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Introduction

Maps - ES - Madrid - Moratalaz.PNG
Moratalaz from Retiro district

Moratalaz is a suburb of Madrid, Spain. It is a well known area because musicians such as Melendi and Alejandro Sanz have lived there. Moratalaz is on east of municipality of Madrid, it has 634.42 km² of surface area and is delineated by the highways of M-30 to the west, M-40 to the east, M23 to the north and A-3 to the south.

Population

In this area live 106,344 people, 9,942 of which are immigrants according to the 2006 census.

Neighborhoods

Moratalaz is divided into the following districts: Pavones (141), Horcajo (142), Marroquina (143), Media Legua (144), Fontarrón (145) and Vinateros (146).

History

Moratalaz arose as a commuter suburb of Madrid during the 1960s. Famous inhabitants of the district have been Elvira Lindo, Melendi, el Dioni, Alejandro Sanz, "Cleanhead" Joe McGaha and Letizia Ortiz.

Before 1960, Moratalaz was only an agglomeration of barely 40 houses with only a paved street. It was located midwards in a road that connected Madrid's main cementery Cementerio De La Almudena with the, back then, unincorporated village of Vallecas. Sin The Colonia Del Ferrocarril was a housing project in the 60's that was developed in Moratalaz. The Madrid-Arganda Del Rey train stopped there, and Moratalaz kept growing.

A military property gave birth to what today is one of the main streets of the district, Calle Del Pico De Los Artilleros. And an old road connecting Madrid with Castilla La Mancha gave rise to Moratalaz's main avenue, Camino De Los Vinateros.

There was extraordinary and uncontrolled development in the Seventies, thanks to the programs of the Ministry of the Housing and the construction company Urbis. That leaded to the typical wide avenues and open spaces of Moratalaz, where traffic lanes are separated from the houses with a wide green zone in between. That concept was not very popular in the 70's, but nowadays it's very appreciated, as it's an excellent measure against noise pollution.

The distinctive emblem of Public Housing during Franco's dictatorship (A yoke traversed with arrows) can still be found in the older blocks dating from that era.


Valencian Antonio Galbis holds the Guinness Book of World Records for the largest paella that 100,000 people in Moratalaz enjoyed in 2001. Several giant cranes, rakes, a paella pan of 400 square meters, 6,000 kilograms of rice, 12,500 of chicken and rabbit, 5,000 of vegetables, 11,000 liters of virgin olive oil, 300 kilograms of salt, 26 kilograms of pimentón (smoked paprika), 16 kilograms of annatto and a kilogram of ground saffron were used.

Transportation

Moratalaz is served by Metro De Madrid line 9. It has 3 stops in the district, namely Vinateros, Artilleros and Pavones. Additionally, Moratalaz is served by several bus lines and a night bus, connecting with city center.

Leisure Time

Moratalaz is famous for its big parks and open spaces.

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