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Montréal-Pierre Elliot Trudeau International Airport
Aéroport international Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau de Montréal
MtlAirports Logo.svg
Aeroporto Internacional de Montreal updated.JPG
Trudeau Airport as seen from a NASA Satellite before the construction of the international concourse.
IATA: YULICAO: CYUL
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Transport Canada
Operator Aéroports de Montréal
Serves Montreal, Quebec
Location Dorval, Quebec
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 118 ft / 36 m
Coordinates 45°28′14″N 073°44′27″W / 45.47056°N 73.74083°W / 45.47056; -73.74083 (Montréal-Pierre Elliot Trudeau International Airport)Coordinates: 45°28′14″N 073°44′27″W / 45.47056°N 73.74083°W / 45.47056; -73.74083 (Montréal-Pierre Elliot Trudeau International Airport)
Website www.admtl.com
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
06L/24R 11,000 3,353 Asphalt/Concrete
06R/24L 9,600 2,926 Asphalt/Concrete
10/28 7,000 2,134 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2009)
Aircraft Movements 225,219 (2008)
Number of Passengers 12,207,309
Sources: Canada Flight Supplement[1] and Transport Canada[2]
Aircraft statistics from Transport Canada[3]
Passenger statistics from Aéroports de Montréal[4]

Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport (IATA: YULICAO: CYUL) (French: Aéroport international Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau de Montréal) or Montréal-Trudeau, formerly known as Montréal-Dorval International Airport, is located in the city of Dorval, on the Island of Montreal, 20 km (12 mi) from Montreal's downtown core. It is an International Airport serving Greater Montreal, along with the regions of northern Vermont and New York.[5]

The airport is one of two managed and operated by Aéroports de Montréal (ADM), a not-for-profit corporation without share capital; the other airport is Montréal-Mirabel northwest of Montreal, which was initially intended to replace the one in Dorval but now deals almost solely with cargo.[6] Montréal-Trudeau is owned by Transport Canada, which has a 60-year lease with Aéroports de Montréal, as per Canada's National Airport Policy of 1994.[2]

Trudeau is the busiest airport in the province of Quebec, the third busiest airport in Canada by passenger traffic and fourth busiest by aircraft movements, with 12,207,309 passengers in 2009.[4] In 2008, it handled 12,813,199 passengers and 225,219 aircraft movements.[3][7] It is one of eight Canadian airports with United States border preclearance and is one of the main gateways into Canada with 7,535,232 or 58.8% of its passengers being on non-domestic flights, the highest proportion amongst Canada's airports during 2008.[8] It is one of four Air Canada hubs, and, in that capacity, serves mainly Quebec, the Atlantic Provinces and Eastern Ontario. The air route between YUL and Toronto Pearson International Airport is currently the 15th busiest air route in the world, in terms of flights per week.

Airlines servicing Trudeau offer flights to Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Central America, Europe, Mexico, the United States, and other destinations within Canada. It is the only Canadian airport that offers non-stop service to Africa and it also contains the second largest duty-free shop in North America and largest in Canada.[citation needed] The airport is headquarters and large Hub for Air Canada, the country's largest airline, charter airlines, Air Transat and Sunwing Airlines, and Air Inuit. It also serves as a focus city for WestJet and base of operations for CanJet and Skyservice. It also plays a role in general aviation as home to the headquarters of Innotech-Execair, Starlink, ACASS and Maintenance Repair & Overhaul (MRO) facilities of Air Canada, Air Transat, MJet and ExcelTech. Transport Canada operates a Civil Aviation Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul facility on site, with a fleet of Government owned and operated civil aircraft. Bombardier Aerospace has an assembly facility on site to build regional jets and Challenger business jets.

