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Monty Python
Flyingcircus 2.jpg
The troupe in 1969
.
Back row: Graham Chapman, Eric Idle, Terry Gilliam.
^ John Cleese plays Sit Lancelot in the film and other parts are embraced lovingly by Graham Chapman (King Arthur), Mike Palin (Sir Galahad), Eric Idle (Sir Robin) and Terry Jones (Sir Bedevere).

^ Colour code: John Cleese - Michael Palin - Eric Idle - Graham Chapman - Terry Jones - Terry Gilliam - Carol Cleveland .
  • Monty Python's Flying Circus: Just the Words - Episode 6 22 September 2009 23:30 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: Original source]

^ In this version, it was Eric Idle who insisted that Gilliam should provide the graphics and animation.


Front row: Terry Jones, John Cleese, Michael Palin
Medium Television, film, theatre,
audio recordings, Books
Nationality British (5 members)
British, formerly American (1 member)[1]
Years active 1969–83
Genres Sketch comedy, satire
Influences The Goons, Spike Milligan
Influenced Douglas Adams, Eddie Izzard, Reeves and Mortimer
Notable works and roles Monty Python's Flying Circus (1969–74)
And Now for Something Completely Different (1971)
Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975)
Monty Python's Life of Brian (1979)
Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl (1982)
Monty Python's The Meaning of Life (1983)
Members Graham Chapman
John Cleese
Terry Gilliam
Eric Idle
Terry Jones
Michael Palin
Website PythOnline
.Monty Python (sometimes known as The Pythons)[2][3] were a British comedy group that created the influential Monty Python's Flying Circus, a British television comedy sketch show that first aired on the BBC on 5 October 1969. Forty-five episodes were made over four series.^ Six more minutes of Monty Python's Flying Circus (29) .
  • Monty Python Flying Circus: Just the Words - Index of Characters 22 September 2009 23:30 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: General]

^ Lego Monty Python Spam sketch!
  • Monty Python LEGO | SPIKE 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ A total of 45 episodes were made over four series.

.The Python phenomenon developed from the television series into something larger in scope and impact, spawning touring stage shows, films, numerous albums, several books and a stage musical as well as launching the members to individual stardom.^ However, the Python phenomenon developed from the original television series into something much greater, in scope and impact: it spawned touring stage shows, four films, numerous albums, several books and a spin-off stage musical—as well as launching the members on to individual stardom.

^ The Flying Circus was structured as a series of sketches, following in a long tradition which extended from the British music hall to the stage revues of Oxford and Cambridge to Spike Milligan's television shows Q5 through Q9 , all of which influenced Python's particular version of sketch comedy.
  • Greg Smith, Greg M. Smith: Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Until now, Python had really made no real inroad into American television.

.The group's influence on comedy has been compared to The Beatles' influence on music.^ The group's influence on comedy has often been compared to The Beatles' influence on music, [1] [2] a self-contained comedy team responsible for both writing and performing their work and changing the way performers entertained audiences.

[4][5]
.The television series, broadcast by the BBC from 1969 to 1974, was conceived, written and performed by Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin.^ Maybe that's because Cleese, Palin and Jones, along with Eric Idle, Terry Gilliam and the late Graham Chapman, will never be allowed to forget their early triumph.

^ Despite this, Cleese, Michael Palin, Eric Idle, Terry Gilliam and Terry Jones are back together.

^ Well, they got there in the end; and the title that John Cleese, Graham Chapman, Terry Jones, Michael Palin, Eric Idle and Terry Gilliam settled on has entered the language.

.Loosely structured as a sketch show but with an innovative stream-of-consciousness approach (aided by Gilliam's animation), it pushed the boundaries of what was acceptable in style and content.^ Loosely structured as a sketch show but with a highly innovative stream-of-consciousness approach (aided by Terry Gilliam's animations), it pushed the boundaries of what was then considered acceptable, both in terms of style and in content.

^ When the themes for sketches were finally chosen, Gilliam was free to decide how to bridge them with animations, armed with his camera, scissors, and airbrush.

^ The style of animation used for South Park was inspired by Gilliam's paper cut-out cartoons for Monty Python's Flying Circus.

.A self-contained comedy team responsible for both writing and performing their work, they changed the way performers entertained audiences.^ The group's influence on comedy has often been compared to The Beatles' influence on music, [1] [2] a self-contained comedy team responsible for both writing and performing their work and changing the way performers entertained audiences.

^ But did they change the face of British comedy?

^ Topical satire (along Frost lines) they also wanted to avoid, and they were equally averse to the way in which that series had been literally anchored by one performer/presenter.

.The Pythons' creative control allowed them to experiment with form and content, discarding rules of television comedy.^ The Pythons' creative control allowed them to experiment with form and content, discarding the established rules of television comedy and breaking new ground for those who came after (George Harrison, who became friends with several members of the cast, said that he regarded Monty Python as 'continuing the spirit' of The Beatles).

^ Python signalled the end of the days of the old variety-based comedy and the beginnings of a new era, when comedy performers would learn their trade on television.

.Their influence on British comedy has been apparent for years, while in North America it has coloured the work of cult performers from the early editions of Saturday Night Live through to more recent absurdist trends in television comedy.^ Their influence on British comedy of all kinds has been apparent for many years, while in America it has coloured the work of many cult performers from the early editions of Saturday Night Live through to more recent absurdist trends in television comedy.

^ The Flying Circus was structured as a series of sketches, following in a long tradition which extended from the British music hall to the stage revues of Oxford and Cambridge to Spike Milligan's television shows Q5 through Q9 , all of which influenced Python's particular version of sketch comedy.
  • Greg Smith, Greg M. Smith: Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ He also has done work for Shrek 2 , and appeared in the first two Harry Potter movies, Rat Race , and several Saturday Night Live episodes.

"Pythonesque" has entered the English lexicon as a result.
In a 2005 poll to find The Comedian's Comedian, three of the six members were voted by fellow comedians and comedy insiders to be among the top 50 greatest comedians ever—Palin was at number 30, Idle at 21 and Cleese at 2.[6]
In mid-November 2008, the Pythons created a YouTube channel to reduce the incentive to download their products illegally from the Internet. .On this channel, they host a high quality selection of their favourite clips as well as other clips about The Pythons and the channel.^ Terry Gilliam's Beware of the Elephants animation The Pythons had a very definite idea about what they wanted to do with the series.

^ In 1989, the sixth Python, Graham Chapman, died, and the others vowed separately they would never work as a team again.

^ The point about Python is that they began a style of TV humour, so looking at them now, we can see where we've been, and see what's come out of them since.

[7]

Contents

Before Monty Python

.Palin and Jones met at Oxford University, where they performed together with the Oxford Revue.^ Palin and Jones wrote together.

^ Eric Idle, Terry Jones and Michael Palin were at Oxford, and featured in the university's revues.

^ Palin and Jones first met at Oxford University, while Cleese and Chapman met at the University of Cambridge.

.Cleese and Chapman met at Cambridge.^ John Cleese and Graham Chapman met at Cambridge, where they played in Footlights.

^ John Cleese, Graham Chapman, Eric Idle began their comedy work in revues at Cambridge, and Terry Jones and Michael Palin were writer-performers in the Cambridge cabarets.
  • Greg Smith, Greg M. Smith: Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Eric Idle, who hailed from County Durham, arrived at Cambridge in Cleese's last year, just after Chapman had left.

.Idle was also at Cambridge, but started a year after Cleese and Chapman.^ John Cleese and Graham Chapman met at Cambridge, where they played in Footlights.

^ Michael Palin idles through the Sunday Times, Eric Idle palins though John Cleese, though Graham Chapman isn't here because he's not wanted for shooting today.

^ Maybe that's because Cleese, Palin and Jones, along with Eric Idle, Terry Gilliam and the late Graham Chapman, will never be allowed to forget their early triumph.

.Cleese met Gilliam in New York while on tour with the Cambridge University Footlights revue Cambridge Circus (originally entitled A Clump of Plinths).^ Cleese met Terry Gilliam in New York when he performed there in Cambridge Circus , a revue based on Footlights, and when the illustrator moved to London, helped him to get television work.

^ The Footlights revue has often proved a valuable source of talent, and some BBC people thought Cleese had potential.

^ John Cleese and Graham Chapman met at Cambridge, where they played in Footlights.

.Chapman, Cleese and Idle were members of the Footlights, which at that time also included the future Goodies (Tim Brooke-Taylor, Bill Oddie and Graeme Garden), and Jonathan Lynn (co-writer of Yes Minister and Yes, Prime Minister).^ John Cleese and Graham Chapman met at Cambridge, where they played in Footlights.

^ Michael Palin idles through the Sunday Times, Eric Idle palins though John Cleese, though Graham Chapman isn't here because he's not wanted for shooting today.

^ Group member Graham Chapman: "Some time ago people from the BBC went over to the States with tapes in their briefcases but were rather embarrassed to show them.

During Idle's presidency of the Club, feminist writer Germaine Greer and broadcaster Clive James were members. .Recordings of Footlights revues (called "Smokers") at Pembroke College include sketches and performances by Idle and Cleese.^ The Footlights revue has often proved a valuable source of talent, and some BBC people thought Cleese had potential.

^ Cleese met Terry Gilliam in New York when he performed there in Cambridge Circus , a revue based on Footlights, and when the illustrator moved to London, helped him to get television work.

^ John Cleese, Graham Chapman, Eric Idle began their comedy work in revues at Cambridge, and Terry Jones and Michael Palin were writer-performers in the Cambridge cabarets.
  • Greg Smith, Greg M. Smith: Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

.They are kept in the archives of the Pembroke Players, along with tapes of Idle's performances in some of the college drama society's theatrical productions.^ Topical satire (along Frost lines) they also wanted to avoid, and they were equally averse to the way in which that series had been literally anchored by one performer/presenter.

.Python members appeared in, or wrote, or both, the following shows before Monty Python's Flying Circus.^ The Flying Circus was structured as a series of sketches, following in a long tradition which extended from the British music hall to the stage revues of Oxford and Cambridge to Spike Milligan's television shows Q5 through Q9 , all of which influenced Python's particular version of sketch comedy.
  • Greg Smith, Greg M. Smith: Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Together the Python members created Monty Python's Flying Circus , an innovative comedy smash which ran on the BBC. The troupe's four seasons on television defined a particular comic style which came to be called "Pythonesque."
  • Greg Smith, Greg M. Smith: Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Get unlimited music for as low as $12.95 a month "" appears on the album, Monty Python Sings .
  • from Monty Python Sings by Monty Python on Napster — Play and download music by Monty Python without paying per song. 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC sms.napster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Frost Report is credited as first uniting the British Pythons and providing an environment in which they could develop their particular styles:
.Several featured other important British comedy writers or performers of the future, including Marty Feldman, Jonathan Lynn, David Jason and David Frost, as well as members of other future comedy teams, Ronnie Corbett and Ronnie Barker (the Two Ronnies), and Tim Brooke-Taylor, Graeme Garden and Bill Oddie (the Goodies).^ Chapman, Cleese and Idle were all members of the Footlights, which at that time also included the future Goodies —Tim Brooke-Taylor, Bill Oddie and Graeme Garden—as well as Jonathan Lynn (co-writer of Yes Minister and Yes, Prime Minister ).

^ I'm Sorry, I'll Read That Again (radio) (1964–1973) [Cleese: cast member & writer — Idle and Chapman: writers] The Frost Report (1966–1967) [Cleese: cast member & writer — Idle: writer of Frost's monologues — Chapman, Palin & Jones: writers] At Last the 1948 Show (1967) [Chapman & Cleese: writers & cast members — Idle: writer] Twice a Fortnight (1967) [Palin & Jones: cast members & writers] Do Not Adjust Your Set (1967–1969) [Palin, Jones & Idle: cast members & writers — Gilliam: animation — Bonzo Dog Band: musical interludes] We Have Ways of Making You Laugh (1968) [Idle: cast member & writer — Gilliam: animation] How to Irritate People (1968) [Cleese & Chapman: cast members & writers — Palin: cast member] The Complete and Utter History of Britain (1969) [Palin & Jones: cast members & writers] Doctor in the House (1969) [Cleese & Chapman: writers] Several of these also featured other important British comedy writers or performers, or both, including Ronnie Corbett, Ronnie Barker, Tim Brooke-Taylor, Graeme Garden, Bill Oddie, Marty Feldman, Jonathan Lynn, David Jason and David Frost.

^ Notwithstanding Idle's lack of participation - the other five members (together with two "Associate Pythons" - Carol Cleveland and Neil Innes - all appeared together in the first Secret Policeman's Ball benefit - the 1976 A Poke In The Eye (With A Sharp Stick) performing several Python skits and in this first show, they were collectively billed as Monty Python .

.Following the success of Do Not Adjust Your Set, originally intended to be a children's programme, with adults, ITV offered Palin, Jones, Idle and Gilliam their own series together.^ Animator Terry Gilliam's first TV hook-up with any of the team was on DO NOT ADJUST YOUR SET, in which Palin, Idle and Jones also appeared.

^ Following the success of Do Not Adjust Your Set (originally intended to be a children's programme) with the adult demographic, ITV offered Palin, Jones, Idle and Gilliam their own series together.

^ Palin and Jones wrote together.

.At the same time Cleese and Chapman were offered a show by the BBC, having been impressed by their work on The Frost Report and At Last The 1948 Show.^ At the same time Cleese and Chapman were offered a show by the BBC, having been impressed by their work on The Frost Report and At Last The 1948 Show .

^ Cleese was reluctant to do a two-man show for various reasons, including Chapman's supposedly difficult personality.

^ THE FROST REPORT was the first to involve John Cleese, Graham Chapman, Michael Palin, Terry Jones and Eric Idle all at once - though, with the exception of Cleese, only as writers.

.Cleese was reluctant to do a two-man show for various reasons, including Chapman's supposedly difficult personality.^ Cleese was reluctant to do a two-man show for various reasons, including Chapman's supposedly difficult personality.

^ When Monty Python was first formed, two writing partnerships were already in place: Cleese and Chapman, Jones and Palin.

^ Forstater on the Pythons one at a time: "John is basically a lazy person and that's the reason he's leaving the show, John enjoys his leisure, he'll tell you that.

.Cleese had fond memories of working with Palin and invited him to join the team.^ John Cleese, Graham Chapman, Eric Idle began their comedy work in revues at Cambridge, and Terry Jones and Michael Palin were writer-performers in the Cambridge cabarets.
  • Greg Smith, Greg M. Smith: Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Cleese delivered copy for That Was The Week That Was (1963), then he and Chapman joined the Frost Report where they met Palin and Jones.

.With the ITV series still in pre-production, Palin agreed and suggested the involvement of his writing partner Jones and colleague Idle—who in turn suggested that Gilliam could provide animations for the projected series.^ In this version, it was Eric Idle who insisted that Gilliam should provide the graphics and animation.

^ Python animator Terry Gilliam and housewife-impersonator Terry Jones have been elected to direct the epic.

^ Another television show about the same time was Do Not Adjust Your Set, written by Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin, with cartoons by Terry Gilliam.

.Much has been made of the fact that the Monty Python troupe is the result of Cleese's desire to work with Palin and the chance circumstances that brought the other four members into the fold.^ Together the Python members created Monty Python's Flying Circus , an innovative comedy smash which ran on the BBC. The troupe's four seasons on television defined a particular comic style which came to be called "Pythonesque."
  • Greg Smith, Greg M. Smith: Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ The Python team has made one successful film (financed by Victor Lownes, who runs the London Playboy Club) and is working on another, to be called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

^ Sketchy Quotes   The troupe Monty Python began as a collaborative effort among experienced comedy players.
  • Greg Smith, Greg M. Smith: Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

[8]

Monty Python's Flying Circus

Development of the series

.The Pythons had a definite idea about what they wanted to do with the series.^ And then with the next series, they wanted to look at the shows before they went out.

^ This week they start work on the first custom built Monty Python film "Monty Python And The Search For The Holy Grail", and after that they'll be working on a new TV series for the Autumn.

^ The film will include John Cleese as Sir Lancelot, but Cleese has said he doesn't want to know about the next TV series.

.They were admirers of the work of Peter Cook, Alan Bennett, Jonathan Miller and Dudley Moore on Beyond the Fringe, and had worked on Frost, which was similar in style.^ CRAZY PEOPLE, for instance, the radio show which was to become THE GOONS, was first broadcast 18 years pre-PYTHON. But even the Goons (Spike Milligan, Peter Sellers and Harry Secombe) and the Fringers (Alan Bennett, Peter Cook, Jonathan Miller and Dudley Moore) can't quite compare with the Pythons' success in almost every medium, from radio to records, from television to cinema, from print to performance - a success in no way diminished by the debt they undoubtedly owe not just to THE GOONS and BEYOND THE FRINGE, but to silent comedy and surrealism, the Theatre of the Absurd and the Marx Brothers.

^ And Peter Cook and Dudley Moore told me that when it had come out in England everyone had said they had not made the transition from the small screen - because in England they were known as TV people.

^ We'd seen Peter Cook and Dudley Moore doing so many great sketches where they traditionally had to end with a zinger.

They enjoyed Cook and Moore's sketch show Not Only... But Also. .One problem the Pythons perceived with these programmes was that though the body of the sketch would be strong, the writers would often struggle to then find a punchline funny enough to end on, and this would detract from the overall sketch quality.^ The tangential quality of Python sketches contribute significantly to the adaptability of these lines.
  • Greg Smith, Greg M. Smith: Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ "In the States we had this probe that people thought Monty Python was just one man doing lots of funny voices.

^ It was the programme's slick inconsequentiality which really wowed the original audiences, the jumping from one sketch to "something completely different" by means of surrealistic linking devices.

.They decided that they would simply not bother to "cap" their sketches in the traditional manner, and early episodes of the Flying Circus series make great play of this abandonment of the punchline (one scene has Cleese turn to Idle, as the sketch descends into chaos, and remark that "This is the silliest sketch I've ever been in"—they all resolve not to carry on and simply walk off the set).^ But by that time it was all set up and you've just got to carry on.

