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Moose Jaw
Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan
Location of Moose Jaw
Coordinates: 50°24′N 105°33′W / 50.4°N 105.55°W / 50.4; -105.55
Country Canada
Province Saskatchewan
Area
 - Total 46.82 km2 (18.1 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 - Total 35,689
 Density 702.5/km2 (1,819.5/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
Website City of Moose Jaw Website

Moose Jaw is a city in south-central Saskatchewan, Canada on the Moose Jaw River. It is situated on the Trans-Canada Highway 71 kilometres (44 mi) west of Regina. Residents of Moose Jaw are known as Moose Javians. It is best known as a retirement and tourist city that serves as a hub to the hundreds of small towns and farms in the surrounding region of Saskatchewan.[citation needed]

The name Moose Jaw comes from the Plains Cree name moscâstani-sîpiy meaning "a warm place by the river", indicative of the protection from the weather that the Coteau Range provides to the river valley containing the city.[1]

Tourist attractions include the Tunnels of Moose Jaw, The Moose Jaw Trolley, the Temple Gardens Mineral Spa, Captain Jacks River Boat Tour, The Western Development Museum, Casino Moose Jaw and the Murals of Moose Jaw. Every July the Saskatchewan Festival of Words takes place over a four-day period showcasing top Canadian writers in a wide variety of genres. The Snowbirds flight demonstration team is based at CFB Moose Jaw, south of Moose Jaw in Bushell Park.

There are many parks in Moose Jaw. Crescent Park is located downtown and features a creek, swans, and an amphitheatre. "Wakamow Park" follows the Moose Jaw River and features both natural and maintained areas. There are many trails throughout the park for hiking and biking. There are also RV camping and canoe rentals in the park.

Local institutions include five high schools, 15 elementary schools, and the 57-member Moose Jaw Fire Department. Moose Jaw is also home to the Palliser Campus of the Saskatchewan Institute of Applied Science and Technology (SIAST).

Old Wives Lake, a saline lake is located 30 kms southwest of the city. Buffalo Pound Lake a prairie lake is located 28 kms north and is the city's water supply.

Contents

Economy

Near the northern terminus of Sk Hwy 39 is Moose Jaw, also called "Little Chicago". Moose Jaw, is a city of 35,689 at the Sk Hwy 1 Trans–Canada and Sk Hwy 2 intersection.[2] Capone's Car, Moose Family and Mac the Moose are all large roadside attractions of Moose Jaw.[3] Moose Jaw Trolley Company (1912) is still offering trolley tours of Moose Jaw. Temple Garden's Mineral Spa,[4] Tunnels of Moose Jaw,[5] and History of Transportation Western Development Museum.[6] are major sites of interest of this city.[7] The juncture of Moose Jaw and Thunder Creek produced the best source of water for steam engines, and Moose Jaw became the CPR divisional point.[8] AgPro Inland Grain Terminal operated by Saskatchewan Wheat Pool.[9] These large capacity concrete grain terminals are replacing the smaller grain elevators which were numerous along the highway, sentinels of most communities along the route. Improved technology for harvest, transport and road construction have made the large inland terminals more viable economically.[10] The rural governing body around Moose Jaw is Moose Jaw No. 161 which serves 1,228 residents (2006 census) which includes the Moose Jaw, Canadian Forces Base. Meat-processing plants, salt, potash, urea fertilizer, anhydrous ammonia and ethanol producers abound in this area with easy transport access to the Trans–Canada Highway.[2][11]

In 1917, a group of local residents banded together and purchased enough automobile parts to build 25 cars. These were to be manufactured under the name Moose Jaw Standard. Each member of the group was able to receive a car, but no further buyers were found, and production did not continue.[12]

CFB Moose Jaw

The area surrounding Moose Jaw has a high number of cloudless days, making it a good site for training pilots. The Royal Canadian Air Force under the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan established RCAF Station Moose Jaw in 1940. Following the war, the RCAF remained in the community and used the facility for training pilots through the Cold War. The facility changed its name to CFB Moose Jaw in 1968 and it is currently Canada's primary military flight training centre and the home of 431 (Air Demonstration) Squadron (aka the "Snowbirds").

CFB Moose Jaw's primary lodger unit is "15 Wing." In the Canadian Forces Air Command, the lodger unit is frequently referred to as 15 Wing Moose Jaw. The base usually holds an Armed Forces Day each year.

Climate

Royal presence

Moose Jaw has had many members of the British Royal Family visit the city. Edward, Prince of Wales, who owned a ranch in Alberta, visited in 1919, 1924, and 1927. Prince George, future king and father of Queen Elizabeth II, paid a visit in 1926. King George VI and his wife Queen Elizabeth (later known as Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother) visited during the Royal tour in 1939. Queen Elizabeth II first visited in 1959, and has come to the city a few times since.

The Earl of Wessex (Prince Edward) became Colonel-in-Chief of the Saskatchewan Dragoons of Moose Jaw on visiting Saskatchewan in 2003, when he congratulated the regiment on its "contribution to Canada's proud tradition of citizen-soldiers in the community." Involved in peacekeeping operations in Cyprus, the Golan Heights, Bosnia and Croatia, the regiment has also provided aid during floods and forest fires in the prairies. The Prince returned to visit his regiment in 2006.

