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Montreal Canadiens
(Canadiens de Montréal)
2009–10 Montreal Canadiens season
Conference Eastern
Division Northeast
Founded December 4, 1909
History Montreal Canadiens
1909–1917 (NHA)
1917–present (NHL)
Home arena Bell Centre (Centre Bell)
City Montreal, Quebec
ECN-Uniform-MTL.PNG
Colours red, white, blue
              
Media English
CJAD (800 AM)
French
RDS
CKAC (730 AM)
Owner(s) Canada Molson family
General manager Canada Pierre Gauthier
Head coach Canada Jacques Martin
Captain Vacant
Minor league affiliates Hamilton Bulldogs (AHL)
Cincinnati Cyclones (ECHL)
Stanley Cups 1915–16, 1923–24, 1929–30, 1930–31, 1943–44, 1945–46, 1952–53, 1955–56, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1972–73, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1985–86, 1992–93
Conference championships 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1980–81, 1985–86, 1988–89, 1992–93
Division championships 1927–28, 1928–29, 1929–30, 1930–31, 1931–32, 1936–37, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1972–73, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1984–85, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1991–92, 2007–08

The Montreal Canadiens (French: Les Canadiens de Montréal) are a professional ice hockey team based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The team is a member of the Northeast Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL). The club is officially known as le Club de hockey Canadien.[1]

French nicknames for the team include Les Canadiens (or Le Canadien), Le Bleu-Blanc-et-Rouge, La Sainte-Flanelle,[2] Le Tricolore, Les Glorieux (or Nos Glorieux), Les Habitants and Le Grand Club. In English, the team's main nickname is the Habs, an abbreviation of "Les Habitants". (Note: Even in English, the French spelling, Canadiens, is always used.)

Founded in 1909, the Canadiens are the longest continuously operating professional ice hockey team and the only existing NHL club to predate the founding of the NHL, as well as one of the oldest North American sports franchises. The franchise is one of the "Original Six" teams, a description used for teams that were part of the NHL from 1942 until the 1967 expansion. With the departure of the Quebec Nordiques in 1995, the Canadiens are the sole NHL team in Quebec. The team's championship season in 1992–93 marks the last time a Canadian team won the Stanley Cup.[3]

The Canadiens have won 24 Stanley Cups (including their first in 1916, before the NHL existed), more than any other team.[4] On a percentage basis, as of 2010, the franchise has won 25% of all Stanley Cup championships contested after the Challenge Cup era, making it one of the most successful professional sports teams of the traditional four major sports of Canada and the United States.[5]

Since 1996, the Canadiens have played their home games at the Bell Centre, which was named the Molson Centre until 2003.[6] Former homes of the team include Jubilee Rink, Montreal Westmount Arena, Mount Royal Arena and the Montreal Forum. The Forum was considered a veritable shrine to hockey fans everywhere,[7] and housed the team for seven decades and all but their first two Stanley Cup championships.

Contents

History

The Canadiens were founded by J. Ambrose O'Brien on December 4, 1909, as a charter member of the National Hockey Association,[8][9] the forerunner to the National Hockey League. It was to be the team of the francophone community in Montreal, composed of francophone players, and under francophone ownership as soon as possible.[10] The team's first season was not a success, placing last. After the first year, ownership was transferred to George Kennedy of Montreal[11] and the team's fortunes improved over the next seasons. The team won its first Stanley Cup championship in the 1915–16 season.[8] In 1917, with four other NHA teams, the Canadiens formed the NHL,[8] and they won their first NHL Stanley Cup during the 1923–24 season, led by Howie Morenz. The team moved to the Montreal Forum for the 1926–27 season.[8]

In the 1930s, the club started the decade with success with Stanley Cups in 1930 and 1931. However, the club and its then Montreal rival, the Montreal Maroons declined both on the ice and economically during the Depression. Losses grew to the point where the team owners considering selling the team to Cleveland, Ohio interests. However, local investors were found and instead it was the Maroons that suspended operations, and several of the Maroons players moved to the Canadiens.

Led by the "Punch Line" of Maurice "Rocket" Richard, Toe Blake and Elmer Lach in the 1940s, the Canadiens enjoyed success again atop the NHL. From 1952 to 1960, the franchise won six Stanley Cups, including a record five straight from 1956 to 1960, with a new set of stars coming to prominence: Jean Beliveau, Dickie Moore, Doug Harvey, Bernie "Boom Boom" Geoffrion, Jacques Plante, and Richard's younger brother, Henri.

