes description, from camptocamp.org
  12. ^ Danish Artist Drapes Mont Blanc in Red, June 8, 2007
  13. ^ KAIRN > Montagne / Escalade / Nature / Outdoor
  14. ^ Jaccuzzi (sic) on Mont-Blanc summit
  15. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20090529/ap_on_re_eu/sbd_obit_ruby
  16. ^ pro-mont-blanc.org
  17. ^ Ananova - Europe's highest toilet
  18. ^ Rey's Il Monte Cervino was first published in Italian and appeared in English in 1907, in a translation by J. E. C. Eaton; a revised edition, with two further chapters by R. L. G. Irving, was published in Oxford by Basil Blackwell, 1946, and reprinted in 1949

External links

.

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Mont Blanc
Mont Blanc
.At 4810 m (15,774 ft), Mont Blanc is the highest summit of Western Europe in the French Alps, near the town of Chamonix and Courmayeur.^ This is the summit of Mont-Blanc, 4810m.
  • Mont-Blanc Pictures - Mountain Adventure stock photos, fine art prints by QTL 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.terragalleria.com [Source type: General]

^ Robin and Daniel on the summit of Mont Blanc .

^ Mont Blanc summit .

Understand

.Mont Blanc literally means White Mountain.^ Mont blanc white star on cap.
  • Mont Blanc Pen 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.shopwiki.com [Source type: General]

^ What does Mont Blanc mean?
  • Mont Blanc - Ask.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ Mont Blanc - mountain focus & routes .

History

Mont Blanc was first climbed by Jacques Balmat and Dr. Michel Paccard in 1786, and the next year by H.-B. de Saussure.

Get in

.There is a regular airport transfer service from Geneva Airport to your accommodation in Les Houches, Chamonix & Argentiere operated by *Chamexpress [1] The price is 25€ per person, each way.^ Most other airport transfer services charge 40 per trip each way.
  • Getting There - Chamonix-Mont-Blanc Transportation - VirtualTourist.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ Geneva- Chamonix Transfers EVERY seat is 25 Euros!
  • Getting There - Chamonix-Mont-Blanc Transportation - VirtualTourist.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ Chamonix is easily reached by flights to Geneva and an airport transfer, both of which are bookable online.
  • Alpine Guides - Climb Mont Blanc Ascent, Mont Blanc Guide, Mont Blanc Climbing Courses, Chamonix, France 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.alpine-guides.com [Source type: General]

Get around

Ascension on foot

.Although climbing Mont Blanc is not technically very difficult, the altitude requires proper training and equipment.^ Mont Blanc equipment list .
  • Icicle: climb Mont Blanc course (5 or 7 days guiding, up to 3 days for summit bids), Chamonix 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.icicle-mountaineering.ltd.uk [Source type: General]

^ A: It is not just a walk but it is not technically very difficult.

^ Mont Blanc equipment.
  • Maximize Summit Success Climbing Mont Blanc: 10 Steps to Improve Chances of Reaching the Top of the French Alps 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mountain-rock-climbing.suite101.com [Source type: News]

.Every year, several thousand people do it and several accidents are caused by improper preparation.^ There are a number of 'normal routes' to the summit, offering a wide variety of climbing for more than 2000 people who reach the top every year.

^ Every year thousands attempt to climb this 4,800 m peak.
  • Maximize Summit Success Climbing Mont Blanc: 10 Steps to Improve Chances of Reaching the Top of the French Alps 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mountain-rock-climbing.suite101.com [Source type: News]

^ Mont Blanc is high enough to cause altitude sickness and there are more or less serious cases every year.

.A mountain guide is necessary unless you already know the place (660 € for one or two persons).^ No one considered mountaineering for sport until two locals from Chamonix, Michel-Gabriel Paccard and Jacques Balmat, summitted Mont Blanc in 1786.
  • National Geographic Traveler Article: Extreme Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.nationalgeographic.com [Source type: General]

^ The normal course price has shared guiding on the first day, so if you pay £150 each on top of the standard Mont Blanc course price, we can then run a private Mont Blanc course on any date for the two of you.
  • Icicle: climb Mont Blanc course (5 or 7 days guiding, up to 3 days for summit bids), Chamonix 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.icicle-mountaineering.ltd.uk [Source type: General]

^ Station of Chamonix by Martinewezel As far as I know, Chamonix is the only place in the French Alps where you can go on a holiday without a car.
  • Getting There - Chamonix-Mont-Blanc Transportation - VirtualTourist.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

It can be done in July and August.
.Usually done from Saint-Gervais-les-Bains with a night in the Goûter refuge.^ Breakfasts in the refuges and even in hotels are usually spartan (the Hotel le Grizzli at les Contamines was a welcome exception), so be prepared for an early lunch.
  • Pardoes TMB99 Page 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.pardoes.com [Source type: General]

^ Arrivé à 11h30 au nid d'aigle pour reprendre le tramway et redescendre à Saint-Gervais, la course était terminée.
  • Mon Ascension du Mont Blanc - NyroBlog 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.nyrodev.info [Source type: Academic]

^ Alpine Property Sitemap Technorati Profile blogarama.com Alpine Property – Property for sale in Chamonix, Annecy, Les Contamines, Morzine, Saint Gervais and Samoens .