^ ARTHUR: Not at all, they could be carried.
  • Monty Python and the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Flying Circus was structured as a series of sketches, following in a long tradition which extended from the British music hall to the stage revues of Oxford and Cambridge to Spike Milligan's television shows Q5 through Q9 , all of which influenced Python's particular version of sketch comedy.
  • Greg Smith, Greg M. Smith: Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

.However, as they began assembling material for the show, the Pythons watched one of their collective heroes, Spike Milligan, recording his groundbreaking series Q5 (1969).^ The clearest reference point for the Pythons was Goon show creator Spike Milligan's television series Q5.

^ The Flying Circus was structured as a series of sketches, following in a long tradition which extended from the British music hall to the stage revues of Oxford and Cambridge to Spike Milligan's television shows Q5 through Q9 , all of which influenced Python's particular version of sketch comedy.
  • Greg Smith, Greg M. Smith: Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Spike Milligan should also take a share of the blame; it was his Q5 which freed the comedy format from an over-reliance upon skits with strictly regimented set-ups and punchlines.

.Not only was the programme more irreverent and anarchic than any previous television comedy, Milligan would often "give up" on sketches halfway through and wander off set (often muttering "Did I write this?"^ The Flying Circus was structured as a series of sketches, following in a long tradition which extended from the British music hall to the stage revues of Oxford and Cambridge to Spike Milligan's television shows Q5 through Q9 , all of which influenced Python's particular version of sketch comedy.
  • Greg Smith, Greg M. Smith: Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Spike Milligan should also take a share of the blame; it was his Q5 which freed the comedy format from an over-reliance upon skits with strictly regimented set-ups and punchlines.

^ Miller asked: "How much of your fortune would you give to have strangers stop walking up to you on the street and asking you to do the silly walk?"

). .It was clear that their new series would now seem less original, and Jones in particular became determined the Pythons should innovate.^ For 30 years now, Monty Python has helped us look on the bright side of life Thirty years ago this weekend the Radio Times announced a new series from the BBC's Light Entertainment department.

^ But a Python insider said it is not clear exactly what new material was available.

^ It was not until 1975 that the Python troupe created a film of composed of original material done in the now familiar Pythonesque style.
  • Greg Smith, Greg M. Smith: Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

.After much debate, Jones remembered an animation Gilliam had created for Do Not Adjust Your Set called Beware of the Elephants, which had intrigued him with its stream-of-consciousness style.^ Python animator Terry Gilliam and housewife-impersonator Terry Jones have been elected to direct the epic.

^ Instead, their mouths open and close as if hinged, resembling Gilliam's animated style more than the smooth motion of film.
  • Greg Smith, Greg M. Smith: Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Another television show about the same time was Do Not Adjust Your Set, written by Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin, with cartoons by Terry Gilliam.

.Jones felt it would be a good concept to apply to the series: allowing sketches to blend into one another.^ Another one is Michael Palin saying: 'It's a bit runnier than you'll like it' about the Camembert in the 'Cheese Shop Sketch'.

^ He did a show [in which] one sketch would start and drift off into another; he made it so clear that we'd been writing in clichés, where we either did three minute sketches with a beginning, middle and end, or we did one joke with a blackout.

^ The cast would swing into a new sketch, delight you for a minute or two with some absurd comic conceit, then recycle the same joke over and over again.

.Palin had been equally fascinated by another of Gilliam's efforts, entitled Christmas Cards, and agreed that it represented "a way of doing things differently". Since Cleese, Chapman and Idle were less concerned with the overall flow of the programme, it was Jones, Palin and Gilliam who became largely responsible for the presentation style of the Flying Circus series, in which disparate sketches are linked to give each episode the appearance of a single stream-of-consciousness (often using a Gilliam animation to move from the closing image of one sketch to the opening scene of another).^ "We had the idea of a flow, one thing leading to another by association of ideas," says Terry Jones.

^ Interruptions of the normal sketch structure became the norm in Flying Circus .
  • Greg Smith, Greg M. Smith: Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www2.gsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Probably for reasons that have little to do with the comic talents of Cleese, Chapman, Palin, Jones and Idle.

Writing started at 9 am and finished at 5 pm. .Typically, Cleese and Chapman worked as one pair isolated from the others, as did Jones and Palin, while Idle wrote alone.^ While the others arrange themselves in pairs (Chapman/Cleese, Jones/Palin), Idle chooses to write solo.

^ Features a picture of three knights standing heroically (caption: "Sirs Eric Idle, John Cleese and Mike Palin") and a fascinating allusion to Fawlty Towers.

^ John Cleese plays Sit Lancelot in the film and other parts are embraced lovingly by Graham Chapman (King Arthur), Mike Palin (Sir Galahad), Eric Idle (Sir Robin) and Terry Jones (Sir Bedevere).

.After a few days, they would join together with Gilliam, critique their scripts, and exchange ideas.^ After a few of the inevitable raucous laughs and rude remarks there was silence as they looked critically at how the day had turned out.

^ If all the film villains got together - Freddy Krueger, Jason, the Joker, Jimmy Bond - you know they would pick The Humongous to be be their leader.
  • Mad Max Trilogy 25 January 2010 17:017 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

^ Apparently mechanical failure prevented both coupes appearing together at the All Ford Day, so for those who missed out, they are now pictured above...
  • Mad Max Movies 25 January 2010 17:017 UTC madmaxmovies.com [Source type: General]

Their approach to writing was democratic. If the majority found an idea humorous, it was included in the show. .The casting of roles for the sketches was a similarly unselfish process, since each member viewed himself primarily as a 'writer', rather than an actor desperate for screen time.^ But I was fascinated a great deal of the time - since I was part of the process as well; I'm not suggesting I was standing in an Olympian way outside it - I was fascinated to see the way that friendships changed.

^ More coverage of Fury Road in today's papers, this time focusing on the casting, and the possibility of "non-Australians" landing the main roles.
  • Mad Max Movies 25 January 2010 17:017 UTC madmaxmovies.com [Source type: General]

^ Just to be up front with those who disagree with my view, Ive a Life Member of the National Rifle Association and Ive been an NRA member since 1964.

.When the themes for sketches were chosen, Gilliam had carte blanche to decide how to bridge them with animations, using a camera, scissors, and airbrush.^ When they were shooting the sketch, Cleese suddenly decided to add the goose step to show how the man must have been walking up the hill.

^ Journalists have used these phrases as a convenient shorthand, knowing they will be understood by readers - proof of how completely Python and its sketches have entered the national psyche.

^ At the time, I didn't like Terry Gilliam's animations, didn't think they fitted in, preferring the sketches, but now I find them charming.

.While the show was a collaborative process, different factions within Python were responsible for elements of the team's humour.^ With half a dozen Python men credited as writers of the screenplay, I asked Chapman how the collaborative process worked?

^ Jump to: navigation , search And now for something completely different… Monty Python's Flying Circus (1969–1974) was British sketch comedy television show .
  • Monty Python's Flying Circus - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Although we worked in teams or individually, Python was collaborative, anarchic in the true sense, in that there was no one ruler.

.In general, the work of the Oxford-educated members was more visual, and more fanciful conceptually (eg, the arrival of the Spanish Inquisition in a suburban front room), while the Cambridge graduates' sketches tended to be more verbal and more aggressive (for example, Cleese and Chapman's many "confrontation" sketches, where one character intimidates or hurls abuse, or Idle's characters with bizarre verbal quirks, such as The Man Who Speaks In Anagrams).^ The man who speaks in anagrams (30) .
  • Monty Python Flying Circus: Just the Words - Index of Characters 22 September 2009 23:30 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: General]

^ The man who speaks only the middles of words (26) .
  • Monty Python Flying Circus: Just the Words - Index of Characters 22 September 2009 23:30 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: General]

^ Their writing was sharper on Python that it had previously been, almost certainly due to the creative tension between the two main writing factions - the Cambridge duo of Cleese and Chapman vs. Oxford team of Palin and Jones.

.Cleese confirmed that "most of the sketches with heavy abuse were Graham's and mine, anything that started with a slow pan across countryside and impressive music was Mike and Terry's, and anything that got utterly involved with words and disappeared up any personal orifice was Eric's".[9] Gilliam's animations, meanwhile, ranged from the whimsical to the savage (the cartoon format allowing him to create some astonishingly violent scenes without fear of censorship).^ John Cleese plays Sit Lancelot in the film and other parts are embraced lovingly by Graham Chapman (King Arthur), Mike Palin (Sir Galahad), Eric Idle (Sir Robin) and Terry Jones (Sir Bedevere).

^ But then don't we remember the BBC slicing up a sketch involving a man whose hobbies were strangling dogs and masturbating?

^ Python animator Terry Gilliam and housewife-impersonator Terry Jones have been elected to direct the epic.

.Several names for the show were considered before Monty Python's Flying Circus was settled upon.^ Six more minutes of Monty Python's Flying Circus (29) .
  • Monty Python Flying Circus: Just the Words - Index of Characters 22 September 2009 23:30 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: General]

^ Then someone came up with Monty Python's Flying Circus., and the name stuck.

^ It is not easy to recognise the zany star of Monty Python's Flying Circus.

.Some were Owl Stretching Time, Toad Elevating Moment, A Bucket, a Horse and a Spoon, Vaseline Review and Bun, Wackett, Buzzard, Stubble and Boot.^ We finally decided on Bun, Wackett, Buzzard, Stubble and Boot.

^ My personal favourite was The Toad Elevating Moment, which arose from Graham Chapman's fevered brain.

^ Owl Stretching Time [1.04] .
  • Monty Python's Flying Circus - Wikiquote 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

.Flying Circus stuck when the BBC explained it had printed that name in its schedules and was not prepared to amend it.^ In fact, the BBC had started calling it The Flying Circus .

^ Then someone came up with Monty Python's Flying Circus., and the name stuck.

^ We thought it might be Gwen Dibley's Flying Circus , because she was a name Michael had pulled out of a newspaper, and then somehow we went off it.

.Many variations on the name in front of this title then came and went (popular legend holds that the BBC considered Monty Python's Flying Circus to be a ridiculous name, at which point the group threatened to change their name every week until the BBC relented).^ Six more minutes of Monty Python's Flying Circus (29) .
  • Monty Python Flying Circus: Just the Words - Index of Characters 22 September 2009 23:30 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: General]

^ One more minute of Monty Python's Flying Circus (29) .
  • Monty Python Flying Circus: Just the Words - Index of Characters 22 September 2009 23:30 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: General]

^ Monty Python's Flying Circus had landed.

."Gwen Dibley's Flying Circus" was named after a woman Palin had read about in the newspaper, thinking it would be amusing if she were to discover she had her own TV show.^ Then someone came up with Monty Python's Flying Circus., and the name stuck.

^ Monty Python's Flying Circus is the new late programme on Sunday night,' read the listing for 5th October 1969.

^ Another television show about the same time was Do Not Adjust Your Set, written by Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin, with cartoons by Terry Gilliam.

."Baron Von Took's Flying Circus" was considered as an affectionate tribute to Barry Took, the man who had brought them together.^ My boss at the time, an eccentric man by the name of Michael Mills, said: 'You're just like bloody Barry Von Richthoven and his Flying Circus.

^ Mike Palin suggested something along the lines of Elsie Parfitt's Flying Circus, named after the woman who played the piano at Southwold Women's Guild.

^ Then came Baron von Took's Flying Circus which mutated into Gwen Dibley's Flying Circus and thence...

.Arthur Megapode's Flying Circus was suggested, then discarded.^ Mike Palin suggested something along the lines of Elsie Parfitt's Flying Circus, named after the woman who played the piano at Southwold Women's Guild.

^ In his book From Fringe To Flying Circus (the best on MPFC), Roger Wilmut has suggested that the Pythons "were perhaps the last people to benefit from Hugh Greene's influence at the BBC".

.There are differing, somewhat confusing accounts of the origins of the Python name although the members agree that its only "significance" was that they thought it sounded funny.^ "In the States we had this probe that people thought Monty Python was just one man doing lots of funny voices.

^ Funny, but you would have thought that these things would have been a BIG plot point in the original Mad Max.
  • Mad Max Trilogy 25 January 2010 17:017 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

^ JACK DEE I've always thought of Monty Python as the Beatles of comedy because they liberated it.

.In the 1998 documentary Live At Aspen during the US Comedy Arts Festival, where the troupe was awarded the AFI Star Award by the American Film Institute, the group implied that "Monty" was selected (Eric Idle's idea) as a gently-mocking tribute to Field Marshal Lord Montgomery, a legendary British general of World War II; requiring a "slippery-sounding" surname, they settled on "Python". On other occasions Idle has claimed that the name "Monty" was that of a popular and rotund fellow who drank in his local pub; people would often walk in and ask the barman, "Has Monty been in yet?", forcing the name to become stuck in his mind.^ The irreverent Monty Python comedy troupe present a series...
  • Monty Python: The 16 Ton Megaset - Sit On My Face! | SPIKE 2 February 2010 16:20 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ Other people who want to be notified about Monty Python Spamalot tickets were also interested in the following events.
  • Monty Python Spamalot Schedule and Monty Python Spamalot Tickets 2 February 2010 17:19 UTC www.teamonetickets.com [Source type: General]

^ The Observer CultureShop, to 250 Western Avenue, London W3 6EE BIRTHDAY TRIBUTES Current comedy stars pay homage to Python Stewart Lee If Monty Python was made in the focus-group-driven climate of TV today, it would never get beyond the pilot, even on Channel 4.

.The name Monty Python was envisaged as being the perfect name for a sleazy entertainment agent.^ Then someone came up with Monty Python's Flying Circus., and the name stuck.

^ They threw in Monty Python as an afterthought, because it sounded like a bad theatrical agent.

^ Eric Idle decided we should have some name reminiscent of a seedy music hall entertainer, like Monty.

[10]

Style of the show

.The Flying Circus popularised innovative formal techniques, such as the cold open, in which an episode began without the traditional opening titles or announcements.^ By Hugh Hebert Another 25th anniversary, Monty Python's Flying Circus (BBC2), the very first, now fragile episode.

^ I rushed home and told my brother that after months we had finally got ourselves a title, Monty Python's Flying Circus.

^ This must-have set for any Python fan includes every episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus as well as the two-disc Monty Python Live performance!
  • Monty Python: The 16 Ton Megaset - Sit On My Face! | SPIKE 2 February 2010 16:20 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

[11] .An example of this is the "It's" man: Palin, outfitted in Robinson Crusoe garb, making a tortuous journey across various terrains, before finally approaching the camera to state, "It's...", only to be then cut off by the title sequence and theme music.^ The only one who loves to play up to the Press, pull faces, jump up and down and make a fool of himself at the click of a camera shutter.

^ MONTY PYTHON SKETCHES FOUR YORKSHIREMAN SKETCH (Hawaiian music) Man#1 (Michael Palin) Aye!
  • Monty Python Quotes 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC homepage.tinet.ie [Source type: Original source]

On several occasions the cold open lasted until mid show, after which the regular opening titles ran. .Occasionally the Pythons tricked viewers by rolling the closing credits halfway through the show, usually continuing the joke by fading to the familiar globe logo used for BBC continuity, over which Cleese would parody the clipped tones of a BBC announcer.^ The BBC, however, begged for more, so the show continued, but only for six episodes rather than the usual 13 and with BBC2 as its new home.

^ To BBC men, too, the line was very familiar: radio producers on programmes like Today had used it for years to separate each item.

^ Python's reputation as a revolutionary comedy show usually hinges on the idea that it was Python that did away with the punchline.

On one occasion the credits ran directly after the opening titles. .They also experimented with ending segments by cutting abruptly to another scene or animation, walking offstage, addressing the camera (breaking the fourth wall), or introducing a totally unrelated event or character.^ They had to cut it, and we had to wait around while they tried to get another camera, and for three days we had to use cameras not equipped for sound.

.A classic example of this approach was the use of Chapman's "Colonel" character, who as a menber of the "Anti-Silliness Patrol" walked into several sketches and ordered them to be stopped because things were becoming "far too silly."^ "We'll be showing the less-often-seen things," says Dick Fiddy, who has programmed the season, "because there is a possibility that by the actual anniversary comes around, people will be fed up with the better-known sketches."

^ He did the silly walks sketch three-and-a-half years ago and has had to talk about it five times a day ever since.

^ The occasion was marked by an OMNIBUS tribute on BBC-2, accompanied by re-runs of some classic episodes featuring Silly Walks, the Spanish Inquisition, the Dead Parrot sketch and many other old favourites.

.Another favourite way of ending sketches was to drop a cartoonish "16-ton weight" prop on one of the characters when the sketch seemed to be losing momentum, or a knight in full armour (played by Terry Gilliam) would wander on-set and hit characters over the head with a rubber chicken,[12] before cutting to the next scene.^ Cut to knight in armour.
  • Monty Python's Flying Circus: Just the Words - Episode 6 22 September 2009 23:30 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: Original source]

^ There was the well-dressed announcer; the knight with a chicken fetish; the Gumbies, complete with wellies and knotted hankies on their heads; comedy judges and lawyers; government officials; and Mr Praline (played by Cleese in a certain parrot sketch).

^ Before the play starts, I would like to apologize to you all, but unfortunately Miss Cicely Courtneidge is unable to appear, owing to...
  • Monty Python's Flying Circus: Just the Words - Episode 6 22 September 2009 23:30 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: Original source]

Another innovative way of changing scenes was when John Cleese, usually outfitted in a dinner suit, would come in as a radio commentator and say, "And now for something completely different."
.The Python theme music is The Liberty Bell, a march by John Philip Sousa, which was chosen, among other reasons, because the recording was in the public domain.^ It was all set to the distinctive tune of John Philip Sousa's Liberty Bell .

^ Tags: 69 • a&e • cunnilingus • dvd • eric idle • fellation • graham chapman • john cleese • monty python • music Extras .
  • Monty Python: The 16 Ton Megaset - Sit On My Face! | SPIKE 2 February 2010 16:20 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ The lights went down at 9pm to the rousing Flying Circus theme music, Sousa's Liberty Bell March .

[11]
.The use of Gilliam's surreal, collage stop motion animations was another innovative intertextual element of the Python style.^ Apart from the films of Cleese and Gilliam, the former Pythons have not exactly been riding a wave of critical acclaim recently, perhaps because their style of comedy is not currently fashionable.

^ Python's reputation as the definitive surreal comedy show was also aided by Terry Gilliam's animation, a linking device which simply gave Python a stronger brand image than any other comedy show.