Contents

History

Terminal of Trudeau Airport
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Early days

The birth of Dorval Airport was in the 1940s. At the time, it was becoming clear that the Saint-Hubert Airport (Montreal's first official airport, in operation since 1927) could no longer meet the city's growing aviation needs. The Minister of Transport purchased the land at the Dorval Race Track, thus ensuring the best possible location for the new airport. Montréal-Dorval International Airport went into operation on September 1, 1941, as RCAF Station Lachine with three paved runways. By 1946, the airport was already hosting more than a quarter of a million passengers a year, growing to more than a million by the mid-1950s. It was primarily chosen as an airport because of good weather and few foggy days. During World War II thousands of Allied aircraft passed through Dorval on the way to England. At one time Dorval was the major transatlantic hub for commercial aviation and the busiest airport in Canada with airlines such as British Overseas Airways Corporation (B.O.A.C) landing at Dorval en route to New York City.

Growth

In November 1960, the airport was renamed Aéroport international Dorval de Montréal. On December 15 of that year, the Minister of Transport inaugurated a new $30 million terminal. It was the largest terminal in Canada and one of the biggest in the world. Montréal-Dorval International Airport was the gateway to Canada for all European air traffic, serving more than two million passengers a year. Eight years later, Montréal-Dorval International Airport underwent a major expansion program. The Government of Canada predicted that Dorval would be completely saturated by 1985, and also projected that 20 million passengers would be passing through Montreal's airports annually. They decided to construct a new airport in Sainte-Scholastique (Montréal-Mirabel International Airport). As the first phase in the transition that would eventually see Dorval closed, international flights were to be transferred to the new airport in 1975.

Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport

The opening and closing of Mirabel Airport

On November 29, 1975, Montréal-Mirabel International Airport went into service. With an operations zone of 70 km2 (27 sq mi) and a buffer zone of 290 km2 (110 sq mi), it became the largest airport in the world. Many connecting flights to Canadian centres were transferred to Montréal-Mirabel and 23 international airlines moved their overseas activities there. As a consequence, the mission of Montréal-Dorval was redefined to encompass domestic flights and flights to the United States. Dorval's traffic decreased due to the advent in the 1980s of longer-range jets that did not need to refuel in Montreal before crossing the Atlantic Ocean. Montreal's economic decline in the late 1970s and 1980s had a significant effect on the airport's traffic, as international flights shifted away from Dorval to Toronto Pearson, which serves the larger urban centre of Toronto. Lastly, international airlines, faced with the stark economic reality of operating two Canadian points of entry, opted to overfly Montreal and land in Toronto with its better domestic and United States connections.[citation needed] The Trudeau government had developed Mirabel Airport to handle an expected growth in international traffic, and, eventually, to replace Dorval. That extra traffic never materialized, and due to its closer proximity to downtown Montreal, all scheduled air services have now returned to Dorval/Trudeau, while Mirabel ceased passenger operations in 2004. In May 2007, it was reported that the International Center of Advanced Racing had signed a 25 year lease with Aéroports de Montréal to use part of the airport as a race track.[9][10] At the same time fixed base operator, Hélibellule, opened a facility at the site to cater for the private jets that were expected. The company also provides a passenger service from Mirabel to destinations in Canada and the United States.[6][11] They operate three different types of helicopters; Bell 222, Robinson R22 and Aérospatiale Gazelle.[6]

Back to Montréal-Dorval, renaissance

An Air Canada Airbus A320 being de-iced.

With all international scheduled flights going back to Montréal-Dorval in 1997, as well as charter flights in 2004, Montréal-Dorval International Airport was finally able to become a true hub, where passengers would not have to travel to different airports depending on the type of flight. The consolidation of flights to Montréal-Dorval resulted in an increase of passenger traffic, not only because of transfer of flights, but because of new connecting opportunities. In 2000, 9.4 million passengers used the airport at a time when the maximum capacity was 7 million. In 2007, the airport handled 12,817,882 passengers,[7] a new record.