Ascent by ski

.Climbing Mont Blanc by ski is reserved for highly trained skiers.^ Mont Blanc summit climb .
  • Mont Blanc summit climb | Mountain Madness 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.mountainmadness.com [Source type: General]

^ Responses to “mont blanc climb” .

^ Climb Mont Blanc with a friend.
  • Maximize Summit Success Climbing Mont Blanc: 10 Steps to Improve Chances of Reaching the Top of the French Alps 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mountain-rock-climbing.suite101.com [Source type: News]

It's mostly glacier skiing. .It can be done from March to June, depending on the snow coverage.^ Vertical drop: 2,000m or 2,800m, depending on snow coverage .
  • The Vall�e Blanche, Mont Blanc massif, by Lionel Pernollet 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.milletusa.com [Source type: General]

.A mountain guide is necessary unless you already know the place.^ Station of Chamonix by Martinewezel As far as I know, Chamonix is the only place in the French Alps where you can go on a holiday without a car.
  • Getting There - Chamonix-Mont-Blanc Transportation - VirtualTourist.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.virtualtourist.com [Source type: General]

^ You too may want to walk in the high mountains but do not know where to start...
  • Tour of Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC soler7.com [Source type: Original source]

^ October 2007 # Hi Keiko: I already feel we know each other since I have read your entire blog and have ordered many of the books you like.
  • Nordljus: Mont Blanc with Poached Pear 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.nordljus.co.uk [Source type: General]

.Usually done from Chamonix with a night in the Grands Mulets refuge.^ Descent is either by the same way, by the Gouter route, or down the Grands Mulets route to Chamonix.

^ Chamonix Both the Goûter hut and the Grand Mulet routes are graded PD (a little difficult), and both have their advantages and disadvantages as well as dangers.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Cable car on Mont Blanc
Cable car on Mont Blanc
View of Chamonix from Aiguille de Midi
View of Chamonix from Aiguille de Midi
.Climbing Mont Blanc can be traversed by a series of trams from the Italian side to the French side.^ The Mont Blanc Traverse was communion with friends.
  • JennyAndJames.com » Blog Archive » The Mont Blanc Traverse 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.jennyandjames.com [Source type: General]

^ Responses to “mont blanc climb” .

^ Climb Mont Blanc with a friend.
  • Maximize Summit Success Climbing Mont Blanc: 10 Steps to Improve Chances of Reaching the Top of the French Alps 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mountain-rock-climbing.suite101.com [Source type: News]

.It is a beautiful experience offering the comfort of heated stops with restaurants and the option of getting out to hike over the glaciers.^ Today’s hike offers exceptional views of the Aiguille (“needle”) de Bionnassay, with its dramatic glacier and soaring rock spires.
  • France, Italy, Switzerland Hiking Tour & Hiking Vacation | Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.countrywalkers.com [Source type: General]

^ He kindly offered to guide us down the glacier, if we wanted to come with him, but we had had enough for one day, and in any case wanted to prolong the experience.
  • Pardoes MontBlanc Page 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.pardoes.com [Source type: General]

^ Our itinerary is flexible, tailored to your interests and abilities, with moderate to challenging hiking options that showcase the spectacular beauty of this part of the Alps.
  • Summit for Danny Climb to Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC cadasb.org [Source type: General]

.Bring warm clothes.^ Bring warm clothes.
  • Chamonix Mont Blanc: sNOWsh article:  23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.snowsh.com [Source type: General]

.The return trip can be made by a bus which travels through a tunnel under the mountain.^ If it hadn't been for the wind, this would have made a perfect trip on this mountain without the usual summer crowds.
  • Steph Durocher - personal home page - Mont Blanc 2007 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.cs.umanitoba.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The guide - an English-speaking professional French Mountain World Travel hiking guide (European Mountain Leader) The local team - a driver in charge of the bus.

^ You can check your trip status at the Mountain World Travel website or contact the Mountain World Travel office at 1 888-MWT-TREK (698-8735).

  • The Skier's Lodge, [2]. .B&B in Les Houches, 150m from the Bellevue Cable Car.^ We take the Les Houches telepherique (1000m) to Bellevue (1800m) and then another funicular train to le Nid d’Aigle (2372m).