The Earl of Wessex also inaugurated the Queen's Jubilee Rose Garden in Moose Jaw on his visit in 2003. Other Royal connections to the city include King George School and Prince Arthur Community School, both named for members of the Royal Family. Before it shut down and became Cornerstone Christian School, the South Hill school was formerly named King Edward Elementary School.

Sports teams

Like most Canadian cities, hockey has played a large part of Moose Jaw's sporting culture, yet baseball has also been an important part of Moose Jaw since its first days as the city won territorial championships in 1895. Most recently, the 2004 Junior All-Star team (age 13/14) won the Canadian Championship and became the first team from Saskatchewan to win a game at the Little League World Series.

Notable sports teams of Moose Jaw include:

Defunct sports teams

Ku Klux Klan

Although Moose Jaw is known as the 'Friendly City', it is not well known that the city was the centre of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) in Saskatchewan. The first KKK rally in Moose Jaw was held on June 7, 1927, with over four hundred members attending. The second (and last) Klan rally was held on 26 October 1927. It was held only ten days after the KKK organizer Hugh Emmons's arrest. Over one thousand people attended. It was the last rally, but in 1929 the KKK sponsored a Labour Day picnic in River Park. There were racist speeches and a cross burning.[14][15]

Media

  • Television

Notable residents

Arts and culture

The mineral spa in Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan.

Museums

Moose Jaw is home to one of four Western Development Museums which specializes in history of transportation and has a Snowbirds gallery.[55] The Sukanen Ship Pioneer Village and Museum is located south of Moose Jaw on Sk Hwy 2. The car club at Moose Jaw agreed to the restoration of Tom Sukanen's ship at their museum site. Tom Sukanen was a Finnish homesteader who settled near Birsay who hoped to travel home again on his ship he assembled near the South Saskatchewan River. The Sukanen Ship Pioneer Village and Museum features a typical village replete with pioneer artifacts and tractors, cars and trucks restored by the Moose Jaw car club, and is run by volunteers.[56]

Tunnels of Moose Jaw

In the early 1900s, most of the larger buildings in Moose Jaw were heated by steam. The engineers who maintained the coal-fired boilers in the basements arranged for the creation of an elaborate network of tunnels linking them so that they could move themselves and their equipment from building to building without facing the harsh winter weather.

At about the same time, numerous Chinese indentured labourers who arrived in Moose Jaw to work for what were, by Canadian standards, very low wages, adopted the tunnel system as living quarters and workplaces which were both inexpensive and sheltered from a sometimes hostile populace.

During Prohibition Moose Jaw became a center for distribution of bootleg liquor, both domestically and to the United States via the Soo Line Railroad to Chicago, earning the town the nickname "Little Chicago". Illegal enterprises such as speakeasies, casinos, and brothels sprang up within the concealment and shelter of the tunnels. Moose Jaw folklore states that Al Capone himself was resident for some time, to oversee operations and/or to hide out from law enforcement, although there is no verifiable evidence to prove this.

Over time, the tunnels fell into disuse and many were filled in or blocked off by new construction. However, an elaborate tourist attraction featuring live actors and animatronics has been created within what remains of the system, featuring tours illustrating the stories of the Chinese immigrants and bootlegging, and attracting over 100,000 visitors per year.[57][58]

Statistics

Moose Jaw's population grew to 32,132 according to the 2006 census, which showed virtually no increase from 2001.[59]According to the Canada 2006 Census:[60]

Population: 35,689 (0.0% from 2001)
Land area: 46.82 km2 (18.08 sq mi)
Population density: 702.5 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,819 /sq mi)
Median age: 41.6 (males: 39.9, females: 43.1)
Total private dwellings: 14,691
Dwellings occupied by permanent residents: 13,685
Median household income: $37,647