The Canadiens added ten more championships in fifteen seasons from 1965 to 1979,[8] with another dynastic run of four straight Cups from 1976 to 1979.[8] In the 1976–77 season, the Canadiens set a modern-day record for fewest losses by only losing eight games in an 80-game season. The next generation of stars included Guy Lafleur, Yvan Cournoyer, Ken Dryden, Pete Mahovlich, Steve Shutt, Bob Gainey, Serge Savard, Guy Lapointe and Larry Robinson. Scotty Bowman, who would later set a record for most NHL victories by a coach, was the team's head coach for its last five Stanley Cup victories in the 70s.

The Canadiens won Stanley Cups in 1986, led by rookie star goaltender Patrick Roy,[8] and in 1993,[8] continuing their streak of winning at least one championship in every decade from the 1910s to the 1990s. In 1996, the Habs moved from the Montreal Forum, their home during 71 seasons and 22 Stanley Cups, to the Molson Centre (now the Bell Centre).[8]

On December 29, 2008 the Canadiens won 5-2 over the Florida Panthers to become the first team in NHL history to reach 3,000 victories.

Commemorative 100th anniversary logo for 2008–09[12]
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Centennial celebrations

The Montreal Canadiens retired various uniform numbers as part of its leadup to its celebrations during the 2008–09 and 2009–10 seasons. As part of the scheduled events for 2009, Montreal hosted the 2009 NHL All-Star Game,[13] and the 2009 NHL Entry Draft.[14]

Film: Pour toujours, les Canadiens!

Pour toujours, les Canadiens! is a 2009 Quebec feature film about the Montreal Canadiens centennial celebrations, written by Jacques Savoie and directed by Sylvain Archambault. The film debuted in theatres on December 4, 2009, the Canadiens' centennial.[15][16].

Team colours and mascot

Logo used (1917-19, 1921-22)

The current team colours are red, blue and white. These colours have been used in combination since 1914. The Canadiens' colours are an important part of French Canadian culture. In the short story "The Hockey Sweater", Roch Carrier described the influence of the Canadiens and their jersey within rural Quebec communities during the 1940s.[17] The story was later made into an animated short, The Sweater, narrated by Carrier.[18] A passage from the short appears on the 2002 issue of the Canadian five dollar bill.[19][20]

One of sport's oldest and most recognizable logos, the classic 'C' and 'H' of the Montreal Canadiens was first used together in the 1917–18 season, when the club changed its name to Club de hockey Canadien from Club athlétique Canadien,[21] before evolving to its current form in 1952–53. The 'H' does not stand for 'Habs' or Habitants; this is a misconception. It actually stands for 'Hockey', as in 'Club de hockey Canadien', the official name of the team. According to NHL.com, the first man to refer to the team as "the Habs" was American Tex Rickard, owner of the Madison Square Garden, in 1924. Rickard apparently told a reporter that the "H" on the Canadiens' sweaters was for "Habitants."[22]

Uniforms

The home sweater is predominantly red in colour. There are four blue and white stripes, one across each arm, one across the chest and the other across the waist. The main road sweater is mainly white with a red and blue stripe across the waist, red at the end of both arm sleeves and the shoulders are also draped with red. The basic design has been in use since 1914, with the current version dating from 1952. Because of the team's lengthy history and significance in Quebec, the sweater has been referred to as 'La Sainte-Flanelle' (the holy flannel sweater).[2]

Motto

Nos bras meurtris vous tendent le flambeau, à vous toujours de le porter bien haut.

To you from failing hands we throw the torch. Be yours to hold it high.

The motto is from the poem "In Flanders Fields" by John McCrae which was written in 1915, the year before the Canadiens won their first Stanley Cup championship.

Mascot

Beginning in the 2004–05 NHL season, the Canadiens adopted Youppi as their official mascot, the first costumed mascot in their long history. Youppi was the longtime mascot for the Montreal Expos baseball team, but was dropped from the franchise when they moved to Washington, D.C. in 2004 and became the Washington Nationals. With the switch, Youppi became the first mascot in professional sports to switch leagues.[23] The terms of the deal was reportedly in the six figures.[24]

The team has previously had children as mascots who would skate with the team during warm-ups and during intermissions. One notable child mascot was the son of player Howie Morenz, Howie Morenz Jr. Other mascots were typically the children of players or Canadiens management.