    ^ Me and Olof went to Les Houches with a taxi to pick up the car and then we went to Argentire to pick up and pay for the two backpacks that we had sent down with the helicopter.

    ^ While the others were renting their gear I drove two of us to the cable car station in Les Houches.

    .En-suite rooms, hot-tub, sauna, swimming pool.^ Curling, indoor ice-ring, indoor swimming pool, artist and potters showrooms, casino, baroque churches to visit, spa treatments at the hot springs...
    • thealps.com > Resorts > France > Saint-Gervais Mont-Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.thealps.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ At your disposal: sauna, tennis, piano bar, swimming pool.
    • Hotel Mont Blanc, Chamonix 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.fastbooking.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Leisure activities • Patio - garden • Outdoor swimming pool (Heated) • Sauna (free of charge) • Spa (free of charge) • Tennis on site (free of charge) • Right on the ski slopes .
    • Hotel Mont Blanc, Chamonix 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.fastbooking.com [Source type: General]

    .Sleeps up to 20. €30/person.
    ^ After 4 hrs sleep/battling mosquitos, everyone was up at 5.30 for a 16 hour crossing to Corsica.
    • Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mb2mc.com [Source type: General]

     .'sleep', 'Mont_Blanc');return false;" title="click to edit The Skier's Lodge">edit
  • "Résidence Pierre & Vacances Le Belmont - Arc 1800" +33 1 58 21 55 84, Has magnificent views of the Mont Blanc, in the village of Charmettoger.^ A view of Mont Blanc massif .
    • Chamonix : A view of Mont Blanc massif 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.chamonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Messieurs le Mont Blanc !"
    • Mon Ascension du Mont Blanc - NyroBlog 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.nyrodev.info [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Chamonix : A view of Mont Blanc massif .
    • Chamonix : A view of Mont Blanc massif 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.chamonet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The apartments are bigr, duvets and Wi-Fi connection in all apartments, services include a heated ski room, boot dryers, a lounge with open fire, a children's play area, a ski shop and a food hamper delivery service.^ Rooms (all rooms include) .
    • Best deals: Hotel Richemond - Chamonix-Mont-Blanc - France 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.hotels.com [Source type: General]

    ^ All rooms include Cable/satellite television channels Cribs (infant beds) available Phone Satellite television service Wake-up calls Window opens Accessibility features This hotel does not offer any accessibility features.
    • Best deals: Hotel Richemond - Chamonix-Mont-Blanc - France 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.hotels.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Both have free wi-fi, and are great bases for climbing and ski trips to Chamonix.
    • Northwest Mountain School News/Blog: Mont Blanc Climb - August 3-8 - Wempen Group 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mountainschool.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

    .The residence is just 300m from the shopping centre and ski lifts.
  • Hotel Bouton d'Or, Courmayeur Central location.^ They are well located for the ski buses and access to the centre of Chamonix.
    • Residence Ciel & Logis Chamonix-Mont-Blanc France. Best Hotel Deals & Reviews 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.hotelscombined.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Route de Moussoux F - 74400 Chamonix-Mont-Blanc Distance: La Savoyarde is a family hotel located on the heights of Chamonix, ten minutes from the centre of to..
    • Hotels Chamonix-Mont-Blanc ViaMichelin: Selection of the best hotels Chamonix-Mont-Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.viamichelin.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Lyret F - 74400 Chamonix-Mont-Blanc Distance: Superbly located along the river, in the city centre of Chamonix, Hotel Gourmets et Italy offers an ..
    • Hotels Chamonix-Mont-Blanc ViaMichelin: Selection of the best hotels Chamonix-Mont-Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.viamichelin.com [Source type: General]

    Bedrooms decorated in alpine style. .Buffet breakfast with home made and local food.^ Following a buffet breakfast of local specialties, a 45-minute drive takes you to Arnova and the start of today’s hike.
    • France, Italy, Switzerland Hiking Tour & Hiking Vacation | Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.countrywalkers.com [Source type: General]

    Sauna, tecnogym, garage and parking, wifi internet.
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Mont Blanc
by Percy Bysshe Shelley
Listen to this text, read by 5.4MB (Julian Jamison, help | file info or download)
.1
The everlasting universe of things
Flows through the mind, and rolls its rapid waves,
Now dark -- now glittering -- now reflecting gloom --
Now lending splendour, where from secret springs
The source of human thought its tribute brings
Of waters -- with a sound but half its own,
Such as a feeble brook will oft assume,
In the wild woods, among the mountains lone,
Where waterfalls around it leap for ever,
Where woods and winds contend, and a vast river
Over its rocks ceaselessly bursts and raves.
^ You are alone - only you can make your race - you are alone and free - you, your body, your mind, the mountains and the challenge … Sometimes in a race you fly - you feel the flow - you feel the joy - and you run.

