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Coordinates: 53°30′53″N 2°02′19″W / 53.5147°N 2.0387°W / 53.5147; -2.0387

Mossley
Mossley view.jpg
A view of Mossley
Mossley is located in Greater Manchester
Mossley

 Mossley shown within Greater Manchester
Population 9,856 (2001)
OS grid reference SD9702
Metropolitan borough Tameside
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ASHTON-UNDER-LYNE
Postcode district OL5
Dialling code 01457
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Stalybridge and Hyde
Website www.mossley-council.co.uk
List of places: UK • England • Greater Manchester

Mossley is a small town and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, in Greater Manchester, England.[1] The town is located in the upper section of the Tame valley in the foothills of the Pennines, 3 miles (4.8 km) northeast of Ashton-under-Lyne and 8.9 miles (14.3 km) east of Manchester.

Mossley has the distinction of being situated at the conjunction of the historic county boundaries of Lancashire, Cheshire and the West Riding of Yorkshire. Local warding and ecclesiastic matters are maintained in Mossley according to these boundaries. At the 2001 census Mossley had a population of 9,856.[2] It is the only parished area of Tameside, having had a parish council since 1999.

Contents

History

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Toponymy

Believed to originate in around 1319, the name Mossley means "a woodland clearing by a swamp or bog".[3]

Events

Mossley - alongside neighbouring Stalybridge and Uppermill in Saddleworth, Greater Manchester - helped launch the annual Whit Friday Band Contest, an internationally known brass band event. This came about when the three towns held unconnected brass band events on 6 June 1884.

George Lawton, the son of magistrate and alderman John Lawton, inherited a family fortune and, when he died in August 1949, he left his entire estate (apart from some legacies) to the people of Mossley. Part of his estimated £40,000 estate was left to build a public meeting place, the George Lawton Hall, which is a testament to his generosity.

Governance

Following the passing of the Public Health Act 1848 and the Local Government Act 1857, a Local Board of Health was established in Mossley in 1864.[4] On 13 March 1885 Mossley was granted a Charter of Incorporation to become a municipal borough, replacing the local board.[5][6] The whole borough was unified under the administrative county of Lancashire under the Local Government Act 1888.[4] In 1974 the borough of Mossley was absorbed under the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972 into the new metropolitan borough of Tameside in the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester.[4] It became an unparished area.

Under the provisions of the Local Government and Rating Act 1997 local electors were given the right to request that a new parish and council be created in unparished areas. The people of Mossley exercised this right and a civil parish for Mossley was established in 1999. The civil parish council voted to adopt town status and Mossley now has a town mayor. The town has three parish wards based on the historic county borders, with four members representing the Cheshire part, three members the Lancashire part and two members the Yorkshire part. The town's unofficial Coat of Arms includes Cheshire's sheaf of corn, Lancashire's red rose and Yorkshire's white rose to signify the historic demarcation.

Parliament

From 1918 to 1950 the town gave its name to the Mossley constituency which returned a Member of Parliament; for most of the period, the MP was Austin Hopkinson, who was notable for being elected as an Independent candidate. The town is now represented by the MP for Stalybridge and Hyde. However, in keeping with the history of the town, Mossley is now represented by fiercely non-political Independent local Councillors - the only such representatives in the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside.

Geography

A view of Mossley from near Mossley railway station.
Mossley's proximity to the Saddleworth Moor and the Pennines makes it prone to precipitation.

Mossley lies amongst the foothills of the Pennines, on the western edge of Saddleworth Moor.

Churches

The eccesiastical parishes correspond to the boundaries of the historic counties:

Education

Primary schools

  • St. Josephs RC Primary School
  • Livingstone
  • St. George's Primary School
  • Milton St. John
  • Micklehurst All Saints

Secondary school

  • Mossley Hollins High School

Twinning

Mossley's French twin town is Hem, situated near Lille, in the Nord département.

Sport

Local sport teams include Mossley A.F.C. and Micklehurst Cricket Club, as well as Mossley Basketball Club.

Fairtrade Mossley

Mossley's Town Council passed a resolution in November 2009 to make Mossley a Fairtrade Town. A group of local campaigners and activist have started the Fairtrade Mossley group to make 2010 the year that Mossley becomes a Fairtrade Town.[7]

References

  1. ^ Anon (2003-07-31). "A select gazetteer of local government areas, Greater Manchester County" (http). Greater Manchester County Records Office. http://www.gmcro.co.uk/guides/gazette/gazframe.htm. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  2. ^ Census 2001
  3. ^ Hanks, Patrick; Flavia Hodges, A.D. Mills, Adrian Room (2002). The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-860561-7. 
  4. ^ a b c Nevell, Michael (1993). "Chapter 2: An Industrial Society". Tameside 1700-1930. A History and Archaeology of Tameside. Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council. pp. 17. ISBN 1871324084. OCLC 53181546. 
  5. ^ Holt, Alfred (1974) [1926]. The Story of Mossley; Ancient and Modern. Mossley Civic Society. pp. 9. 
  6. ^ Nevell, Michael (1993). "Chapter 2: An Industrial Society". Tameside 1700-1930. A History and Archaeology of Tameside. Tameside Metropolitan Borough Council. pp. 11. ISBN 1871324084. OCLC 53181546. 
  7. ^ http://www.jurang.co.uk/fairtrade-mossley-campaign.html

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

MOSSLEY, a market town and municipal borough in the Prestwich parliamentary division of Lancashire, England, 102 m. E.N.E. from Manchester, by the London & North-Western railway. Pop. (1901), 13,452. It lies in the valley of the Tame, close to the junction of the boundaries of Lancashire, Cheshire and Yorkshire, and is surrounded by sharply-rising high ground, especially eastward. The Huddersfield canal passes it. Across the river from the town ancient earthworks (Bucton Castle), of British origin, are seen, and a Roman road passing them, and running north and south is also traceable. Mossley has foundries, mill-works, woollen factories, and large cotton-spinning mills. It was incorporated in 1885, and the corporation consists of a mayor, 6 aldermen, and 16 councillors. Area, 3622 acres.


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