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Montefiascone
—  Comune  —
Comune di Montefiascone

Coat of arms
Montefiascone is located in Italy
Montefiascone
Location of Montefiascone in Italy
Coordinates: 42°32′25″N 12°02′13″E / 42.54028°N 12.03694°E / 42.54028; 12.03694
Country Italy
Region Lazio
Province Viterbo (VT)
Frazioni Le Coste, Le Grazie, Le Mosse, Zepponami
Government
 - Mayor Andrea Danti (since June 2009)
Area
 - Total 104 km2 (40.2 sq mi)
Elevation 590 m (1,936 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Total 13,486
 - Density 129.7/km2 (335.9/sq mi)
 - Demonym Montefiasconesi or Falisci
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 01027
Dialing code 0761
Patron saint St. Margaret of Antioch
Saint day July 20
Website Official website
Grave of Bishop Fugger featured in Est! Est! Est! legend.

Montefiascone is a town and comune of the province of Viterbo, Italy, located on a hill on the southeast side of Lake Bolsena, 113 km by rail northwest of Rome.

Contents

History

The name of the city derives from that of the Falisci (Mons Faliscorum, "Mountain of the Falisci"). Later, it was controlled by the Etruscans. It was suggested that Montefiascone occupies the site of the Etruscan Temple called Fanum Voltumnae, at which the representatives of the twelve chief cities of Etruria met in the days of their independence. Under the Empire, the festival was held near Volsinii.

Cathedral of Montefiascone

The first documents mentioning Montefiascone are from 853 CE, when it belonged to the bishop of Tuscania. In 1058 and 1074 the Popes Stephen IX and Gregory VII, respectively, stopped here. In 1093 the fortress was besieged by Emperor Henry IV. The importance of the fortress was confirmed by Emperor Frederick Barbarossa's visit in 1185.

In the following two centuries, as a Papal possession, Montefiascone lived its period of highest splendour. The Castle was often residence of Popes, and was consequently enlarged and embellished. During Avignon Papacy, it was the main residence of the Papal legate Cardinal Albornoz. In 1463, however, it was already decaying, as in the words of by Pope Pius II. The decline increased after the plague of 1657 and the earthquake of 1697.

It became part of the new Kingdom of Italy in 1870. It was damaged by two Allied bombings in May 1944.

Main sights

  • The Cathedral is one of the earliest structures by Michele Sanmicheli Dedicated to Saint Margaret the cathedral was a ruin in 1330 and took three centuries to rebuild. Subsequently, in 1670, it suffered a serious fire, with repairs taking a further decade. The interior was elaborately restored in 1893.[1]
  • St. Maria della Grazie, also by Sanmicheli.
  • the church of San Flaviano (built in 1032, repaired and enlarged in the Gothic style late in the 14th century), a curious double church of importance in the history of architecture; in its interior some 14th century frescoes were discovered in 1896. In the crypt is the grave of a traveller, who succumbed to excessive drinking of the local wine known as Est, Est, Est. The story is that his valet who preceded him wrote "est" on the doors of all the inns where good wine was to be had, and that here the inscription was thrice repeated.
  • Rocca di Papi is the remains of the old Papal summer residence. At the top of the hill it provides a tremendous view of Lago Bolsena.
  • The Piazza is the place to see and be seen on a warm summer evening.

References

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

  1. ^ Wayland Kennet and Elizabeth Young, 1990, "Northern Lazio - an Unknown Italy" John Murray, London.

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Italy : Central Italy : Lazio : Montefiascone
Contents

Montefiascone is a town in the province of Viterbo, Italy, located on a hill on the southeast side of Lake Bolsena. It is 113 km by rail northwest of Rome. Montefiascone is 600 metres above sea level and is a former Etruscan settlement. It has an unmistakable silhouette, with the remains of the Rocca dei Papi fortress and the impressive dome of the church of Santa Margherita.

A view of Montefiascone
A view of Montefiascone

Get in

By car, Montefiascone is approximately 20km north of Viterbo. Without a car, the town is best reached by bus as the station is four km downhill from the town with irregular bus services and no taxis. There is a regular bus service from Viterbo bus station

  • The Cathedral has one of the largest domes in Italy. Dedicated to Saint Margaret it was a ruin in 1330 and took three centuries to rebuild. In 1670, it suffered a serious fire, with repairs taking a further decade.
  • The church of San Flaviano is considered a good example of a Romanesque church, although it was enlarged in the Gothic style in the 14th Century. In the crypt is the grave of a Bishop who succumbed to excessive drinking of the local wine (see Drink).
  • Rocca di Papi is the remains of the old Papal summer residence. It provides a great view of Lake Bolsena from its position at the top of the town.
  • Est! Est! Est!. The local white wine. Perhaps more famous for its name than its quality, although there are one or two good producers. The name goes back to 1111 when a German priest was travelling to Rome. He sent a servant ahead of him, with instructions to write Est! on the wall of any inn with good wine. When the servant arrived in Montefiascone he was so impressed with the local wine that he wrote Est! Est! Est! and that has been appropriated by local producers as the name for their white wine. The story does not have a happy ending. The Bishop was similarly impressed with the quality of the wine that he drank far too much and died.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

MONTEFIASCONE, a town and episcopal see of the province of Rome, Italy, built on a hill (2077 ft.) on the S.E. side of the Lake of Bolsena, 70 m. by rail N.W. of Rome. Pop. (1901), 3041 (town); 9731 (commune). The cathedral (1519) is one of the earliest structures by Sammicheli, S. Maria della Grazie is also by him. The town has in San Flaviano (built in 1032, repaired and enlarged in the Gothic style late in the 14th century), a curious double church of importance in the history of architecture (cf. G. T. Rivoira, Origini dell' architettura lombarda, i. 326 sqq.); in its interior some 14th-century frescoes were discovered in 1896. In the crypt is the grave of a traveller, who succumbed to excessive drinking of the local wine known as Est, est, est. The story is that his valet who preceded him wrote "est" on the doors of all the inns where good wine was to be had, and that here the inscription was thrice repeated. It is possible that Montefiascone occupies the site of the Fanum Voltumnae, at which the representatives of the twelve chief cities of Etruria met in the days of their independence; while under the Empire the festival was held near Volsinii.


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