^ The Mont Blanc to Cinto Mission has confirmed in all our minds the importance of sharing outdoor experiences through challenges and what this brings to the individual and the group.
  • Mont Blanc to Mont Cinto 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC mb2mc.com [Source type: General]

^ I also liked being out on the mountain with the wildlife around, such as the ibex and marmots close to the path.
  • MONT BLANC CIRCUIT: FRANCE, SWITZERLAND, ITALY | Exodus 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.exodus.co.uk [Source type: General]


.
2
Thus thou, Ravine of Arve -- dark, deep Ravine --
Thou many-coloured, many-voiced vale,
Over whose pines, and crags, and caverns sail
Fast cloud-shadows and sunbeams: awful scene,
Where Power in likeness of the Arve comes down
From the ice-gulfs that gird his secret throne,
Bursting through these dark mountains like the flame
Of lightning through the tempest; --thou dost lie,
Thy giant brood of pines around thee clinging,
Children of elder time, in whose devotion
The chainless winds still come and ever came
To drink their odours, and their mighty swinging
To hear -- an old and solemn harmony;
Thine earthly rainbows stretched across the sweep
Of the etherial waterfall, whose veil
Robes some unsculptured image; the strange sleep
Which when the voices of the desert fail
Wraps all in its own deep eternity;--
Thy caverns echoing to the Arve's commotion,
A loud, lone sound no other sound can tame;
Thou art pervaded with that ceaseless motion,
Thou art the path of that unresting sound--
Dizzy Ravine!
^ Introduction to the Great Alpine Classics Since the birth of mountaineering, these three peaks have fascinated the climbing public like no others: Mont Blanc because its ascent heralded the dawn of alpine climbing, and because its 15,771-foot summit is the highest point in Western Europe; the Matterhorn because of its appearance as an unclimbable rock tower; and the Eiger, with its dark, brooding North Face, the last of the "Three Great Problems" to be conquered.
  • American Alpine Institute Program - Mont Blanc, the Matterhorn, and the Eiger 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC aai.cc [Source type: General]

^ Day 6: End of Mountain Madness service NOTE ON ITINERARY: Since many of our climbers are already on business in Europe or on vacation our itinerary does not include travel time to and from your destination like our other international trips.
  • Mont Blanc summit climb | Mountain Madness 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.mountainmadness.com [Source type: General]

^ No user ratings [ rate this item ] See More Like This Walgreens Find Other Fragrances ...
  • Mont Blanc Presence - Fragrances - Compare Prices, Reviews and Buy at NexTag - Price - Review 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.nextag.com [Source type: General]

and when .I gaze on thee
I seem as in a trance sublime and strange
To muse on my own separate fantasy,
My own, my human mind, which passively
Now renders and receives fast influencings,
Holding an unremitting interchange
With the clear universe of things around;
One legion of wild thoughts, whose wandering wings
Now float above thy darkness, and now rest
Where that or thou art no unbidden guest,
In the still cave of the witch Poesy,
Seeking among the shadows that pass by
Ghosts of all things that are, some shade of thee,
Some phantom, some faint image; till the breast
From which they fled recalls them, thou art there!
^ Fast interchange" XI. "In the still tremor of my hands still" XII. "Art there takes care.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Murmuring is all, we enumerate ghosts of all things that are, till the breast recalls them, and faint with images the lover struggles to make sense.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Unless some fool decides to build something there, the politcal line is merely a human construction which should not detract from the beauty of the place and its spectacular views.
  • SummitPost - Mont Blanc -- Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.summitpost.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


.
3
Some say that gleams of a remoter world
Visit the soul in sleep, -- that death is slumber,
And that its shapes the busy thoughts outnumber
Of those who wake and live.
^ Some say those gleams that wake the night are travellers from a remoter world that nestle in our midst.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ But those who live wake on the far side of number, they are in bliss outnumbered, they say "On high has some unknown touched me with omnipotence, and all there is is thinking."
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Confused with thinking, thoughts slumber, thoughts are busy the way numbers are, counting, amounting.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

--I look on high;
Has some unknown omnipotence unfurled
The veil of life and death? or do .I lie
In dream, and does the mightier world of sleep
Spread far around and inaccessibly
Its circles?
^ The world is nothing but a mood spread round, inaccessibly intelligent, a closet full of circles.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

.For the very spirit fails,
Driven like a homeless cloud from steep to steep
That vanishes among the viewless gales!
^ Steep cloud from which the very sunlight falls.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]