Seasons and records

Season by season results

This is a partial list of the last five seasons completed by the Canadiens. For the full season-by-season history, see List of Montreal Canadiens seasons.

Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, OTL = Overtime Losses, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against, PIM = Penalties in minutes

Season GP W L T1 OTL GF GA Pts PIM Finish Playoffs
2004–05 Season cancelled due to 2004–05 NHL lockout
2005–061 82 42 31 9 243 247 93 1312 3rd, Northeast Lost in Conference Quarterfinals, 2-4 (Hurricanes)
2006–07 82 42 34 6 245 256 90 1119 4th, Northeast Did not qualify
2007–08 82 47 25 10 262 222 104 1072 1st, Northeast Lost in Conference Semifinals, 1-4 (Flyers)
2008–09 82 41 30 11 249 247 93 1223 2nd, Northeast Lost in Conference Quarterfinals, 0–4 (Bruins)
1 As of the 2005–06 NHL season, all games will have a winner; the OTL column includes SOL (shootout losses).

Franchise individual records

Franchise scoring leaders

These are the top-ten point-scorers in franchise history. Figures are updated after each completed NHL regular season.

Note: Pos = Position; GP = Games Played; G = Goals; A = Assists; Pts = Points; P/G = Points per game

Updated at completion of 2007–2008 season

Player Pos GP G A Pts P/G
Guy Lafleur RW 961 518 728 1246 1.30
Jean Beliveau C 1125 507 712 1219 1.08
Henri Richard C 1256 358 688 1046 0.83
Maurice Richard RW 978 544 421 965 0.99
Larry Robinson D 1202 197 686 883 0.73
Yvan Cournoyer RW 968 428 435 863 0.89
Jacques Lemaire C 853 366 469 835 0.98
Steve Shutt LW 871 408 368 776 0.89
Bernie Geoffrion RW 766 371 388 759 0.99
Saku Koivu C 779 191 450 641 0.81

Source: "Statistics | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. http://ourhistory.canadiens.com/stats/search?position=S&search=players&season_type=2&stats_type=career. Retrieved 2009-06-27. 

Records - skaters

Career
Season

* Indicates a league record.

Source: "Season records - Individual records - Skaters | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. http://ourhistory.canadiens.com/records/regular_skaters. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 

Records - goaltenders

Career
Season

* Indicates a league record.

Source: "Season records - Individual records - goaltenders | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. http://ourhistory.canadiens.com/records/regular_goalies. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 

Current roster

Updated March 15, 2010.[25]

# Nat Player Pos S/G Age Acquired Birthplace
47 Canada Bergeron, Marc-AndreMarc-Andre Bergeron Injured Reserve D L 29 2009 Saint-Louis-de-France, Quebec
13 Canada Cammalleri, MichaelMichael Cammalleri Injured Reserve LW L 27 2009 Richmond Hill, Ontario
52 Canada Darche, MathieuMathieu Darche LW L 33 2009 Montreal, Quebec
75 United States Gill, HalHal Gill (A) D L 34 2009 Concord, Massachusetts
21 United States Gionta, BrianBrian Gionta (A) RW R 31 2009 Rochester, New York
91 United States Gomez, ScottScott Gomez C L 30 2009 Anchorage, Alaska
26 Canada Gorges, JoshJosh Gorges D L 25 2007 Kelowna, British Columbia
41 Slovakia Halak, JaroslavJaroslav Halak G L 24 2003 Bratislava, Czechoslovakia
44 Czech Republic Hamrlik, RomanRoman Hamrlik D L 35 2007 Zlín, Czechoslovakia
46 Belarus Kostitsyn, AndreiAndrei Kostitsyn LW L 25 2003 Navapolatsk, Soviet Union
74 Belarus Kostitsyn, SergeiSergei Kostitsyn LW L 22 2005 Navapolatsk, Soviet Union
40 Canada Lapierre, MaximMaxim Lapierre C R 24 2003 Montreal, Quebec
17 Canada Laraque, GeorgesGeorges Laraque RW R 33 2008 Montreal, Quebec
22 United States Mara, PaulPaul Mara D L 30 2009 Ridgewood, New Jersey
79 Russia Markov, AndreiAndrei Markov (A) D L 31 1998 Voskresensk, Soviet Union
61 Canada Maxwell, BenBen Maxwell C L 21 2006 North Vancouver, British Columbia
15 Canada Metropolit, GlenGlen Metropolit C R 35 2009 Toronto, Ontario
32 Canada Moen, TravisTravis Moen LW L 27 2009 Stewart Valley, Saskatchewan
42 Canada Moore, DominicDominic Moore C L 29 2010 Thornhill, Ontario
20 Canada O'Byrne, RyanRyan O'Byrne D R 25 2003 Victoria, British Columbia
14 Czech Republic Plekanec, TomasTomas Plekanec C L 27 2001 Kladno, Czechoslovakia
57 Canada Pouliot, BenoitBenoit Pouliot LW L 23 2009 Alfred, Ontario
31 Canada Price, CareyCarey Price G L 22 2005 Anahim Lake, British Columbia
94 Canada Pyatt, TomTom Pyatt C L 23 2009 Thunder Bay, Ontario
6 Czech Republic Spacek, JaroslavJaroslav Spacek D L 36 2009 Rokycany, Czechoslovakia

