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The Mont Blanc Massif (Italian: Massiccio del Monte Bianco; French: Massif du Mont-Blanc) is a mountain range in the western part of the Alps. It is named after Mont Blanc, at 4,810m the highest summit of the Alps. It is located in France (Haute-Savoie and Savoie), Italy (Aosta Valley), and Switzerland (western Valais). The Mont Blanc Massif is sometimes considered to be part of either the Pennine Alps or the Graian Alps.

The Col Ferret separates it from the Pennine Alps; the Little St Bernard Pass separates it from the Graian Alps; the Arve valley separates it from the Aiguilles Rouges and the French Prealps.

The French side of the Mont Blanc Massif is drained by the rivers Arve and Isère. The Italian side is drained by the river Dora Baltea. The Swiss side is drained by left tributaries of the river Rhône.

Mont Blanc is crossed by a 11.6 km tunnel that connects Courmayeur (Italy) to Chamonix (France). The tunnel is sadly famous for a major accident which occurred on March 24th 1999, when a truck caught fire inside the tunnel and caused a fire that lasted for 53 hours and cost the lives of 39 people.

Contents

Peaks

The main peaks of the Mont Blanc Massif are:

Name Height (metres) Height (feet)
Mont Blanc 4,810 15,774
Mont Blanc de Courmayeur 4,748 15,577
Mont Maudit 4,465 14,648
Dôme du Goûter 4,304 14,121
Mont Blanc du Tacul 4,248 13,937
Grandes Jorasses 4,208 13,806
Aiguille Verte 4,122 13,523
Aiguille Blanche de Peuterey 4,112 13,491
Aiguille de Bionnassay 4,066 13,341
Dent du Géant 4,013 13,166
Les Droites 4,000 13,123
Aiguille de Tré-la-Tête 3,930 12,894
Aiguille d'Argentière 3,901 12,802
Aiguille de Triolet 3,876 12,717
Aiguille du Midi 3,843 12,609
Tour Noir 3,836 12,586
Aiguille des Glaciers 3,834 12,579
Mont Dolent 3,823 12,543
Aiguille du Chardonnet 3,822 12,540
Aiguille du Dru 3,754 12,316
Dômes de Miage 3,688 12,100
Aiguille du Tour 3,540 11,615
Aiguilles Dorées 3,519 11,545
Grand Darray 3,514 11,529
Grande Lui 3,509 11,512
Name Height (metres) Height (feet)
Aiguille du Grépon 3,502 11,489
Aiguille des Charmoz 3,442 11,293
Le Portalet 3,344 10,971
Pointe d'Orny 3,274 10,742
Mont Favre 3,259 10,693
Tita Neire 3,175 10,417
Grande Pointe des Planereuses 3,151 10,338
Pointe de Léchaud 3,127 10,260
Mont Buet 3,109 10,201
Pointe des Plines 3,057 10,030
Pic de Tenneverge 2,982 9,784
Aiguille du Belvédère (Aiguilles Rouges) 2,966 9,731
Le Génépi 2,884 9,462
Crammont 2,737 8,980
Pointe des Fours 2,719 8,921
Pointe du Colloney 2,692 8,832
Pointe Ronde 2,655 8,711
Catogne 2,599 8,527
Mont Joly 2,527 8,291
Brevent 2,525 8,284
Pointe de Sales 2,494 8,183
Aiguille de Varan 2,488 8,163
Mont Chetif 2,343 7,687
La Breya 2,194 7,198


Glaciers

Largest glaciers :

Passes

The main passes of the Mont Blanc Massif are shown in the table below.

name location type elevation (m/ft)
Col de la Brenva Courmayeur to Chamonix snow 4,333 14,217
Col de Triolet Chamonix to Courmayeur snow 3,691 12,110
Col d'Argentière Chamonix to Orsières snow 3,516 11,536
Col de Talefre Chamonix to Courmayeur snow 3,484 11,430
Col de Miage Les Contamines to Courmayeur snow 3,376 11,077
Col du Géant Chamonix to Courmayeur snow 3,371 11,060
Col du Chardonnet Chamonix to Orsières snow 3,325 10,909
Col du Tour Chamonix to Orsières snow 3,280 10,762
Fenetre de Saleinaz Saleinaz Glacier to Trient Glacier snow 3,264 10,709
Col de Breuil Bourg-Saint-Maurice to La Thuile snow 2,879 9,446
Col du Mont Tondu Les Contamines to Courmayeur snow 2,590 8,498
Col Ferret Courmayeur to Orsières bridle path 2,533 8,311
Col de la Seigne Les Chapieux to Courmayeur bridle path 2,512 8,242
Col de Susanfe Champéry to Salvan foot path 2,500 8,202
Col du Bonhomme Contamines to Les Chapieux bridle path 2,483 8,147
Col de Sageroux Sixt to Champéry foot path 2,413 7,917
Col d'Anterne Sixt to Servoz bridle path 2,263 7,425
Col de Balme Chamonix to the Trient Valley bridle path 2,201 7,221
Little St Bernard Pass Aosta to Moûtiers road 2188 7179
Colle Checrouit Courmayeur to the Lac de Combal bridle path 1,960 6,431
Col de Voza Chamonix to Les Contamines bridle path 1,675 5,496
Col de la Forclaz (F) Chamonix to Saint-Gervais bridle path 1,556 5,105
Col de la Forclaz (CH) Argentière to Martigny road 1,520 4,987

See also

References

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