.Far, far above, piercing the infinite sky,
Mont Blanc appears -- still, snowy, and serene;
Its subject mountains their unearthly forms
Pile around it, ice and rock; broad vales between
Of frozen floods, unfathomable deeps,
Blue as the overhanging heaven, that spread
And wind among the accumulated steeps;
A desert peopled by the storms alone,
Save when the eagle brings some hunter's bone,
And the wolf tracks her there -- how hideously
Its shapes are heaped around!
^ Wind among the steeps scour desert people.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ How hideous it is to have a shape!
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Mont Blanc - mountain focus & routes .

rude, bare, and high,
Ghastly, and scarred, and riven. --Is this the scene
Where the old Earthquake-dæmon taught her young
Ruin? Were these their toys? or did a sea
Of fire envelop once this silent snow?
None can reply--all seems eternal now.
.The wilderness has a mysterious tongue
Which teaches awful doubt, or faith so mild,
So solemn, so serene, that man may be,
But for such faith, with Nature reconciled;
Thou hast a voice, great Mountain, to repeal
Large codes of fraud and woe; not understood
By all, but which the wise, and great, and good
Interpret, or make felt, or deeply feel.
^ The wilderness has mystery by tongue, and teaches faith so wild people like us may be, a solemn madness in the air the mountain knows, and knows we listen.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ You are alone - only you can make your race - you are alone and free - you, your body, your mind, the mountains and the challenge … Sometimes in a race you fly - you feel the flow - you feel the joy - and you run.

^ Only by voice with nature reconciled we stand our ground.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]


.
4
The fields, the lakes, the forests, and the streams,
Ocean, and all the living things that dwell
Within the dædal earth; lightning, and rain,
Earthquake, and fiery flood, and hurricane,
The torpor of the year when feeble dreams
Visit the hidden buds, or dreamless sleep
Holds every future leaf and flower; the bound
With which from that detested trance they leap;
The works and ways of man, their death and birth,
And that of him and all that his may be;
All things that move and breathe with toil and sound
Are born and die; revolve, subside, and swell.
^ And flowers crack the absolute when they bound from that detested trance.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It is some bud of sleep that ripens dreamlessly backwards to the future leaf.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Move with toil and breathe the sound _ men overtly vie endlessly.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]


.Power dwells apart in its tranquillity,
Remote, serene, and inaccessible:
And this, the naked countenance of earth,
On which I gaze, even these primæval mountains
Teach the adverting mind.
^ Nakedness of leather, the auguries of pain on which I gaze, even prim mountains lifting peneplane over the frozen Hudson _ frozen yesterday all the way to ocean _ evil teaches the adverting mind.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The glaciers creep
Like snakes that watch their prey, from their far fountains,
Slow rolling on; there, many a precipice
Frost and the Sun in scorn of mortal power
Have piled: dome, pyramid, and pinnacle,
A city of death, distinct with many a tower
And wall impregnable of beaming ice.
^ There is nothing that does not, don't worry, eventually the power comes back on, it's not night anymore, and then the problems come rolling in, the bills, the basins full of burnt offerings.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Many a precipice, every morning I looked up the valley and saw the frost line rise higher in sunlight till the fiery power scorned the visible.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We wandered down the cart track to Ville des Glaciers, surely something of an exaggeration because it's barely a hamlet, and there aren't many glaciers in evidence.
  • Pardoes TMB99 Page 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.pardoes.com [Source type: General]


.Yet not a city, but a flood of ruin
Is there, that from the boundaries of the sky
Rolls its perpetual stream; vast pines are strewing
Its destined path, or in the mangled soil
Branchless and shattered stand; the rocks, drawn down
From yon remotest waste, have overthrown
The limits of the dead and living world,
Never to be reclaimed.
^ June 2009 Squaw Valley to Auburn 100.2 miles on a mixture of single track trails and fire roads 18,000ft up, 23,000ft down Western States completely lived up it's reputation as the biggest and best 100miler in the US. It’s undoubtedly up there in the world standings too.

^ Tomorrow we’re going to the Aguille du Midi station up high in the sky and starting something (yet to be informed) there.

^ Home City India World Biz Tech Sports Entertainment Life Women Hot on the Web Auto Classifieds Photos Videos Live TV .
  • Mont Blanc's depiction of 'Gandhi' on pen nibs wrong: Govt - India - The Times of India 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC timesofindia.indiatimes.com [Source type: General]