Leaders

Team captains


Head coaches


Source: "Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. http://ourhistory.canadiens.com/coach. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 

Honoured members

Hockey Hall of Famers

In the Hockey Hall of Fame, the Canadiens boast the second-most enshrined Hall-of-Famers with forty-two. All of their inductees are from Canada (defenceman Joe Hall was born in England but raised in Manitoba). Thirty-six of these players are from three separate notable dynasties: 12 from 1955–1960, 11 from 1964–1969 and 13 from 1975-1979. Howie Morenz and Georges Vezina were the first Canadiens given the honour in 1945, while Patrick Roy and Dick Duff were the most recently inducted, in 2006.

Montreal Canadiens Hall of Famers
Player Nat. Position Inducted
Howie Morenz Canada C 1945
Georges Vezina Canada G 1945
Aurele Joliat Canada LW 1947
Newsy Lalonde Canada C 1950
Joe Malone Canada C 1950
Sprague Cleghorn Canada D 1958
Herb Gardiner Canada LW 1958
Sylvio Mantha Canada D 1960
Maurice "Rocket" Richard Canada RW 1961
Joe Hall United Kingdom D 1961
George Hainsworth Canada G 1961
Jack Laviolette Canada D 1962
Didier Pitre Canada D 1962
Albert "Babe" Siebert Canada LW 1964
Bill Durnan Canada G 1964
Ken Reardon Canada D 1966
Hector "Toe" Blake Canada LW 1966
Emile Bouchard Canada D 1966
Elmer Lach Canada C 1966
Tom Johnson Canada D 1970
Jean Beliveau Canada C 1972
Bernard "Boom Boom" Geoffrion Canada RW 1972
Doug Harvey Canada D 1973
Dickie Moore Canada LW 1974
Jacques Plante Canada G 1978
Henri "Pocket Rocket" Richard Canada C 1979
Lorne "Gump" Worsley Canada G 1980
Frank Mahovlich Canada LW 1981
Yvan Cournoyer Canada RW 1982
Ken Dryden Canada G 1983
Jacques Lemaire Canada C 1984
Bert Olmstead Canada RW 1985
Serge Savard Canada D 1986
Jacques Laperriere Canada D 1987
Guy Lafleur Canada RW 1988
Bud O'Connor Canada RW 1988
Bob Gainey Canada LW 1992
Guy Lapointe Canada D 1993
Steve Shutt Canada LW 1993
Larry Robinson Canada D 1995
Denis Savard Canada C 2000
Rod Langway United States D 2002
Patrick Roy Canada G 2006
Dick Duff Canada LW 2006

Retired numbers

The Canadiens have retired fifteen numbers in honour of seventeen players,[27] the most of any team in the National Hockey League, and the third highest total of any of the four major professional sports leagues of the United States and Canada. All of the honourees were born in Canada. Howie Morenz was the first honouree on November 2, 1937.

Montreal Canadiens retired numbers
No. Player Retired
1 Jacques Plante October 7, 1995
2 Doug Harvey October 26, 1985
3 Emile Bouchard December 4, 2009
4 Jean Beliveau October 9, 1971
5 Bernard Geoffrion March 11, 2006
7 Howie Morenz November 2, 1937
9 Maurice Richard October 6, 1960
10 Guy Lafleur February 16, 1985
12 Dickie Moore November 12, 2005
12 Yvan Cournoyer November 12, 2005
16 Henri Richard December 10, 1975
16 Elmer Lach December 4, 2009
18 Serge Savard November 18, 2006
19 Larry Robinson November 19, 2007
23 Bob Gainey February 23, 2008
29 Ken Dryden January 29, 2007
33 Patrick Roy November 22, 2008
99 Wayne Gretzky February 6, 2000 (Retired League-Wide)

