Moscow Oblast: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Moscow Oblast (English)
Московская область (Russian)
-  Oblast  -
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Coordinates: 55°45′N 37°38′E / 55.75°N 37.633°E / 55.75; 37.633Coordinates: 55°45′N 37°38′E / 55.75°N 37.633°E / 55.75; 37.633
Coat of Arms of Moscow oblast.png
Coat of arms of Moscow Oblast
Flag of Moscow Oblast.png
Flag of Moscow Oblast
Political status
Country Russia
Political status Oblast
Federal district Central[1]
Economic region Central[2]
Administrative center None[3]
Official language Russian[4]
Statistics
Population (2002 Census)[5] 6,618,538 inhabitants
- Rank within Russia 2nd
- Urban[5] 79.3%
- Rural[5] 20.7%
- Density 144 /km2 (400/sq mi)[6]
Area (as of the 2002 Census)[7] 45,900 km2 (17,722.1 sq mi)
- Rank within Russia 54th
Established January 14, 1929[citation needed]
License plates 50, 90, 150, 190
ISO 3166-2:RU RU-MOS
Time zone MSK/MSD (UTC+3/+4)
Government (as of December 2009)
Governor[8] Boris Gromov[9]
Legislature Oblast Duma[10]
Charter Charter of Moscow Oblast
Official website
http://www.mosreg.ru

Moscow Oblast (Russian: Моско́вская о́бласть, Moskovskaya oblast), or Podmoskovye[11] (Подмоско́вье), is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its area, at 45,900 km², is relatively small compared to other federal subjects, but it is one of the most densely populated regions in the country[12] and, with the 2002 population of 6,618,538, is the second most populous federal subject.[5]

Moscow Oblast is highly industrialized, with its main industrial branches being metallurgy, oil refining, and mechanical engineering, food, energy, and chemical industries.

Contents

History

The oblast was established within the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic on January 14, 1929 as Central Industrial Oblast (Центральнопромышленная область) from the abolished Moscow, Ryazan, Tula, and Tver Governorates, as well as from the parts of Kaluga and Vladimir Governorates. On June 3, 1929 the oblast was given its present name.

In September 1937, the oblast was split into Moscow, Ryazan, and Tula Oblasts, thus establishing itself in its present borders.

Geography

Moscow oblast borders Tver Oblast (N), Yaroslavl Oblast (at one point NE), Vladimir Oblast (E), Ryazan Oblast (SE), Tula Oblast (S), Kaluga Oblast (SW), Smolensk Oblast (W), and the City of Moscow (center), which does not belong to the oblast but is a federal subject in its own right.

Law and government

The current Governor of Moscow Oblast is Boris Gromov; Vice Governor is Alexey Panteleyev.

Administrative divisions

Demographics

Population: According to the (2002 Census), the population of the oblast was 6,618,538.[5]

Ethnic groups: There were twenty-one recognized ethnic groups of more than two thousand persons each, and the national composition was as follows:

There are also many other ethnic groups of less than two thousand persons each.

In addition, 2.60% of the inhabitants declined to state their nationality on the Census questionnaire.[13]

Sister regions

References

  1. ^ Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000).
  2. ^ Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ According to Article 24 of the Charter of Moscow Oblast, the government bodies of the oblast are located in the city of Moscow and throughout the territory of Moscow Oblast. However, Moscow is not officially named to be the administrative center of the oblast.
  4. ^ According to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia, Russian is the official language on the whole territory of the Russian Federation. Article 68.2 further stipulates that only the republics have the right to establish official languages other than Russian.
  5. ^ a b c d e Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2002 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox is not necessarily reported for the same year as the Census (2002).
  7. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_03.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-17. 
  8. ^ Charter of Moscow Oblast, Article 30.2
  9. ^ Official website of the Government of Moscow Oblast. Governor of Moscow Oblast—Boris Vsevolodovich Gromov (Russian)
  10. ^ Charter of Moscow Oblast, Article 40
  11. ^ Molnet.ru (2006-05-29). ""Московскую область назвали официально" (Moscow Oblast gets {another} official name)" (in Russian). http://www.molnet.ru/monitor.asp?NewsID={9A032EE2-E74A-4253-9672-C112EA7A7B75}. Retrieved 2007-01-18. 
  12. ^ ПЛОТНОСТЬ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ И СИСТЕМА РАССЕЛЕНИЯ (Russian)
  13. ^ (XLS) National Composition of Population for Regions of the Russian Federation. 2002 Russian All-Population Census. 2002. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/English/4-2.xls. Retrieved 2006-07-20. 

