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Moshe Lewin BA, Ph.D, (born in Wilno, Poland in 1921) is a scholar of Russian and Soviet History. He was a major figure in the revisionist school of Historiography of the Cold War.



Of Jewish origin, Lewin's parents were victims of the Holocaust, and in his youth, Lewin worked as a collective farm worker in the USSR and an officer in the Soviet army.

In 1945, he emigrated to Israel where his political ideas leaned towards Labor Zionism.[1]

Lewin received his B.A. from Tel Aviv University, Israel in 1961, and, under the supervision of Roger Portal, his Ph.D from Sorbonne, Paris in 1964. He acted as Director of Study at l'École des hautes études, Paris, from 1965-66, as a senior fellow at Columbia University from 1967-68, as a research professor at Birmingham University, England from 1968-1978, and as a professor at the University of Pennsylvania where he worked until 1995 when he retired and became a Professor Emeritus.

Major works

  • Russian Peasant and Soviet Power (1968)
  • Lenin's Last Struggle (1968)
  • Political Undercurrents in Soviet Economic Debates: From Bukharin to the Modern Reformers, Princeton University Press (1974)
  • The Making of the Soviet System (1985)
  • The Gorbachev Phenomenon (1988)
  • Stalinism and the Seeds of Soviet Reform: the Debates of the 1960s (1991)
  • Russia--USSR--Russia : the Drive and Drift of a Superstate (1995)
  • Stalinism and Nazism : Dictatorships in Comparison (co-edited with Ian Kershaw, 1997).
  • The Soviet Century (2005).


  1. ^ Roland Lew, "Moshe Lewin, historien de la Russie soviétique," Revue des études slaves, vol. 66, n° 1, 1994, p. 61.

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