Racial groups

See also

References

  1. ^ "Our Early History". http://www.moosejaw.ca/about/history.shtml. Retrieved 2010-01-18.  Moose Jaw City Gov't website
  2. ^ a b "2006 Community Profiles". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. 2006. http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Index.cfm?Lang=E. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  3. ^ Solonyka, Ed (1998 – 2006), Large Roadside Attractions, http://www.roadsideattractions.ca/sask.htm, retrieved 2007-12-29 
  4. ^ "Temple Gardens Mineral Spa". http://www.templegardens.sk.ca/. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  5. ^ "Tunnels of Moose Jaw Home Page". http://www.tunnelsofmoosejaw.com/. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  6. ^ "Moose Jaw WDM". http://www.wdm.ca/mj.html. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  7. ^ Government of Saskatchewan, Sask Biz Moose Jaw, http://www.saskbiz.ca/communityprofiles/communityprofile.asp?CommunityID=6, retrieved 2007-08-12 
  8. ^ Government of Saskatchewan, Sask Biz Moose Jaw (No.161), http://www.saskbiz.ca/communityprofiles/communityprofile.asp?CommunityID=926, retrieved 2007-08-12 
  9. ^ "Moose Jaw Regional Profile". http://mjreda.sasktelwebhosting.com/economic_profile/business_environment.html. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  10. ^ "Inland Container Terminal Analysis, Final Report - December 12, 2006" (PDF). http://www.th.gov.bc.ca/PacificGateway/documents/061215_Inland_Container_Terminal_Analysis.pdf. Retrieved 2008-04-15. 
  11. ^ Government of Saskatchewan, Sask Biz Pense No. 16, http://www.saskbiz.ca/communityprofiles/communityprofile.asp?CommunityID=946, retrieved 2007-08-12 
  12. ^ David Burgess Wise, The New Illustrated Encyclopedia of Automobiles
  13. ^ Environment CanadaCanadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 09 July 2009
  14. ^ The Moose Jaw Times Herald: News | More than just two gangs
  15. ^ KKK revived, with strong Regina ties
  16. ^ University of Toronto: Benjamin de Forest (Pat) Bayly Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  17. ^ Rock Eyez: Randy Black Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  18. ^ Legends of Hockey: Mike Blaisdell Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  19. ^ Canadian Parliament: Ray Boughen Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  20. ^ NDP Caucus: Lorne Calvert Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  21. ^ IMDB: Cory Churko Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  22. ^ BaseballReference.com: Reggie Cleveland Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  23. ^ Moose Jaw Museum and Gallery: Sylvio Paul Cloutier Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  24. ^ Poet Laureate Map of Canada: Robert Currie Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  25. ^ Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan: Bill Davies Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  26. ^ SportsReference.com: Phyllis Dewar Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  27. ^ Legends of Hockey: Ken Doraty Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  28. ^ Legends of Hockey: Theoren Fleury Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  29. ^ Legends of Hockey: Emile Francis Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  30. ^ Paralympic.ca: Lisa Franks Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  31. ^ Legends of Hockey: Clark Gillies Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  32. ^ Moose Jaw Museum and Gallery: Vaughan Grayson Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  33. ^ CBC. Lived in the city for less than two years: Peter Gzowski Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  34. ^ University of Toronto: Gary Hyland Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  35. ^ Act Up In Saskatchewan: John Kern Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  36. ^ Canadian Encyclopedia: Joy Kogawa Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  37. ^ World Curling Tour: Joel Jordison Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  38. ^ IMDB: Art Linkletter Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  39. ^ Legends of Hockey: Reed Low Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  40. ^ University of Calgary: Bud McCaig Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  41. ^ Swimming Canada: Mike Mintenko Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  42. ^ Philadelphia Wings: David Mitchell Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  43. ^ Ken Mitchell
  44. ^ Canadian Encyclopedia: Ken Mitchell Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  45. ^ Internet Hockey Database: Scott Munroe Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  46. ^ Weather Network: Carrie Olver Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  47. ^ IMDB Fergie Olver Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  48. ^ Mopupduty: Toronto Blue Jays Broadcasters Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  49. ^ Boxrec: Jack Reddick Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  50. ^ Harper Collins: Arthur Slade Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  51. ^ Legends of Hockey: Doug Smail Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  52. ^ Griffin Poetry Prize: Karen Solie Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  53. ^ Coteau Books: Daniel Scott Tysdal Retrieved on 6 March 2009
  54. ^ Goldtooth: Tyler Weiss Retrieved on 12 August 2009
  55. ^ Moose Jaw Western Development Museum, http://www.google.ca/url?q=http://www.wdm.ca/mj.html&ei=mFyoSp3LBpGmMJfB7LEP&sa=X&oi=smap&resnum=2&ct=result&cd=2&usg=AFQjCNFR0Ky5-Fi2cv3hd8QR-P_0kZWtMw, retrieved 2009-09-09 
  56. ^ Sukanen Ship Pioneer Village and Museum, http://www.sukanenmuseum.ca/, retrieved 2009-09-09 
  57. ^ "The Tunnels of Moose Jaw", http://www.rvtravelog.com, July 23, 2000
  58. ^ "The Tunnels of Moose Jaw", Interesting Thing of the Day, January 8, 2005
  59. ^ Saskatoon Star Phoenix, ed. Saskatoon sees 2.8% hike; Regina rises by 0.6%. Saskatoon Star Phoenix newspaper Wednesday March 14, 2007. pp. B1. 
  60. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. 2009-02-24. http://www12.statcan.ca/census-recensement/2006/dp-pd/prof/92-591/index.cfm?Lang=E. Retrieved 9 March 2009. 

Further reading

External links

Coordinates: 50°24′N 105°33′W / 50.4°N 105.55°W / 50.4; -105.55


Simple English

Moose Jaw
Location of Moose Jaw
Coordinates: 50°24′N 105°33′W / 50.4°N 105.55°W / 50.4; -105.55
Country Canada
Province Saskatchewan
Area
 - Total 46.82 km2 (18.1 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 - Total 32,132
 Density 686.3/km2 (1,777.5/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
Website City of Moose Jaw Website

Moose Jaw is a town located in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan.

Coordinates: 50°24′N 105°33′W / 50.4°N 105.55°W / 50.4; -105.55








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