The dwelling-place
Of insects, beasts, and birds, becomes its spoil;
Their food and their retreat for ever gone,
So much of life and joy is lost. .The race
Of man flies far in dread; his work and dwelling
Vanish, like smoke before the tempest's stream,
And their place is not known.
^ Vanish what you like and dwell with smoke.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Below, vast caves
Shine in the rushing torrents' restless gleam,
Which from those secret chasms in tumult welling
Meet in the vale, and one majestic River,
The breath and blood of distant lands, for ever
Rolls its loud waters to the ocean-waves,
Breathes its swift vapours to the circling air.
^ Bring waters to the ocean and be mum, waves of chemicals from high-school labs bleach the mappy neighborhood where she breathes swift gossip, she is noon's mother, she is instrument and orchestra, like those rooms full of ironwork in Bali and bamboo, she has brought the ship home, breathed selah upon the lonely psalms of Baltic exiles, she is empty, vapors spent, nothing left but language offered to the circling air!
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Foreheads of strolling shoppers shine, the word is spend, the glow is animate, and in the rushing afters torrents of analysis smoke untasted cigarettes.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ In you I have studied" XXXII. "Breath of blood be distant so the word" XXXIII. "White mountain crest jewel of blue echo" .
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]


.
5
Mont Blanc yet gleams on high: --the power is there,
The still and solemn power of many sights,
And many sounds, and much of life and death.
^ Today though there are many different styles within the Swiss Mont Blanc range with most pushing the boundaries of unique styling.
  • Mont Blanc Swiss Replica Watches - ReplicaHause.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.replicahause.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From there you get your hiking legs under you right away with a stiff 3,000-foot climb to the first pass, Col de Voza, and your first high-elevation views of the Mont Blanc range.
  • USATODAY.com - Trekking Mont Blanc, Europe's ultimate summer adventure 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

^ The Swiss Mont Blanc company was created in 1906 but did not start producing watches until much later in their history, in the early days the focus was mainly on high quality writing instruments.
  • Mont Blanc Swiss Replica Watches - ReplicaHause.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.replicahause.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


.In the calm darkness of the moonless nights,
In the lone glare of day, the snows descend
Upon that Mountain; none beholds them there,
Nor when the flakes burn in the sinking sun,
Or the star-beams dart through them.
^ Then go down upon that mountain; in moist deceiving none beholds them there.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A few of the gullies might have been tricky had there still been snow, but we found none, and had no problems.
  • Pardoes TMB99 Page 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.pardoes.com [Source type: General]

^ During the acclimatisation weekend you ascend to a mountain hut on the Saturday, spend the night there, and summit a 3000m peak the next morning.
  • Icicle: climb Mont Blanc course (5 or 7 days guiding, up to 3 days for summit bids), Chamonix 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.icicle-mountaineering.ltd.uk [Source type: General]

--Winds contend
.Silently there, and heap the snow with breath
Rapid and strong, but silently!
^ Her breath is strong but silently at home.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Through them rough winds contend, silent leap of seeing, so heap the known with breath until she speaks.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Its home
The voiceless lightning in these solitudes
Keeps innocently, and like vapour broods
Over the snow.
^ On these cold days the vapour broods over the chimney like a solid thing, a blue remark that will not go away.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The secret Strength of things
Which governs thought, and to the infinite dome
Of Heaven is as a law, inhabits thee!
^ The secret Strength of things governs thinking, and what gets thought (the infinite dome of self- incriminating witnesses) keeps men happy, gibbering in heaven.
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]


.And what were thou, and earth, and stars, and sea,
If to the human mind's imaginings
Silence and solitude were vacancy?
^ And if to the harried universal momentarily articulate nobody anybody is who minds out loud the nonstop imaginings that pour out from silence, it doesn't matter who she is, there appeared, in the eye's mind, solitude willing to listen, would the other side of vacancy turn out to be a lover?
  • http://wings.buffalo.edu/epc/authors/kelly/mont.blanc.html 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wings.buffalo.edu [Source type: Original source]


PD-icon.svg This work published before January 1, 1923 is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.MONT BLANC, the culminating point (15,782 ft.^ Mont Blanc 15,771ft /4,807m .
  • Mont Blanc summit climb | Mountain Madness 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.mountainmadness.com [Source type: General]

^ Mont Blanc - 4808 metres, 15,782 feet.

^ Mont Blanc 4810m (15,570ft), The 3 Mont Blancs .
  • Selection of 8 routes to Mont Blanc. Chamonix, France 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.philippegatta.fr [Source type: Academic]

) of .the mountain range of the same name, which forms part of the Pennine Alps, and is divided unequally between France, Italy and Switzerland.^ In france what are some of the mountains named?
  • WikiAnswers - Name of a mountain in france 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ A summit and an emblematic mountain range of the Alps.