Sources

  • №55/96-ОЗ 11 декабря 1996 г. «Устав Московской области», в ред. Закона №151/2009-ОЗ от 8 декабря 2009 г «О поправках к Уставу Московской области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней после первого официального опубликования, за исключением положений, для которых установлены иные сроки или особый порядок введения в действие. Опубликован: "Подмосковные известия", №239, 18 декабря 1996 г. (#55/96-OZ December 11, 1996 Charter of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Law #151/2009-OZ of December 8, 2009 On the Amendments of the Charter of Moscow Oblast. Effective as of the date 10 days after the first official publication date, with the exception of clauses for which different dates or special procedures of taking effect have been established).

External links

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Russia : Central Russia : Moscow Oblast
The Trinity Monastery of Saint Sergiev in Sergiev Posad
The Trinity Monastery of Saint Sergiev in Sergiev Posad

Moscow Oblast is in Central Russia, which borders Kaluga Oblast to the southwest, Smolensk Oblast to the west,Tver Oblast to the north, Yaroslavl Oblast to the northeast, Vladimir Oblast to the east, Ryazan Oblast to the southeast, and Tula Oblast to the south.

Regions of Moscow Oblast
Regions of Moscow Oblast
The Federal City of Moscow
West Moscow Oblast
North Moscow Oblast
East Moscow Oblast
South Moscow Oblast
  • Moscow — the massive megalopolis that is the capital and principal city of Russia contains within it everything
  • Dmitrov — a large, old town, famous for its beautiful kremlin
  • Klin — a small city best known as the former residence of Pyotr Ilich Tchaikovsky; the manor where he composed Sleeping Beauty and The Nutcracker is now a museum
  • Kolomna — a city nearly 900 years old, with its own kremlin and the oldest church in Moscow Oblast, the Church of St John the Baptist (14th century)
  • Monino — a town famous for its Central Air Force Museum, one of the world's largest aviation museums
  • Podolsk — a major industrial city and the largest in Moscow Oblast; former location of Lenin's country estate
  • Sergiev Posad — home to the Trinity Monastery of Saint Sergius, the spiritual center of the Russian Orthodox Church
  • Serpukhov — an old city to the south of Moscow, which has its own kremlin, Vysotsky Monastery, and Vladychny Convent
  • Zvenigorod — a small town with its own kremlin, which contains the wonderfully preserved Saviour Cathedral (1399) and its interior frescoes by Russia's greatest painter Andrei Rublev, as well as the Savvino-Storozhevsky Monastery and some extravagant 19th century dachas
  • Gorki Leninskiye — an 18th century noble estate, nationalized for Lenin's use as a dacha; Lenin spent his last years here as his health deteriorated and the estate is now a large museum in his memory
  • Melikhovo — Chekhov's countryside estate-museum, where he wrote much of his best works
  • Prioksko-Terrasny Nature Reserve

Understand

Moscow Oblast is the economic and political heart of Russia and is by far its most populous oblast—even not including the city of Moscow itself, the region has approximately seven million residents. Destinations in the region are easily accessible by day trips from Moscow and have an extraordinary amount of sightseeing for the interested traveler.

Moscow oblast is in UTC+3 time zone.

Talk

Within Moscow Oblast, more English and other European languages are spoken than in most of Russia, but travelers should still consider familiarizing themselves with some key Russian phrases.

Get in

By far the easiest way to get to the region is to first head into the city of Moscow, which is a major international transit hub for air, ground, and river transport.

Get around

In general, the most efficient means of public transport in the region is the network of suburban electric rail, called elektrichki (eh-lehk-TREECH-kee), which radiates outwards from the capital. Elektrichki depart from the main Moscow rail stations. Detailed and up-to-date (including frequent changes) suburban trains time-table available online in Russian on the tutu.ru site. For point-to-point travel between cities and towns besides Moscow, buses and minibuses (marshrutki) are usually the best public transport option.

Get out

Moscow Oblast is the biggest central hub for Russia in its entirety; you can get to anywhere in Russia from here. Some nearby popular destinations include the cities of the Golden Ring, Saint Petersburg, and Novgorod.

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