Passenger statistics for Montréal-Trudeau Airport[7][12][13]
Year Total Passengers  % change Domestic  % change International  % change Transborder  % change
2001 8,168,559 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ----
2002 7,816,053 -4.5% ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ----
2003 8,964,186 +14.6% ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ----
2004 10,335,768 +15.3% 4,322,145 ---- 3,162,534 ---- 2,851,089 ----
2005 10,892,778 +5.4% 4,446,976 2.9% 3,461,371 9.4% 2,984,431 4.7%
2006 11,441,202 +5.0% 4,653,599 4.6% 3,708,264 7.1% 3,079,339 3.2%
2007 12,817,882 +12.0% 5,393,511 15.9% 4,245,620 14.5% 3,178,751 3.2%
2008 12,813,199 -0.0% 5,277,967 -2.1% 4,466,400 5.2% 3,068,832 -3.5%
2009 12,207,309 -4.7% 4,788,581 -9.3% 4,558,073 2.1% 2,860,655 -6.8%
Total (2001-2009) 95,456,936 28,882,779 23,602,262 18,023,097
2010 (YTD)

Operation Yellow Ribbon

On September 11, 2001, Trudeau participated in Operation Yellow Ribbon, taking in 7 diverted flights that had been bound for the closed airspace over the United States, even though pilots were asked to avoid the airport as a security measure. Mirabel International Airport also took in 10 other diverted flights totaling 17 diverted flight in the Montreal area bound for American cities. [14]

Operation Hestia

Canadian Air Force C-17 Globemaster III departing back to CFB Trenton after having repatriated Canadian citizens as part of Operation Hestia on January 23, 2010.

As part of Operation Hestia, Canada's military response to the 2010 Haitian Earthquake, the airport is the official gateway for repatriation flights from Haiti.[3] As of January 24, 2010, 2,327 individuals have been evacuated [4], mostly on Canadian military CC-177 Globemaster III and CC-130 Hercules aircraft.

Renaming

Montréal-Trudeau with Air Canada's headquarters in background.

The airport was renamed by the federal government in honour of former Canadian Prime Minister, the late Right Honourable Pierre Elliott Trudeau, on January 1, 2004, the renaming having been announced in September the previous year by then Minister of Transport David Collenette. This move provoked some opposition, especially Quebec sovereignists opposed to some of the policies of the former prime minister, as well as opposition from many aviation historians and enthusiasts who recalled Trudeau's role as an opponent of the airport, planning to close it in favour of Mirabel Airport.[15] Many Montrealers still refer to Trudeau airport as "Dorval," or "Dorval Airport."

Current public transport

The Société de transport de Montréal (STM) presently has three bus routes serving Trudeau International Airport, including route "204 Cardinal" seven days a week, route "209 Sources" Monday to Friday, and route "356 Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue" night bus. All three routes can take passengers to and from the Dorval bus terminus and train station which is within walking distance of the VIA's Dorval station.[16] A shuttle bus runs between the airport and VIA's Dorval station.

On March 29, 2010 the STM will introduce the 747 – Express Aéroport route which will operate seven days a week, 24 hours a day, and 365 days a year. The route features nine stops in each direction, including transfer stops at Lionel-Groulx metro station, Central Station, and Berri-UQAM metro station. The service runs every 20 minutes during rush hour, every 30 minutes during off-peak periods, and every hour from 2 a.m. to 5 a.m. [17]

Expansion

Terminal expansion (2000-2005)

The International Arrivals Complex

Montréal-Trudeau underwent a major expansion and modernization designed to increase the terminal's capacity and substantially enhance the level of passenger service. In February 2000, with a budget of C$716 million, ADM announced plans for an extensive expansion plan that would bring Montréal-Trudeau up to standard with other North American airports its size. The airport terminal had for the most part remained the same, with the exception of minor renovations, since its opening in the 1960s. With increased passenger volume resulting from the transfer of international scheduled passengers from Mirabel Airport in 1997, as well as Air Canada's intentions to make Montréal-Dorval its Eastern Canada hub, there was a strong need to greatly expand the terminal, whose capacity of roughly 7 million passengers per year had been exceeded.