^ Indeed, it is not hard to trace elements of the Python style back even further, through The Goon Show and the rapid (often surreal) style of American radio shows broadcast on American Forces radio, back to The Marx Brothers.

Many of the images Gilliam used were lifted from famous works of art, and from Victorian illustrations and engravings. .The giant foot which crushes the show's title at the end of the opening credits is in fact the foot of Cupid, cut from a reproduction of the Renaissance masterpiece Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time by Bronzino.^ Terry Gilliam devised the delightfully daft opening title sequence featuring the words springing out of red roses, various naked ladies, a cardinal on wheels, a man's head being pumped up until it explodes and, of course, the soon to be famous giant foot, stolen from Bronzino's Cupid, which drops down at the end to the sound of a 'raspberry'.

This foot, and Gilliam's style in general, are visual trademarks of the series.
.The Pythons built on and extended the great British tradition of cross-dressing comedy.^ Way before Eddie Izzard made cross-dressing cool as his executive transvestite, Python made it a topic of comedy.
  • The Life of Python - 20 Greatest Monty Python Sketches 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC gnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Rather than dressing a man as a woman purely for comic effect, the (entirely male) Python team would write humorous parts for women, then don frocks and makeup and play the roles themselves.^ The Pythons were looking for someone to play the roles they couldn't play themselves.

^ Extras who utter less than 13 words are rewarded with 2 a day, and Python people - each of them playing a handful of roles - are reported to be working for zero...

^ Eric was saying you write very precisely and methodically, rather than spilling out.

.Thus a scene requiring a housewife would feature one of the male Pythons wearing a housecoat and apron, speaking in falsetto.^ I would not let the younger ones watch one scene but over all, besides looks of fake blood and some language, it is pretty clean.
  • Monty Python and the Holy Grail - Movie Review 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www.commonsensemedia.org [Source type: General]

These women were referred to as pepperpots. .Generally speaking, female roles were played by a woman (usually Carol Cleveland) when the scene specifically required that the character be sexually attractive (although sometimes they used Idle for this).^ The Pythons were looking for someone to play the roles they couldn't play themselves.

^ Carol Cleveland ( actress who became the ensemble's token woman ) We didn't actually do a lot of rehearsal.

^ Carol Cleveland is the only woman in the team, a sort of thinking man's Barbara Windsor.

.In some episodes and later in Monty Python's Life of Brian they took the idea one step further by playing women who impersonated men (in the stoning scene).^ Other people who want to be notified about Monty Python Spamalot tickets were also interested in the following events.
  • Monty Python Spamalot Schedule and Monty Python Spamalot Tickets 2 February 2010 17:19 UTC www.teamonetickets.com [Source type: General]

^ Extras who utter less than 13 words are rewarded with 2 a day, and Python people - each of them playing a handful of roles - are reported to be working for zero...

^ The Pythons were looking for someone to play the roles they couldn't play themselves.

Many sketches are well-known and widely quoted. ."Dead Parrot", "The Lumberjack Song", "Spam", "Nudge Nudge", "The Spanish Inquisition", "Upper Class Twit of the Year", "Cheese Shop" and "The Ministry of Silly Walks" are just a few examples.^ Monty Python's Flying Circus: Graham Chapman's Personal Best - Colin Bomber Harris & Ministry of Silly Walks .
  • Monty Python: The 16 Ton Megaset - Sit On My Face! | SPIKE 2 February 2010 16:20 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ Dead Parrots, Spam, the Spanish Inquisition, and the Ministry of Silly Walks await you.
  • Monty Python: The 16 Ton Megaset - Sit On My Face! | SPIKE 2 February 2010 16:20 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ He did the silly walks sketch three-and-a-half years ago and has had to talk about it five times a day ever since.

The end of Flying Circus

.Having considered the possibility at the end of the second series, Cleese left the Flying Circus at the end of the third.^ BBC2's return of the very first series of Monty Python's Flying Circus will give everyone the chance to find out.

^ By the end of the second series, John was bored, but we hadn't fallen out; he just wanted to do his own show.

^ BBC's anarchic series "Monty Python's Flying Circus," which over the past three-four years has become a merchandising hit in the bargain.

.He later explained that he felt he no longer had anything fresh to offer the show, and claimed that only two Cleese-and-Chapman-penned sketches in the third series ("Dennis Moore" and the "Cheese Shop") were truly original, and that the others were bits and pieces from previous work cobbled together in slightly different contexts.^ When Cleese was offered his own show he asked the others to join him.

^ SOMETHING COMPLETELY DIFFERENT It was 1969, we had got together as a team and starting writing sketches for a BBC series.

^ Their writing was sharper on Python that it had previously been, almost certainly due to the creative tension between the two main writing factions - the Cambridge duo of Cleese and Chapman vs. Oxford team of Palin and Jones.

[8] .He was also finding Chapman, who was at that point in the full throes of alcoholism, difficult to work with.^ The Government Accountability office findings are based on a statistical estimate of the number of people who could have passed through the entry points.

^ It seems to me that this is a list of great Monty Python sketches as written by someone who doesn't understand the finer points of some of their lesser known work.
  • The Life of Python - 20 Greatest Monty Python Sketches 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC gnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to an interview with Idle, "It was on an Air Canada flight on the way to Vancouver, when John (Cleese) turned to all of us and said 'I want out.'^ "John (Cleese) was quoted as saying that he's going to make sure there's a part for all the Pythons in his follow-up to A Fish Called Wanda .

^ Features a picture of three knights standing heroically (caption: "Sirs Eric Idle, John Cleese and Mike Palin") and a fascinating allusion to Fawlty Towers.

^ In the beginning, they would put us out at all these different times, and change it.

Why? I don't know. He gets bored more easily than the rest of us. He's a difficult man, not easy to be friendly with. .He's so funny because he never wanted to be liked.^ "I don't think it'll ever be like it was at the beginning again - you'll never get that total concentration, but we'll just take it project by project and only do the things we really want to do."

^ But I do really like the Ministry of Funny Walks sketch because of its sheer absurdity.

^ With Python, it was never like that, because we were doing 13 shows at a time.

That gives him a certain fascinating, arrogant freedom."[13]
.The rest of the group carried on for one more "half" series before calling a halt to the programme in 1974. The name Monty Python's Flying Circus appears in the opening animation for series 4, but in the end credits the show is listed as simply "Monty Python". Despite his official departure from the group, Cleese supposedly made a (non-speaking) cameo appearance in the fourth series, but never appeared in the credits as a performer.^ Six more minutes of Monty Python's Flying Circus (29) .
  • Monty Python Flying Circus: Just the Words - Index of Characters 22 September 2009 23:30 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: General]

^ Also, Monty Python never relay died.

^ Monty Python's Flying Circus had landed.

.Several episodes credit him as a co-writer since some sketches were recycled from scenes cut from the Holy Grail script.^ Cleese considers the script of Monty Python and the Holy Grail to be 'markedly different from anything we've ever done.

^ And one of the sketches began with a scene between King Arthur and some sentries on a wall...

^ Co-directing Monty Python and the Holy Grail was frustrating for Terry Gilliam, so it wasn't really surprising that he struck out on his own to direct Jabberwocky.

.While the first three series contained 13 episodes each, the fourth ended after six.^ The BBC, however, begged for more, so the show continued, but only for six episodes rather than the usual 13 and with BBC2 as its new home.

^ By the end of the first series, audiences of three million were enough to give them a second go, this time with a more stable time slot (albeit at 10pm when regional programming took over).

^ Three months later, Took was warming up the audience for the recording of the first episode of Monty Python, which aired on October 5.

.In 1974 the series was first broadcast in the United States.^ The United States Constitution first and foremost is a document that limits the power of the federal government.

^ It is generally agreed that the fourth series was the worst, yet the last ever programme, broadcast on December 5, 1974, was a belter.

^ PYTHON's fourth and final (Cleeseless) television series came to an end in 1974, the year of their first film "proper".

.Ron Devillier, an executive from PBS television station KERA-TV in the Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas, television market found episodes on a shelf when searching for programming for his station.^ Texas Station - Dallas Event Center .

He watched some, then acquired the entire series to put on the air.[citation needed] The series was eventually aired on PBS stations across the country. .A couple of sketches ("Bicycle Repairman" and "The Dull Life of a Stockbroker") aired in 1974 on the NBC series ComedyWorld, a summer replacement series for The Dean Martin Show.^ The dull life of a City stockbroker (6) .
  • Monty Python Flying Circus: Just the Words - Index of Characters 22 September 2009 23:30 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: General]

^ All This & 'Comedyworld' The show is into its first U.S. grind this summer via breakout sketch segments picked up for NBC's "Dean Martin's Comedyworld."

^ Broadcast, 12th June 1998, page 1 UNSEEN PYTHON TO AIR ON BBC The BBC is understood to be negotiating with the five surviving members of Monty Python for permission to show unseen sketches from the classic comedy series as part of a Python theme night, writes Jason Deans and Steve Clarke .

.With the popularity of Python throughout the rest of the 1970s and through most of the 1980s, PBS stations looked at other British comedies, leading to UK shows such as Are You Being Served? gaining a US audience, and leading, over time, to many PBS stations having a "British Comedy Night" which airs many popular UK comedies.^ "Python has saved the day many a time."

^ "People you expect to be interesting, just go winding on and on, and the whole procedure's such a waste of time."

^ For 30 years now, Monty Python has helped us look on the bright side of life Thirty years ago this weekend the Radio Times announced a new series from the BBC's Light Entertainment department.

[citation needed]

Life after the Flying Circus

Filmography

And Now For Something Completely Different (1971)

.The Pythons' first feature film (directed by Ian MacNaughton, reprising his role from the television series).^ Over there is Mark Forstater, Python's producer in the realm of feature-films.

^ The first Python film ran a slight profit and went well here and in Canada and Australia.

^ By way of revelation, Idle says he had a bit of a scare before the first Python series went out when he saw Spike Milligan's "Q.5".

.It was composed of sketches from the first two series of the Flying Circus, reshot on a low budget (and often slightly edited) for cinema release.^ By Hugh Hebert Another 25th anniversary, Monty Python's Flying Circus (BBC2), the very first, now fragile episode.

^ The official Monty Python website: Python Online Monty Python's Words/Quotes/Full Scripts This website has the scripts of all 45 episodes from the original Monty Python's Flying Circus TV series .
  • The Life of Python - 20 Greatest Monty Python Sketches 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC gnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Last week, the first seven episodes of the first series of Python were released on video for the first time.

.Material selected for the film includes: "Dead Parrot", "The Lumberjack Song", "Upper Class Twit of the Year", "Hell's Grannies", "Self-Defence Class", "How Not To Be Seen" and "Nudge Nudge". Financed by Playboy's UK executive Victor Lowndes, it was intended as a way of breaking Monty Python into America, and although it was ultimately unsuccessful in this, the film did good business in the UK (this still being in the era before home video would make it much more accessible to view the material again).^ Upper class twit of the year .
  • The Life of Python - 20 Greatest Monty Python Sketches 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC gnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is the best sketch Monty Python ever did.
  • The Life of Python - 20 Greatest Monty Python Sketches 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC gnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Monty Python will continue the grinding, painful business of being funny.

The group did not consider the film a success.

Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975)

.In 1974, between production on the third and fourth series, the group decided to embark on their first "proper" feature film, containing entirely new material.^ It is generally agreed that the fourth series was the worst, yet the last ever programme, broadcast on December 5, 1974, was a belter.

^ The Monty Python team were on location making their second full-length feature film, Monty Python and the Holy Grail, and the hotel was doubling as their production office.

^ So the first series was very much a fight between the Oxford contingent, if you like, trying to push this stream-of-consciousness into the thing, and the Cambridge group - they weren't against it, but they weren't particularly interested.

.Monty Python and the Holy Grail was based on Arthurian Legend and was directed by Jones and Gilliam.^ Monty Python and the Holy Grail has two directors, Terry Gilliam and Terry Jones, and I talked with the former.

^ The are making a film called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

^ Terry Gilliam, the cartoonist, co-directed Monty Python and the Holy Grail with Terry Jones and built a career as a serious film director, with Time Bandits , 12 Monkeys and Brazil .

Again, the latter also contributed linking animations (and put together the opening credits). .Along with the rest of the Pythons, Jones and Gilliam performed several roles in the film, but it was Chapman, considered by far the best "straight" actor of the group, who took the lead as King Arthur.^ He said it was based on the King Arthur legend, and that a group of Python characters are told by God to search for the Holy Grail.

^ First, the show was filmed in colour, which makes it far more watchable now than the earlier black-and-white work of the Pythons-to-be.

^ This morning King Arthur (the lovely Graham Chapman) and his knights plan to exorcise the truculent beast who, alone, bards the way to The Holy Grail and a satisfactory conclusion to the film.

.Holy Grail was filmed on location, in picturesque rural areas of Scotland, with a budget of only £229,000; the money was raised in part with investments from rock groups such as Pink Floyd, Jethro Tull and Led Zeppelin—and UK music industry entrepreneur Tony Stratton-Smith (founder/owner of the Charisma Records label, for which the Pythons recorded their comedy albums).^ The are making a film called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

^ "The boys came to me and said: 'We've got this script; can we raise any money on it.'"# And raise money independently he did with finance from three record companies, a couple of pop groups - Pink Floyd and Led Zeppelin - and theatre impresario, Michael White.

^ The rock/comedy parallel was echoed in the pairing of Pythonesque humour on DO NOT ADJUST YOUR SET with the music of the Bonzo Dog Doo Dah Band, and also by Eric Idle's film pastiche of the Beatles, The Rutles, the financial support for Monty Python And The Holy Grail given by "progressive" bands like Led Zeppelin and Pink Floyd, and by George Harrison's backing (through hi company Handmade Films), of Monty Python's Life Of Brian.

.John Cleese noted in an interview with Jian Ghomeshi (host of the cultural radio program Q on the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation) that the backers of the film wanted to cut the famous Black Knight scene (in which the Black Knight loses his limbs in a duel), which arguably ended up being the funniest and the most quoted scene in the film by cult followers.^ "John (Cleese) was quoted as saying that he's going to make sure there's a part for all the Pythons in his follow-up to A Fish Called Wanda .

^ Features a picture of three knights standing heroically (caption: "Sirs Eric Idle, John Cleese and Mike Palin") and a fascinating allusion to Fawlty Towers.

^ The first film shown will be Mad Max, with Mad Max 2 being shown the following Thursday.
  • Mad Max Movies 25 January 2010 17:017 UTC madmaxmovies.com [Source type: General]

[14]

Monty Python's Life of Brian (1979)

.Following the success of Holy Grail, reporters asked for the title of the next Python film, despite the fact that the team had not even begun to consider a third one.^ The are making a film called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

^ Then the team gathered for one final film.

^ He said it was based on the King Arthur legend, and that a group of Python characters are told by God to search for the Holy Grail.

.Eventually, Idle once flippantly replied "Jesus Christ - Lust for Glory", which became the group's stock answer once they realised that it shut reporters up.^ "Shut up and change your armour," replies the unhelpful King Arthur.

.However, they soon began to seriously consider a film lampooning the New Testament era in the same way Holy Grail had lampooned Arthurian legend.^ He said it was based on the King Arthur legend, and that a group of Python characters are told by God to search for the Holy Grail.

^ This morning King Arthur (the lovely Graham Chapman) and his knights plan to exorcise the truculent beast who, alone, bards the way to The Holy Grail and a satisfactory conclusion to the film.

^ "But the film is an advance on our earlier work, and it's certainly a development on the last series, when we found it very difficult to write anything that seemed at all new to us."

.Despite them all sharing a distrust of organised religion, they agreed not to mock Jesus nor his teachings directly.^ Users that register for Spike's wireless marketing services acknowledge, understand and agree that they will be charged by the user's wireless carrier for all messages sent to the user from Spike.
  • Monty Python LEGO | SPIKE 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]
  • Mad Max kills to Ace of Spades | SPIKE 25 January 2010 17:017 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

.Instead, they decided to write a satire on credulity and hypocrisy among the followers of someone who had been mistaken for the "Messiah," but who had no desire to be followed as such.^ They're the ones who bring everyone down - and God knows why, since they have no interest in Python either way.

^ But I've only ever met two people who said they found writing was easy, and neither of them was very good.

Chapman was cast in the lead role of Brian.
The focus therefore shifted to a separate individual born at the same time, in a neighbouring stable. .When Jesus does appear in the film (first, as a baby in the stable, and then later on the Mount, speaking the Beatitudes), he is played straight (by actor Kenneth Colley) and portrayed with respect.^ He is appearing in the new film, but does not intend to be part of the next Python television series planned for the autumn.

^ They are doomed to remain former Pythons first, actors, authors or film-makers second - even though what they achieved later was frequently much funnier than the sketches that made them famous.

The comedy begins when members of the crowd mishear his statements of peace, love and tolerance. ("I think he said, 'Blessed are the cheesemakers.'")
.Directing duties were handled solely by Jones, having amicably agreed with Gilliam that Jones' approach to film-making was better suited for Python's general performing style.^ It will be spent writing with his wife, actress Connie Booth, and making industrial trading films on videotape, a form of filming he enjoys - "mainly because we do it in suits in warm offices.

^ First, the show was filmed in colour, which makes it far more watchable now than the earlier black-and-white work of the Pythons-to-be.

^ Apart from the films of Cleese and Gilliam, the former Pythons have not exactly been riding a wave of critical acclaim recently, perhaps because their style of comedy is not currently fashionable.

.Holy Grail's production had often been stilted by their differences behind the camera.^ Cleese considers the script of Monty Python and the Holy Grail to be 'markedly different from anything we've ever done.

^ CinemaTV Today, 4th May 1974, page 9 [A list of credits as Monty Python and the Holy Grail begins production.

^ The Monty Python team were on location making their second full-length feature film, Monty Python and the Holy Grail, and the hotel was doubling as their production office.

.Gilliam again contributed two animated sequences (one being the opening credits) and took charge of set design.^ It was Terry Gilliam's animations, curiously - which one remembered as the bread in the sandwich - that had weathered the years best.

^ Gilliam is one of the most original animators working in Britain today; Python wouldn't be the same without him.

^ Gilliam's animations, on the other hand, felt strangely timeless, as inventive as anything being produced today.

