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Montana State Legislature
Coat of arms or logo.
Type
Type Bicameral
Houses Senate
House of Representatives
Leadership
President of the Senate Robert Story, (R)
since January 5, 2009
Speaker of the House Bob Bergren, (D)
since January 5, 2009
Structure
Members 150
Political groups Democratic Party
Republican Party
Election
Last election November 4, 2008
Meeting place
Helena capitol.jpg
Montana State Capitol, Helena
Website
http://leg.mt.gov/css/default.asp

The Montana State Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Montana. It is composed of the 100-member Montana House of Representatives and the 50-member Montana Senate.

The Montana Constitution dictates that the legislature meet in regular session for no longer than 90 days in each odd-numbered year. The primary work of the legislature is to pass a balanced biennial budget which must then be approved by the Governor.

Since the beginning of statehood for Montana, the Legislature has been split along party lines fairly consistently and evenly. Since adoption of the current state constitution in 1972, which mandated single-member legislative districts for the first time in the state's history, the Montana Senate has been controlled by Democrats in 9 sessions, and Republicans in 10 sessions. During the same period, the Montana House has been controlled by Democrats in 8 sessions and Republicans in 9 sessions with two ties. According to state law, in the instance of a tie, control goes to the party of the sitting Governor.

Members are limited to serving no more than 8 years in either chamber but the term limit is consecutive not lifetime.

The Montana State Legislature meets in the state capital of Helena. There is currently a tie in the House of Representatives; the Democratic Party maintains control due to the political party affiliation of Governor Brian Schweitzer. Republicans hold a four-seat majority in the Senate.

See also

External links

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