See also

References

  1. ^ Club de hockey Canadien, Inc. (2008). "Montreal Canadians: Privacy Policy". canadiens.com. http://canadiens.nhl.com/team/app/?service=page&page=NHLPage&id=16903. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  2. ^ a b Hamilton, Graeme (2008-10-22). "Are the Canadiens a religion?". National Post. The National Post Company. http://www.nationalpost.com/news/story.html?id=901528. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  3. ^ "The Complete List of Stanley Cup Champions". About.com. 2007. http://proicehockey.about.com/od/stanleycupbunker/a/stanley_cuplist.htm. Retrieved 2006-02-14. 
  4. ^ "Stanley Cup Champions and Finalists". NHL.com. 2007. http://www.nhl.com/cup/champs.html. Retrieved 2007-02-14. 
  5. ^ As of July 2008, the Boston Celtics have the highest percentage of NBA championships with 28%, and in MLB, the New York Yankees have the highest percentage with 25%. "NBA Finals: All-Time Champions". NBA Media Ventures. http://www.nba.com/history/finals/champions.html. Retrieved 2008-07-22.  "World Series History: Championships by Club". MLB Advanced Media. http://mlb.mlb.com/mlb/history/postseason/mlb_ws.jsp?feature=club_champs. Retrieved 2008-07-22. 
  6. ^ "Molson Centre renamed Bell Centre". CBC Sports. 2002. http://www.cbc.ca/sports/story/2002/02/26/bellcentre020226.html. Retrieved 2007-02-14. 
  7. ^ "The end of an era (The Montreal Forum)". High Beam Research. 1996. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-18096190.html. Retrieved 2007-02-10. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Montreal Canadiens Hockey Team". http://www.hockey-fans.com/northeast/canadiens/. Retrieved 2008-08-13. 
  9. ^ Stubbs, Dave (2008-09-04), "Canadiens toy with game at Olympic Stadium", Montreal Gazette: C2, http://www.canada.com/montrealgazette/news/sports/story.html?id=80701a02-5dd4-4624-89fd-6b6de145f41c, retrieved 2008-09-04 
  10. ^ Jenish. pp. 10–11. 
  11. ^ "Canadian Dictionary of Biography online". Government of Canada Library and Archives. 2007. http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=7823. Retrieved 2007-04-30. 
  12. ^ Montreal Canadiens (2008-08-26). "Habs to honor their 100th season". Press release. http://canadiens.nhl.com/team/app?articleid=379998&page=NewsPage&service=page. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  13. ^ "Montreal will host 2009 NHL All-Star events". NHL.com. 2007. http://www.nhl.com/nhl/app/?service=page&page=NewsPage&articleid=287828. Retrieved 2007-02-14. 
  14. ^ NHL.com (2008-07-15). "Canadiens to host 2009 NHL Entry Draft". Press release. http://canadiens.nhl.com/team/app?articleid=368394&page=NewsPage&service=page. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  15. ^ Cinoche.com: Pour toujours, les Canadiens! à l'affiche en décembre 2009
  16. ^ Cinoche.com File: Sur le plateau de Pour toujours, les Canadiens!
  17. ^ Tarasoff, Tamara (2004-12-10). "Roch Carrier and The Hockey Sweater". Civilization.ca. Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation. http://www.civilization.ca/cpm/catalog/cat2208e.html. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  18. ^ National Film Board of Canada Production (2008). "The Sweater". NFB — Collection. National Film Board of Canada Production. http://www.nfb.ca/collection/films/fiche/?id=13316&v=h&lg=en&exp=3261. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  19. ^ Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2008). "The Spirit of Hockey". CBC Archives. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. http://archives.cbc.ca/sports/hockey/topics/1546-10372/. Retrieved 2008-09-20. 
  20. ^ Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (2008). "The Virtual Hot Stove". Hockey: A People's History. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. http://www.cbc.ca/hockeyhistory/virtualhotstove/personalities.html. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  21. ^ Coffey, Phil (February 8, 2008). "NHL.com - Ice Age: Playing the point on many issues - 02/08/2008". NHL.com. http://www.nhl.com/ice/news.htm?id=370513. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  22. ^ "Why are the Montreal Canadiens called the Habs?". About.com. 2008. http://proicehockey.about.com/od/history/f/canadiens_habs.htm. Retrieved 2008-04-30. 
  23. ^ "Canadiens adopt Youppi! as their mascot". NBC. 2005. http://nbcsports.msnbc.com/id/9371075/. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 
  24. ^ Canadian Press (2005-09-16). "Canadiens get Youppi! to be Mascot". tsn.ca. http://www.tsn.ca/nhl/story/?id=136521. Retrieved 2008-07-25. 
  25. ^ "Canadiens Roster". Montreal Canadiens. http://canadiens.nhl.com/club/roster.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-15. 
  26. ^ "tsn.ca/nhl/story/?id=270525&lid=headline&lpos=topStory_main". http://tsn.ca/nhl/story/?id=270525&lid=headline&lpos=topStory_main. 
  27. ^ Club de hockey Canadien (2008). "Montreal Canadiens - History". canadiens.nhl.com. http://canadiens.nhl.com/team/app/?service=page&page=NHLPage&id=16875. Retrieved 2008-02-23. 