.The film was shot on location in Tunisia, the finances being provided this time by former Beatle George Harrison, who together with Denis O'Brien formed the production company Hand-Made Films for the movie.^ Former Beatle George Harrison's Handmade Films stepped in and the project was revived.

^ Together they selected the locations for the film.

^ Don't miss the two rarely-seen 50 -minute specials made for German TV and shot on location.

He had a cameo role as the 'owner of the Mount.'
Despite its subject matter attracting controversy, particularly upon its initial release, it has (together with its predecessor) been ranked among the greatest comedy films. .A Channel 4 poll in 2005 ranked Holy Grail in sixth place, with Life of Brian at the top.^ Jones, who will collect the award, directed five of the Monty films including the controversial The Life Of Brian and Monty Python And The Holy Grail.

^ What a load of knightly nonsense" Top left: Eric Idle, John Cleese, Terry Jones, Graham Chapman and Michael Palin on the trail of the Holy Grail.

[15]

Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl (1982)

.Filmed at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles during preparations for The Meaning of Life, this was a concert film (directed by Terry Hughes) in which the Pythons performed sketches from the television series in front of an audience.^ Python animator Terry Gilliam and housewife-impersonator Terry Jones have been elected to direct the epic.

^ The sketch is very funny, but it is more than routine comedy performed by professionals prepared to behave foolishly for the sake of entertaining the public.

^ Jones, who will collect the award, directed five of the Monty films including the controversial The Life Of Brian and Monty Python And The Holy Grail.

.The released film also incorporated footage from the German television specials (the inclusion of which gives Ian MacNaughton his first on-screen credit for Python since the end of Flying Circus) and live performances of several songs from the troupe's then-current Monty Python's Contractual Obligation Album.^ Six more minutes of Monty Python's Flying Circus (29) .
  • Monty Python Flying Circus: Just the Words - Index of Characters 22 September 2009 23:30 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: General]

^ It is not easy to recognise the zany star of Monty Python's Flying Circus.

^ Monty Python's Flying Circus had landed.

Monty Python's The Meaning of Life (1983)

.Python's final film returned to something structurally closer to the style of Flying Circus.^ Monty Python's Flying Circus had landed.

^ Monty Python's Flying Circus was indeed 'something completely different' and anyone around in the late 1960s or early 1970s will tell you just what an impact it had on this country, and later the world.

^ It is safe to say that Monty Python's Flying Circus went from a little known cult show to a fully fledged British institution in the space of 15 years.

.A series of sketches loosely follows the ages of man from birth to death.^ The film was basically a series of sketches which illustrated life as we know it, starting with birth, and ending with death, and covering most things in-between.

.Directed again by Jones solo, The Meaning of Life is embellished with some of Python's most bizarre and disturbing moments, as well as various elaborate musical numbers.^ However we describe them, most of the pre-PYTHON shows stand up well to reviewing today, and all of them reveal acorns from which Pythonesque oaks -or larches - were to grow.

^ Jones and Gilliam are co-directing, Innes has written the music and everybody has written the script.

^ Periodically, they revisited on screen some of the best and brightest moments in the prodigious Python repertoire, from Flying Circus sketches such as "The Undertaker" to clips from their biblical lampoon The Life of Brian .

The film is by far their darkest work, containing a great deal of black humour, garnished by some spectacular violence (including an operation to remove a liver from a living patient without anaesthetic and the morbidly obese Mr. Creosote exploding over several restaurant patrons). .At the time of its release, the Pythons confessed their aim was to offend "absolutely everyone."^ What Dennis Potter did for drama on TV, Monty Python did for comedy, at a time when everyone else was going down the Morecombe & Wise road.

^ Last week, the first seven episodes of the first series of Python were released on video for the first time.

.Besides the opening credits and the fish sequence, Gilliam, by now an established live action director, no longer wanted to produce any linking cartoons, offering instead to direct one sketch—The Crimson Permanent Assurance.^ WOMAN: No one live there.
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^ It was the programme's slick inconsequentiality which really wowed the original audiences, the jumping from one sketch to "something completely different" by means of surrealistic linking devices.

^ At the time, I didn't like Terry Gilliam's animations, didn't think they fitted in, preferring the sketches, but now I find them charming.

.Under his helm, though, the segment grew so ambitious and tangential that it was cut from the movie and used as a supporting feature in its own right.^ RIGHT HEAD: Oh, cut your own head off!
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(Television screenings also use it as a prologue.) .Crucially, this was the last project that all six Pythons would collaborate on, except for the 1989 compilation Parrot Sketch Not Included, where they are all seen sitting in a closet for four seconds.^ In the beginning, they would put us out at all these different times, and change it.

^ "I felt a bit embarrassed to be going on and doing the dead parrot sketch again, but people definitely seem to like seeing things they know again."

^ The full complement played the Hollywood Bowl for four nights in 1980, and were last together in the same room for the recording of Steve Martin's introduction to the twentieth anniversary compilation, Parrot Sketch Not Included .

.This would be the last time Chapman appeared on-screen with the Pythons.^ Last week, the first seven episodes of the first series of Python were released on video for the first time.

^ In 1989, the sixth Python, Graham Chapman, died, and the others vowed separately they would never work as a team again.

^ Last year, however, the remaining Pythons met for the first time since 1983 to rediscover their old friendship: tentative plans were drawn up for a reunion tour, which would be announced at the dummy run in Aspen.

The Secret Policeman's Ball benefit shows

.Members of Python contributed their services to charitable endeavours and causes—sometimes as an ensemble, at other times as individuals.^ Neil Innes (music) is part-time Python, ex-member of The Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band.

The cause that has been the most frequent and consistent beneficiary has been the human rights work of Amnesty International. .Between 1976 and 1981, the troupe or its members appeared in four major fund-raisers for Amnesty—known collectively as the Secret Policeman's Ball shows—which were turned into multiple films, TV shows, videos, record albums and books.^ It was a lengthy sketch-by- sketch breakdown of every episode, detailing exactly where every sketch was then available to buy (videos, records, films, Secret Policeman's Balls, etc), and was accompanied by a beautiful colour snap of Graham Chapman in a waiting room from 'Michael Ellis'.

^ There were books, records, films and tours as well as the 45 TV programmes.

^ "Well, we've been working on the film quite a lot and in the last three or four months most of our time has gone into the stage shows in Canada and Drury Lane.

.These benefit shows and their many spin-offs raised considerable sums of money for Amnesty, raised public and media awareness of the human rights cause and influenced many other members of the entertainment community (especially rock musicians) to become involved in political and social issues.^ In his farewell address to the nation as President, he stated that we should have trade and commerce with other nations, & not involve ourselves in their politics or wars.

^ The British-born members all wound up in one or the other (with Terry Gilliam going to Occidental College, California - but later becoming an honorary member of Oxford).

^ Many members of Congress and other Washington D.C. politicians and multi-national corporations made billions of dollars in the deal that wrote off our 800 live POWs.

.Among the many musicians who have publicly attributed their activism—and the organisation of their own benefit events—to the inspiration of the work in this field of Monty Python are U2, Bob Geldof, Pete Townshend and Sting.^ Extras who utter less than 13 words are rewarded with 2 a day, and Python people - each of them playing a handful of roles - are reported to be working for zero...

^ It seems to me that this is a list of great Monty Python sketches as written by someone who doesn't understand the finer points of some of their lesser known work.
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^ And their support was enough to convince the BBC that, despite its own reservations, Monty Python should not be grounded.

.The shows are credited by Amnesty with helping the organisation develop public awareness in the USA where one of the spin-off films was a major success.^ Idle also got two runs for his RUTLAND WEEKEND TELEVISION (in 1975 and 1976) as well as a one-off success with THE RUTLES in 1978.

.Cleese and Jones had an involvement (as performer, writer or director) in all four Amnesty benefit shows, Palin in three, Chapman in two and Gilliam in one.^ The first entry is:] MONTY PYTHON'S FLYING CIRCUS BBC 46x30 minutes Four seasons and one special 1969-74 Conceived, written and performed by (seasons in brackets) Graham Chapman John Cleese (One-Three) Terry Gilliam Eric Idle Terry Jones Michael Palin and featuring Carol Cleveland Connie Booth (One-Three) Neil Innes (Four) "Dear Sir, I wish to complain in the strongest possible terms about the song which you have just broadcast, about the lumberjack who wears women's clothes.

^ Features a picture of three knights standing heroically (caption: "Sirs Eric Idle, John Cleese and Mike Palin") and a fascinating allusion to Fawlty Towers.

^ John Cleese plays Sit Lancelot in the film and other parts are embraced lovingly by Graham Chapman (King Arthur), Mike Palin (Sir Galahad), Eric Idle (Sir Robin) and Terry Jones (Sir Bedevere).

Idle did not participate in the Amnesty shows. .Notwithstanding Idle's lack of participation, the other five members (together with "Associate Pythons" Carol Cleveland and Neil Innes) all appeared together in the first Secret Policeman's Ball benefit—the 1976 A Poke In The Eye (With A Sharp Stick)—where they performed several Python sketches.^ A 50th birthday gift, it depicts Cleveland as an extravagantly-coiffed, voluptuous barrage-balloon supporting a foot-shaped basket containing the other six Pythons.

^ I'd like to think that the more insane breed of Python fan will one day realise that we are all individuals and perhaps stop reciting sketches word for word.

^ The British-born members all wound up in one or the other (with Terry Gilliam going to Occidental College, California - but later becoming an honorary member of Oxford).

.In this first show they were collectively billed as Monty Python.^ Monty Python were the first to start this trend.

^ With the first and second series, nobody ever looked at the shows or anything until they went out.

^ By Hugh Hebert Another 25th anniversary, Monty Python's Flying Circus (BBC2), the very first, now fragile episode.

(Peter Cook deputised for the errant Idle in one major sketch The Courtroom.) .In the next three shows, the participating Python members performed many Python sketches, but were billed under their individual names rather than under the collective Python banner.^ Not actually a Python sketch, more a sketch that the Pythons performed in live shows.
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^ Python was a satire on mankind, rather than on individuals or individual ideas."

^ I'd like to think that the more insane breed of Python fan will one day realise that we are all individuals and perhaps stop reciting sketches word for word.

.After a six-year break, Amnesty resumed producing Secret Policeman's Ball benefit shows in 1987 (sometimes with, and sometimes without variants of the iconic title) and by 2006 had presented a total of twelve such shows.^ When we started out we developed for a couple of years, and then I think we sat and worked out the other variations without progressing.

^ It's an "At Last The 1948 Show" sketch performed by Python on some of their live albums and Secret Policeman's Ball...
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^ Sometimes I would say something in total seriousness and people would break out laughing.
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.The shows since 1987 have featured newer generations of British comedic performers, including many who have attributed their participation in the show to their desire to emulate the Python's pioneering work for Amnesty.^ Extras who utter less than 13 words are rewarded with 2 a day, and Python people - each of them playing a handful of roles - are reported to be working for zero...

^ I suppose in the last five years of Python I have worked many more weekends than I've had off.

^ It lays a lot of weight on producing jewelry featuring newer, exceptional designs.It has been reported that silver tiffany & co was regularly melted to oxidization are general accessories.
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.(Cleese and Palin made a brief cameo appearance in the 1989 Amnesty show; apart from that the Pythons have not appeared in shows after the legendary first four.^ Apart from the films of Cleese and Gilliam, the former Pythons have not exactly been riding a wave of critical acclaim recently, perhaps because their style of comedy is not currently fashionable.

^ Innes showed considerable initiative in the Pythons' goal by moving the goalposts until they were no more than two feet apart.

^ The jurors have created a special award in recognition of the legendary comedy troupe founded by John Cleese, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin.

)

Going solo

.Each member has pursued various film, television and stage projects since the break-up of the group, but often continued to work with one another.^ The Python team has made one successful film (financed by Victor Lownes, who runs the London Playboy Club) and is working on another, to be called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

^ In recent years, she has continued to appear in the theatre but television work, aside from a few commercials, has dried up.

^ What made Python great was the tension between one team that wanted to break all the comedic conventions and another that wanted to understand those conventions so well that they could produce great work within them.

.Many of these collaborations were very successful, most notably A Fish Called Wanda (1988) (written by Cleese, in which he starred along with Palin).^ He was Robin Hood in Time Bandits (180), a loony army officer in Privates on Parade (1982), the sheriff in Hollywood's Silverado (1985), a panic-stricken headmaster in Clockwise (1985) and a stripping barrister in A Fish Called Wanda (1988) in which he starred alongside Jamie Lee Curtis and Kevin Kline.

^ "John (Cleese) was quoted as saying that he's going to make sure there's a part for all the Pythons in his follow-up to A Fish Called Wanda .

^ Michael Palin's play The Weekend has opened in the West End; he'll appear in a new Channel 4 series Palin's Column later this month and he'll co-star in a sequel to A Fish Called Wanda this year.

.The pair also appeared in Time Bandits (1981), a film directed by Gilliam, who wrote it together with Palin.^ Palin and Jones wrote together.

^ Apparently mechanical failure prevented both coupes appearing together at the All Ford Day, so for those who missed out, they are now pictured above...
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^ Despite this, Cleese, Michael Palin, Eric Idle, Terry Gilliam and Terry Jones are back together.

.Gilliam also directed and co-wrote Brazil (1985) and The Adventures of Baron Munchausen (1988), which featured Palin and Idle respectively.^ Features a picture of three knights standing heroically (caption: "Sirs Eric Idle, John Cleese and Mike Palin") and a fascinating allusion to Fawlty Towers.

^ He wrote, with Terry Jones, and starred in Ripping Yarns for BBC Television in the late 1970s and enjoyed a string of roles in films like Jabberwocky (1977, which he co-wrote), Brazil (1985), The Missionary (1981), A Private Function (1984), A Fish Called Wanda (1988) and American Friends (1991).

^ Making the Adventures of Baron Munchausen was even tougher and the movie flopped.

.The success of these films, all of which contain many unusual visual elements, earmarked Gilliam as one of cinema's most popular independent film-makers.^ All these computers are connected, connected, connected to one another, communicating with one another.
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^ The most brain-scarring Python story of all time involves not a droplet of excrement, not so much as one single sliver of animal remains.

^ Egypt, Jordan and the Saudis, all on our payroll in one way or another (Someday, these countries will turn on us.

.Elsewhere, Palin and Jones wrote the comedic film series Ripping Yarns, starring Palin with an assortment of British actors.^ Palin and Jones wrote together.

^ He wrote, with Terry Jones, and starred in Ripping Yarns for BBC Television in the late 1970s and enjoyed a string of roles in films like Jabberwocky (1977, which he co-wrote), Brazil (1985), The Missionary (1981), A Private Function (1984), A Fish Called Wanda (1988) and American Friends (1991).

^ Jones and Palin delivered Ripping Yarns, and although Jones argues that "nobody had ever done anything like that before", the stories harked back to the kind of Boys' Own Britishness that is currently providing Harry Enfield with so much mileage.

.Jones also appeared in the pilot episode and Cleese appeared in a non-speaking part in the episode 'Golden Gordon'. Palin subsequently joined the establishment of British documentarians with his popular travel series for the BBC. Jones embarked on a similar career path with historical documentaries, also putting his love of the subject to use when writing, directing and acting in Erik the Viking, which also has Cleese playing a small part.^ Palin was a keen actor and, like Jones, he loved to write what he performed.

^ SOMETHING COMPLETELY DIFFERENT It was 1969, we had got together as a team and starting writing sketches for a BBC series.

^ John Cleese plays Sit Lancelot in the film and other parts are embraced lovingly by Graham Chapman (King Arthur), Mike Palin (Sir Galahad), Eric Idle (Sir Robin) and Terry Jones (Sir Bedevere).

.In terms of numbers of productions, Cleese has the most prolific solo career, having appeared in 59 theatrical films, 22 TV shows or series (including Cheers, 3rd Rock from the Sun, and Will & Grace), 23 direct-to-video productions, six video games, and a number of commercials.^ The company has done one short flight series a year since the "Python" format incepted, and this fall it will be in production with another BBC mini-series (six segs), but minus the "star" presence of Cleese.

^ Cleese, of course, has appeared briefly in sundry previous cinema films: The Statue, The Best House In London, Interlude among them.

^ He is appearing in the new film, but does not intend to be part of the next Python television series planned for the autumn.

[16] .Most notably, his BBC sitcom Fawlty Towers (written by and starring Cleese together with his then-wife Connie Booth), is considered the greatest solo work by a Python since the sketch show finished.^ Features a picture of three knights standing heroically (caption: "Sirs Eric Idle, John Cleese and Mike Palin") and a fascinating allusion to Fawlty Towers.

^ It will be spent writing with his wife, actress Connie Booth, and making industrial trading films on videotape, a form of filming he enjoys - "mainly because we do it in suits in warm offices.

^ John Cleese sharpened a gallery of classic English types into the turbo sitcom of Fawlty Towers, and brought Ealing to Docklands with A Fish Called Wanda.

.It is the only comedy series to rank higher than the Flying Circus on the BFI TV 100's list, topping the whole poll.^ The official Monty Python website: Python Online Monty Python's Words/Quotes/Full Scripts This website has the scripts of all 45 episodes from the original Monty Python's Flying Circus TV series .
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^ Monty Python's Flying Circus is the new late programme on Sunday night,' read the listing for 5th October 1969.

^ TV SERIES When the film is finished, the Python Circus goes back into the TV studios to start another series.

.The first series of it was made while the rest of the troupe were concerning themselves with the last series of Flying Circus.^ BBC2's return of the very first series of Monty Python's Flying Circus will give everyone the chance to find out.

^ This Anniversary Special marks the day that Monty Python made its sparkling debut on television when the very first episode of Monty Python’s Flying Circus was aired on the BBC on 5 October 1969.
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^ By Hugh Hebert Another 25th anniversary, Monty Python's Flying Circus (BBC2), the very first, now fragile episode.

.Idle enjoyed critical success with Rutland Weekend Television in the mid-70s, out of which came the Beatles parody The Rutles (responsible for the cult mockumentary All You Need Is Cash), and as an actor in Nuns on the Run (1990) with Robbie Coltrane.^ Came out in the mid 80's.
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^ Idle also got two runs for his RUTLAND WEEKEND TELEVISION (in 1975 and 1976) as well as a one-off success with THE RUTLES in 1978.