The expansion program included the construction of several brand-new facilities, including a jetty for flights to the United States (Transborder Terminal), another for overseas flights (International Terminal) and a huge international arrivals complex for passengers arriving in Canada from the U.S. and other international points of departure. A 18-gate Transborder Concourse, an 11-gate International Concourse, new customs hall and baggage claim area for non-domestic flights, and an expanded parking garage, were built between 2000 and 2005. Additionally, sections of the domestic area were renovated and expanded, accompanied with additional retail space.The completion of the CAD$716 million expansion gives Montréal-Trudeau the ability to serve 20 million passengers a year. This ironically accomplished one of the goals that was to be met with the construction of Mirabel. (In the 1970s, the federal government projected that 20 million passengers would be passing through Montreal's airports annually by 1985, with 17 million through Mirabel). Aéroports de Montréal financed all of these improvements itself, with no government grants. By the end of 2007, $1.5 billion had been spent to upgrade Montréal-Trudeau.[18]

Other projects

Starting in 2006, ADM began the next process of land access to upgrade road traffic to the airport, a new parking garage, and the improvement of the domestic terminal. On 30 November 2006, ADM announced plans to relocate numerous hangars at the western part of the airport in order to expand the Transborder and International terminals. Although still unclear how many new gates will be added, construction is slated to begin with the removal of hangars in 2007. Trudeau Airport is only capable of handling 15 million passengers a year, which it's expected to hit by 2014 at the latest. New facilities are desperately needed even though the entire expansion process hasn't even been completed yet. ADM's target for passenger capacity is 20 million a year.

Dorval interchange

Future Montréal-Trudeau train station located under the new Marriott hotel.

Aéroports de Montréal, the City of Montreal, Transports Québec and Transport Canada are planning to improve the Dorval interchange and build direct road links between the airport and highways 20 and 520. Once the certificate of authorization has been obtained, work begun in June 2009 with a potential end date of 2013. The project will entail redesigning the roads network within the airport site[citation needed].

Rail shuttle to downtown Montreal

Aéroports de Montréal is planning to introduce an express rail shuttle service to accelerate access to the airport from the downtown core. This 20 km (12 mi) long shuttle, with departures every 20 minutes, would make the trip in under 20 minutes. To this end, Transport Canada, ADM, Via Rail, and the Agence métropolitaine de transport (Metropolitan Transit Agency) have jointly developed a wide-ranging proposal that includes the enhancement of commuter train and inter-city train service between Downtown Montreal and the West Island of Montreal. The basic plans of the project, including price and choice of final downtown destination (either Lucien L'Allier train station or Gare Central) will be made in the fall of 2009, with an expected end date for the entire project between 2013 and 2015. [19]

Airbus A380

Map showing non-stop destinations from Montreal

The last round of construction improved Montréal-Trudeau so that it is prepared to handle the new Airbus A380. Air France will be the first operator of the type in Montreal and will use gate 55, which is equipped with two air bridges to load and unload passengers on both decks of the A380 simultaneously. Air France had scheduled its first A380 flight for mid-November 2007; the Airbus-marked aircraft (MSN007) took off from Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport and landed at Montréal–Trudeau on 12 November 2007 with some 500 guests aboard. It left Montreal on 13 November to go to Orlando International Airport in Florida (United States). It returned to Montreal on 15 November, continuing to Paris on the same day, and then back to its Toulouse base.[20]

New hotel, expansion and modernization

The new Marriott hotel and U.S. Departures wing.

On June 15, 2006, construction began on a new four-star Marriott hotel at the airport, above the transborder terminal. Originally scheduled to be completed by September 2008, the 279 first-class room hotel opened its doors on the 19th of August 2009. Construction was slowed down because of the recession and a collapse in the Transborder market. It will eventually contain an underground train station to connect it with downtown Montreal as well as ADM's corporate headquarters, currently located in downtown Montreal.

On the same day, Montreal-Trudeau airport opened the doors to the refurbished, expanded, modernized and user-friendly transborder terminal, meeting the industry's highest standards. This increased the total area of the terminal from 9,320 m² to 18,122 m². Furthermore, the terminal is equipped with a new baggage sorting room which allows U.S. customs officers to retrieve luggage for secondary inspection[21].