^ Name of a mountain in france?
  • WikiAnswers - Name of a mountain in france 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.The actual highest summit is wholly French and is the loftiest peak in the Alps, and in Europe also, if certain peaks in the Caucasus be excluded.^ Mont Blanc in the French Alps is the highest mountain in western Europe.
  • Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC lynx.uio.no [Source type: Original source]

^ It is the highest and hugest summit in the Alps.
  • Mont Blanc - Peakware 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.peakware.com [Source type: General]

^ Mont Blanc - Europe's highest peak.
  • Mont Blanc guidebooks and maps from Cordee outdoor sports book shop 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.cordee.co.uk [Source type: General]

.At Geneva the mountain was in former days named the Montagne 1Vlaudite, but the present name seems to have been always used locally.^ At Geneva the mountain was in former days named the Montagne 1Vlaudite, but the present name seems to have been always used locally.

^ Day 1 Arrive in Geneva, and transfer to Chamonix, the world-famous resort and mountaineering center in France.

^ Spend the day in the Swiss mountains on a day trip from Geneva to Chamonix, one of Switzerland's most famous villages.

.On the north is the valley of Chamonix, and on the east the head of the valley of Aosta.^ On the north is the valley of Chamonix , and on the east the head of the valley of Aosta .

^ Surrounding the massif are the Graian Alps (south), the Chamonix Valley and Savoy Alps (west), the Pennine Alps (northeast), and the Valley of Courmayeur (east).
  • Mont Blanc (mountain, Europe) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.britannica.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He has summited Cho Oyo (8201m) and attempted Mount Everest, North Ridge, and for the past seven years has made the Chamonix valley his home base.

.Among the great glaciers which stream from the peak the most noteworthy are those of Bossons and Taconnaz (northern slope) and of Brenva and Miage (southern slope).^ Among the great glaciers which stream from the peak the most noteworthy are those of Bossons and Taconnaz (northern slope) and of Brenva and Miage (southern slope).

^ After Tournette's rocks, the peak makes the back round and the overhead traverse springs above the northern face of the glacial spaces.

^ The Peuterey Ridges and the Miage Glacier were the most distinctive features then we were able to pick out the Gonella Hut and the direction of the Italian Route to the summit, up the Aiguilles Grises Ridge.
  • Tour du Mont Blanc 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.marmotte.co.uk [Source type: Original source]

.The first ascent was made in 1786 by two Chamonix men, Jacques Balmat and Dr Michel Paccard, and the second in 1787 by Balmat with two local men.^ The first ascent was made in 1786 by two Chamonix men, Jacques Balmat and Dr Michel Paccard, and the second in 1787 by Balmat with two local men.

^ The first successful ascent of Mont Blanc was made in 1786.
  • Mont Blanc - Ask.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.ask.com [Source type: General]

^ The first recorded ascent of Mont Blanc was on 8 August 1786 by Jacques Balmat and the doctor Michel Paccard.

.Later in 1787 H. B. de Saussure made the third ascent, memorable in many respects, and was followed a week later by Colonel Beaufoy, the first Englishman to gain the top.^ Later in 1787 H. B. de Saussure made the third ascent, memorable in many respects, and was followed a week later by Colonel Beaufoy, the first Englishman to gain the top.

^ De Saussure offered few gold Thalers to the first who would summit the majestic dome of La Dame Blanche.
  • Mont Blanc - Team Sherpa Blog 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.team-sherpa.com [Source type: General]

^ Saussure repeated the climb himself in 1787 and there were several other ascents in the following decades, but it was the easier travelling conditions following the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars that led to a significant increase in the number of visitors to Chamonix.
  • Mont Blanc - Mountaineering and Polar Collections - National Library of Scotland 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.nls.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These ascents were all made from Chamonix, which is still the usual starting point, though routes have been forced up the peak from nearly every side, those on the Italian side being much steeper than that from Chamonix.^ These ascents were all made from Chamonix, which is still the usual starting point, though routes have been forced up the peak from nearly every side, those on the Italian side being much steeper than that from Chamonix.

^ However, in the summer of 2005 another explorer of forgotten corners in the Massif's Italian flanks, the British climber Tony Penning, added a second route to the peak when he climbed a corner system up the left side of the "shield"; a direct line on generally excellent rock ending exactly at the summit.
  • Rock Route Added to Forgotten Corner of Mont Blanc Range 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.alpinist.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1786 Jacques Balmat and Michel Paccard from Chamonix made the first successful ascent of the mountain and it is this climb which is considered to mark the beginning of modern mountaineering history.
  • Mont Blanc - Mountaineering and Polar Collections - National Library of Scotland 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.nls.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The ascent from Chamonix is now frequently made in summer (rarely in winter also), but, owing to the great height of the mountain, the view is unsatisfactory, though very extensive (Lyons is visible).^ The cable car ride to Chamonix is justly famous as the best way to enjoy this stunning location in summer and winter alike, and is only half a kilometre from the hotel.
  • Hotel Mont Blanc, Courmayeur, Italy - easy booking with ahotelinitaly.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.ahotelinitaly.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1786 Jacques Balmat and Michel Paccard from Chamonix made the first successful ascent of the mountain and it is this climb which is considered to mark the beginning of modern mountaineering history.
  • Mont Blanc - Mountaineering and Polar Collections - National Library of Scotland 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.nls.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You can take a cable car from France’s Chamonix or Italy’s Courmayeur to see the spectacular views from the top of the mountain you’ve just walked around.
  • How not to tour Mont Blanc - travel tips and articles - Lonely Planet 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.lonelyplanet.com [Source type: General]