^ Eric Idle went straight from Python to his weekly BBC2 parody Rutland Weekend Television with Neil Innes.

.Idle has had success with Python songs: Always Look on the Bright Side of Life, to no.^ The best Python song, barring perhaps Always Look On The Bright Side of Life , The Lumberjack Song is both eminently hum-able and achingly funny.
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^ For 30 years now, Monty Python has helped us look on the bright side of life Thirty years ago this weekend the Radio Times announced a new series from the BBC's Light Entertainment department.

^ Loony: Cleese looks more like a banker than the loony comedian he is and the conventional appearance of the Python troupe is an important element of its success.

.3 in the UK singles chart in 1991. The song had been revived by Simon Mayo on BBC Radio 1, and was consequently released as a single that year.^ To BBC men, too, the line was very familiar: radio producers on programmes like Today had used it for years to separate each item.

^ BUT ALSO (recently revived on BBC-2 after more than 25 years) and THE GOONS, which they did not contribute.

.The theatrical phenomenon of the Python musical Spamalot has made Idle the most financially successful of the troupe post-Python.^ Loony: Cleese looks more like a banker than the loony comedian he is and the conventional appearance of the Python troupe is an important element of its success.

^ The Guardian, Section Two, 12th May 1994, pages 8-9 The Pythons were, quite possibly, the most inventive comic troupe ever.

^ Eric Idle has appeared in a mixed bag of films, with Nuns on the Run and Casper, the Friendly Ghost the most successful.

.Spamalot "lovingly ripped off" from the Holy Grail film.^ The are making a film called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

^ This week they start work on the first custom built Monty Python film "Monty Python And The Search For The Holy Grail", and after that they'll be working on a new TV series for the Autumn.

^ Jones, who will collect the award, directed five of the Monty films including the controversial The Life Of Brian and Monty Python And The Holy Grail.

Written by Idle, it has proved an enormous hit on Broadway, London's West End and also Las Vegas.[citation needed] This was followed by Not the Messiah, which repurposes The Life of Brian as an oratorio. For the work's 2007 premiere at the Luminato festival in Toronto (which commissioned the work), Idle himself sang the "baritone-ish" part.

Post-Python reunions

.Since The Meaning of Life, their last project as a team, the Pythons have often been the subject of reunion rumours.^ Last year, however, the remaining Pythons met for the first time since 1983 to rediscover their old friendship: tentative plans were drawn up for a reunion tour, which would be announced at the dummy run in Aspen.

^ Now 58, he appeared frustrated that, 15 years after the Pythons' last film, The meaning of Life , their worldwide following of fans refuses to accept that they are an ex-team of comedians, that they have met their maker, that they have joined the Choir Invisible.

^ Monty Python gives meaning to life, they are the greatest people alive, thank you for your wisdom.
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.The final reunion of all six members occurred during the Parrot Sketch Not Included - 20 Years of Monty Python special.^ This is the best sketch Monty Python ever did.
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^ Scripts from the Monty Python sketches .
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^ Six more minutes of Monty Python's Flying Circus (29) .
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.The death of Chapman in 1989 (on the eve of their 20th anniversary) seemed to put an end to the speculation of any further reunions.^ He died of throat cancer in 1989 on the eve of the 20th anniversary of Python.

^ With the death of Graham Chapman almost a decade ago, there can never be a complete Python reunion again - let alone another film.

.However there have been several occasions since 1989 when the surviving five members have gathered together for appearances—albeit not formal reunions.^ Basically, there are five or six of us putting it together, all tending to share the same ideas.

.In 1998 during the US Comedy Arts Festival, where the troupe was awarded the AFI Star Award by the American Film Institute, the five remaining members along with what was purported to be Chapman's ashes, were reunited on stage for the first time in 18 years.^ The ashes supposedly belong to Graham Chapman, the wildest Python, who died in 1989 but was bought along when the team reunited in public for the very first time in 17 years at a comedy festival at the weekend.

^ He did the silly walks sketch three-and-a-half years ago and has had to talk about it five times a day ever since.

^ When the team was presented with an honorary American Film Institute Star award for its significant and enduring influence in film and television, Cleese stepped to centre-stage with the award and faced the audience with a thin smile.

.The occasion was in the form of an interview (hosted by Robert Klein, with an appearance by Eddie Izzard) in which the team looked back at some of their work and performed a few new sketches.^ In its satirical, sinister and sadistic sketches, the show communicates a special form of relief from the onslaught of the gloomy news that has inflicted itself upon the British media - and the British people.

^ Some of the sketches have dated, and some have been so much imitated that they now look like clichés, but it is interesting to see how the material stands up, so to speak.

^ Some of the sketches that we refined worked better, others worked worse.

.One of the show's more memorable moments occurred when the ashes were "accidentally" spilled.^ One more thing: As Huey Newton said, An unarmed people are slaves or are subject to slavery at any given moment .

.The person responsible for upsetting the urn was Gilliam—who then hurriedly cleaned up with a mini-vacuum cleaner and a broom and dustpan (with Cleese even dipping his finger into the substance and tasting it).^ It's full of old men coughing and struggling into mediaeval pantyhose and a sour make-up girl who keeps slipping me dirty looks.

A significant amount of the ashes were brushed under the rug.
.On 9 October 1999, to commemorate 30 years since the first Flying Circus television broadcast, BBC2 devoted an evening to Python programmes, including a documentary charting the history of the team, interspersed with new sketches by the Monty Python team filmed especially for the event.^ Monty Python's Flying Circus is the new late programme on Sunday night,' read the listing for 5th October 1969.

^ And why Monty Python's Flying Circus (BBC2) still makes him laugh.

^ Monty Python were the first to start this trend.

.The program appears, though omitting a few things, on the DVD The Life of Python.^ A few years later, when there were problems financing Life Of Brian , the Pythons considered using the two German shows as the basis of a film.

.Though Idle's involvement in the special is limited, the final sketch marks the only time since 1989 that all surviving members of the troupe appear in one sketch, albeit not actually in the same room.^ Their innovation stemmed from the experience of the members, who "had done just enough comedy to be fed up with all the comic conventions of the time".

^ He did the silly walks sketch three-and-a-half years ago and has had to talk about it five times a day ever since.

^ I'd like to think that the more insane breed of Python fan will one day realise that we are all individuals and perhaps stop reciting sketches word for word.

.In 2002, four of the surviving members, bar Cleese, performed The Lumberjack Song and Sit On My Face for George Harrison's memorial concert.^ The best Python song, barring perhaps Always Look On The Bright Side of Life , The Lumberjack Song is both eminently hum-able and achingly funny.
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^ "Lumberjack Song (George Harrison Version)" .
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^ "Sit On My Face (Monty Python Sings)" .
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The reunion also included regular supporting contributors Neil Innes and Carol Cleveland, with a special appearance from Tom Hanks.
In an interview to publicise the DVD release of The Meaning of Life, Cleese said a further reunion was unlikely. ."It is absolutely impossible to get even a majority of us together in a room, and I'm not joking," Cleese said.^ Cleese said: "The trouble with a film is that we would have to get together for six to eight months to write it."

^ "I'm sure we'll make a whole lot of bad taste jokes about Graham Chapman being dead," said Cleese, with a naughty smile.

^ We had dinner together quite recently, all of us except Eric, and we all said afterwards we don't really laugh with anyone else the way we laugh together.

.He said that the problem was one of business rather than one of bad feelings.^ I am not sure that is strictly true, but creating humour does tend to be a rather more serious business than the general public is inclined to think.

[17] A sketch appears on the same DVD spoofing the impossibility of a full reunion, bringing the members “together” in a deliberately unconvincing fashion with modern bluescreen/greenscreen techniques.
The Pythons on the Meaning of Life DVD, using special effects to have a reunion...but not very seriously
.Idle has responded to queries about a Python reunion by adapting a line used by George Harrison in response to queries about a possible Beatles reunion.^ Former Beatle George Harrison's Handmade Films stepped in and the project was revived.

^ The Courier and Advertiser, 8th May 1974 [With great picture of the Pythons (Idle, Innes, Palin and Cleese) lounging about in Doune Castle.

When asked in November 1989 about such a possibility, Harrison responded: "As far as I'm concerned, there won't be a Beatles reunion as long as John Lennon remains dead." Idle's version of this was that he expected to see a proper Python reunion, "just as soon as Graham Chapman comes back from the dead", but added, "we're talking to his agent about terms."[citation needed]
.2003's The Pythons Autobiography By The Pythons, compiled from interviews with the surviving members, reveals that a series of disputes in 1998, over a possible sequel to Holy Grail that had been conceived by Idle, may have resulted in the group's permanent fission.^ From Monty Python's The Quest for the Holy Grail , this mini-plush stands 7-inches tall and features velcro assisted dismemberment.
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^ The are making a film called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

^ Cleese considers the script of Monty Python and the Holy Grail to be 'markedly different from anything we've ever done.

.Cleese's feeling was that The Meaning of Life had been personally difficult and ultimately mediocre, and did not wish to be involved in another Python project for a variety of reasons.^ Cleese agrees that it could imply a deprivation of the spirit, but in the case of the Python lot he feels that the 'team' is usefully integrated nevertheless.

^ Cleese wishes them well, but doesn't hold with pretentious talk about the intellectual significance of Python and the great "breakthrough" it has made in comedy.

^ Forstater on the Pythons one at a time: "John is basically a lazy person and that's the reason he's leaving the show, John enjoys his leisure, he'll tell you that.

.(Not least amongst them was the absence of Chapman, whose straight man-like central roles in the original Grail and Brian films had been considered to be essential performance anchorage.^ The six regulars of the Monty Python gang have collaborated in writing and performing their second cinema film, Monty Python and the Holy Grail, which according to the advance blurb 'makes Ben-Hur look like an epic'.

^ Jones, who will collect the award, directed five of the Monty films including the controversial The Life Of Brian and Monty Python And The Holy Grail.

^ A few years later, when there were problems financing Life Of Brian , the Pythons considered using the two German shows as the basis of a film.

) .Apparently Idle was angry with Cleese for refusing to do the film, which most of the remaining Pythons thought reasonably promising (the basic plot would have taken on a self-referential tone, featuring them in their main 'knight' guises from Holy Grail, mulling over the possibilities of reforming their posse).^ The are making a film called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

^ Jones was most taken, Cleese least so.

^ Features a picture of three knights standing heroically (caption: "Sirs Eric Idle, John Cleese and Mike Palin") and a fascinating allusion to Fawlty Towers.

.The book also reveals that a secondary option around this point was the possibility of revitalising the Python brand with a new stage tour, perhaps with the promise of new material.^ But a Python insider said it is not clear exactly what new material was available.

^ They'd colonised publishing ( The Brand New Monty Python Papperbok et al) and records ( The Monty Python Matching Tie and Handkerchief etc).

^ But we will be doing new material, perhaps bringing in something more current.

This idea had also hit the buffers at Cleese's refusal, this time with the backing of other members.
The members have continued to appear in each other's films. .Gilliam has directed all four other surviving members in various non-Python pictures, Chapman worked with Cleese and Idle in Yellowbeard and Palin and Cleese worked together in the acclaimed A Fish Called Wanda and Fierce Creatures.^ Eric Idle We had all worked together as writers and actors.

^ [Photos accompanying the main article include: a picture of the knights laughing between takes; a grid featuring nine faces from the film (Jones, Chapman, Gilliam, Innes, Palin, Cleese, Mark Forstater, Idle, and Andrew Tyler, "freelance journalist of this parish"); the two Terrys directing; Cleese playing football in full Lancelot gear; Idle and Innes with a guitar; and the knights marching in long shot.

^ "John (Cleese) was quoted as saying that he's going to make sure there's a part for all the Pythons in his follow-up to A Fish Called Wanda .

.Jones' 1996 adaptation of The Wind in the Willows featured all the surviving Python members except for Gilliam, who was going to play The River but could not find space in his schedule.^ Extras who utter less than 13 words are rewarded with 2 a day, and Python people - each of them playing a handful of roles - are reported to be working for zero...

^ "John (Cleese) was quoted as saying that he's going to make sure there's a part for all the Pythons in his follow-up to A Fish Called Wanda .

^ Python animator Terry Gilliam and housewife-impersonator Terry Jones have been elected to direct the epic.

.More recently, DreamWorks' popular animated film Shrek the Third features both Cleese and Idle in voice-over roles, although they do not share any scenes: Cleese reprises his starring role as Princess Fiona's father from the previous film, and Idle had a guest star part as Merlin the magician.^ Features a picture of three knights standing heroically (caption: "Sirs Eric Idle, John Cleese and Mike Palin") and a fascinating allusion to Fawlty Towers.

^ John Cleese plays Sit Lancelot in the film and other parts are embraced lovingly by Graham Chapman (King Arthur), Mike Palin (Sir Galahad), Eric Idle (Sir Robin) and Terry Jones (Sir Bedevere).

^ Cleese, of course, has appeared briefly in sundry previous cinema films: The Statue, The Best House In London, Interlude among them.

.March 2005 saw a full, if non-performing, reunion of the surviving cast members at the premiere of Idle's musical Spamalot, based on Monty Python and the Holy Grail.^ The are making a film called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

^ The Python team has made one successful film (financed by Victor Lownes, who runs the London Playboy Club) and is working on another, to be called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

^ Cleese considers the script of Monty Python and the Holy Grail to be 'markedly different from anything we've ever done.

.It opened in Chicago and has since played in New York on Broadway, London and numerous other major cities across the world.^ A Python stage show will visit London, New York and Los Angeles (at the least) in the autumn of 1999.

^ Broadway Theatre-New York .

^ Basketball City New York (New York, NY) .

.In 2004, it was nominated for 14 Tony Awards and won three: Best Musical, Best Direction of a Musical for Mike Nichols and Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical for Sara Ramirez, who played the Lady of the Lake, a character specially added for the musical.^ Mike Palin suggested something along the lines of Elsie Parfitt's Flying Circus, named after the woman who played the piano at Southwold Women's Guild.

^ Mike and I were usually the people who could play each other's parts.

.Cleese played the voice of God, played in the film by Chapman.^ John Cleese plays Sit Lancelot in the film and other parts are embraced lovingly by Graham Chapman (King Arthur), Mike Palin (Sir Galahad), Eric Idle (Sir Robin) and Terry Jones (Sir Bedevere).

^ John Cleese and Graham Chapman met at Cambridge, where they played in Footlights.

.Owing in part to the success of Spamalot, PBS announced on 13 July 2005, that it would begin to re-air the entire run of Monty Python's Flying Circus and new one-hour specials focusing on each member of the group, called Monty Python's Personal Best.[18] Each episode was written and produced by the individual being honoured, with the five remaining Pythons collaborating on Chapman's programme, the only one of the editions to take on a serious tone with its new material.^ Inspired by Monty Python's Flying Circus, this keychain is truly one of a kind!
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^ This is the best sketch Monty Python ever did.
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^ It is not easy to recognise the zany star of Monty Python's Flying Circus.

.Eric Idle and John Cleese appeared on stage together singing Always Look on the Bright Side of Life with the rest of the performers for the climax of Prince Charles 60th Birthday Show.^ The best Python song, barring perhaps Always Look On The Bright Side of Life , The Lumberjack Song is both eminently hum-able and achingly funny.
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^ John Cleese, 58, Eric Idle, 54, Terry Jones, 56, Gilliam, 58, and Palin driven to the Wheeler Opera House in a fleet of stretch limousines and reminisced to a packed house for two hours, with screenings of the Lumberjack Song and the Fish-Slapping Dance, and a soulful rendition of Always Look on the Bright Side of Life from the film The Life of Brian .

^ Features a picture of three knights standing heroically (caption: "Sirs Eric Idle, John Cleese and Mike Palin") and a fascinating allusion to Fawlty Towers.

.In 2009, to commemorate the fortieth anniversary of the first episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus, a six part documentary entitled Monty Python: Almost the Truth (The Lawyers Cut) was released, featuring interviews with the surviving members of the team as well as archive interviews with Graham Chapman and numerous excerpts from the television series and films.^ Six more minutes of Monty Python's Flying Circus (29) .
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^ By Hugh Hebert Another 25th anniversary, Monty Python's Flying Circus (BBC2), the very first, now fragile episode.

^ Last week, the first seven episodes of the first series of Python were released on video for the first time.

.Also in commemoration of the 40th anniversary Idle, Palin, Jones and Gilliam appeared in a production of Not the Messiah (He's a Very Naughty Boy) at the Royal Albert Hall.^ Eric Idle, Terry Jones and Michael Palin were at Oxford, and featured in the university's revues.

^ Maybe that's because Cleese, Palin and Jones, along with Eric Idle, Terry Gilliam and the late Graham Chapman, will never be allowed to forget their early triumph.

^ John Cleese, Michael Palin, Terry Gilliam, Terry Jones and Eric Idle have in principle given their backing to the project, due to air on BBC 2 in autumn 1999, the 30th anniversary of the first series of Monty Python's Flying Circus .

.The European premiere was held on 23 October 2009.[19] An official 40th anniversary Monty Python reunion event took place in New York City on 15 October 2009 where the Team received a Special Award from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts.^ New York Comic-Con 2009 .
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^ This Anniversary Special marks the day that Monty Python made its sparkling debut on television when the very first episode of Monty Python’s Flying Circus was aired on the BBC on 5 October 1969.
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^ Monty Python went on, of course, to become as big as the Beatles in the States, prefiguring the cliché of the century that comedy is the new rock 'n' roll.

[20]

The Pythons

.Graham Chapman was born in Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire, England on 8 January 1941. He was originally a medical student, but changed to theatre when he joined Footlights at Cambridge.^ John, Graham Chapman and Eric were the Cambridge team.

^ John Cleese and Graham Chapman met at Cambridge, where they played in Footlights.

^ Both got involved in the Footlights theatre club there, and after experiencing some success in the areas of performing and writing, Cleese decided he didn't want to be a lawyer and Chapman gave up a promising medical career.

He completed his medical training and was legally entitled to practise as a doctor. .Chapman is best remembered for the lead roles in The Holy Grail, as King Arthur, and Life of Brian, as Brian Cohen.^ Graham Chapman (King Arthur) is the quietest, except when he has had a lot.