Passenger Concourses

The Airport is divided into three concourse A, B and C, each one used for passenger traffic heading to certain areas. Concourse A is the Domestic terminal and holds 26 gates: 1-12, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27-30, 32, 34, 47-49.
The International concourse is B and it holds traffic of those airlines traveling other then Canada or the United States. In 2008, the airport handled just under 4.5 million passenger on international flights, making it the 2nd busiest airport in Canada in terms of international passenger traffic, excluding transborder flights.[7][22] However, if transborder flights were included Montreal would be 3rd busiest, after Vancouver International.[23]
The International terminal holds 13 gates: 50-53A, 53B-61. Finally Concourse C is dedicated to U.S bound flights. It holds 18 gates: 72-89.

Lounges

Air Canada has three Maple Leaf Lounges at Montréal-Trudeau: 1 in the Domestic Jetty, 1 in the Transborder Jetty, and 1 in the International Jetty. Air France has a lounge in the International Jetty, on the higher level, at gate B55, their A380 gate. Servisair offers a pay-per-use and membership VIP lounge in the International Jetty

Airlines and destinations

Some 40 airlines offer non-stop services to more than 120 regular and seasonal destinations worldwide.

The interior of the U.S. Departures wing.
Trudeau Airport at night in 2008.
Air Algérie Airbus A330-200 at Montréal-Trudeau
Airlines Destinations Concourse(s)
Air Algérie Algiers B
Air Canada Athens [seasonal; begins 3 June][24], Barbados [seasonal], Barcelona [seasonal; begins 4 June][24], Brussels [begins 12 June][25], Calgary, Cancun, Cayo Coco, Cayo Largo [seasonal], Chicago-O'Hare, Deer Lake [seasonal], Denver, Edmonton, Frankfurt, Fort-de-France, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Geneva, Halifax, Holguin, Las Vegas, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Mexico City, Miami [seasonal], Montego Bay, Nassau [seasonal], New York-LaGuardia, Orlando, Ottawa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pointe-à-Pitre, Port-au-Prince, Providenciales [seasonal], Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Rome-Fiumicino [seasonal], St John's, St Lucia [seasonal], Samaná, Santa Clara, San Francisco [seasonal], San Juan [seasonal], Tampa [seasonal], Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Varadero, Winnipeg A, B, C
Air Canada operated by
Air Georgian
Hartford, Moncton A, C
Air Canada Jazz Bagotville, Baie-Comeau, Bathurst, Boston, Charlottetown, Chicago-O'Hare, Fredericton, Halifax, Houston-Intercontinental, Iqaluit [begins 28 March], Magdalen Islands, Moncton, Mont-Joli, New York-LaGuardia, Newark, Ottawa, Quebec City, Rouyn-Noranda, Saint John, Thunder Bay, Toronto-Pearson, Val-d'Or, Washington-Dulles, Washington-Reagan, Winnipeg A, C
Air Creebec Chibougamau, Val D'Or A
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle B
Air Inuit Kuujjuarapik, La Grande, Quebec City A
Air Saint-Pierre Saint-Pierre B
Air Transat Year round destinations: Cancun, Holguin, Málaga, Orlando, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Port-au-Prince, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Varadero
Summer destinations: Athens, Barcelona, Bordeaux, Brussels, Dublin, Lamezia-Terme [begins 22 June], Lisbon, London-Gatwick, Lyon, Madrid, Marseilles, Basel/Mulhouse, Nantes, Nice, Porto, Rome-Fiumicino, Toulouse, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna
Winter destinations: Acapulco, Camaguey, Cayo Coco, Cayo Largo, Fort Lauderdale, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, La Romana, Managua, Montego Bay, Panama City, Porlamar, Puerto Vallarta, St Maarten, Samana, San Jose de Costa Rica, Santa Clara, San Andres Islands, San Salvador, Santo Domingo
B, C
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami C
American Eagle Chicago-O'Hare, New York-JFK, New York-LaGuardia C
British Airways London-Heathrow B
CanJet Acapulco, Antigua, Camaguey, Cancun, Cartagena, Cayo Coco, Cayo Largo, Cienfuegos, Fort-de-France, Fort Lauderdale, Holguin, Ixtapa-Zihuatanejo, La Ceiba, La Romana, León, Managua, Manzanillo, Montego Bay, Orlando, Pointe-à-Pitre, Providenciales[26], Panama City, Providenciales, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, St Maarten, Samana, Santa Clara, Santo Domingo, San Salvador (Bahamas), Varadero B, C
Continental Connection operated by Colgan Air Newark C
Continental Express operated by Chautauqua Airlines Cleveland C
Continental Express operated by ExpressJet Airlines Newark C
Corsairfly Paris-Orly [seasonal] B
Cubana de Aviación Camaguey, Cayo Coco, Havana, Holguin, Santa Clara, Varadero B
Delta Connection operated by Atlantic Southeast Airlines Atlanta C
Delta Connection operated by Comair Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky [begins May 2], Detroit, New York-JFK C
Delta Connection operated by Mesaba Airlines Minneapolis/St. Paul C
Delta Connection operated by Pinnacle Airlines Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky [begins May 3], Detroit C
First Air Iqaluit, Kuujjuaq[27] A
KLM Amsterdam B
Lufthansa Munich [seasonal] B
Mexicana de Aviación Mexico City B
Porter Airlines Toronto-City Centre, Mont-Tremblant [seasonal] A
Provincial Airlines Sept-Îles A
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca B
Royal Jordanian Amman B
SATA International Lisbon, Ponta Delgada [seasonal] B
Skyservice Cancun, Cayo Coco, Cozumel, Holguin, Huatulco, La Romana, Montego Bay, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, St Thomas, Santa Clara, Varadero B
Sunwing Airlines Acapulco, Camaguey, Cancun, Cayo Coco, Cienfuegos, Cozumel, Fort Lauderdale, Holguin, La Romana, Manzanillo de Cuba, Montego Bay, Orlando, Panama City, Port-au-Prince, Punta Cana, Puerto Plata, Roatán, Santiago de Cuba, Santo Domingo, Varadero B, C
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich B
Thomas Cook Airlines London-Gatwick [seasonal] B
United Express operated by GoJet Airlines Chicago-O'Hare, Washington-Dulles C
United Express operated by Shuttle America Chicago-O'Hare, Washington-Dulles C
United Express operated by Trans States Airlines Washington-Dulles C
US Airways Express operated by Air Wisconsin Philadelphia C
US Airways Express operated by Republic Airlines Charlotte, Philadelphia C
WestJet Calgary, Cancun, Edmonton [seasonal], Fort Lauderdale, Halifax [seasonal], Las Vegas, Orlando [seasonal], Punta Cana [seasonal; begins 5 June], Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Winnipeg A, B, C
Air Canada Boeing 777-300ER landing in Montreal.

Cargo

Airlines Destinations
Air Georgian Toronto-Pearson
Nolinor Aviation
Volga-Dnepr Bombardier operations
Air Canada Cargo