Further reading

  • Mouton, Claude (1987). The Montreal Canadiens. Toronto, ON: Key Porter Books. ISBN 155013051X. 

External links


Simple English

Montreal Canadiens
(Canadiens de Montréal)
2009–10 Montreal Canadiens season
Conference Eastern
Division Northeast
Founded December 4, 1909
History Montreal Canadiens
1909–1917 (NHA)
1917–present (NHL)
Home arena Bell Centre (Centre Bell)
City Montreal, Quebec
Colours red, white, blue
                 
Media English
CJAD (800 AM)
French
RDS
CKAC (730 AM)
Owner(s) Molson family
General manager Pierre Gauthier
Head coach Jacques Martin
Captain Vacant
Minor league affiliates Hamilton Bulldogs (AHL)
Cincinnati Cyclones (ECHL)
Stanley Cups 1915–16, 1923–24, 1929–30, 1930–31, 1943–44, 1945–46, 1952–53, 1955–56, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1972–73, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1985–86, 1992–93
Conference championships 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1980–81, 1985–86, 1988–89, 1992–93
Division championships 1927–28, 1928–29, 1929–30, 1930–31, 1931–32, 1936–37, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1972–73, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1984–85, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1991–92, 2007–08

The Montreal Canadiens are an ice hockey team in the National Hockey League (NHL). Their nickname is the "Habs" (short for the French "habitants", meaning inhabitants - people who live in a certain place). They have won the Stanley Cup championship 24 times, more than any other team.

Contents

History

The Canadiens (who use the French spelling of "Canadian") were formed in 1909, as part of the National Hockey Association.

Early games

They won their first Stanley Cup in 1916, with star players such as Edouard "Newsy" Lalonde and goaltender Georges Vezina. The Canadiens joined the NHL in 1917; Canadien Joe Malone won the first NHL scoring title (Art Ross Trophy). They won the Cup again in 1924, with players such as Billy Boucher. Howie Morenz was a big star in the early years of the NHL. He was a great skater. Morenz won the Hart Trophy, as the league's top player, three times. Goalie George Hainsworth played at the same time, and along with others such as Aurel Joliat, they won the Stanley Cup in 1930 and 1931.

It took 13 years before they won the Cup again. A young Maurice "The Rocket" Richard, star goalie Bill Durnan, Hector "Toe" Blake, and Elmer Lach led the Canadiens to the cup again in 1944, as well as 1946. Richard scored 50 goals in a 50-game season in 1944-45. No one did that again for 36 years. He led the NHL in goals five times.

Later games

The Canadiens became a very powerful team in the 1950's. Led by legendary center Jean Beliveau, Doug Harvey (who won seven Norris Trophies as best defence, six on Montreal), Bernie "Boom Boom" Geoffrion, Dickie Moore, Jacques Plante (who won seven Vezina Trophies for goalies), and Richard (along with his younger brother, Henri, the "Pocket Rocket"), the team won the Cup in 1953, and five times in a row, 1956 through 1960. They won again in 1965, 1966, 1968, and 1969.

New members

New players led the team in the 1970's: Guy Lafleur, Ken Dryden, Bob Gainey, Larry Robinson, and Yvon Cournoyer led them to the cup in 1971, 1973, and four times in a row, 1976 through 1979. By 1979, they had won the Stanley Cup 16 times in 27 years.

References

  • Mouton, Claude (1987). The Montreal Canadiens. Toronto, ON: Key Porter Books. ISBN 155013051X. 


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