^ ARTHUR: Look, you're a busy man, uh-- TIM: Yes, I can help you find the Holy Grail.
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^ That is your purpose, Arthur -- the Quest for the Holy Grail.
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Chapman appeared in films such as The Odd Job (which he also produced) and Yellowbeard (which he co-wrote), also making an appearances on Saturday Night Live in 1982. He died of spinal and throat cancer on 4 October 1989. He is now lovingly referred to by the surviving Pythons as "the dead one." At Chapman's memorial service, Cleese delivered the irreverent speech he felt his co-writer would have wanted: after declaring "Good riddance to the freeloading bastard, I hope he fries!", he announced that, having been the first person to say “shit” on British television, Chapman would never have forgiven him had he missed the opportunity to become “the first person ever at a British memorial service to say 'fuck'.” In an XM radio interview, Cleese later explained that he was originally planning on doing a serious speech but he could imagine his friend being disgusted at what he was writing. .He also claimed that the final decision was made after the fellow Pythons, and Graham's family, got into the spirit in which it was intended.^ Until now, Python had really made no real inroad into American television.

^ When we finally came up with Monty Python it made everyone laugh for about five minutes.

.Cleese recited all the synonyms for being deceased from the legendary Dead Parrot sketch, which they had written.^ "I'm sure we'll make a whole lot of bad taste jokes about Graham Chapman being dead," said Cleese, with a naughty smile.

^ I'd like to think that the more insane breed of Python fan will one day realise that we are all individuals and perhaps stop reciting sketches word for word.

^ One notable sketch, involving a certain dead parrot nailed to its roost, starts halfway through the show, but doesn't finish until the encore.

.Cleese remarked in an interview with Michael Parkinson that, in a heartfelt reference to Chapman's tendency towards lateness, Palin had remarked at the funeral, "Graham Chapman is with us today...or at least he will be in 25 minutes". Chapman was survived by his partner of 24 years, David Sherlock, and adopted son, John Tomiczek, who died in 1992 of heart trouble.^ Michael Palin idles through the Sunday Times, Eric Idle palins though John Cleese, though Graham Chapman isn't here because he's not wanted for shooting today.

^ If so, it was appropriate that hard on the heels of his return to Caernarvon Castle to celebrate the 25th anniversary of his installation as the (Welsh Nats please note) traditionally English figurehead of the Principality, that the Beeb should be reshowing, 25 years after its debut, the brief oeuvre of Monty P. The understanding by John Cleese, Terry Jones, Michael Palin, Eric Idle and Graham Chapman that brevity is the soul of wit and that they should not outstay their welcome, gives this revival a marvellous freshness.

^ John Cleese plays Sit Lancelot in the film and other parts are embraced lovingly by Graham Chapman (King Arthur), Mike Palin (Sir Galahad), Eric Idle (Sir Robin) and Terry Jones (Sir Bedevere).

.John Cleese was born on 27 October 1939 in Weston-super-Mare, North Somerset, England, making him the oldest Python.^ "John (Cleese) was quoted as saying that he's going to make sure there's a part for all the Pythons in his follow-up to A Fish Called Wanda .

^ And why Monty Python's Flying Circus (BBC2) still makes him laugh.

^ John Cleese was born in Weston-Super-Mare in the second month of the War and his ancestry is replete with solicitors, insurance men, and auctioneers.

.Cleese’s family surname was originally Cheese, but his father changed it to Cleese when he joined the army during World War I.^ During World War II, small zeppelin-type balloons were used by the U.S. military to patrol enormous amounts of U.S. coastal areas in a short period of time.

.Cleese attended Clifton College, Bristol where he developed a taste for performing by appearing in house plays, then moved on to Cambridge, where he met his future Python writing partner, Graham Chapman.^ The idea developed from notions shared by Cleese and Graham Chapman.

^ John Cleese plays Sit Lancelot in the film and other parts are embraced lovingly by Graham Chapman (King Arthur), Mike Palin (Sir Galahad), Eric Idle (Sir Robin) and Terry Jones (Sir Bedevere).

^ I wondered if his Python work, whether writing or performing, served incidentally to get something out of his system that needs to be gotten out.

.In addition to Python, he co-created and starred in, with then-wife Connie Booth, one of the most acclaimed sitcoms in British TV history, Fawlty Towers.^ It will be spent writing with his wife, actress Connie Booth, and making industrial trading films on videotape, a form of filming he enjoys - "mainly because we do it in suits in warm offices.

^ Everyone knows that John Cleese scored a big hit with his 1970s sitcom Fawlty Towers (he based Basil on a real hotelier the Pythons had once encountered).

^ The most brain-scarring Python story of all time involves not a droplet of excrement, not so much as one single sliver of animal remains.

.Cleese recently played Q's assistant ("R") and then the new Q himself in the James Bond films.^ Apart from the films of Cleese and Gilliam, the former Pythons have not exactly been riding a wave of critical acclaim recently, perhaps because their style of comedy is not currently fashionable.

^ I did the same to one of the earlier James Bond films.
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.He has also done work for the Shrek and Harry Potter film franchises, Time Bandits, A Fish Called Wanda, Clockwise, and an appearance on a Saturday Night Live episode.^ He was Robin Hood in Time Bandits (180), a loony army officer in Privates on Parade (1982), the sheriff in Hollywood's Silverado (1985), a panic-stricken headmaster in Clockwise (1985) and a stripping barrister in A Fish Called Wanda (1988) in which he starred alongside Jamie Lee Curtis and Kevin Kline.

^ "John (Cleese) was quoted as saying that he's going to make sure there's a part for all the Pythons in his follow-up to A Fish Called Wanda .

^ 'When I went into the film of It's a 2' 6" Above-the-Ground World, in which I was very bad, it was a long time since I worked on my own, out of the context of a team.

.Terry Gilliam was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, on 22 November 1940. He is the only member of the troupe of non-British origin, though he married a British citizen, makeup and costume designer Maggie Weston, and held dual American-British citizenship for 38 years before renouncing the former.^ Terry Gilliam (co-director) does the animation and is American as well.

^ It was Terry Gilliam's animations, curiously - which one remembered as the bread in the sandwich - that had weathered the years best.

^ Monty Python and the Holy Grail has two directors, Terry Gilliam and Terry Jones, and I talked with the former.

[21] .He started off as an animator and strip cartoonist for Harvey Kurtzman's Help! magazine, one issue of which featured Cleese.^ The February 2004 issue of Petit garage (Japanese model magazine) features an article on Back 2 The Max / LAST-V8 on pages 60 & 61.
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^ An upcoming issue of the magazine will be featuring an article on Mark's Blown Interceptor .
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^ Cleese: "Talking of Terry Gilliam, do you realise he only ever says one of two things: 'I really like that' or 'that really pisses me off.'"

.Moving from the USA to England, he animated features for Do Not Adjust Your Set and was then asked by its makers to join them on their next project: Monty Python's Flying Circus.^ Six more minutes of Monty Python's Flying Circus (29) .
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^ One more minute of Monty Python's Flying Circus (29) .
  • Monty Python Flying Circus: Just the Words - Index of Characters 22 September 2009 23:30 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: General]

^ It is not easy to recognise the zany star of Monty Python's Flying Circus.

.He co-directed Monty Python and The Holy Grail and directed short segments of other Python films (for instance "The Crimson Permanent Assurance", the short film that appears before The Meaning of Life).^ Jones, who will collect the award, directed five of the Monty films including the controversial The Life Of Brian and Monty Python And The Holy Grail.

^ The are making a film called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

^ The Python team has made one successful film (financed by Victor Lownes, who runs the London Playboy Club) and is working on another, to be called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

.Gilliam has gone on to become a celebrated and imaginative film director of such notable titles as Time Bandits, Brazil, The Fisher King, Twelve Monkeys and Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas.^ Terry Gilliam, the cartoonist, co-directed Monty Python and the Holy Grail with Terry Jones and built a career as a serious film director, with Time Bandits , 12 Monkeys and Brazil .

^ Supported by Universal, the rather ambitiously titled Meaning of Life again saw Jones in the director's chair, although Gilliam contributed the prologue.

^ Though inseparable from the essence of Python, if you consider him solely as the maker of Time Bandits, Brazil and The Fisher King, there seems no reason why he hasn't been loudly hailed as a rule-breaking film-maker touched with genius.

Eric Idle was born on 29 March 1943 in South Shields, Tyne and Wear, England. .When Monty Python was first formed, two writing partnerships were already in place: Cleese and Chapman, Jones and Palin.^ Monty Python were the first to start this trend.

^ Python Periphery will include programmes such as the two BBC documentaries on Python first shown in the 1970s, the second German Monty Python special (the first was recently shown on the BBC), the spoof travelogue shorts that accompanied the Python movies, the pre-Python shows such as At Last The 1948 Show (which featured Cleese and Chapman) and The Complete And Utter History of Britain (with Palin and Jones).

^ THE FROST REPORT was the first to involve John Cleese, Graham Chapman, Michael Palin, Terry Jones and Eric Idle all at once - though, with the exception of Cleese, only as writers.

That left two in their own corners: Gilliam, operating solo due to the nature of his work, and Idle. Regular themes in his contributions were elaborate wordplay and musical numbers. .After Flying Circus, he hosted Saturday Night Live four times in the first five seasons.^ By Hugh Hebert Another 25th anniversary, Monty Python's Flying Circus (BBC2), the very first, now fragile episode.

^ Monty Python's Flying Circus is the new late programme on Sunday night,' read the listing for 5th October 1969.

^ Mail On Sunday, Night & Day magazine, 10th July 1994, page 29 By Hunter Davies: Goodness, is it really 25 years since the first Monty Python's Flying Circus?

.Idle's initially successful solo career faltered in the 1990s with the failures of his 1993 film Splitting Heirs (written, produced by and starring him) and 1998's Burn Hollywood Burn (in which he starred), which was awarded five Razzies, including 'Worst Picture of the Year'. He revived his career by returning to the source of his worldwide fame, adapting Monty Python material for other media.^ The Python team has made one successful film (financed by Victor Lownes, who runs the London Playboy Club) and is working on another, to be called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

^ It is safe to say that Monty Python's Flying Circus went from a little known cult show to a fully fledged British institution in the space of 15 years.

^ Evening Standard, 1st July 1994, page 31 [The picture, of the Pythons looking depressed it seems, not included] By Geoffrey Phillips.

.He is the writer of the Tony award-winning Broadway musical Spamalot, based on the Holy Grail movie.^ No writer credited] THE ARTS NEW MONTY PYTHON FILM Monty Python are to make their second feature film Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

^ He said it was based on the King Arthur legend, and that a group of Python characters are told by God to search for the Holy Grail.

.He collaborated with John Du Prez on the music for the show.^ Python's roots included John Cleese and Graham Chapman's collaborations on At Last, The 1948 Show; Do Not Adjust Your Set and sundry contributions to The Frost Report.

Together with Lynn Ahrens and Stephen Flaherty he conceived Seussical. He also wrote Not the Messiah, an oratorio derived from the Life of Brian. .He had earlier strengthened his credentials as a comedic composer with the theme tune to the acclaimed BBC sitcom One Foot in the Grave.^ He also played Ko-Ko in Jonathan Miller's production of the Mikado and sang the theme tune to One Foot In The Grave.

Terry Jones was born on 1 February 1942 in Colwyn Bay, Conwy, Wales. .He has rarely received the same attention as his colleagues, but has been described by other members of the team as the “heart” of the operation.^ Meanwhile, the other members of the team are preparing a TV series without him.

^ Most of the other members of the team come from the same sort of strata, and their feelings were probably best expressed by the "Twit of the Year Contest", another famous Python sketch.

^ Taglines include:] AND NOW! AT LAST! ANOTHER FILM COMPLETELY DIFFERENT FROM SOME IF THE OTHER FILMS WHICH AREN'T QUITE THE SAME AS THIS ONE IS From the team that brought you breakfast!

Recent Python literature has highlighted his lead role in maintaining the group's unity and creative independence. .Python biographer George Perry has commented that should you "speak to him on subjects as diverse as fossil fuels, or Rupert Bear, or mercenaries in the Middle Ages or Modern China...^ But, even if I were to grant you that Max is the reincarnation of that unfortunate recluse, why should we grant him this robot-body, given that he has threatened us with harm?
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^ To tell you the truth, I'm really somewhat pissed-off because I feel my age, and with my experience, this should be my time."

in a moment you will find yourself hopelessly out of your depth, floored by his knowledge." .Many others agree that Jones is characterised by his irrepressible, good-natured enthusiasm, which is perhaps the reason for his unflagging loyalty to the preservation of the group.^ Jones the Serious and Gilliam the Good-Natured goof with Quinn the Eskimo features and a boundless capacity to accommodate Eric Idle's rancid put-downs.

.However, Jones' passion often led to prolonged arguments with other group members—in particular Cleese—with Jones often unwilling to back down.^ Cleese The great joy of the group was that we made each other laugh immoderately .

^ Despite this, Cleese, Michael Palin, Eric Idle, Terry Gilliam and Terry Jones are back together.

^ While the others arrange themselves in pairs (Chapman/Cleese, Jones/Palin), Idle chooses to write solo.

.Since his major contributions were largely behind the scenes (direction, writing), and he often deferred to the other members of the group as an actor, Jones' importance to Python was often underrated.^ Actor Ted Danson was sitting in the fifth row, along with other cast members from his old show, Cheers .

^ Python animator Terry Gilliam and housewife-impersonator Terry Jones have been elected to direct the epic.

^ Jones, who will collect the award, directed five of the Monty films including the controversial The Life Of Brian and Monty Python And The Holy Grail.

.However, he does have the legacy of delivering possibly the most famous line in all of Python, as Brian's mother Mandy in Life of Brian, "He's not the Messiah, he's a very naughty boy!", a line voted the funniest in film history on two occasions.^ It's not all that surprising that Thatcher should deliver Cleese's lines well; there are unnerving similarities between classic Python style and that of political oratory.

^ However we describe them, most of the pre-PYTHON shows stand up well to reviewing today, and all of them reveal acorns from which Pythonesque oaks -or larches - were to grow.

^ And this may not be unconnected to the fact that television was always one of the Pythons' main targets, while cinematic conventions have remained (by and large) untouched by their films, except obviously for the utterly brilliant cinema short Away From It All released to support Life Of Brian.

[22][23] .Since Python, he has continued as a film director and as a TV documentarian (normally on historical subjects).^ Since the mid-Seventies, some of that savagery seems to have been replaced by a softer parodic tone - through this is more evident in the individual Pythons' own subsequent TV series than it is in the films, and particularly Life Of Brian.

^ The point about Python is that they began a style of TV humour, so looking at them now, we can see where we've been, and see what's come out of them since.

He was diagnosed with bowel cancer in October 2006, undergoing a successful operation to remove it weeks later.[24]
.Michael Palin was born on 5 May 1943 in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England.^ Michael Palin, the son of an engineer from Sheffield, went to Oxford to read history.

.The youngest Python by a matter of weeks, Palin is often referred to as "the nice one". He attended Oxford, where he met his Python writing partner Jones.^ Their writing was sharper on Python that it had previously been, almost certainly due to the creative tension between the two main writing factions - the Cambridge duo of Cleese and Chapman vs. Oxford team of Palin and Jones.

^ Two weeks earlier the team had met for the first time, after a recording of Do Not Adjust Your Set (which starred Idle, Palin and Jones, along with David Jason and Denise Coffey).

^ They split up to write material - Chapman and Cleese, Jones and Palin, and Idle on his own.

.The two also wrote the series Ripping Yarns together.^ The Monty Python team wrote the script together, provided their own music and two of them are co-directing.

.Palin and Jones originally wrote face-to-face, but soon found it was more productive to write apart and then come together to review what the other had written.^ Palin and Jones wrote together.

^ The other thing I've found is that it's enormously time-consuming, and I really do want to have more time to pursue the things that I enjoy.

^ Despite this, Cleese, Michael Palin, Eric Idle, Terry Gilliam and Terry Jones are back together.

.Therefore, Jones and Palin's sketches tended to be more focused than that of the others, taking one bizarre, hilarious situation, sticking to it, and building on it.^ The sketch is very funny, but it is more than routine comedy performed by professionals prepared to behave foolishly for the sake of entertaining the public.

^ Michael Palin, one of the other partners, says that, for all his seriousness, Cleese can be "delightfully silly".

^ 'One day,' shouts his distraught son, 'you'll realise there's more to life than culture...'

.After Flying Circus, he hosted Saturday Night Live four times in the first ten seasons.^ By Hugh Hebert Another 25th anniversary, Monty Python's Flying Circus (BBC2), the very first, now fragile episode.

^ Monty Python's Flying Circus is the new late programme on Sunday night,' read the listing for 5th October 1969.

^ Mail On Sunday, Night & Day magazine, 10th July 1994, page 29 By Hunter Davies: Goodness, is it really 25 years since the first Monty Python's Flying Circus?

.His comedy output began to decrease in amount following the increasing success of his travel documentaries for the BBC, beginning with one edition in the first series of Great Railway Journeys of the World.^ "I don't," he explains, "want to be too dependent on one thing" - and he and his wife have written a new half-hour comedy series which, he hopes, will appeal to the programme planners.

^ So we began moving from one sketch to the next without ant transition, while the rest of the comedy shows still tie themselves in knots over punch lines."

^ It used to be said - much to the Pythons' pleasure - that one effect of watching the programme was that it was impossible to take whatever followed seriously.

He eventually announced his retirement from comedy in the late 1990s..June 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] His most recent travel doc was 2007's Michael Palin's New Europe.^ Michael Palin told me: "Any new material we write would have to be in the style that we've always had.

Palin released a book of diaries from the Python years entitled Michael Palin Diaries 1969-1979, published in 2007.

Associate Pythons

Several people have been accorded unofficial "Associate Python" status over the years. Occasionally such people have been referred to as the 7th Python, in a style reminiscent of associates of the Beatles being dubbed "The 5th Beatle." The two collaborators with the most meaningful and plentiful contributions have been Neil Innes and Carol Cleveland. Both were present and presented as Associate Pythons at the official Monty Python 25th anniversary celebrations held in Los Angeles in July 1994.
Carol Cleveland as the stereotypical "blonde bombshell" in the Marriage Guidance Counsellor sketch.
.Neil Innes, born on 9 December 1944, in Danbury, Essex, England, is the only non-Python besides Douglas Adams to be credited with writing material for the Flying Circus.^ Monty Python's Flying Circus had landed.