Incidents and accidents

  • November 29, 1963: Trans-Canada Air Lines Flight 831 crashed shortly after departure for Toronto, killing all 118 people on board the Douglas DC-8 jet.
  • June 2, 1982: a Douglas DC-9 jet exploded during a maintenance period in Montreal. No deaths.
  • July 23, 1983: Air Canada Flight 143, a Boeing 767 flight originating in Dorval made an emergency landing in Gimli, Manitoba after running out of fuel. No one was injured, and the incident became known as the Gimli Glider.
  • On May 13, 2006, the Federal Aviation Administration refused permission for Biman Bangladesh Airlines flight BG011 en route from Dhaka to New York City to enter US airspace, citing safety concerns over the ailing DC-10 aircraft being used on the route. As a result the flight was diverted to Trudeau Airport where the passengers were provided with alternative airline options to complete their journey.[28]
  • August 10, 2006: Air Canada Flight 865 from London Heathrow to Montreal was among the seven planes allegedly targeted in a massive bomb plot that was being planned in Britain. The flight, scheduled for departure from London at 3:15 p.m., was canceled that day. All targeted flights, carrying between 240 and 285 people each, were to have been detonated simultaneously as the planes crossed the Atlantic Ocean. The flight flew an Airbus A330-300.[29]
  • September 23, 2007: Air Canada Flight 155 out of Trudeau Airport was forced to return because of a problem with the landing gear hydraulics. The flight was heading for Calgary. About forty minutes into the flight, the pilots discovered the hydraulics problem and returned to the airport. It made a heavy landing and a hard stop, resulting in the gear catching fire. Emergency crews extinguished the flames. All 121 passengers and five crew were evacuated from the aircraft without incident or injury.
  • August 26, 2008: Air France Flight 346, a Boeing 747-400 was making a landing at the airport when it skidded off the runway and got stuck in the grass. The flight originated from Charles de Gaulle International Airport. All of the 490 passengers on board escaped with no injury.[30]

References

  1. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 7 May 2009 to 0901Z 2 July 2009
  2. ^ a b Airport Divestiture Status Report
  3. ^ a b Total aircraft movements by class of operation — NAV CANADA towers
  4. ^ a b 2009 Aéroports de Montréal Passenger Statistics
  5. ^ Aéroports de Montréal
  6. ^ a b c Hélibellule fleet
  7. ^ a b c d 2008 Aeroport de Montréal Passenger Statistics
  8. ^ See List of the busiest airports in Canada#Comparison of the 5 busiest airports by domestic, transborder and international passenger traffic for full sourcing.
  9. ^ ICAR - a new motorsport facility in Québec
  10. ^ Mirabel redécolle
  11. ^ Hélibellule fait revivre le transport des passagers à Mirabel
  12. ^ 2004 Statistics
  13. ^ Aéroports de Montréal Passenger Statistics
  14. ^ http://www.navcanada.ca/NavCanada.asp?Language=en&Content=ContentDefinitionFiles\Newsroom\Backgrounders\911crisis.xml
  15. ^ "Trudeau Airport named despite protests". CBC News. 2003-09-09. http://www.cbc.ca/canada/story/2003/09/09/trudeau_airport030909.html. Retrieved 2008-03-01. 
  16. ^ See www.STM.info for Montreal's public transit system website to download schedules for the three STM bus routes serving Montréal's Trudeau International Airport, including bus #204 ("Cardinal"), which runs seven days a week, bus #209 ("Sources"), which serves the airport Monday to Friday, and the night bus #356, which runs from 1:00 a.m. to 5:00 a.m. Bus #204: [1], bus #209: http://www.stm.info/bus/planibus/209.pdf, and Bus #356: [2]
  17. ^ http://www.stm.info/english/info/a-747.htm
  18. ^ Aéroports de Montréal Provides a Progress Report on Work at Montréal–Trudeau
  19. ^ Airport rail shuttle expected by 2015
  20. ^ A380 world tour continues with the first visit to Montreal
  21. ^ Aéroports de Montréal - New sector for departures to the United States
  22. ^ Toronto Pearson Passenger Statistics
  23. ^ 2008 Vancouver Passenger Statistics
  24. ^ a b http://www.cnw.ca/en/releases/archive/August2009/28/c8335.html
  25. ^ http://micro.newswire.ca/release.cgi?rkey=1708206310&view=13213-1&Start=0
  26. ^ http://www.admtl.com/passager/services_aeriens/DestinationsServedInternational.aspx
  27. ^ First Air interactive weather/route map
  28. ^ CAAB warned of poor aircraft maintenance
  29. ^ Montreal, Toronto flights targeted in alleged British bomb plot
  30. ^ Globe and Mail story about the August 2008 runway overshoot

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