.There is an inn at the Grands Mulets (9909 ft.^ There are a number of ways to reach the Grands Mulets hut (3051m).
  • Climbing Mont Blanc - Routes to the Summit, Costs and Equipment required 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.maison-jaune.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the beginning of the Grand Mulets route we saw some people walking but after a while there were hardly anyone there except for us which we thought was a bit strange.

). .In 1890 M. Vallot built an observatory and shelter hut (14,31 2 ft.^ Next came a brief rest at a strange, almost other-worldly hut called the Refuge de Vallot at 14,312 feet.

) on the .Bosses du Dromadaire (north-west ridge of the mountain), and in 1893 T. J. C. Janssen constructed an observatory just below the very summit.^ The last two hours of the climb require front pointing on crampons and finally a very exposed traverse along the icy / snowy summit ridge.

^ In 1891, Pierre Janssen, a scientific academic credited for discovering helium, envisaged the construction of an observatory at the summit of Mont Blanc.

^ Disaster scene Rescue teams found wreckage scattered on the south-west side of the mountain, about 1,400ft (427 metres) below the summit.
  • BBC ON THIS DAY | 24 | 1966: 117 die in Air India tragedy 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC news.bbc.co.uk [Source type: News]

.See C. Durier, Le Mont Blanc (4th ed., Paris, i 897); C. E. Mathews, The Annals of Mont Blanc (London.^ Mont Blanc 4810m (15,570ft), Les Aiguilles Grises .
  • Selection of 8 routes to Mont Blanc. Chamonix, France 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.philippegatta.fr [Source type: Academic]

^ Mont Buet 'Le Mont Blanc des Dames' 6 new photos September 9, 2009 at 2:40am .
  • Fat Marmot Snowshoeing - Chamonix Mont Blanc | Facebook 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.facebook.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At the entrance of the Chamonix valley and only 4km from its famous town, the pretty village of Les Houches is right under the impressive Mont-Blanc.
  • Mont-Blanc region, French Alps in Summer. Lakes and Mountains holidays with Peak Retreats including Chamonix 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.peakretreats.co.uk [Source type: General]

.1898); P. Giissfeldt, Der Montblanc (Berlin, 1894, also a French translation, Geneva, 1899); L. Kurz, Climbers' Guide to the Chain of Mont Blanc, section vi.^ Mont Blanc Starwalker By Mont Blanc For Men Eau De Toilette Spray 2.5-Ounces by Montblanc .
  • Amazon.com: Customer Reviews: Mont Blanc Individuel By Mont Blanc For Men. Eau De Toilette Spray 2.5 Ounces 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Mont blanc mb-14 montblanc 016 leather automatic white .
  • Mont Blanc replica watches|replica Mont Blanc watches|fake Mont Blanc watches|Mont Blanc watches 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.watches9.com [Source type: General]

^ Geneva Airport is approximately 120 km from the Mont Blanc Club Hotel.
  • Mont Blanc Club, Courmayeur, Turin 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.hotels4u.com [Source type: General]

.(London, 1892); L. Kurz and X. Imfeld, Carte de la chaine du Mont Blanc (1896, new edition 1905).^ Mont blanc Etoile de...
  • Mont blanc Meisterstuck Rollerball Pen - - Shopping.com 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.shopping.com [Source type: General]

^ Mon Ascension du Mont Blanc .
  • Mon Ascension du Mont Blanc - NyroBlog 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC www.nyrodev.info [Source type: Academic]

^ Individuelle by Mont Blanc Eau de...
  • Mont Blanc: Compare Prices, Reviews & Buy Online @ Yahoo! Shopping 23 January 2010 19:43 UTC shopping.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

(W. A. B. C.)


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

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Wikipedia has an article on:

Etymology

From French

Proper noun

Singular
Mont Blanc
Plural
-
Mont Blanc
  1. The highest mountain in France

Translations


French

Proper noun

Mont Blanc (literally White Mountain)
  1. Mont Blanc

Simple English

File:Lacs de
Mont Blanc

Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco in Italian) is a mountain in the Alps. Mont Blanc is 4810.90 m on the Italy/France border.

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 20, 2010

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