^ Six more minutes of Monty Python's Flying Circus (29) .
  • Monty Python Flying Circus: Just the Words - Index of Characters 22 September 2009 23:30 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: General]

^ By Hugh Hebert Another 25th anniversary, Monty Python's Flying Circus (BBC2), the very first, now fragile episode.

.He appeared in sketches and the Python films, as well as performing some of his songs in Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl.^ Not actually a Python sketch, more a sketch that the Pythons performed in live shows.
  • The Life of Python - 20 Greatest Monty Python Sketches 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC gnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is the best sketch Monty Python ever did.
  • The Life of Python - 20 Greatest Monty Python Sketches 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC gnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scripts from the Monty Python sketches .
  • The Life of Python - 20 Greatest Monty Python Sketches 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC gnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.He was also a regular stand-in for absent team members on the rare occasions when they re-created sketches outside of Python.^ Several members of the Python team have recorded extra audio material - hints, directions, trivia questions etc - but these had not been added to the pre-release version.

^ Journalists have used these phrases as a convenient shorthand, knowing they will be understood by readers - proof of how completely Python and its sketches have entered the national psyche.

^ They're the ones who bring everyone down - and God knows why, since they have no interest in Python either way.

For example, he took the place of Cleese when he was unable to appear at the Concert for George. .Gilliam once noted that if anyone qualified for the title of the "Seventh Python," it would certainly be Innes.^ I read this out to Terry Gilliam, once Python's animation supremo and currently in the midst of a pyrrhic struggle for funding a new movie.

^ From anyone else, much of it would have seemed stunning, but from the Pythons themselves it was something of a disappointment.

.He was one of the creative talents in the off-beat Bonzo Dog Band.^ Neil Innes (music) is part-time Python, ex-member of The Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band.

^ So when I left college I joined the Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band, writing and also playing keyboards.

.He would later portray Ron Nasty of the Rutles and write all of the Rutles' compositions for All You Need is Cash (1978).^ If all the film villains got together - Freddy Krueger, Jason, the Joker, Jimmy Bond - you know they would pick The Humongous to be be their leader.
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^ So, brave knights, if you do doubt your courage or your strength, come no further, for death awaits you all with nasty big pointy teeth.
  • Monty Python and the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You don't have to go through all this business of getting to know people, as you would in a play or a cinema film.

.By 2005, a falling out had occurred between Idle and Innes over additional Rutles projects, the results being Innes' critically acclaimed Rutles "reunion" album The Rutles: Archaeology and Idle's straight-to-DVD The Rutles 2: Can't Buy Me Lunch, each undertaken without the other's participation.^ When we started out we developed for a couple of years, and then I think we sat and worked out the other variations without progressing.

^ Eric Idle went straight from Python to his weekly BBC2 parody Rutland Weekend Television with Neil Innes.

^ Python sketches weave in and out of each other, without beginning or end.

.According to an interview with Idle in the Chicago Tribune in May 2005, his attitude is that he and Innes go back "too far.^ The Courier and Advertiser, 8th May 1974 [With great picture of the Pythons (Idle, Innes, Palin and Cleese) lounging about in Doune Castle.

^ Neil Innes is Python's unharried goalie and Idle a vigorous full-back who sometimes cuts into the attack.

And no further." Innes has remained silent on the dispute.
.Carol Cleveland, born 13 January 1942, in London, was the most important female performer in the Monty Python ensemble, commonly referred to as the "Python Girl."^ The answer is Carol Cleveland, also known as the Python Girl.

^ Carol Cleveland ( actress who became the ensemble's token woman ) We didn't actually do a lot of rehearsal.

^ For the Pythons fully deserve their reputation as perhaps the most innovative comedy writers and performers of the last quarter of a century.

.Originally hired by producer/director John Howard Davies for just the first five episodes of the Flying Circus, she went on to appear in approximately two-thirds of the episodes as well as in all of the Python films, and in most of their stage shows as well.^ Monty Python's Flying Circus had landed.

^ John Howard Davies, producer of the first Python Shows, said he is unaware on any 'risqué' material held back.

^ Not least, Python has appeared on stage.

.Her common portrayal as the stereotypical "blonde bimbo" eventually earned her the sobriquet "Carol Cleavage" from the other Pythons, but she felt that the variety of her roles should not be described in such a pejorative way.^ I suppose Python was pretty sexist - Carol Cleveland was the token, occasional woman and she just played outrageous bimbos - but we didn't understand sexism then.

Other contributors

.Cleese's ex-wife Connie Booth, who alongside him, co-wrote and co-starred in Fawlty Towers, was probably the only other significant female performer.^ Just an FYI Miller only directed part of Part III, Thunderdome, with George Olgivie directing the other half due to the on set death of a Miller co-worker/friend.
  • Perez Hilton: Mad Max Is Back! Charlize Set To Star (Not As Max) 25 January 2010 17:017 UTC perezhilton.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Features a picture of three knights standing heroically (caption: "Sirs Eric Idle, John Cleese and Mike Palin") and a fascinating allusion to Fawlty Towers.

^ It will be spent writing with his wife, actress Connie Booth, and making industrial trading films on videotape, a form of filming he enjoys - "mainly because we do it in suits in warm offices.

.She appeared in, amongst others "The Lumberjack Song" and as the "witch" in Monty Python and the Holy Grail.^ The are making a film called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

^ He said it was based on the King Arthur legend, and that a group of Python characters are told by God to search for the Holy Grail.

^ The Python team has made one successful film (financed by Victor Lownes, who runs the London Playboy Club) and is working on another, to be called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

.Douglas Adams was "discovered" by Chapman when a version of the Footlights Revue (a 1974 BBC2 television show featuring some of Adams' early work) was performed live in London's West End.^ Cleese met Terry Gilliam in New York when he performed there in Cambridge Circus , a revue based on Footlights, and when the illustrator moved to London, helped him to get television work.

^ The Footlights revue has often proved a valuable source of talent, and some BBC people thought Cleese had potential.

^ On 5th December, 1974, television Python came to an inglorious end.

.In Cleese's absence from the final TV series, the two formed a brief writing partnership, with Adams earning a writing credit in one episode for a sketch called "Patient Abuse". In the sketch, a man who had been stabbed by a nurse arrives at his doctor's office bleeding profusely from the stomach, when the doctor makes him fill out numerous senseless forms before he can administer treatment (a joke Adams later incorporated into the Vogon race's obsession with paperwork in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy).^ A doctor whose patients are stabbed by his nurse (45) .
  • Monty Python Flying Circus: Just the Words - Index of Characters 22 September 2009 23:30 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: General]

^ Meanwhile, the other members of the team are preparing a TV series without him.

^ It will be spent writing with his wife, actress Connie Booth, and making industrial trading films on videotape, a form of filming he enjoys - "mainly because we do it in suits in warm offices.

He also had two cameo appearances in this season. Firstly, in the episode The Light Entertainment War, Adams shows up in a surgeon's mask (as Dr. Emile Koning, according to the on-screen captions), pulling on gloves, while Palin narrates a sketch that introduces one person after another, and never actually gets started. Secondly, at the beginning of Mr. Neutron, Adams is dressed in a "pepperpot" outfit and loads a missile onto a cart being driven by Terry Jones, who is calling out for scrap metal ("Any old iron..."). .Adams and Chapman also subsequently attempted a few non-Python projects, including Out of the Trees. He also contributed to a sketch on the soundtrack album for Monty Python and the Holy Grail.^ This is the best sketch Monty Python ever did.
  • The Life of Python - 20 Greatest Monty Python Sketches 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC gnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The are making a film called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

^ Scripts from the Monty Python sketches .
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Stand-up comedian Eddie Izzard, a devoted fan of the group, has occasionally stood in for absent members. .When the BBC held a "Python Night" in 1999 to celebrate 30 years of the first broadcast of Flying Circus, the Pythons recorded some new material with Izzard standing in for Idle, who had declined to partake in person (he taped a solo contribution from the US).^ Monty Python's Flying Circus had landed.

^ BBC2's return of the very first series of Monty Python's Flying Circus will give everyone the chance to find out.

^ It seems to me that this is a list of great Monty Python sketches as written by someone who doesn't understand the finer points of some of their lesser known work.
  • The Life of Python - 20 Greatest Monty Python Sketches 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC gnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Izzard hosted a history of the group entitled The Life of Python (1999) that was part of the Python Night and appeared with them at a festival/tribute in Aspen, Colorado, in 1998 (released on DVD as Live at Aspen).^ Catherine Jordan reports on a change of heart The night before Monty Python's reunion gig last weekend at the annual US Comedy Arts Festival in Aspen, Colorado, John Cleese appeared on the TV talk show Dennis Miller Live .

^ Dennis Miller Live was taped the night before the gig in the same venue - Aspen's Wheeler Opera House.

^ He is appearing in the new film, but does not intend to be part of the next Python television series planned for the autumn.

Cultural Influence of Monty Python

By the time of the twenty-fifth anniversary of Monty Python in 1994, the point was already being made that "the five surviving members had with the passing years begun to occupy an institutional position in the edifice of British social culture that they had once had so much fun trying to demolish".[25] A similar point is made in a 2006 book on the relationship between Monty and philosophy: "It is remarkable, after all, not only that the utterly bizarre Monty Python's Flying Circus was sponsored by the BBC in the first place, but that Monty Python itself grew into an institution of enormous cultural influence"[26]

World Record Holders

.
  • On St George's Day, Monday, 23 April 2007 the cast and creators of Spamalot gathered in Trafalgar Square under the tutelage of the two Terrys (Jones and Gilliam) to set a new record for the world's largest coconut orchestra.^ Python animator Terry Gilliam and housewife-impersonator Terry Jones have been elected to direct the epic.

    ^ I read this out to Terry Gilliam, once Python's animation supremo and currently in the midst of a pyrrhic struggle for funding a new movie.

    ^ Inside the castle director Terry Gilliam was setting up a shot in which Sir Galahad's vow of chastity is put under severe strain by the attentions of a lustful lady.

    .They led 5,567 people "clip-clopping" in time to the Python classic "Always Look On The Bright Side of Life" for the Guinness World Records attempt.^ The Pythons were looking for someone to play the roles they couldn't play themselves.

    ^ You can imagine what she made of Python and, for the first time, cuts looked inevitable.

    ^ For 30 years now, Monty Python has helped us look on the bright side of life Thirty years ago this weekend the Radio Times announced a new series from the BBC's Light Entertainment department.

    [27]

'Pythonesque'

.Amongst the more visible cultural influences of Monty Python is the inclusion of terms either directly from, or derived from, Monty Python, into the lexicon of the English language.^ The term derives, of course, from Monty Python's Flying Circus (the title means nothing in particular), the notorious television comedy show, which since 1969 has been a favourite English indoor sport.

^ Either reality has become more Pythonesque, or perhaps the Python point of view was always closer to reality than we realised.

^ Like so many other things in English, Monty Python is difficult for the foreigner to comprehend.

.The most obvious of these is the term 'pythonesque', which has become a byword in surreal humour, and is included in standard dictionaries.^ You can look up "Pythonesque" in a dictionary and find it means "surreal or bizarre".

[28] .This is perhaps somewhat misleading, since the humour of Monty Python, whilst certainly nonsensical and surreal, is still strongly characterised by a preoccupation with sociological concepts such as the British social class system.^ Better still relax, sit back, and enjoy a good story about MONTY PYTHON making a film in Scotland.

^ He went to public school, and thinks that a good deal of the Monty Python comedy comes from a reaction against the system.

^ And, as such, he is in process this week and for some weeks to come of helping to put the inimitable Monty Python team on celluloid - the making of their second feature film.

These themes cannot be said to be essential to surrealist comedy as a whole.
The term has been applied to animations similar to those constructed by Gilliam (e.g. the cut-out style of .South Park, whose creators have often acknowledged a debt to Python, including contributing material to the aforementioned 30th anniversary theme night).^ Ben Elton, for instance, might acknowledge a debt to Python, but, says Jones, "I can't see how we influenced him.

^ "And we decided that, as next year is the 30th anniversary of Monty Python, we are going to do something.

^ Python's roots included John Cleese and Graham Chapman's collaborations on At Last, The 1948 Show; Do Not Adjust Your Set and sundry contributions to The Frost Report.

[29]
Terry Jones commented on his disappointment at the existence of such a term, claiming the initial aim of Monty Python was to create something new and uncategorisable and that "the fact that Pythonesque is now a word in the Oxford English Dictionary shows the extent to which we failed".[30]
.Good Eats creator Alton Brown cited Python as one of the influences that shaped how he created the series, as well as how he authors the script for each episode.^ The official Monty Python website: Python Online Monty Python's Words/Quotes/Full Scripts This website has the scripts of all 45 episodes from the original Monty Python's Flying Circus TV series .
  • The Life of Python - 20 Greatest Monty Python Sketches 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC gnews.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ben Elton, for instance, might acknowledge a debt to Python, but, says Jones, "I can't see how we influenced him.

^ It used to be said - much to the Pythons' pleasure - that one effect of watching the programme was that it was impossible to take whatever followed seriously.

[31] .Recent episodes even include Gilliam-style animations to illustrate key points.^ Apart from the films of Cleese and Gilliam, the former Pythons have not exactly been riding a wave of critical acclaim recently, perhaps because their style of comedy is not currently fashionable.

Things named after Monty Python

.Beyond a dictionary definition, Python terms have entered the lexicon in other ways.^ Catch phrases: quite apart from their other achievements, Monty Python has the distinction of being the first TV comedy show to really enter the nation's vocabulary in a big way.

.
  • The Python programming language by Guido van Rossum is named after the troupe, and Monty Python references are often found in sample code created for that language.^ Then someone came up with Monty Python's Flying Circus., and the name stuck.

    ^ The clearest reference point for the Pythons was Goon show creator Spike Milligan's television series Q5.

    ^ The jurors have created a special award in recognition of the legendary comedy troupe founded by John Cleese, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin.

    .Additionally, a 2001 April Fool's Day joke by van Rossum and Larry Wall involving the merger of Python with Perl was dubbed "Parrot" after the Dead Parrot Sketch.^ Many of those Python sketches now recognised by shorthand - the dead parrot, the lumberjack, the cheese shop, "nudge, nudge, say no more" - will continue sparkle on the 14th viewing.

    ^ John and Graham also wrote together, and in the early days they were responsible for the more cerebral, linguistic bits like the Parrot and Cheese Shop sketches.

    .The name "Parrot" was later used for a project to develop a virtual machine for running bytecode for interpreted languages such as Perl and Python.^ A few years later, when there were problems financing Life Of Brian , the Pythons considered using the two German shows as the basis of a film.

    ^ He certainly has a well-developed contempt for platitudes, and has put it to good use in commercials as well as the Python series.

    .Also, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory wrote some spacecraft navigation software in Python, which they dubbed "Monty."
  • In 1985, a fossil of a previously unknown species of gigantic prehistoric snake from the Miocene was discovered in Riversleigh, Queensland, Australia.^ They've gone ahead with my blessing and good wishes - in fact, I think they've got some of my material which I wrote with Graham in the first show, and I'm glad about that.

    ^ JACK DEE I've always thought of Monty Python as the Beatles of comedy because they liberated it.

    ^ They threw in Monty Python as an afterthought, because it sounded like a bad theatrical agent.

    .The Australian palaeontologist who discovered the fossil snake was a Monty Python fan, and he gave the snake the taxonomic name of Montypythonoides riversleighensis in honour of the Monty Python team.^ The Python team has made one successful film (financed by Victor Lownes, who runs the London Playboy Club) and is working on another, to be called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

    ^ My favourite of the Python team was Eric Idle - it was obvious he wasn't a patrician who viewed comedy as an artform.

    ^ Then someone came up with Monty Python's Flying Circus., and the name stuck.

    [32] .(Transliterated from Greek Μοντυπυθωνοειδής back to English, Montypythonoides means "like Monty Python").
  • In 2006, Ben & Jerry's, known for their "celebrity flavours," introduced to the lineup "Vermonty Python", a coffee liqueur ice cream with a chocolate cookie crumb swirl and fudge cows.^ Better still relax, sit back, and enjoy a good story about MONTY PYTHON making a film in Scotland.

    ^ They threw in Monty Python as an afterthought, because it sounded like a bad theatrical agent.

    ^ The term derives, of course, from Monty Python's Flying Circus (the title means nothing in particular), the notorious television comedy show, which since 1969 has been a favourite English indoor sport.

    The name "Minty Python" had been suggested before, according to a Ben and Jerry's tour guide.
  • Each member of Monty Python has an asteroid named after him (9617 Grahamchapman, 9618 Johncleese, 9619 Terrygilliam, 9620 Ericidle, 9621 Michaelpalin, and 9622 Terryjones).
  • In 1999, Black Sheep Brewery released an ale named "Monty Python's Holy Grail Ale."[33]
  • The character Monty in the comic strip with the same name, created by Jim Meddick, is named after Monty Python. .The bizarre and unpredictable humour in the strip is clearly inspired by Monty Python.^ Monty Python were the ultimate in surreal, quirky British humour.

    ^ Given this kind of approach, the Python brand of humour clearly cannot be to everyone's taste.

    ^ Monty Python inspired a whole new generation of comics and is still doing so today (where would Alexei Sayle, Steve Martin or Vic and Bob be without Python?

    .May 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed]
  • The band Toad the Wet Sprocket drew its name from the Eric Idle monologue "Rock Notes" on Monty Python's Contractual Obligation Album from 1980.
  • The band Boxhamsters, which is the German translation of Brook-Hampster, the winner of the Upper Class Twit of the Year.^ Monty Python went on, of course, to become as big as the Beatles in the States, prefiguring the cliché of the century that comedy is the new rock 'n' roll.

    ^ Get unlimited music for as low as $12.95 a month "" appears on the album, Monty Python Sings .
    • from Monty Python Sings by Monty Python on Napster — Play and download music by Monty Python without paying per song. 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC sms.napster.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Then someone came up with Monty Python's Flying Circus., and the name stuck.

    [34]
  • A philosophy lecture series entitled Themes in Contemporary Analytic Philosophy as Reflected in the Work of Monty Python [35][36]
  • According to the Internet Society and other sources, the term spam is derived from the 1970 SPAM sketch of the BBC television comedy series "Monty Python's Flying Circus."
  • In the MMORPG RuneScape, there are numerous references to the series and its movies scattered throughout the game as easter eggs.

Python media

Television

The show that started the Python phenomenon. See also List of Monty Python's Flying Circus episodes
Two 45-minute specials made by WDR for West German television. .The first was recorded in German, while the second was in English with German dubbing.^ The first episode, actually recorded second, contained a telling blend of items, giving a good indication of what to expect in future.

Six one-hour specials, each episode presenting the best of one member's work.

Films

There were five Monty Python productions released as theatrical films:
A collection of sketches from the first and second TV series of .Monty Python's Flying Circus purposely re-enacted and shot for film.^ Monty Python's Flying Circus had landed.

^ It is not easy to recognise the zany star of Monty Python's Flying Circus.

^ A giant stride for comedy - the arrival of Monty Python's Flying Circus.

King Arthur and his knights embark on a low-budget search for the Holy Grail, encountering humorous obstacles along the way. Some of these turned into standalone sketches.
Brian is born on the first Christmas, in the stable next to Jesus'. He spends his life being mistaken for a messiah.
A videotape recording directed by Ian MacNaughton of a live performance of sketches. Originally intended for a TV/video special. Transferred to 35mm and given a limited theatrical release in the US.
An examination of the meaning of life in a series of sketches from conception to death and beyond, from the uniquely Python perspective.
  • Monty Python: Almost the Truth (The Lawyers Cut) (2009)
This film features interviews with all the surviving Python members, along with archive representation for the late Graham Chapman. The Pythons will tell their life story and reveal deeper truths alongside the more tried and tested Python history lessons. “This is the documentary I always hoped that would be made - something so complete and so faithful to the truth that I don't need to watch it,” said Terry Jones.

Albums

Theatre

.
  • Monty Python's Flying Circus — Between 1974 and 1980 (Live at the Hollywood Bowl was released in 1982, but was performed in 1980) the Pythons made three sketch-based stage shows, comprising mainly material from the original television series.
  • Monty Python's Spamalot — Written by Idle directed by Mike Nichols, with music and lyrics by John Du Prez and Idle, and starring Hank Azaria, Tim Curry, and David Hyde Pierce, Spamalot is a musical adaptation of the film Monty Python and the Holy Grail.^ Six more minutes of Monty Python's Flying Circus (29) .
    • Monty Python Flying Circus: Just the Words - Index of Characters 22 September 2009 23:30 UTC www.ibras.dk [Source type: General]

    ^ The are making a film called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

    ^ Monty Python's Flying Circus had landed.

    .It ran in Chicago from 21 December 2004 to 23 January 2005, and began performances on Broadway on 17 March 2005. It won three Tonys.
  • Not the Messiah (He's a Very Naughty Boy) — The Toronto Symphony Orchestra commissioned Idle and John Du Prez to write the music and lyrics of an oratorio based on Monty Python's Life of Brian.^ Spamalot is entering the home stretch at the Palace Theatre, where the stage musical version of Monty Python and the Holy Grail is now on its fifth King Arthur—the role originated on Broadway and then the West End by Tim Curr...

    ^ Features a picture of three knights standing heroically (caption: "Sirs Eric Idle, John Cleese and Mike Palin") and a fascinating allusion to Fawlty Towers.

    ^ Sanjeev Bhaskar has signed on to play King Arthur in the London production of Monty Python's Spamalot, beginning June 23.

    Entitled Not the Messiah, it had its world premiere as part of Luminato, a "festival of arts and creativity" taking place June 1–10, 2007 in Toronto. Not the Messiah was conducted by Peter Oundjian, Music Director of the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, who is Idle’s cousin. It was performed by a narrator, the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, with guest soloists and choir. According to Idle, "It will be funnier than Handel, though not as good".

Books

Games

.
  • In 1990 a computer game, Monty Python's Flying Circus, was released by Virgin Games for 8-bit systems such as the Commodore 64, Amstrad CPC and the Sinclair ZX Spectrum.^ Monty Python's Flying Circus had landed.

    ^ It is not easy to recognise the zany star of Monty Python's Flying Circus.

    ^ A giant stride for comedy - the arrival of Monty Python's Flying Circus.

    [37]
  • .
  • In 1994 Monty Python's Complete Waste of Time, for PC / DOS, was released by 7th Level.
  • In 1996, 7th Level released the official Monty Python & the Quest for the Holy Grail.^ Monty Python's Complete Waste of Time has been developed by Gilliam and a Los Angeles-based software house, 7th Level.

    ^ The are making a film called Monty Python and the Holy Grail.

    ^ Our quest is to find the Holy Grail.
    • Monty Python and the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

    .It used footage and imagery from the film, as well as audio clips (some new) and featured an animated version of a scene never filmed entitled "King Brian The Wild".
  • In 1997, 7th Level also released Monty Python's The Meaning of Life.^ Also, Monty Python never relay died.

    ^ The first Python film ran a slight profit and went well here and in Canada and Australia.

    ^ Monty Python went on, of course, to become as big as the Beatles in the States, prefiguring the cliché of the century that comedy is the new rock 'n' roll.

    .According to the jewel case description, it's based on the film by the same name, but it's really something completely similar yet entirely different.
  • In late 2007 Toy Vault Inc announced their Monty Python property game, Python-opoly.^ "And now for something completely different" was easier.

    ^ Something completely different indeed.

    ^ With the death of Graham Chapman almost a decade ago, there can never be a complete Python reunion again - let alone another film.

    [38]
  • .
  • In 2008 Looney Labs released the card game Monty Python Fluxx.^ Obviously the original is copyrighted and anyone attempting to exploit this file commercially without permission of Monty Python is a looney...--sacred-texts editor .
    • Monty Python and the Holy Grail 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www.sacred-texts.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Monty Python and the Holy Grail will have a West End opening in November to be followed by a nationwide release in January.

    [39]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Gilliam was born American and obtained British citizenship in 1968. In protest at George W. Bush, he renounced his American citizenship in January 2006 and is now only a British citizen. oew/dpa/ddp (10 February 2006). Kopflos am Potsdamer Platz. tagesspiegel (German. Retrieved 15 September 2007.
  2. ^ Wilmut (1980), p. 250.
  3. ^ The Pythons by 'The Pythons' IBSN 0752852930
  4. ^ Todd Leopold (2003-12-11). "How Monty Python changed the world". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2003/SHOWBIZ/TV/12/10/monty.python/index.html. Retrieved 2007-03-30. "Python has been called "the Beatles of comedy,"" 
  5. ^ Mark Lewisohn. "Monty Python's Flying Circus". The bbc.uk.co Guide to Comedy. BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/comedy/guide/articles/m/montypythonsflyi_1299002137.shtml. Retrieved 2007-03-31. "In essence, the Monty Python team are the comedy equivalent of the Beatles." 
  6. ^ "Cook voted 'comedians' comedian'". BBC News. 2 January 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/tv_and_radio/4141019.stm. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  7. ^ "YouTube - The Monty Python Channel on YouTube". YouTube. 14 November 2008. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OGqX-tkDXEk. Retrieved 2008-12-07. 
  8. ^ a b The Pythons Autobiography By The Pythons—Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, Michael Palin, John Chapman, David Sherlock, Bob McCabe—Thomas Dunne Books; Orion, 2003
  9. ^ Wilmut (1980), p.211
  10. ^ "BBC - Comedy - Monty Python". http://www.bbc.co.uk/comedy/montypython/index.shtml. 
  11. ^ a b Museum of Broadcast Communications. "Monty Python's Flying Circus". http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/M/htmlM/montypython/montypython.htm. 
  12. ^ Monty Python's Flying Circus Just The Words Volume 1, p33. Methuen, 1990
  13. ^ Richard Ouzounian, "Python still has legs", Toronto Star, 16 July 2006
  14. ^ Interview with John Cleese on Q-The Podcast with host John Ghomeshi on July 16, 2009
  15. ^ "50 Greatest Comedy Films". channel4.com. http://www.channel4.com/film/newsfeatures/microsites/G/greatest-comedyfilms/index.html. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  16. ^ IMDB; as of January 2005; includes pre-release items.
  17. ^ Monty Python reunion 'unlikely', BBC News, 9 September 2003
  18. ^ Exclusive new Monty Python specials slated to premiere in 2006, PBS, 13 July 2005
  19. ^ mollyblack wrote: (2009-07-11). "retrieved 6 July 2009". Independent.co.uk. http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/theatre-dance/news/monty-python-stars-to-stage-reunion-1733638.html. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  20. ^ "Pythons receive BAFTA Special Award". Bafta.org. 2009-10-18. http://www.bafta.org/access-all-areas/videos/monty-python-special-award,877,BA.html. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  21. ^ David Morgan (October 6, 2006). "Terry Gilliam Sounds Off, Director Of 'Brazil' Says Current Events Parallel His Cult Movie". CBSNews. http://www.showbuzz.cbsnews.com/stories/2006/10/06/movies/main2071659.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  22. ^ Philip French, Mark Kermode, Jason Solomons, Akin Ojumu, and Killian Fox (July 22, 2007). "The last laugh: your favourite 50". The Observer. http://film.guardian.co.uk/features/featurepages/0,,2131880,00.html. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  23. ^ Sarah Womack (19 February 2002). "Life of Brian wins the vote for film's best laughter line". Telegraph. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1385293/Life-of-Brian-wins-the-vote-for-film's-best-laughter-line.html. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  24. ^ "Ex-Python star has cancer surgery". BBC News. 23 October 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/6077480.stm. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  25. ^ Perry, George (1999). The Life of Python. London: Pavilion Books. p. 6. ISBN 1-85793-441-5. 
  26. ^ Hardcastle, G.L., & Reisch, G.A. (2006). "”What’s All This Then?” The Introduction". in Gary L. Hardcastle & George A Reisch. Monty Python and Philosophy: Nudge Nudge, Think Think!. Chicago: Open Court. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-8126-9593-9.  Also ISBN 0-8126-9593-3
  27. ^ BBC-Spamalot cast sets coconut record.
  28. ^ "Monty Pythonesque." Webster's New Millennium Dictionary of English, Preview Edition (v 0.9.7). Lexico Publishing Group, LLC. 23 November 2007. Pythonesque
  29. ^ "Monty Python meets South Park". BBC News. 1999-10-04. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/entertainment/464765.stm. Retrieved 2008-09-21. 
  30. ^ Monty Python: Live at Aspen, 1998
  31. ^ Marc Berman (27 September 2009). "Mr. TV: Food for Thought". Mediaweek. http://www.mediaweek.com/mw/content_display/community/programming-insider/column/e3icbd5f8a8048766fc980ec4910fe71b25. Retrieved 27 October 2009. 
  32. ^ Monty Python - a Brief History, BBC, 29 January 2002
  33. ^ Monty Python's Holy Grail
  34. ^ "Boxhamsters". www.boxhamsters.net. http://www.boxhamsters.net. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  35. ^ Gary L. Hardcastle: Themes in Contemporary Analytic Philosophy as Relfected in the Work of Monty Python
  36. ^ Gary L. Hardcastle & George A Reisch, ed (2006). Monty Python and Philosophy: Nudge Nudge, Think Think!. Chicago: Open Court. ISBN 978-0-8126-9593-9.  Also ISBN 0-8126-9593-3
  37. ^ "Monty Python's Flying Circus on World of Spectrum". Worldofspectrum.org. http://www.worldofspectrum.org/infoseekid.cgi?id=0003260. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  38. ^ "Toy Vault web site for Python-opoly, retrieved November 20, 2008". Toyvault.com. http://www.toyvault.com/pythonopoly/index.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 
  39. ^ "Web site for Monty Python Fluxx". Fluxxgames.com. http://fluxxgames.com/. Retrieved 2009-08-19. 

Further reading

  • Chapman, Graham (1997). Graham Crackers: Fuzzy Memories, Silly Bits, and Outright Lies, Career Pr Inc. ISBN 1-56414-334-1
  • Landy, Marcia (2005). .Monty Python's Flying Circus.^ Monty Python's Flying Circus was indeed 'something completely different' and anyone around in the late 1960s or early 1970s will tell you just what an impact it had on this country, and later the world.

    ^ By Hugh Hebert Another 25th anniversary, Monty Python's Flying Circus (BBC2), the very first, now fragile episode.

    ^ Then someone came up with Monty Python's Flying Circus., and the name stuck.

    Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3103-3.
     
  • Morgan, David (June 1999). .Monty Python Speaks, a Spike imprint, Avon Books Inc., New York, New York.^ Monty Python went on, of course, to become as big as the Beatles in the States, prefiguring the cliché of the century that comedy is the new rock 'n' roll.

    ^ EDIT NEWS: Monty Python - Press Coverage 1990 - 99 .

    ^ Monty Python inspired a whole new generation of comics and is still doing so today (where would Alexei Sayle, Steve Martin or Vic and Bob be without Python?

    ISBN 0-380-80479-4
  • Wilmut, Roger (1980). .From Fringe to Flying Circus, Eyre Methuen Ltd, London.^ In his book From Fringe To Flying Circus (the best on MPFC), Roger Wilmut has suggested that the Pythons "were perhaps the last people to benefit from Hugh Greene's influence at the BBC".

    ISBN 0-413-50770-X
  • The Secret Policeman's Balls, 3-DVD set (2009)
  • Monty Python: 40 Years of Insanity
    • "Monty Python: 40 Years of Insanity".^ A graduate of Cambridge University, and a onetime NEWSWEEK staffer, Cleese explains that "Monty Python was the result of four years of frustration writing for television.

      ^ We Monty Pythons started together 29 years ago.

      ^ It is safe to say that Monty Python's Flying Circus went from a little known cult show to a fully fledged British institution in the space of 15 years.

      Life.com. .2009-10-05.^ Posted by: ugg boots sale at December 10, 2009 05:02 PM (I3/dZ) .
      • Mad Max Trilogy 25 January 2010 17:017 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

      .http://www.life.com/image/first/in-gallery/34232/monty-python-40-years-of-insanity.^ For 30 years now, Monty Python has helped us look on the bright side of life Thirty years ago this weekend the Radio Times announced a new series from the BBC's Light Entertainment department.

      ^ It is safe to say that Monty Python's Flying Circus went from a little known cult show to a fully fledged British institution in the space of 15 years.

      ^ By Hugh Hebert Another 25th anniversary, Monty Python's Flying Circus (BBC2), the very first, now fragile episode.

      .Retrieved 2009-10-06.
       
  • The Life of Python - 20 Greatest Monty Python Sketches (40th Anniversary)
    • "The Life of Python - 20 Greatest Monty Python Sketches".^ By Hugh Hebert Another 25th anniversary, Monty Python's Flying Circus (BBC2), the very first, now fragile episode.

      ^ Jones, who will collect the award, directed five of the Monty films including the controversial The Life Of Brian and Monty Python And The Holy Grail.

      ^ But Pythonmania still feels like something recent although, like them, Monty Python's Flying Circus (BBC2) is celebrating its 25th anniversary.

      Gnews.com. .2009-10-05.^ Posted by: ugg boots sale at December 10, 2009 05:02 PM (I3/dZ) .
      • Mad Max Trilogy 25 January 2010 17:017 UTC minx.cc [Source type: General]

      .http://gnews.com/entertainment/The-Life-of-Python-20-Greatest-Monty-Python-Sketches-110424014489.html.^ For 30 years now, Monty Python has helped us look on the bright side of life Thirty years ago this weekend the Radio Times announced a new series from the BBC's Light Entertainment department.

      ^ Jones, who will collect the award, directed five of the Monty films including the controversial The Life Of Brian and Monty Python And The Holy Grail.

      ^ Winter 1999, page 131 [Part of "The 100 Greatest Entertainers, 1950-2000" special issue, before Bob Newhart and after The X-Files] 77: MONTY PYTHON Dead parrots.

      Retrieved 2009-10-06
      . 

External links


Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Category:Monty Python article)

From Wikiquote

.These are quotations from Monty Python productions.^ You dont have to be a Monty Python fan to get all the cleverly-told and timed jokes in this production, as many of them are aimed directly at musicals themselves.
  • Spamalot Tickets, Discount Tickets and Information - Broadway - Open Date: 03/17/2005 2 February 2010 17:19 UTC www.theatermania.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Spamalot Tickets, Discount Tickets and Information - Broadway - Open Date: 03/17/2005 2 February 2010 17:19 UTC 1067litefm.theatermania.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Spamalot Tickets, Discount Tickets and Information - Broadway - Open Date: 03/17/2005 2 February 2010 17:19 UTC discounts.theatermania.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It will feature musical numbers and skits from past Python productions, will be co-directed by original Monty Python member Eric Idle and B.T. McNicholl, and feature musical direction by John Du Prez.
  • An Evening Without Monty Python to Play Los Angeles and NYC: Theater News on TheaterMania.com - 09/22/2009 13 January 2010 23:27 UTC www.theatermania.com [Source type: General]

^ I'm calling it 'Full Monty Python in the Park': a naked production of the Best of Monty Python , to be held on the stage in Squim Square.
  • OkCupid.com: search for "Monty Python" 2 February 2010 16:20 UTC www.okcupid.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Pages in category "Monty Python"

The following 5 pages are in this category, out of 5 total.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

Monty Python
  1. Monty Python's Flying Circus, a former British comedy troupe.

Derived terms


Simple English

Monty Python, also known as The Pythons, is a group of British actors who have acted in several comedy movies (most famously, Monty Python and the Holy Grail) and had a television show, Monty Python's Flying Circus which was originally between 1969 and 1974, and is still well-known and watched around the world.

The members of Monty Python are: John Cleese, Eric Idle, Graham Chapman, Terry Gilliam, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin.

Films

Other pages

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Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
          Monty Python
Graham ChapmanJohn CleeseTerry GilliamEric IdleTerry JonesMichael Palin
Films
And Now For Something Completely Different  • Monty Python and the Holy Grail  • Monty Python's Life of Brian  • Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl  • Monty Python's The Meaning of Life


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 13, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Monty Python, which are similar to those in the above article.








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